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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 30

    << 1 Samuel 29 - 1 Samuel 31 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE    



    
    
      1  The Amalekites spoil Ziklag.
     4  David asking counsel, is encouraged by God to pursue them.
    11  By the means of a revived Egyptian he is brought to the
        enemies, and recovers all the spoil.
    22  David's law to divide the spoil equally between them that
        fight and them that keep the stuff.
    26  He sends presents to his friends.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - were come.
       * 1Sa 29:11 2Sa 1:2
    - on the third.
      This was the third day after he had left the Philistine army
      at Aphek, from which place, Calmet supposes, Ziklag was
      distant more than thirty leagues.
    
    - the Amalekites.
       * 1Sa 15:7; 27:8-10 Ge 24:62 Jos 11:6
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - slew not.
       * :19; 27:11 Job 38:11 Ps 76:10 Isa 27:8,9
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - burned.
       * Ps 34:19 Heb 12:6 1Pe 1:6,7 Re 3:9
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - lifted up.
       * 1Sa 4:13; 11:4 Ge 37:33-35 Nu 14:1,39 Jud 2:4; 21:2 Ezr 10:1
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - two wives.
       * 1Sa 1:2; 25:42,43; 27:3 2Sa 2:2; 3:2,3
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - was greatly.
       * Ge 32:7 Ps 25:17; 42:7; 116:3,4,10 2Co 1:8,9; 4:8; 7:5
    - the people.
       * Ex 17:4 Nu 14:10 Ps 62:9 Mt 21:9; 27:22
    - grieved.  Heb. bitter.
       * 1Sa 1:10 Jud 18:25 2Sa 17:8 2Ki 4:27 *margins
    - David.
       * Job 13:15 Ps 18:6; 26:1,2; 27:1-3; 34:1-8; 40:1,2; 42:5,11
       * Ps 56:3,4,11; 62:1,5,8; 118:8-13 Pr 18:10 Isa 25:4; 37:14-20
       * Jer 16:19 Hab 3:17,18 Ro 4:18; 8:31 2Co 1:6,9,10 Heb 13:6
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Abiathar.
       * 1Sa 22:20,21; 23:2-9 1Ki 2:26 Mr 2:26
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - enquired.
       * 1Sa 23:2,4,10-12 Jud 20:18,23,28 2Sa 5:19,23 Pr 3:5,6
    - he answered him.
       * 1Sa 14:37; 28:6,15,16 Nu 27:21 Ps 50:15; 91:15
    
    VERSE 9
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - for two hundred.
       * :21
    - so faint.
       * 1Sa 14:20,31 Jud 8:4,5
    - the brook Besor.
      This brook or torrent, it is evident from the circumstances of
      the history, must be in the south-west part of Judea, and must
      empty itself into the Mediterranean Sea.  In the more
      particular situation of it writers are not agreed.  Some
      suppose it to be between Gaza and Rhinocorura; but Jerome
      places it between Rhinocorura and Egypt.  It is supposed by
      some to be the same as the river of the wilderness, (Am 6:14,)
      and the river of Egypt, Jos 15:4.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - gave him.
       * De 15:7-11; 23:7 Pr 25:21 Mt 25:35 Lu 10:36,37 Ro 12:20,21
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - his spirit.
       * 1Sa 14:27 Jud 15:19 Isa 40:29-31
    - three days.
       * :13 Es 4:16 Jon 1:17 Mt 27:63
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - my master.
      Though they had booty enough, and this poor sick slave might
      have been carried on an ass or a camel, yet they inhumanely
      left him to perish; but, in the righteous providence of God,
      this cruelty was the occasion of their destruction; whilst
      David's kindness to a perishing stranger and slave was the
      means of his success, and proved the truest policy.
    
       * Job 31:13-15 Pr 12:10 Jas 13 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - the Cherethites.
      Calmet and others suppose that these people, who inhabited the
      same district as the Philistines, were the aborigines of the
      island of Crete, from which they derived their name.
    
       * :16 2Sa 8:18 1Ki 1:38,44 1Ch 18:17 Eze 25:16 Zep 2:5
    - Caleb.
      A district in the south of Judea, in which were the cities of
      Kirjath-Arba or Hebron, and Kirjath-sepher, belonging to the
      family of Caleb.
    
