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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 CHRONICLES 27

    << 1 Chronicles 26 - 1 Chronicles 28 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE    



    
    
      1  The twelve captains for every several month.
    16  The princes of the twelve tribes.
    23  The numbering of the people is hindered.
    25  David's several officers.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the chief fathers.
      The patriarchs, chief generals, or generals of brigade.  This
      enumeration is widely different from that of the preceding.
      In that, we have the order and course of the priests and
      Levites, in their ecclesiastical ministrations:  in this, we
      have the account of the order of the civil service, what
      related simply to the political state of the king and kingdom.
      Twenty-four persons, chosen out of David's worthies, each of
      whom had a second, were placed over 24,000 men, who all served
      a month at a time, in turn; and this was the whole of their
      service during the year, after which they attended to their
      own affairs.  Thus the king had always on foot a regular force
      of 24,000, who served without expense to him or the state, and
      were not oppressed by the service, which took up only a
      twelfth part of their time; and by this plan he could, at any
      time, bring into the field 12 times 24,000 or 288,000 fighting
      men, independently of the 12,000 officers, which made in the
      whole an effective force of 300,000 soldiers; and all these
      men were prepared, disciplined, and ready at a call, without
      the smallest expense to the state or the king.  These were,
      properly speaking, the militia of the Israelitish kingdom.
    
    - captains.
       * 1Ch 13:1 Ex 18:25 De 1:15 1Sa 8:12 Mic 5:2
    - served.
       * 1Ch 28:1 2Ch 17:12-19; 26:11-13
    - any matter.
       * 1Ki 5:14
    - month.
       * 1Ki 4:7,27
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Jashobeam.
       * 1Ch 11:11 2Sa 23:8
    - Adino the Eznite.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Perez.
       * Ge 38:29 Nu 26:20
    - Pharez.  the chief.
       * Ge 49:8-10 Nu 7:12; 10:14
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Dodai.
       * 1Ch 11:12 2Sa 23:9
    - Dodo.
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Benaiah.
      Or, "Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada the chief priest:"  it was
      Jehoiada, and not Benaiah, who was a priest.
    
       * 1Ch 18:17 1Ki 4:4
    - chief priest.  or, principal officer.
       * 1Ki 4:5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - mighty.
       * 1Ch 11:22-25 2Sa 22:20-23; 23:20-23
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Asahel.
       * 1Ch 11:26 2Sa 2:18-23; 23:24
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Shamhuth.
      If this person was the same as Shammoth the Hararite, or
      Shammah the Harodite, it is probable that he took the
      denomination Izrahite, from one of his progenitors of the name
      Izrah, and derived the other from the place of his residence.
    
       * 1Ch 11:27
    - Shammoth the Hararite.
       * 1Ch 26:29 2Sa 23:25
    - Shammah the Harodite.
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Ira.
       * 1Ch 11:28 2Sa 23:26
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Helez.
       * 1Ch 11:27
    - Pelonite.
       * 2Sa 23:26
    - Paltite.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Sibbecai.
       * 1Ch 11:29 2Sa 21:18
    - Zarhites.
       * Nu 26:20
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Anetothite.
       * 1Ch 11:28
    - Antothite.
       * 2Sa 23:27
    - Anethothite.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Maharai.
       * 1Ch 11:30 2Sa 23:28
    - Zarhites.
       * :11
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - Benaiah.
       * 1Ch 11:31 2Sa 23:30
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Heldai.
       * 1Ch 11:30
    - Heled.
       * 2Sa 23:29
    - Heleb.  Othniel.
       * 1Ch 4:13 Jud 3:9
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Furthermore.
      These persons, called "princes of the tribes," in ver. 22, and
      ch. 1 28:1, appear to have been civil rulers over their several
      tribes, and honorary men, without pay, not unlike the lords
      lieutenants of our counties.  In this enumeration there is no
      mention of the tribes of Gad and Asher, probably because they
      were joined to the neighboring tribes; or perhaps, the
      account of these has been lost from the register.
    
    - Eliezar.  i.e., my God is help.
       * Ge 15:2
    - Shephatiah.  i.e., judged of Jah.
       * 2Sa 3:4
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - Hashabiah.
       * 1Ch 26:30
    - of the Aaronites.
       * 1Ch 12:27,28; 24:4,31
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Elihu.
      If Elihu be not a mistake for Eliab, it is probable that he
      was called by both names.
    
