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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 3

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      1  How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel.
    11  God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house.
    15  Samuel, though loath, tells Eli the vision.
    19  Samuel grows in credit.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the child.
       * :15; 2:11,18
    - the word.
       * :21 Ps 74:9 Isa 13:12 Am 8:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - his eyes.
       * 1Sa 2:22; 4:15 Ge 27:1; 48:19 Ps 90:10 Ec 12:3
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - ere.
      Before sun-rise:  for it is probable the lamps were
      extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the Parallel
      Passages.
    
    - the lamp.
       * Ex 27:20,21; 30:7,8 Le 24:2-4 2Ch 13:11
    - the temple.
       * 1Sa 1:6 Ps 5:7; 27:4; 29:9
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - called Samuel.
       * Ge 22:1 Ex 3:4 Ps 99:6 Ac 9:4 1Co 12:6-11,28 Ga 1:15,16
    
    VERSE 5
        * :5
    
    VERSE 6
        * 1Sa 4:16 Ge 43:29 2Sa 18:22 Mt 9:2
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Now Samuel.
      Or, Thus did Samuel before he knew the Lord, and before the
      word of the Lord was revealed unto him.
    
    - did not yet.
      Samuel was not destitute of the knowledge of God, in that
      sense which implies the total absence of true piety, as Eli's
      sons were; for he knew and worshipped the God of Israel:  but
      he did not know him as communicating special revelations of
      his will to him, in the manner in which he made it known to
      the prophets.
    
       * Jer 9:24 Ac 19:2
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the third.
       * Job 33:14,15
      Although Samuel did not apprehend the way in which God reveals
      himself to his servants the prophets--by the "still small
      voice"--yet when this direct communication from the Almighty
      was made the third time, in a way altogether new and strange
      to him, it seems astonishing that he did not immediately
      apprehend.  Perhaps he would have been sooner aware of a
      divine revelation, had it come in a dream or a vision.  Those
      who have the greatest knowledge of divine things, should
      remember the time when they were as babes, unskilful in the
      word of righteousness.
    
       * 1Co 13:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Speak.
       * Ex 20:19 Ps 85:8 Isa 6:8 Da 10:19 Ac 9:6
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the Lord came.
      This seems to imply a visible appearance, as well as an
      audible voice.
    
    - as at other.
       * :4-6,8
      Samuel did not now rise and run as before, when thought he Eli
      called, but lay still and listened.  All must be silent, when
      God speaks.  Observe, however, Samuel in his reply left out
      one word:  he did not say, Speak, Lord, but only Speak, for
      thy servant heareth; perhaps, as Bp. Patrick suggests, out of
      uncertainty, whether it was God that spake to him or not.
      However, by this answer way was made for the message he was
      now to receive, and Samuel was brought acquainted with the
      words of God and visions of the Almighty.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - I will do.
       * Isa 29:14 Am 3:6,7 Hab 1:5 Ac 13:41
    - both the ears.
       * 2Ki 21:12 Isa 28:19 Jer 19:3 Lu 21:26
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - I will perform.
       * 1Sa 2:27-36 Nu 23:19 Jos 23:15 Zec 1:6 Lu 21:33
    - when I begin, etc.  Heb. beginning and ending.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - For I have told him.  or, And I will tell him, etc.
       * 1Sa 2:27-30,31-36
    - I will.
       * 2Ch 20:12 Eze 7:3; 18:30 Joe 3:12
    - which he knoweth.
       * 1Ki 2:44 Ec 7:22 1Jo 3:20
    - his sons.
       * 1Sa 2:12,17,22,23-26
    - vile.  or, accursed.  restrained them not.  Heb. frowned not
      upon them.
       * 1Sa 2:23-25 1Ki 1:6 Pr 19:18; 23:13,14; 29:15 Mt 10:37
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - the iniquity.
       * 1Sa 2:25 Nu 15:30,31 Ps 51:16 Isa 22:14 Jer 7:16; 15:1 Eze 24:13
       * Heb 10:4-10,26-31
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - opened.
       * 1Sa 1:9 Mal 1:10
    - Samuel.
      Samuel reverenced Eli as a father, and feared to distress him
      by shewing what God had purposed to do.  It does not appear
      that God commanded Samuel to deliver this message; he
      therefore did not attempt it till adjured by Eli.  It might be
      supposed that Samuel would have been so full of ecstasy as to
      have forgotten his ordinary service, and run amongst his
      friends to tell them of the converse he had with God in the
      night:  but he modestly keeps it to himself.  Our secret
      communion with God is not to be proclaimed on the house-top.
    
    - feared.
       * Jer 1:6-8 1Co 16:10,11
    
    VERSE 16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - I pray thee.
       * Ps 141:5 Da 4:19 Mic 2:7
    - God.
       * 1Sa 20:13 Ru 1:17 2Sa 3:35; 19:13 1Ki 22:16 Mt 26:63
    - more also.  Heb. so add.  thing.  or, word.
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - every whit.  Heb. all the things, or, words.
      Whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon {wiht,} which
      signifies person, thing, etc.:  every whit is every thing:
      equivalent to every jot.
    
    - It is the Lord.
       * Ge 18:25 Jud 10:15 2Sa 16:10-12 Job 1:21; 2:10 Ps 39:9
       * Isa 39:8 La 3:39 1Pe 5:6
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - grew.
       * 1Sa 2:21 Jud 13:24 Lu 1:80; 2:40,52
    - the Lord.
       * 1Sa 18:14 Ge 39:2,21-23 Isa 43:2 Mt 1:23 Lu 1:28 2Co 13:11,14
       * 2Ti 4:22
    - let none.
       * 1Sa 9:6 1Ki 8:56 Isa 44:26
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Dan.
       * Jud 20:1 2Sa 3:10; 17:11
    - established.  or, faithful.
       * 1Ti 1:12
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - And the Lord.
      {Wyyoseph yehowah lehaira"h,} "And Jehovah added to appear:"
      that is, He continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh.
    
    - appeared.
       * Ge 12:7; 15:1 Nu 12:6 Am 3:7 Heb 1:1
    - the word.
       * :1,4
    
    
    
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