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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 KINGS 7

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      1  The building of Solomon's house.
     2  Of the house of Lebanon.
     6  Of the porch of pillars.
     7  Of the porch of judgment.
     8  Of the house for Pharaoh's daughter.
    13  Hiram's work of the two pillars.
    23  Of the molten sea.
    27  Of the ten bases.
    38  Of the ten lavers,
    40  and all the vessels.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - thirteen years.
       * 1Ki 9:10 2Ch 8:1 Ec 2:4,5 Mt 6:33
    
    VERSE 2
        * 1Ki 9:19; 10:17 2Ch 9:16 So 7:4
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - beams.  Heb. ribs.
       * 1Ki 6:5 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - windows.
       * :5; 6:4 Isa 54:12 Eze 40:16,22,25,29,33,36; 41:26
    - light was against light.  Heb. sight against sight.
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - doors and posts were square, with the windows.  or, spaces
      and pillars were square in prospect.
       * :5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - before them. or, according to them.  before them.  or,
      according to them.
       * :6
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - a porch.
       * 1Ki 6:3
    - for the throne.
       * 1Ki 10:18-20 Ps 122:5 Isa 9:7
    - of judgment.
       * 1Ki 3:9,28 Pr 20:8
    - from one side of the floor to the other.  Heb. from floor to
      floor.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - another court.
       * 2Ki 20:4
    - an house.  See on ch.
       * 1Ki 3:1; 9:24 2Ch 8:11
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - costly stones.
       * :10,11; 5:17
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the foundation.
       * Isa 28:16; 54:11 1Co 3:10,11 Re 21:19,20
    - stones of ten cubits.
      Reckoning the cubit at 21 inches, the ten cubits are 17 feet
      and a half, and the eight cubits are 14 feet.  The magnitude
      of these stones was certainly extraordinary; but let us hear
      M. Volney, and our surprise will no longer be fixed on these
      stones, but transferred from Solomon's house to the ruins of
      Balbec:  "What is still more astonishing is the enormous
      stones which compose the sloping wall.  To the west, the
      second layer is formed of stones which are from 28 to 35 feet
      long, by about 9 in height.  Over this layer, at the
      north-west angle, there are three stones, which alone occupy a
      space of 175 feet and a half; viz. the first, 58 feet 7
      inches; the second, 58 feet 11 inches; and the third, exactly
      58 feet; and each of these is 12 feet thick.  These stones are
      of white granite, with large shining flakes, like gypsum:
      there is a quarry of this kind of stone under the whole city,
      and another in the adjacent mountains, which is open in
      several places.  On the right, as we approach the city, there
      is still lying there a stone hewn on three sides, which is 69
      feet 2 inches long, 12 feet 10 inches broad, and 13 feet 3
      inches in thickness.
    
    VERSE 11
        * Eph 2:20-22 1Pe 2:5
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - three rows.  See on ch.
       * 1Ki 6:36
    - the porch.
       * Joh 10:23 Ac 3:11; 5:12
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Hiram.
       * :40 2Ch 2:13; 4:11
    - Huram.
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - a widow's son.  Heb. the son of a widow woman.  tribe.
      The mother of Hiram (not the Tyrian king mentioned before, but
      an intelligent coppersmith, of Jewish extraction by his
      mother's side) in Chronicles, is said to have been of "the
      daughters of Dan;" and she might have been of Naphtali by her
      father, and of Dan by her mother; or she might originally be
      of the tribe of Dan, and have been first married to a man of
      the tribe of Naphtali; and, in either case, she might be
      indifferently called "of the tribe of Naphtali," or of "the
      daughters of Dan."
    
