THE GREATER CATECHISM
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CHAPTER - OF THE SCRIPTURE.
Ques. 1. What is Christian religion?
Q. 2. Whence is it to be learned?
Q. 3. What is the Scripture?
A. The books of the Old and New f23 f24 Testament, given by inspiration from God, containing all things necessary to be believed and done, that God may be worshipped and our souls saved. Isaiah 8:20; Romans 3:2. 2 Timothy 3:16,17; Revelation 22:19,20 Psalm 19:7,8; Jeremiah 7:13; John 20:31.
Q. 4. How know you them to be the word of God?
A. By the testimony of Godís Spirit working faith in my heart to close with that heavenly majesty, and clear divine truth, that shineth in them. Matthew 16:17; John 16:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 John 2:20, 5:6. Luke 24:32; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Hebrews 4:12; 2 Peter 1:19.
CHAPTER - OF GOD.
Q. 1. What do the Scriptures teach concerning God?
Q. 2. What is God in himself?
A. An Eternal, infinite, f27 f28 etc. incomprehensible Spirit, giving being to all things, and doing with them whatsoever he pleaseth. Deuteronomy 33:27; Isaiah 57:15; Revelation 1:8. 1 Kings 8:27; <19D902> Psalm 139:2-5, Exodus 33:20; 1 Timothy 6:16. Genesis 1:1; <19B503> Psalm 115:3, 135:6; Isaiah 46:10; John 5:17; Q. 3. Do we here know God as he is?
Q. 4. Whereby is God chiefly made known unto us in the Word?
Q. 5. What are the names of God?
Q. 6. What are the attributes of God?
A. His infinite perfections in being and working. Revelation 4:8-11.
Q. 7. What are the chief attributes of his being?
A. Eternity, infiniteness, Simplicity f31 or purity, all-sufficiency, Perfectness, immutability, life, will, and understanding. Deuteronomy 33:27; Psalm 93:2; Isaiah 57:15; Revelation 1:11. 1 Kings 8:27; <19D901> Psalm 139:1-4, 8-10. Exodus 3:14. Genesis 17:1; <19D504> Psalm 135:4-6. Job 11:7-9; Romans 11:33-36. Malachi 3:6; James 1:17. Judges 8:19; 1 Samuel 25:34; 2 Kings 3:14; Ezekiel 14:16; 16:48; Matthew 16:16; Acts 14:15; 1 Thessalonians 1:9. Daniel 4:35; Isaiah 46:10; Ephesians 1:5,11; James 1:18. Psalm 7:8, 139:2, 147:4; Jeremiah 11:20; Hebrews 4:13.
Q. 8. What are the attributes which usually are ascribed to him in his works, or the acts of his will?
A. Goodness, power, f33 justice, mercy, holiness, wisdom, and the like; which he delighteth to exercise towards his creatures, for the praise of his glory. <19B968> Psalm 119:68; Matthew 19:17. Exodus 15:11; Psalm 62:11; Revelation 19:1. Zephaniah 3:5; Psalm 11:7; Jeremiah 12:1; Romans 1:32. <19D007> Psalm 130:7; Romans 9:15; Ephesians 2:4. Exodus 15:11; Joshua 24:19 Habakkuk 1:13; Revelation 4:8. Romans 11:33, 16:27.
CHAPTER - OF THE HOLY TRINITY.
Q. 1. Is there but one God to whom these properties do belong?
A. One only, in respect of his essence and being but one in three distinct persons, of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Deuteronomy 6:4; Matthew 19:17; Ephesians 4:5,6. Genesis 1:26; 1 John 5:7; Matthew 28:19.
Q. 2. What mean you by person?
Q. 3. What is the distinguishing property of the person of the Father?
Q. 4. What is the property of the Son?
Q. 5. What of the Holy ghost?
A. To proceed from the Father and the Son. John 14:17, 16:14, 15:26, 20:22.
Q. 6. Are these three one?
Q. 7. Can we conceive these things as they are in themselves?
A. Neither we nor yet the angels of heaven are at all able to dive into these secrets, as they are internally God; but in respect of the outward dispensation of themselves to us by creation, redemption, and sanctification, a knowledge may be attained of these things, saving and heavenly. 1 Timothy 6:16. Isaiah 6:2,3. Colossians 1:11-14.
CHAPTER - OF THE WORKS OF GOD; AND, FIRST, OF THOSE THAT ARE INTERNAL AND IMMANENT.
Q. 1. What do the Scriptures teach concerning the works of God?
A. That they are of two sorts; first, internal, in his counsel, decrees, and purposes, towards his creatures; secondly, external, in his works over and about them, to the praise of his own glory. Acts 15:18; Proverbs 16:4.
