Evolution Cruncher Chapter 3
OF THE EARTH
Earth did not evolve out of a molten state
This chapter is based on
pp. 117-151 of Origin of the Universe (Volume One of our three-volume
Evolution Disproved Series). Not included in this chapter are at least
38 statements by scientists. You will find them, plus much more, in the
3 Volume Encyclopedia on this site.
Within the past 50 years
there has surfaced a large amount of scientific data that disproves
evolution. In this present study, we will primarily focus on just one of
And this one
discovery, which took years to carefully research, itself disproves the
theories of the Big Bang, stellar evolution, and the formation of earth
from molten rocks.
That discovery concerns
something that is very small in nature, but there are trillions of them!
Although evolutionary scientists have tried
very hard to disprove this discovery, they have been unable to do so.
The man who researched it
out is Robert V. Gentry, and the incredible discovery is astounding (*#1/9
What Scientists and Research Writers have Said about the Research of
Robert Gentry / #2/16 What Other Scientists have Said about It / #3/14
What Evolutions have Said about It*).
HALO—Illustrated below is an idealized
cross section of a polonium 218 halo. Its alpha particles have
6.00 MeV (million electron volts) of energy. Polonium 218
(Po-218) has a half-life of 3 minutes. Its decay is followed
by two other alpha halo producers: polonium 214 (Po-214)
and polonium 210 (Po-210). Each one produces a halo in
the granite. When sliced through the central grain, they
appear to be three concentric circles.
Consider these facts,
which were uncovered by Gentry’s research:
(1) The major
basement rocks on our planet (granite) did not originate from the
gradual cooling of molten lava, but came into being in their present
solid form. That fact completely disproves the Big Bang and
every evolutionary theory of the origins of stars and our world.
(2) Those major
rock formations came into existence within a space of less than three
minutes time! Incredible? Yes! But scientific evidence confirms
You are about to learn
about the trillions upon trillions of radiohalos that are in all the
granite rocks, boulders, mountains, and foundation strata of the world.
Those little halos prove that those rocks came into existence in solid
form within less than three minutes time:
The above was the
introduction to a lengthy chapter in our three-volume set. The complete
chapter (Chapter 5) is on our website. Here is a brief summary of the
HALOS - AND THE ORIGIN OF GRANITE
the late 1800s, scientists began studying rocks with microscopes in
order to better understand their crystals and composition. Learning how
to cut rocks into thin slices, they turned their microscopes on certain
rocks, especially granite,—and found small colored concentric circles
inside them. It was eventually realized that these were actually
spherical shells that went around a central grain in the center
(something like slicing an onion through the middle, and finding
circles, circles inside circles.) These circles (actually sliced
sections of the spheres) were given the name, "halos."
We today call them "radiohalos." (The technical term is
A radiohalo is the mark
left around a particle of a radioactive substance by the radiation
coming from the particle. It can only form in a solid, such as rock,
since in a liquid, or in molten rock, the mark would dissipate and could
not be seen.
1 - There are many polonium 218,
214, and 210 halos in granite,—in fact, careful specimen counts and
extrapolations based on them reveal that there are trillions upon
trillions of them in granites all over the world.
2 - The vast majority of these
polonium 218, 214, and 210 radiohalos have no uranium 238 halos with
them. Therefore they are primary polonium halos, and not daughter
products of uranium 238.
3 - The primary polonium 218
(Po-218) halos are totally independent of radioactive parents. They are
original in all rock in which they are found. There is no evidence
that they were caused by uranium in the central grain or by passing
4 - These
independent Po-218 halos develop their half-life halo in only three
minutes (in other words, they
only emit radiation for only a few minutes), so the radiohalos had to
be in those rocks when the rocks were first brought into existence.
The rock in which they are found had to be solid at the time it was
brought into existence, or those halos could not form inside it within
that three minutes. However,
all evolutionary theories say that the earth was molten for millions of
Since Po-218 halos are found by the trillions throughout all the
granites of the world, all that granite had to originally become solid
in far less than three minutes, when it was first created, in order for
the Po-218 halos to form properly.
7 - Since
this granite is the basement rock, forming a thick layer, with the
continents of the world above it and the basalt and magma below it, all
this continental foundation apparently was created in solid form in less
than three minutes time. With this fact in mind, there is
little reason to expect the magma below and the continents above to have
been formed in millions of years, if the granite between them was formed
in less than three minutes.
nearly everyone has dropped an Alkaseltzer tablet into a glass of water
and watched it fizz away. If you found a glass of ice with half an
Alkaseltzer tablet in the bottom, and bubbles going up in the ice, what
would you know? You would know that the ice froze very quickly, or the
tablet and bubbles would have been gone. So we can know that the
granites became solid in minutes, or the polonium radiohalos would not
8 - The
alpha-recoil technique has proven that these isolated,
independent Po-218 halos were definitely not caused by "passing
uranium or other radioactive solutions" as theorized by critics of
this discovery. Alpha-recoil research reveals that radioactive damage
trails are always left by passing radioactive solutions.
