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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 CHRONICLES 19

    << 1 Chronicles 18 - 1 Chronicles 20 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE    



    
    
      1  David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun, the son of
        Nahash, are villainously treated.
     6  The Ammonites, strengthened by the Syrians, are overcome by
        Joab and Abishai.
    16  Shophach, making a new supply of the Syrians, is slain by
        David.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Nahash.
       * 1Sa 11:1,2; 12:12 2Sa 10:1-3
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - I will shew.
       * 1Sa 30:26 2Sa 9:1,7 2Ki 4:13 Es 6:3 Ec 9:15
    - the children.
       * Ge 19:37,38 De 23:3-6 Ne 4:3,7; 13:1
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - but the princes.
       * 1Sa 29:4,9 1Ki 12:8-11
    - Thinkest thou that David.  Heb. In thine eyes doth David.
       * 1Co 13:5-7
    - to search.
       * Ge 42:9-18 Jos 2:1-3 Jud 1:23,24; 18:2,8-10
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - took David's.
       * Ps 35:12; 109:4,5
    - shaved them.
       * Le 19:27 Isa 15:2 Jer 41:5; 48:37
    - and cut.
       * Isa 20:4; 47:2,3
    - sent them.
       * 2Sa 10:4,5 2Ch 36:16 Mr 12:4 Lu 20:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - and told David.
       * Mt 18:31
    - at Jericho.
       * Jos 6:24-26 1Ki 16:34
    - your beards.
       * Jud 16:22
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - had made.
       * Lu 10:16 1Th 4:8
    - odious.  Heb. to stink.
       * Ge 34:30 Ex 5:21 1Sa 13:4; 27:12 Ps 14:3 *margins
    - a thousand.
       * 2Ch 16:2,3; 25:6; 27:5 Ps 46:9
    - Syria-maachah.
       * 2Sa 10:6
    - Zobah.
       * 2Ch 18:3,5,9 1Sa 14:47 2Sa 8:3 1Ki 11:23,24
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - hired.
       * 1Ch 18:4 Ex 14:9 Jud 4:3 1Sa 13:5 2Ch 14:9 Ps 20:7-9
    - thirty.
      Thirty-two thousand soldiers, exclusive of the thousand send
      by the Maachah, are mentioned in the parallel passage (2 Sa
      6 10:6;) but of chariots or cavalry there is no mention; and the
      number of chariots stated here is prodigious, and beyond all
      credibility.  But as the word {raichev} denotes not only a
      chariot, but a rider, (see Isa 21:7,) it ought most probably
      to be rendered here, in a collective sense, cavalry; and then
      the number of troops will exactly agree with the passage in
      Samuel.  It is probable that they were a kind of auxiliary
      troops who were usually mounted on horses, or in chariots, but
      who occasionally served as foot-soldiers.
    
    - the king of Maachah.
      This variation exists only in the translation, the original
      being the same in both places, {melech machah,} "the king of
      Maachah."
    
       * 2Sa 10:6
    - king Maachah.  Medeba.
       * Nu 21:30 Jos 13:9 Isa 15:2
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Joab.
       * 1Ch 11:6,10-47 2Sa 23:8-39
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - put the battle.
       * 1Sa 17:2 2Sa 18:4 2Ch 13:3; 14:10 Isa 28:6 Jer 50:42 Joe 2:5
    - the kings.
       * 2Sa 10:8 1Ki 20:1,24
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - when Joab.
       * 2Sa 10:9-14
    - battle.  Heb. face of the battle.  set against.
       * Jos 8:22 Jud 20:42,43
    - choice.  or, young men.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Abishai.  Heb. Abshai.
       * 1Ch 11:20; 18:12
      The variation of ['Abyshay <\\S#52h\\>,] Abishai, and
      ['Abshay <\\S#52h\\>,] Abshai, is simply caused by the elision
      of [Y"wd,] {yood,} which is by no means uncommon.
    
    - and they set.  See on ver.
       * :9
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - If the Syrians.
       * Ne 4:20 Ec 4:9-12 Ga 6:2 Php 1:27,28
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - of good.
       * De 31:6,7 Jos 1:7; 10:25 1Sa 4:9; 14:6-12; 17:32 2Sa 10:12
       * Ezr 10:4 Ne 4:14 Ps 27:14 1Co 16:13
    - let us behave, etc.
      In Samuel, "let us play the men;" but the original is the same
      in both places, {nithchazzak}.
    
    - let the Lord.
       * Jud 10:15 1Sa 3:18 2Sa 15:26; 16:10,11 Job 1:22
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - they fled.
       * 1Ki 20:13,19-21,28-30 2Ch 13:5-16 Jer 46:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - they likewise.
       * Le 26:7 Ro 8:31
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - A.M. 2968.  B.C. 1036.  An. Ex. Is. 455.  and drew.
       * Ps 2:1 Isa 8:9 Mic 4:11,12 Zec 14:1-3
    - river.  that is, Euphrates.  Shophach.
      This variation arises from the permutation of [Byth,]
      {baith,} and [P,] {pay;} being written in the parallel
      passage [Sh"wbk <\\S#7731h\\>,] Shobach, and here [Sh"wphk
      <\\S#7780h\\>,] Shophach.
    
       * 2Sa 10:16
    - Shobach.
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - upon them.
      Instead of {alaihem,} "upon them," it is in 2 Sa 17 10:17
      {chelamah,} "to Helam:"  the one seems evidently to be a
      mistake for the other.
    
    - and set.
       * :9 Isa 22:6,7
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - fled before Israel.
       * :13,14 Ps 18:32; 33:16; 46:11
    - seven thousand.
      In the parallel passage, "the men of seven hundred chariots;"
      which difference probably arose from mistaking [N-wn,] {noon
      final}, which stands for 700, for [Zayin,] {zayin,} with a dot
      above, which denotes 7,000, or vice versa:  the great
      similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be
      mistaken for the other.
    
    - footmen.
      If these troops were as we have suppose, a kind of dismounted
      cavalry, the terms footmen and horsemen might be indifferently
      applied to them.
    
       * 2Sa 10:18
    - horsemen.
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - the servants.
       * Ge 14:4,5 Jos 9:9-11 2Sa 10:19 1Ki 20:1,12 Ps 18:39,44
       * Isa 10:8
    - would.
       * 1Ch 14:17 Ps 48:3-6
    
    
    
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