Q. 3. Concerning which of his creatures chiefly are his decrees to be considered?
A. Election and reprobation. Romans 9:11-13.
Q. 5. What is the decree of election?
A. The eternal, fire immutable f43 purpose of God, whereby in Jesus Christ he chooseth unto himself whom he pleaseth out of whole mankind, determining to bestow upon them, for his sake, grace here, and everlasting happiness hereafter, for the praise of his glory, by way of mercy. f44 Ephesians 1:4; Acts 13:48; Romans 8:29,30. Matthew 11:26. 2 Timothy 2:19. Ephesians 1:4,5; Matthew 22:14. Romans 9:18-21. John 6:37, 17:6, 9, 11, 24.
Q. 6. Doth any thing in us move the Lord thus to choose us from amongst others?
Q. 7. What is the decree of reprobation?
A. The eternal purpose of God to suffer many to sin, leave them in their sin, and not giving them to Christ, to punish them for their sin. Romans 9:11,12,21,22; Proverbs 16:4; Matthew 11:25,26; 2 Peter 2:12; Jude 4.
OF THE WORKS OF GOD THAT OUTWARDLY ARE OF HIM.
Q. 1. What are the works of God that outwardly respect his creatures?
Q. 2. What is the work of creation?
Q. 3. Wherefore did God make man?
Q. 5. What was the rule whereby man was at first to be directed in his obedience?
A. The moral or eternal law of God, implanted in his nature and written in his heart by creation, being the tenor of the covenant between him, sacramentally typified by the tree of knowledge good and evil. Genesis 2:15-17; Romans 2:14,15; Ephesians 4:24.
A. No; the covenant was broken by the sin of Adam, with whom it was made, our nature corrupted, and all power to do good utterly lost. Genesis 3:16-18; Galatians 3:10,11,21; Hebrews 7:19, 8:13. Job 14:4; Psalm 51:5. Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 13:23.
CHAPTER - OF GODíS ACTUAL PROVIDENCE.
Q. 1. What is Godís actual providence?
A. The effectual working of his f51 f52 power, and almighty act of his will, whereby he sustaineth, governeth, and disposeth of all things, men and their actions, to the ends which he has ordained for them. Exodus 4:11; Job 5:10-12, 9:5, 6; <19E704> Psalm 147:4; Proverbs 15:3; Isaiah 45:6,7; John 5:17; Acts 17:28; Hebrews 1:3.
Q. 2. How is this providence exercised towards mankind?
A. Two ways; first, peculiarly towards his church, or elect, in their generations, for whom are all things; secondly, towards all in a general manner, yet with various and divers dispensations. Deuteronomy 32:10; Psalm 17:8; Zechariah 2:8; Matthew 16:18,19: 2, 29; 1 Peter 5:7. Genesis 9:5; Psalm 75:6,7; Isaiah 45:6,7; Matthew 5:45.
Q. 3. Wherein chiefly consists the outward providence of God towards his church?
A. In three things; ó first, in causing f53 and things to work together for their good; secondly, in ruling and disposing of kingdoms, nations, and persons, for their benefit; thirdly, in avenging them of their adversaries. Matthew 6:31-33; Romans 8:28; 1 Timothy 6:17; 2 Peter 1:3. <19A514> Psalm 105:14,15; Isaiah 44:28; Daniel 2:44; Romans 9:17. Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 12:2-5; Luke 17:7; Revelation 17:14.
A. Yea, he willingly (according to his determinate counsel) suffereth them to be, for the manifestation of his glory, and by them effecteth his own righteous ends. 2 Samuel 12:11, 16:10; 1 Kings 11:31, 22:22; Job 1:21; Proverbs 22:14; Isaiah 10:6,7; Ezekiel 21:19-21; Amos 7:17; Acts 4:27,28; Romans 1:24, 9:22; 1 Peter 2:8; Revelation 17:17.
CHAPTER - OF THE LAW OF GOD.
Q. 2. Is the observation of this law still required of us?
Q. 3. Are we able of ourselves to f57 perform it?
Q. 5. Whereto, then, does the law now serve?
A. Divers ways; as, first, by laying open unto us the utter disability of our nature to do any good; secondly, by charging the wrath and curse of God, due to sin, upon the conscience; thirdly, by bringing the whole soul under bondage to sin, death, Satan, and hell ó so making us long and seek for a Savior. Romans 7:7-9; Galatians 3:19. Romans 3:19,20, 4:15, 5:20; Galatians 3:10. Galatians 3:22; Hebrews 2:15.
OF THE STATE OF CORRUPTED NATURE.