9 - The
granites should not be classified with the igneous rocks (all of which
came from molten rock), but rather as primordial or Genesis rocks. Granite
(generally almost white in color) is original in its present
solid form and is not secondary to a prior cooling from the black
basalt beneath it or from anything else.
10 - Granite
with its large crystals cannot be made from any molten rock, including
molten granite! When men
melt granite, and then let it cool, it always reforms itself into
ryolite, never into granite. Ryolite has smaller crystals and looks
different. This is another evidence that granite was not formed from
11 - Po-218,
Po-214, and Po-210 halos in granite cannot be reproduced in the
laboratory. No one can give an acceptable explanation of how
independent polonium could have gotten in those granites in the first
place. It is an impossible situation, but there they are.
12 - Lab tests on polonium halos are
often made on mica in granite. But fluorite, another large granite
mineral, also has polonium halos. Unlike mica, fluorite is a
totally solid mineral, and polonium halos imbedded within it are the
same as though they were imbedded in solid, thick, unflawed glass.
Another strong evidence that the independent polonium halos
are unique, and not daughter products of uranium, is the fact that the
ring structures of polonium are different than those in uranium-chain
halos. The sunburst pattern
of delicate needle fision tracks, always seen in uranium radiohalo
chains after etching, is totally missing from polonium radiohalos.
HALOS IN WOOD - AND THE FLOOD
14 - Research
into true secondary polonium halos (coming from uranium) revealed that
only polonium 210 (and not also 214 or 218) halos are to be found within
coalified wood. This is due to the fact that secondary Po-214 and
Po-218, with their very short half-lives, could not escape and relocate
rapidly enough from uranium parents to form halos.
The presence of Po-210 halos in the wood reveals a very rapid deposition
of the wood during a flood.
16 - Elliptical
(squashed, oval-shaped) Po-210 halos reveal that rapid covering of this
wood occurred, as material was piled on top of it.
17 - The
existence of double Po-210 halos (squashed halos, with round ones
superimposed on top of them) reveals that rapid formation of the rock
strata above the coalified wood occurred;
for, within only a few decades, the increase of pressure from additional
overlay material had stopped occurring.
18 - Because
these wood samples came from three
different geological strata levels, separated according to evolutionary
theory by millions of years, and because the seven major events that
happened to one group of samples happened to them all—firm evidence is
thus provided that a single Flood (occurring at one time in history) was
responsible for the rapid deposition of all these strata. This is
strong evidence against evolutionary dating of the rock strata of earth.
IN ZIRCON CRYSTALS - AND THE AGE OF THE
Analysis of zircon crystals, from five levels of hot rock in a
15,000-foot hole, revealed that almost no increase of lead escape had
occurred at even the lowest level. This
is powerful evidence in favor of a young earth and is consistent with a
- Analysis of helium content in those small zircon crystals revealed
amazingly high retention in 197° C. zircon crystals.
This provides a double proof for a very young age for the earth. If the
earth were millions of years old, that helium would have totally escaped
from the zircon crystals.
The lead-206/lead-207 ratio is too high,
which is additional evidence that the independent polonium halos were
not originally derived from uranium.
Robert Gentry has
written a 316-page book about his findings. You will find it to be
fascinating reading; for it not only discusses the scientific facts, but
also tells the story of how he made the discoveries, reported on them
extensively in professional journals,—and eventually was shut out of
the scientific community, when it was realized that his discoveries
supported creation. The book is entitled, Creation’s
Tiny Mystery, and can be obtained by sending $12.95, plus $2.00 to
cover shipping charges, to Earth Science Associates, Box 12067,
Knoxville, TN 37912.
CHAPTER 3 -
STUDY AND REVIEW QUESTIONS
THE ORIGIN OF
GRADES 5 TO 12 ON A GRADUATED
1 - Draw a
diagram of a polonium 218 halo and identify the various parts.
2 - Write a
brief report on granite, what it is composed of, where it is found, and
its commercial importance.
3 - Why does
Gentry classify granite as a "Genesis rock?
4 - List 10 of
the 21 findings of Robert Gentry and their implications.
5 - Write a brief paragraph or
two, describing a radiohalo. Also why and how is it formed?
You have just completed
THE ORIGIN OF THE EARTH
Go to the next file in
Chapter 4 The Age of the