       * Jos 14:13; 15:13
    - we burned.
       * :1-3
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Swear.
       * 1Sa 29:6 Jos 2:12; 9:15,19,20 Eze 17:13,16,19
    - nor deliver.
       * De 23:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - when he.
       * Jud 1:24,25
    - eating.
       * 1Sa 25:36-38 Ex 32:6,17-19,27,28 Jud 16:23-30 2Sa 13:28 Isa 22:13
       * Da 5:1-4 Lu 12:19,20; 17:27-29; 21:34,35 1Th 5:3 Re 11:10-13
    - because of all.
       * Job 20:5
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - the next day.  Heb. their morrow.  and there.
       * 1Sa 11:11 Jud 4:16 1Ki 20:29,30 Ps 18:42
    
    VERSE 18
        * :18
    
    VERSE 19
        * :8 Ge 14:14-16 Nu 31:49 Job 1:10 Ps 34:9,10; 91:9,10 Mt 6:33
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - This is David's spoil.
       * :26 Nu 31:9-12 2Ch 20:25 Isa 53:12 Ro 8:37
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - two hundred men.
       * :10
    - came near.
       * Heb 13:1 1Pe 3:8
    - saluted them.  Heb. asked them how they did.
       * Jud 8:15
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - wicked.
       * 1Sa 22:2; 25:17,25 De 13:13 Jud 19:22 1Ki 21:10,13
    - those.  Heb. the men.  Because.
       * Mt 7:12
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - my brethren.
       * Ge 19:7 Jud 19:23 Ac 7:2; 22:1
    - which the Lord.
       * :8; 2:7 Nu 31:49-54 De 8:10,18 1Ch 29:12-14 Hab 1:16
    - who hath.
       * Ps 44:2-7; 121:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - but as his part.
      This equitable edict was somewhat different from that which
      had so long obtained in Israel, and by which the spoil of the
      Midianites was divided:  that related to the whole people:
      this only to the soldiers, some of whom went to battle, while
      others guarded the baggage.
    
       * Nu 31:27 Jos 22:8 Ps 68:12
    - tarrieth.
       * 1Sa 25:13
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - forward.  Heb. and forward.
       * 1Sa 16:13
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - to his friends.
       * 1Ch 12:1-15 Ps 35:27; 68:18 Pr 18:16-24 Isa 32:8
    - present.  Heb. blessing.
       * 1Sa 25:27 Ge 33:11 2Ki 5:15 2Co 9:5
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Beth-el.
      Probably not the celebrated city of this name, but Bethul a
      city of Simeon, (Jos 19:4,) supposed to be the same as
      Bethelia, mentioned by Sozomen as belonging to Gaza, well
      peopled, and having several temples remarkable for their
      structure and antiquity; and which Jerome says, in his life of
      Hilarion, was five short days' journey from Pelusium.
    
       * Ge 28:19 Jos 16:2 Jud 1:22,23 1Ki 12:29
    - south Ramoth.
      A city of Simeon; so called to distinguish it from Ramoth
      Gilead beyond Jordan.
    
       * Jos 19:8
    - Ramath.  Jattir.
       * Jos 15:48; 21:14
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - Aroer.
       * Jos 13:16
    - Siphmoth.
      Supposed to be the same with Shepham (Nu 34:10,) on the
      eastern borders of Canaan.
    
    - Eshtemoa.
       * Jos 15:50
    - Eshtemoh.
       * Jos 21:14
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Rachal.
      Supposed by Calmet to be the same as Hachilah.
    
       * 1Sa 23:19
    - Jerahmeelites.
      The descendants of Jerahmeel son of Hezron, (1 Ch 9 2:9, 25-27,)
      who inhabited a district in the south of Judah.
    
       * 1Sa 27:10
    - Kenites.
      These people inhabited a small tract west of the Dead Sea.
    
       * Jud 1:16
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - Hormah.
       * Jos 19:4 Jud 1:17
    - Chorashan.
      Probably the same as Ashan in Simeon, Jos 15:42; 7 19:7, which
      Eusebius says was sixteen miles west from Jerusalem.
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Hebron.
       * Jos 14:13,14 2Sa 2:1; 4:1; 15:10
    
    
    
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