Q. 1. How came this weakness and disability upon us?
A. By the sin and shameful fall of our first parents. Romans 5:12,14.
Q. 2. Wherein did that hurt us, their posterity?
A. Divers ways; first, in that we were all guilty of the same breach of covenant with Adam, being all in him; secondly, our souls with his were deprived of that holiness, innocence, and righteousness wherein they were at first created; thirdly, pollution and defilement of nature came upon us; with, fourthly, an extreme disability of doing any thing that is wellpleasing unto God; by all which we are made obnoxious to the curse. John 3:36; Romans 5:12; Ephesians 2:3. Genesis 3:10; Ephesians 4:23,24; Colossians 3:10. Job 14:4; Psalm 51:7; John 3:6; Romans 3:13. Genesis 6:5; Ephesians 2:1; Jeremiah 6:16, 13:23; Romans 8:7. Genesis 3:17; Galatians 3:10.
Q. 3. Wherein does the curse of God consist?
A. In divers things; first, in the guilt of death, temporal and eternal; secondly, the loss of the grace and favor of God; thirdly, guilt and horror of conscience, despair and anguish here; with, fourthly, eternal damnation hereafter. Genesis 2:17; Romans 1:18, 5:12, 17; Ephesians 2:3. Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 16:3-5; Ephesians 2:13. Genesis 3:10; Isaiah 48:22; Romans 3:9,19, Galatians 3:22. Genesis 3:10,13; John 3:36.
Q. 4. Are all men born in this estate?
Q. 5. And do they continue therein?
A. Of themselves they cannot otherwise do, Being able neither to know, nor will, nor do any thing that is spiritually good and pleasing unto God. Acts 8:31, 16:14; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Ephesians 5:8; John 1:5. Jeremiah 6:16, 13:23; Luke 4:18; Romans 6:16, 8:7. John 6:44; 2 Corinthians 3:5.
Q. 6. Have they, then, no way of themselves to escape the curse and wrath of God?
A. None at all; they can neither satisfy his justice, nor fulfill his law.
CHAPTER - OF THE INCARNATION OF CHRIST.
Q. 1. Shall all mankind, then, everlastingly perish?
Q. 2. What way was this?
Q. 3. Who is this you call his own Son?
Q. 4. How did God send him?
A. By causing him to be made flesh of a pure virgin, and to dwell among us, that he might be obedient unto death, the death of the cross. Isaiah 50:6; John 1:14; Luke 1:35; Philippians 2:8; 1 Timothy 3:16.
CHAPTER - OF THE PERSON OF JESUS CHRIST.
Q. 1. What does the Scripture teach us of Jesus Christ?
A. Chiefly two things first, his person, or what he is in himself; secondly, his offices, or what he is unto us.
Q. 2. What does it teach of his person?
Q. 3. How prove you Jesus Christ to be truly God?
A. Divers ways; first , by places of Scripture, speaking of the great God Jehovah in the Old Testament, applied to our Savior in the New; as, Numb. 21:5, 6, in 1 Corinthians 10:9; <19A225> Psalm 102:25-27, in Hebrews 1:10; Isaiah 6:2-4, in John 12:40,41; Isaiah 8:13,14, in Luke 2:34, Romans 9:33; Isaiah 40:3,4, in John 1:23; Isaiah 45:22,23, in Romans 14:11, Philippians 2:10,11; Malachi 3:1, in Matthew 11:10.
Secondly , By the works of the Deity ascribed unto him; as, first, of creation, John 1:3; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:2; secondly, of preservation in providence, Hebrews 1:3; John 5:17; thirdly, miracles.
Thirdly , By the essential attributes of God being ascribed unto him; as, first, immensity, Matthew 28:20; John 14:23; Ephesians 3:17; secondly, eternity, John 1:1; Revelation 1:11; Micah 5:2; thirdly, immutability, Hebrews 1:11,12; fourthly, omniscience, John 21:17; Revelation 2:23; fifthly, majesty and glory equal to his Father, John 5:23; Revelation 5:13; Philippians 1:2, 2:6, 9, 10.
Fourthly , By the names given unto him; as, first, of God expressly, John 1:1, 20:28; Acts 20:28; Romans 9:5; Philippians 2:6; Hebrews 1:8; 1 Timothy 3:16; secondly, of the Son of God, John 1:18; Romans 8:3, etc.
Q. 4. Was it necessary that our Redeemer should be God?
Q. 5. How prove you that he was a perfect man?
A. First, By the prophecies that went before, that so he should be.
Secondly, By the relation of their accomplishment. Thirdly, By the Scriptures assigning to him those things which are required to a perfect man; as, first, a body, secondly, a soul, and therein, first, a will, secondly, affections, thirdly, endowments, Fourthly, General infirmities of nature. Genesis 2:15, 18:18. Matthew 1:1; Romans 1:4; Galatians 4:4. Luke 24:39; Hebrews 2:17, 10:5; 1 John 1:1; Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34; Matthew 26:39; Mark 3:5; Luke 10:21; Luke 2:52. Matthew 4:2; John 4:6; Hebrews 2:18.