    - Naphtali.
       * 2Ch 2:14
    - his father.
       * 2Ch 4:16
    - he was filled.
       * Ex 31:2-6; 35:30-35; 36:1,2,8 Isa 28:26
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - cast.  Heb. fashioned.  two pillars.
       * :21 2Ki 25:16,17 2Ch 3:15-17; 4:12-22 Jer 52:21-13
    - eighteen cubits.
      That is, nearly thirty feet, English measure.  But in the
      parallel place in Chronicles, these pillars are said to
      thirty-five cubits high.  Tremellius reconciles this
      difference by observing, that the common cubit was but
      one-half of the cubit of the sanctuary; so that eighteen of
      the one would make thirty-six of the other; from which, if we
      deduct one cubit for the base, there will remain thirty-five.
      Nevertheless the names of these pillars, they seem to have
      supported no part of the building, and appear to have been
      formed for ornament; and were no doubt also emblematical.  The
      right pillar was called {Jachin,} which signifies, "He will
      establish;" while that on the left was named {Boaz,} "In it is
      strength."  Some think they were intended for memorials of the
      pillars and cloud of fire, which led Israel through the
      wilderness; but Henry supposes them designed for memorandums
      to the priests and others that came to worship at God's door.
      1st.  To depend upon God only, and not upon any sufficiency of
      their own, for strength and establishment in all their
      religious exercises.  2nd.  It was a memorandum to them of the
      strength and establishment of the temple of God among them.
      When the temple was destroyed, particular notice is taken of
      the breaking up and carrying away of these brazen pillars, 2
      Ki 13 25:13, 17, which had been the tokens of its establishment,
      and would have been still so, if they had not forsaken God.
    
    VERSE 16
        * Ex 36:38; 38:17,19,28 2Ch 4:12,13
    
    VERSE 17
        * Ex 28:14,22,24,25; 39:15-18 2Ki 25:17
    
    VERSE 18
        * Ex 28:14,22,24,25; 39:15-18 2Ki 25:17
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - lily work.
       * :22; 6:18,32-35
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - and the pomegranates.
       * 2Ki 25:17 2Ch 3:16; 4:13 Jer 52:22,23
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - And he set.
       * 2Ch 3:17 Ga 2:9 Re 3:12
    - the porch.
       * :12; 6:3 Eze 40:48,49
    - Jachin.
       * 2Sa 7:12 Isa 9:7
    - Boaz.
       * Ru 4:21 Isa 45:24 Mt 16:18
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - he made.
       * Ex 30:18-21; 38:8
    - a molten sea.
       * 2Ki 25:13 2Ch 4:2 Jer 52:17,20
    - the one brim to the other.  Heb. his brim to his brim.
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - knops.
       * 1Ki 6:18 Ex 25:31-36; 37:17-22
    - compassing the sea.
       * 2Ch 4:3
    
    VERSE 25
        * 2Ch 4:4,5 Jer 52:20 Eze 1:10 Mt 28:19 Mr 16:15,16 Lu 24:47
       * 1Co 9:9 Re 4:6,7
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - an hand breadth.
       * Jer 52:21
    - with flowers.
       * :19; 6:18,32,35
    - it contained.
      This immense laver, called a sea from it magnitude, held, at a
      moderate computation, 16,000 gallons.  Besides this great
      brazen laver, there were in the temple ten lavers of brass of
      a less size, which moved on wheels, and were ornamented with
      the figures of various animals, having, probably, always some
      relation to the cherubim.  These lavers were to hold water for
      the use of the priests in their sacred office, particularly to
      wash the victims that were to be offered as a burnt offering,
      as we learn from 2 Ch 6 4:6; but the brazen sea was for the
      priests to wash in.  The knops are supposed to have been in
      the form of an ox's head, (2 Ch 3 4:3;) and some think the water
      flowed out at their mouths.
    
    - two thousand.
       * :38 2Ch 4:5 Eze 45:14
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - ten bases.
      These highly ornamental bases appear to have been square
      stands, or immense pedestals, for the purpose of supporting
      the lavers.
    
       * 2Ki 25:13,16 2Ch 4:14 Jer 52:17,20
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - bases was on.
      It seems evident that these bases or pedestals rose with
      steps, and that the ornaments mentioned in the next verse
      appeared in front, forming so many entablatures.  But the
      description of these bases is very difficult to comprehend:
      many of the original words are seldom, if at all, used
      elsewhere; and it would be impossible to give an explanation
      of each particular, without a labor and prolixity
      disproportioned to its importance to us.
    
       * :28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - lions.  See on ver.
       * :25; 6:27 Eze 1:10; 10:14; 41:18,19 Ho 5:14 Re 4:6,7; 5:5
    - cherubims.
       * Ge 3:24 Ex 25:18; 37:7 Heb 9:5
    - certain additions.
       * 1Pe 2:5
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - wheels.
       * Eze 1:15-21; 3:13; 10:10-13
    - had undersetters.
      It is probable that these undersetters were so many strong
      legs, somewhat shorter than the wheels, and were intended to
      prevent the laver from tilting, or falling, in case of any
      accident.
    