       * 1Sa 16:6; 17:13,29
    - Eliab.
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Ishmaiah.  i.e., Jehovah will hear; he will hear the Lord.
      <\\S#3460h\\>.
    - Jerimoth.  i.e., high places.
       * 1Ch 7:7
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Azaziah.  i.e., Jah has strengthened; strengthened of the
      Lord.  <\\S#5812h\\>.
       * :20; 15:21 2Ch 31:13
    - (1)  One engaged in bringing up the ark from Obed-edom.
       * 1Ch 15:21
    - (2) Father of Hoshea, prince of Ephraim.
       * :20
    - (3) Set over the tithes under Hezekiah.
       * 2Ch 31:13
    - Pedaiah.  i.e., redeemed of Jehovah.
       * 2Ki 23:36
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - Iddo.
       * 1Ki 4:14
    - Abner.
       * 1Sa 14:50,51 2Sa 3:27,37
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - David took not.
      It seems probable, from this passage, that Joab began, by
      David's order, to number the children, as well as adults, but
      was prevented from finishing the account, probably because the
      plague had begun.  The numbering of the effective men might
      have been deemed a political expedient; but pride and
      ostentation alone could dictate the numbering of minors and
      infants, especially as God had pronounced the seed of Abraham,
      Isaac, and Jacob, innumerable.
    
    - from twenty.
       * Nu 1:18
    - he would increase.
       * Ge 15:5 Heb 11:12
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - began to number.
       * 1Ch 21:1-17 2Sa 24:1-15
    - was the number put.  Heb. ascended the number.
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - the king's.
       * 2Ki 18:15 2Ch 16:2
    - the storehouses.
       * Ge 41:48 Ex 1:11 2Ch 26:10 Jer 41:8
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Ezri.  i.e., helpful; my help; help of the Lord.
      <\\S#5836h\\>.
       * :26
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Shimei.  i.e., hearing.
       * 2Sa 16:5
    - the increase of the vineyards.  Heb. that which was of the
      vineyards.
    - Ramathite.  i.e., citizen of Ramath (i.e., lofty place, Jos
      8 19:8).  <\\S#7435h\\>.
       * Jos 19:8
    - Shipmite.  i.e., native of Shepham (i.e., bare, bald, Nu 34:10).
      <\\S#8225h\\>.
       * Nu 34:10
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - And over.
       * 1Ki 4:7
    - the sycamore trees.
      The Hebrew {shikmin,} Syriac {shekmo,} and Arabic {jummeez,}
      is the [            ,] or sycomore, of the Greeks, so called
      from [           ,] a fig-tree, and [           ] a mulberry-
      tree, because it resembles the latter in its leaves, and the
      former in its fruits.  "The sycamore," says Mr. Norden, "is of
      the height of a beech, and bears its fruit in a manner quite
      different from other trees:  it has them on the trunk itself,
      which shoots out little sprigs, in form of grape stalks, at
      the end of which grow the fruit close to one another, almost
      like a cluster of grapes.  The tree is always green, and bears
      fruit several times in the year, without observing any certain
      seasons; for I have seen some sycamores that have given fruit
      two months after others.  The fruit has the figure and smell
      of real figs, but is inferior to them in the taste, having a
      disgusting sweetness.  Its color is a yellow, inclining to an
      ochre, shadowed by a flesh color.  In the inside it resembles
      the common figs, excepting that it has a blackish coloring
      with yellow spots.  This sort of tree is pretty common in
      Egypt; the people, for the greater part, live on its fruit,
      and think themselves well regaled when they have a piece of
      bread, a couple of sycamore figs, and a pitcher of water."
    
       * 1Ki 20:27
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Sharon.
       * 1Ch 5:16 Isa 65:10
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the camels.
       * Job 1:3
    - the Ishmaelite.
       * Ge 47:6
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Jaziz  i.e., gives life and motion; he will shine, or bring
      abundance; he will cause to abound.  <\\S#3151h\\>.
    - Hagerite.  i.e., fugitive.  <\\S#1905h\\>.
       * 1Ch 11:38
    - Haggeri.
       * :31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - uncle.
       * 2Sa 13:3; 21:21
    - nephew.  counsellor.
       * 1Ch 26:14 2Sa 15:12
    - wise.  or, understanding.
       * Pr 28:2
    - scribe.  or, secretary.
       * Jud 5:14
    - Jehiel.  God lives.
       * Ezr 8:9
    - son of Hachmoni.  i.e., very wise.  <\\S#2453h\\>.
    - or, Hachmonite.
       * 1Ch 11:11
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - Ahithophel.
       * 2Sa 15:12; 16:23; 17:23
    - Hushai.
       * 2Sa 15:32,37; 16:16
    - companion.
       * 2Sa 16:17 Ps 55:13 Zec 13:7
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - Abiathar.
       * 1Ki 1:7
    - the general.
       * 1Ch 11:6
    
    
    
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