Q. 6. Wherefore was our Redeemer to be man?
CHAPTER - OF THE OFFICES OF CHRIST; AND, FIRST, OF HIS KINGLY.
Q. 1. How many are the offices of Jesus Christ?
Q. 2. Hath he these offices peculiar by nature?
A. No; he only received them for offended might suffer, and make satisfaction, and so he might be every way a fit and sufficient Savior for men. until the work of redemption be perfected. <19B001> Psalm 110:1; Acts 2:36, 10:42; 1 Corinthians 11:3, 15:27, 28; Philippians 2:9; Hebrews 3:2,6, 2:7-9.
Q. 3. Wherein does the kingly office of Christ consist?
A. That supreme authority which, f66 Christís subjects are all for their everlasting good, born rebels, and are he useth towards them, stubborn, until he make them whereof in general there be obedient by his Word and two acts; spirit. first, internal and spiritual, in converting their souls unto him, making them unto himself a willing, obedient, persevering people; secondly, eternal and ecclesiastical, in giving perfect laws and rules for their government, as gathered into holy societies under him. Isaiah 53:12, 59:20, 21; Hebrews 8:10-12; Isaiah 61:1,2; John 1:16, 12:32; Mark 1:15; Matthew 28:20; 2 Corinthians 10:4,5. Matthew 16:19; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:8-14; Timothy 3:16, 17; Revelation 22:18,19.
A. Two also first, internal, by the mighty working of his Word, and the spirit of bondage upon their hearts, convincing, amazing, terrifying their consciences, hardening their spirits for ruin; Secondly, external, in judgements and vengeance, which ofttimes he beginneth in this life, and will continue unto eternity. Psalm 110; John 6:46, 8:59; 9:41; 12:40; Corinthians 10:4-6; 1 Corinthians 5:6; 1 Timothy 1:20. Mark 16:16; Luke 19:27; Acts 13:11; Revelation 17:14.
CHAPTER - OF CHRISTíS PRIESTLY OFFICE.
Q. 1. By what means did Jesus Christ undertake the office of an eternal priest?
A. By the decree, ordination, and will of God his Father, whereunto he yielded voluntary obedience; so that concerning this there was a compact and covenant between them. <19B004> Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:5,6; 7:17,18. Isaiah 50:4-6; Hebrews 10:5-10. Psalm 2:7,8; Isaiah 53:8, 10-12; Philippians 2:7,9; Hebrews 12:2; John 17:2,4.
Q. 2. Wherein does his execration of this office consist?
Q. 3. What are the parts of it?
Q. 4. What is the oblation of Christ?
A. The offering up of himself secondly, intercession. an holy propitiatory sacrifice for the sins of all the elect throughout the world; as also, the presentation of himself for us in heaven, sprinkled with the blood of the covenant. Isaiah 53:10,12; John 3:16, 11:51, 17:19; Hebrews 9:13,14. Hebrews 9:24.
Q. 5. Whereby does this oblation do good unto us?
A. Divers ways; first, in that it satisfied the justice of God; secondly, it redeemed us from the power of sin, death, and hell; thirdly, it ratified the new covenant of grace; fourthly, it procured for us grace here, and glory hereafter; by all which means the peace and reconciliation between God and us is wrought. Ephesians 2:14,15.
Q. 6. How did the oblation of Christ satisfy Godís justice for our sin?
Q. 7. What was that punishment?
Q. 8. Did Christ undergo all these?
A. Yes; in respect of the greatness and extremity, not the eternity and continuance of those pains; for it was impossible he should be holden of death. Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:33,34; 15:34; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 2:16; Colossians 1:20; Hebrews 5:7; Psalm 18:5.
Q. 9. How could the punishment of one satisfy for the offense of all?
Q. 10. How did the oblation of Christ redeem from death and hell?
A. First, by paying a ransom to God, the judge and lawgiver, who had condemned us; secondly, by overcoming and spoiling Satan, death, and the powers of hell, that detained us captives. Matthew 20:28; John 6:51; Mark 10:45; Romans 3:25; 1 Corinthians 6:20; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 1:7; 1 Timothy 2:6; Hebrews 10:9. John 5:24; Colossians 2:13-15; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; Hebrews 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19.
Q. 11. What was the ransom that Christ paid for us?
Q. 12. How was the new covenant ratified in his blood?
Q. 13. What is this new covenant?
A. The gracious, free, immutable promise of God, made unto all his elect fallen in Adam, to give them Jesus Christ, and in him mercy, pardon, grace, and glory, with a re-stipulation of faith from them unto this promise, and new obedience. Genesis 3:15; Jeremiah 31:31-34, 32:40; Hebrews 8:10-12. Galatians 3:8,16; Genesis 12:3. Romans 8:32; Ephesians 1:3,4. Mark 16:16; John 1:12, 10:27, 28.