    VERSE 31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - joined to the base.  Heb. in the base.
       * :32
    
    VERSE 33
        * Eze 1:16,18
    
    VERSE 34
        * :34
    
    VERSE 35
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - graved cherubims.
       * :29; 6:29,32,35 Eze 40:31,37; 41:18-20,25,26
    - proportion.  Heb. nakedness.
    
    VERSE 37
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - ten lavers.
       * Ex 30:17-21,28; 38:8; 40:11,12 2Ch 4:6-22 Zec 13:1 Heb 9:10
       * Heb 10:22 1Jo 1:7 Re 7:14
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - side.  Heb. shoulder.  he set.
       * 2Ch 4:6,10
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - Hiram.  Heb. Hirom.
       * :13
    - the lavers.
       * :28 2Ki 25:14,15 2Ch 4:8,11-16 Jer 52:18,19
    - the shovels.
       * :45
    - the basons.
       * Ex 24:6
    - So Hiram.
       * Ex 39:32-43
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - two pillars.  See on ver.
       * :15-22 2Ch 4:12
    - two networks.
       * :17,18
    
    
    VERSE 42 
     - the pillars.  Heb. the face of the pillars.
       * :42
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - ten bases.
       * :27-39
    
    
    VERSE 44 
     - one sea.  See on ver.
       * :23-26
    
    
    VERSE 45 
     - the pots.
       * Ex 27:3; 38:3 Le 8:31 1Sa 2:13,14 2Ch 4:16 Eze 46:20-24
       * Zec 14:21
    - bright brass.  Heb. brass made bright, or scoured.
    
    
    VERSE 46 
     - the clay ground.  Heb. the thickness of the ground.  Succoth.
       * Ge 33:17
    - Zarthan.
      Zarthan is supposed to have been situated in the tribe of
      Manasseh, west of Jordan, near Jezreel and Bethshan or
      Scythopolis, and not far from the Jordan.  Succoth we know was
      situated east of Jordan, in the tribe of Gad, and according to
      Jerome, in the district of Scythopolis:  hence the "plain of
      Jordan," where Hiram cast the brazen vessels, must be the
      plain in which that river runs, Zarthan and Succoth being
      probably nearly opposite each other; but whether the precise
      spot of his operations was on this side or the other side, is
      uncertain.  In this place he found that particular clay that
      was proper for his purpose; and it being a considerable
      distance from Jerusalem, that city would not be annoyed by the
      smoke and noxious vapours necessarily occasioned by the
      process.
    
       * 1Ki 4:12
    - Zartanah.
       * Jos 3:16
    - Zaretan.
       * 2Ch 4:17
    - Zeredathah.
    
    
    VERSE 47 
     - because they were exceeding many.  Heb. for the exceeding
      multitude.
       * 2Ch 4:18
    - found out.  Heb. searched.
       * 1Ch 22:14,16
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - the altar.
       * Ex 30:1-5; 37:25-28; 39:38; 40:26 2Ch 4:19
    - the table.
       * Ex 25:23-30; 37:10-16; 39:36; 40:22,23 Le 24:5-9 2Ch 4:8
       * Eze 40:39,42; 41:22; 44:16 Mal 1:12 1Co 10:21
    
    
    VERSE 49 
     - the candlesticks.
       * Ex 25:31-40; 37:17-24; 39:37; 40:24,25 2Ch 4:7 Zec 4:1-3,11-14
       * Mt 5:14-16 Re 1:20; 2:1
    - before the oracle.  See on
       * 2Ch 4:20
    - the tongs.
       * Ex 25:38 Nu 4:9
    
    
    VERSE 50 
     - spoons.
       * Ex 25:29 Nu 7:86
    - censers.  Heb. ash pans.
       * Le 16:12 2Ch 4:21,22
    
    
    VERSE 51 
     - was ended.
       * Ex 40:33 Ezr 6:15 Zec 4:9
    - Solomon brought.
    
      It appears, therefore, that Solomon did not use any of the
      gold and silver in the structure of the temple which his
      father had provided.
    
    - things which David his father had dedicated.  Heb. holy
      things of David.
       * 2Sa 8:7-11 1Ch 18:7,8,10,11; 26:26-28; 28:11-18; 29:2-8 2Ch 5:1
    
    
    
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