Q. 14. How did Christ procure for us grace, faith, and glory?
A. By the way of purchase and merit; for the death of Christ deservedly procured of God that he should bless us with all spiritual blessings needful for our coming unto him. Isaiah 53:11,12; John 17:2; Acts 20:28; Romans 5:17,18; Ephesians 2:15,16, 1:4; Philippians 1:29; Titus 2:14; Revelation 1:5,6.
Q. 15. What is the intercession of Christ?
A. His continual soliciting of God on our behalf, begun here in fervent prayers, continued in heaven by appearing as our advocate at the throne of grace. Psalm 2:8; Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25, 9:24, 10:19-21; John 2:1,2; John 17. in heaven by appearing as our advocate at the throne of grace.
CHAPTER - OF CHRISTíS PROPHETICAL OFFICE.
Q. 1. Wherein does the prophetical office of Christ consist?
A. In his embassage from God to man, revealing from the bosom of his Father the whole mystery of godliness, the way and truth whereby we must come unto God. Matthew 5; John 1:18, 3:32, 9, 14, 14:5, 6, 17:8, 18:37.
Q. 3. By what means does he perform all this?
A. Divers; as, first, internally and of humiliation or abasement; secondly, of exaltation or glory. writing his law in our hearts; secondly, outwardly and instrumentally, by the Word preached. Jeremiah 31:31-34; Corinthians 3:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:9; Hebrews 8:10. John 20:31; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:8-13; 2 Peter 1:21.
CHAPTER - OF THE TWO-FOLD ESTATE OF CHRIST.
Q. 1. In what estate or condition does Christ exercise these offices?
A. In a two-fold estate; first, of humiliation f81 f82 or abasement; secondly, of exaltation or glory. Philippians 2:8-10.
Q. 2. Wherein consisteth the state of Christís humiliation?
A. In three things; first, in his incarnation, or being born of woman; secondly, this obedience, or fulfilling the whole law, moral and ceremonial; thirdly, in his passion, or enduring all sorts of miseries, even death itself. Luke 1:35; John 1:14; Romans 1:3; Galatians 4:4; Hebrews 2:9,14. Matthew 3:15, 5:17; Luke 2:21; John 8:46; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 1:19; 1 John 3:5. Isaiah 53:6; Hebrews 2:9; Peter 2:21.
Q. 3. Wherein consists his exaltation?
A. In, first, his resurrection; secondly, ascension; thirdly, sitting at the right hand of God; ó by all which he was declared to be the Son of God with power. Matthew 28:18; Romans 1:4, 6:4; Ephesians 4:9; Philippians 2:9,10; 1 Timothy 3:16.
CHAPTER - OF THE PERSONS TO WHOM THE BENEFITS OF CHRISTíS OFFICES DO BELONG.
Q. 1. Unto whom do the saving benefits of what Christ performeth, in the execution of his offices, belong?
Q. 2. Died he for no other?
A. None, in respect of his Fatherís eternal purpose, and his own intention of removing wrath from them, and procuring grace and glory for them. Acts 20:28; Matthew 20:28, 26:28; Hebrews 9:28; John 11:51,52; Isaiah 53:12; John 3:16, 10:11-13,15; Ephesians 5:25; Romans 8:32,34; Galatians 3:13; John 6:37,39; Romans 4:25; Corinthians 5:19, 20.
Q. 3. What shall become of them for whom Christ died not?
Q. 4. For whom does he make intercession?
CHAPTER - OF THE CHURCH.
Q. 1. How are the elect called, in respect of their obedience unto Christ, and union with him?
Q. 2. What is the church of Christ?
A. The whole company of Godís f87 f88 f89 f90 elect, called elect, called by the Word and Spirit, out of their natural condition, to the dignity of his children, and united unto Christ their head, by faith, in the bond of the Spirit. Acts 2:47; 1 Timothy 5:21; Hebrews 12:22-24. Romans 1:5,6, 9:11,24; 1 Corinthians 4:15; 2 Timothy 1:9. Acts 16:14; John 3:8; 1 Corinthians 4:15; 1 Peter 1:23; Hebrews 8:10. Ephesians 2:11-13; Colossians 1:13; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 Peter 2:9. John 17:21; Ephesians 2:18-22.
A. No; one part of it is militant, the other triumphant.
Q. 4. What is the church militant?
Q. 5. What is the church triumphant?
Q. 7. Can this church be wholly overthrown on the earth?
Q. 1. By what means do we become actual members of this church of God?
A. By a lively justifying faith, of his Father the whole mystery of godliness, the way and truth whereby we must come unto God. Christ, the head thereof. Acts 2:47, 13:48; Hebrews 11:6, 12:22,23, 4:2; Romans 5:1,2; Ephesians 2:13,14.
Q. 2. What is a justifying faith?
A. A gracious resting upon the free promises of God in Jesus Christ for mercy, with a firm persuasion of heart that God is a reconciled Father unto us in the Son of his love. 1 Timothy 1:16; Job 13:15, 9:25; Romans 4:5. Hebrews 4:16; Romans 8:38,39; Galatians 2:20; Corinthians 5:20,21.
Q. 3. Have all this faith?
Q. 4. Do not, then, others believe that make profession?
A. Yes; with, first, historical faith, or a persuasion that the things written in the Word are true; secondly, temporary faith, which has some joy of the affections, upon unspiritual grounds, in the things believed. James 2:19. Matthew 13:20; Mark 6:20; John 2:23,24; Acts 8:13.
CHAPTER - OF OUR VOCATION, OR GODíS CALLING US.
Q. 1. How come we to have this saving faith?
Q. 2. What is our vocation, or this calling of God?
A. The free, gracious f95 act of Almighty God, whereby in Jesus Christ he calleth and translateth us from the state of nature, sin, wrath, and corruption, into the state of grace and union with Christ, by the mighty, effectual working of his preaching of the Word. Colossians 1:12,13; Timothy 1:9; Deuteronomy 30:6; Ezekiel 36:26; Matthew 11:25,26; John 1:13, 3:3, 8; Ephesians 1:19; Colossians 2:12; Corinthians 4:7; James 1:18; 2 Peter 2:20; Acts 16:14.
Q. 3. What do we ourselves perform in this change, or work of our conversion?
A. Nothing at all, being merely church are outwardly called by the Word, none effectually but the elect. church are outwardly called by the Word, none effectually but the elect. in ourselves we have no ability to any thing that is spiritually good. Matthew 7:18, 10:20; John 1:13, 15:5; Corinthians 12:3, 2:5; 2 Corinthians 3:5; Ephesians 2:1,8; Romans 8:26; Philippians 1:6.
Q. 4. Does God thus call all and every one?
CHAPTER - OF JUSTIFICATION.
Q. 1. Are we accounted righteous and saved for our faith, when we are thus freely called?
Q. 2. What, then, is our justification or righteousness before God?
A. The gracious, free act of imputation of the righteousness of Christ apprehended and applied by faith; for which alone the Lord accepts us as holy and righteous. righteousness of Christ to a believing sinner, and for that speaking peace unto his conscience, in the pardon of his sin, pronouncing him to be just and accepted before him. Genesis 15:6; Acts 13:38,39; Luke 18:14; Romans 3:24,26,28, 4:4-8; Galatians 2:16.
Q. 3. Are we not, then, righteous before God by our own works?
CHAPTER - OF SANCTIFICATION.
Q. 1. Is there nothing, then, required of us but faith only?
Q. 2. What is repentance?
A. Godly sorrow for every known f99 sin committed against God, with a firm purpose of heart to cleave unto him for the to cleave unto him for the quickening of all graces, to walk before him in newness of life. Corinthians 7:9-11; Acts 2:37; Psalm 51:17. Psalm 34:14; Isaiah 1:16,17; Ezekiel 18:27,28; Acts 14:15. Ephesians 4:21-24; Romans 6:12,13,18,19, 8:1; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Galatians 6:15.
Q. 3. Can we do this of ourselves?
Q. 4. Wherein does the being of true repentance consist, without which it is not acceptable?
Q. 5. What is that holiness which is required of us?
A. That universal, f102 sincere obedience to the whole will of God, in our hearts, minds, wills, and actions, whereby we are in some measure made conformable to Christ, our head. <19B909> Psalm 119:9; 1 Samuel 15:22; John 14:15; Romans 6:19; Hebrews 12:14; Titus 2:12; 2 Peter 1:5-7; Isaiah 1:16,17. 1 Chronicles 28:9; Deuteronomy 6:5; Matthew 22:37. Romans 8:29; 1 Corinthians 11:1; Ephesians 2:21; Colossians 3:1-3; 2 Timothy 2:11,12.
Q. 6. Is this holiness or obedience in us perfect?
A. Yes, in respect of all the parts of it, but not in respect of the degrees wherein God requires it. 2 Kings 20:3; Job 1:1; Matthew 5:48; Luke 1:6; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 4:24; Titus 2:12. Isaiah 64:6; <19D003> Psalm 130:3; Exodus 28:38; Philippians 3:12.
Q. 7. Will God accept of that obedience which falls so short of what he requireth?
Q. 8. What are the parts of this holiness?
A. Internal, in the quickening of all graces, purging act of all graces, purging act frequent prayers, alms, and all manner of righteousness. Hebrews 9:14; Ephesians 3:16,17; Romans 2:29, 6:12. Matthew 5:20; Romans 8:1,2; Ephesians 4:22,23; Titus 2:12.
Q. 9. May not others perform these duties acceptably, as well as those that believe?
CHAPTER - OF THE PRIVILEGES OF BELIEVERS.
Q. 1. What are the privileges of those that thus believe and repent?
A First, union with Christ; secondly, adoption of children; thirdly, Christian liberty; fourthly, a spiritual, holy right to the seals of the new covenant; fifthly, communion with all saints; sixthly, resurrection of the body unto life eternal.
Q. 2. What is our union with Christ?
A. An holy, spiritual f107 conjunction unto him, as our head, husband, and foundation, whereby we are made partakers of the same Spirit with him, and derive all good things from him. 1 Corinthians 12:12; John 15:1,2, 5-7, 17:23. Ephesians 4:15, 5:23; Colossians 1:18. Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:25-27; Revelation 21:9. Matthew 16:18; Ephesians 2:20-22; 1 Peter 2:4-7. Romans 8:9,11; Galatians 4:6; Philippians 1:19. John 1:12,16; Ephesians 1:3.
Q. 3. What is our adoption?
Q. 4. How come we to know this?
A. By the especial working of the Holy Spirit in our hearts, sealing unto us the promises of God, and raising up our souls to an assured expectation of the promised inheritance. Romans 8:15,17; Ephesians 4:30; John 3:1; Romans 8:19,23; Titus 2:13.
Q. 5. What is our Christian liberty?
A. An holy and spiritual freedom from the slavery of sin, the bondage of death and hell, the curse of the law, Jewish ceremonies, and thraldom of conscience, purchased for us by Jesus Christ, and revealed to us by the Holy Spirit. Galatians 5:1. John 8:32,34,36; Romans 6:17,18; Isaiah 61:1; 1 John 1:7; 2 Corinthians 5:21. Romans 8:15; Hebrews 2:15; 1 Corinthians 15:55,57. Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 2:15,16; Galatians 4:5; Romans 8:1. Acts 15:10,11; Galatians 3,4,5. 2 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Corinthians 7:23; 1 Peter 2:16. 1 Corinthians 2:12.
Q. 6. Are we, then, wholly freed from the moral law?
A. Yes, as a covenant, or as it has any thing in it bringing into bondage, ó as the curse, power, dominion, and rigid exaction of obedience; but not as it is a rule of life and holiness. Jeremiah 31:31-33; Romans 7:1-3, 6:14; Galatians 3:19,24; Romans 8:2; Galatians 5:18. Matthew 5:17; Romans 3:31, 7:13, 22, 25.
CHAPTER - OF THE SACRAMENTS OF THE NEW COVENANT IN PARTICULAR, A HOLY RIGHT WHEREUNTO IS THE FOURTH PRIVILEGE OF BELIEVERS.
Q. 1. What are the seals of the New Testament?
A. Sacraments instituted of Christ to be visible seats and pledges, whereby God in him confirmeth the promises of the covenant to all believers, restipulating of them growth in faith and obedience. Mark 16:16; John 3:5; Acts 2:38, 22:16; Romans 4:11 1 Corinthians 10:2-4, 11:26-29.
Q. 2. How does God by these sacraments bestow grace upon us?
A. Not by any real essential conveying of spiritual grace by corporeal means, but by the way of promise, obsignation, and covenant, confirming the grace wrought in us by the Word and Spirit. Hebrews 4:2; Corinthians 10; Romans 4:11, 1:17; Mark 16:16; Ephesians 5:26. confirming the grace wrought in us by the Word and Spirit.
Q. 3. How do our sacraments differ from the sacraments of the Jews?
A. Accidentally only, in things concerning the outward matter and form, as their number, quality, clearness of signification, and the like, ó not essentially, in the things signified, or grace confirmed. 1 Corinthians 10:1,2,3, etc.; John 6:35; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:11.
CHAPTER - OF BAPTISM.
Q. 1. Which are these sacraments?
A. Baptism and the Lordís supper.
Q. 2. What is baptism?
A. An holy action, appointed f114 of Christ, whereby being sprinkled with water in the name of the whole Trinity, by a lawful minister of the church, we are admitted into the family of God, and have the benefits of the blood of Christ confirmed unto us. Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15,16. Acts 2:41, 8:37. 440238> Acts 2:38,39; John 3:5; Romans 6:3-5; Corinthians 12:13.
Q. 3. To whom does this sacrament belong?
Q. 4. How can baptism seal the pardon of all sins to us, all our personal sins following it?
OF THE LORDíS SUPPER.
Q. 1. What is the Lordís supper?
A. An holy action instituted and appointed by Christ, to set forth his death, and communicate unto us spiritually his body and blood by faith, being represented by bread and wine, blessed by his word, and prayer, broken, poured out, and received of believers. Matthew 26:26-28; Luke 22:14-20; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25. Luke 22:19; Corinthians 11:25, 26. Mark 14:22-24; 1 Corinthians 11:24,25; John 6:63. 1 Corinthians 11:23,25. 1 Corinthians 11:24; Matthew 26:26. Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19.
Q. 2. When did Christ appoint this sacraments?
Q. 3. Whence is the right lose of it to be learned?
A. From the word, practice, and actions of our Savior, at its institution.
Q. 4. What were the actions of our Savior to be imitated by us?
A. First, blessing the elements by prayer; secondly, breaking the bread, and pouring out the wine; thirdly, distributing them to the receivers, sitting in a table-gesture. Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19,20; Corinthians 11:23, 24.
Q. 5. What were the words of Christ?
Q. 6. Who are to be f119 receivers of this sacrament?
A. Yes; all the spiritual change is wrought by the faith of the receiver, not the words of the giver: to them that believe, they are the body and blood of Christ. John 6:63; 1 Corinthians 10:4, 11:29.
CHAPTER - OF THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS, THE FIFTH PRIVILEGE OF BELIEVERS.
Q. 1. What is the communion of saints?
A. An holy conjunction between all Godís people, wrought by their participation of the same Spirit, whereby we are all made members of that one body whereof Christ is head. Song of Solomon 6:9; Jeremiah 32:39; John 17:22; 1 Corinthians 12:12; Ephesians 4:3-6,13; John 1:3,6,7.
Q. 2. Of what sort is this union?
A. First, spiritual and internal, in the enjoyment of the same Spirit and graces, ó which is the union of the Hebrews church catholic; secondly, external and ecclesiastical, in the same outward ordinances, ó which is the union of particular congregations. 1 Corinthians 12:12,13; Ephesians 2:16, 19-22; 1 Corinthians 10:17; John 17:11,21,22; John 10:16; 1:11. 1 Corinthians 1:10,11; Romans 12:5; 1 Corinthians 12:27,28; Ephesians 4:11-13; Philippians 2:2; Colossians 3:15; 1 Peter 3:8.
CHAPTER - OF PARTICULAR CHURCHES.
Q. 1. What are particular churches?
A. Peculiar assemblies f122 of professors in one place, under officers of Christís institution, enjoying the ordinances of God, and leading lives be seeming their holy calling. Acts 11:26; 1 Corinthians 4:17, 11:22; <470101> Corinthians 1:1. Acts 20:17,28, 14:23; 2 Corinthians 8:23; Hebrews13:17. 1 Corinthians 3:6; Revelation 2:1-3. Thessalonians 3:5, 6, 11; Galatians 6:16; Philippians 3:17; Thessalonians 2:12.
Q. 2. What are the ordinary officers of such churches?
A. First, pastors or doctors, to teach and exhort; secondly, elders, to assist in rule and government; thirdly, deacons, to provide for the poor. Romans 12:7,8; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 12:28. Romans 12:8; 1 Timothy 5:17. Acts 6:2,3.
Q. 3. What is required of these officers, especially the chiefest, or ministers?
A. That they be faithful in the ministry committed unto them; sedulous in dispensing the Word; watching for the good of the souls committed to them; going before them in an example of all godliness and holiness of life. 1 Corinthians 4:2; Acts 20:18-20. 2 Timothy 2:15, 4:1-5. Titus 1:13; 1 Timothy 4:15,16. Titus 2:7; 1 Timothy 4:12; Matthew 5:16; Acts 24:16.
Q. 4. What is required in the people unto them?
A. Obedience to their message and ministry; honor and love to their persons; maintenance to them and their families. 2 Corinthians 5:20; Romans 6:17; Hebrews 13:17; 2 Thessalonians 3:14; Romans 16:19; 2 Corinthians 10:4-6. 1 Corinthians 4:1; Galatians 4:14; Timothy 5:17,18. Luke 10:7; James 5:4; 1 Timothy 5:17,18; Corinthians 9:9-13.
CHAPTER - OF THE LAST PRIVILEGE OF BELIEVERS, BEING THE DOOR OF ENTRANCE INTO GLORY.
Q. 1. What is the resurrection of the flesh?
A. An act of the mighty power of Godís Holy Spirit, applying unto us the virtue of Christís resurrection, etc.; whereby, at the last day, he will raise our whole bodies from the dust, to be united again unto our souls in everlasting happiness. Job 19:25-27; Psalm 16:9-11; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:2,3; Daniel 12:2; 1 Corinthians 15:16, Revelation 20:12,13.
Q. 2. What is the end of this whole dispensation?
A. The glory of God in our eternal salvation. To Him be all glory and honor for evermore! Amen.