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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 7

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      1  They of Kirjath-jearim bring the ark into the house of
        Abinadab, and sanctify Eleazar, his son to keep it.
     2  After twenty years,
     3  the Israelites, by Samuel's means, solemnly repent at
        Mizpeh.
     7  While Samuel prays and sacrifices, the Lord discomfits the
        Philistines by thunder at Eben-ezer.
    13  The Philistines are subdued.
    15  Samuel judges Israel.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Kirjath-jearim.
       * 1Sa 6:21 Jos 18:14 2Sa 6:2 1Ch 13:5,6 Ps 132:6
    - Abinadab.
       * 2Sa 6:3,4 1Ch 13:7 Isa 52:11
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - mourned.
       * Jud 2:4 Jer 3:13,22-25; 31:9 Zec 12:10,11 Mt 5:4 2Co 7:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - A.M. 2884.  B.C. 1120.  An. Ex. Is. 371.  return.
       * De 30:2-10 1Ki 8:48 Isa 55:7 Ho 6:1,2; 14:1 Joe 2:12,13
    - put away.
       * Ge 35:2 Jos 24:14,23 Jud 2:13; 10:6
    - prepare.
       * De 30:6 1Ch 22:19; 28:9 2Ch 30:19 Job 11:13,14 Pr 16:1
       * Jer 4:3,4 Eze 18:31 Mt 15:8 Joh 4:24
    - serve him.
       * De 6:13; 10:20; 13:4 Mt 4:10; 6:24 Lu 4:8
    
    VERSE 4
        * Jud 2:11,13; 10:15,16 1Ki 11:33 Ho 14:3,8
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Gather.
       * Ne 9:1 Joe 2:16
    - Mizpeh.
       * :12,16; 10:17 Jos 15:38 Jud 20:1 2Ki 25:23
    - I will pray.
       * 1Sa 12:23
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - drew water.
      Grotius says, that the pouring out of water means the shedding
      of tears; and the Targum reads, "And they poured out their
      hearts in penitence, as waters, before the Lord."  Others
      suppose that it was done emblematically, to represent the
      contrition of their hearts, and their desire to wash away
      their past offences.  But some learned men conceive that it
      was poured out as a libation, in token of joy, after they had
      fasted and confessed their sin, as they were wont to do in the
      feast of tabernacles.  (See note on Nu. 35 29:35.)
    
       * 1Sa 1:15 2Sa 14:14 Job 16:20 Ps 6:6; 42:3; 119:136 Jer 9:1
       * La 2:11,18; 3:49
    - fasted.
       * 2Ch 20:3 Ezr 8:21-23 Ne 9:1-3 Da 9:3-5 Joe 2:12 Jon 3:1-10
    - We have sinned.
       * Le 26:40 Jud 10:10 1Ki 8:47 Ezr 9:5-10 Job 33:27; 40:4; 42:6
       * Ps 38:3-8; 106:6 Jer 3:13,14; 31:19 Lu 15:18
    - judged.
       * Jud 3:10 Ne 9:27 Eze 20:4
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - afraid.
       * 1Sa 13:6; 17:11 Ex 14:10 2Ch 20:3
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Cease, etc.  Heb. Be not silent from us from crying.
       * 1Sa 12:19-24 Isa 37:4; 62:1,6,7 Jas 16 5:16
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - a sucking.
       * :17; 6:14,15; 9:12; 10:8; 16:2 Jud 6:26,28 1Ki 18:30-38
    - cried unto.
       * Ps 50:15; 99:6 Jer 15:1 Jas 16 5:16
    - heard.  or, answered.
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - thundered.
       * 1Sa 2:10; 12:17 Ex 9:23-25 Jud 5:8,20 Ps 18:11-14; 77:16-18; 97:3,4
       * Re 16:18-21
    - discomfited.
       * De 20:3,4 Jos 10:10 Jud 4:15; 5:20 Zec 4:6
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Beth-car.
      This place was probably situated in the tribe of Dan.
      Josephus calls it [             ;] the LXX. [               ;]
      Targum, Beth-saron; Syriac and Arabic Beth-jasan; by which
      Houbigant supposes is meant Beth-shan.
    
       * :11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - took a stone.
       * Ge 28:18,19; 31:45-52; 35:14 Jos 4:9,20-24; 24:26,27 Isa 19:19
    - Ebenezer.  that is, The stone of help.
       * 1Sa 4:1; 5:1 Ge 22:14 Ex 17:15
    - Hitherto.
       * Ps 71:6,17 Isa 46:3,4 Ac 26:22 2Co 1:10
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - subdued.
       * Jud 13:1
    - came no more.
       * 1Sa 13:1-5
    - against.
       * 1Sa 14:6-16,20-23; 17:49-53; 28:3-5; 31:1-7
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - peace.
       * De 7:2,16 Jud 4:17 Ps 106:34
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - A.M. 2873-2947.  B.C. 1131-1057.  judged.
       * :6; 12:1; 25:1 Jud 2:16; 3:10,11 Ac 13:20,21
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - he went.
      When he was at Bethel, the tribe of Ephraim and all the
      northern parts of the country could attend him; when at
      Gilgal, the tribe of Benjamin and those beyond Jordan could
      have easy access to him; and when at Mizpeh, he was within the
      reach of Judah, Simeon, and Gad:  but at Ramah was the place
      of his ordinary abode; and there he held his court, for there
      he judged Israel:  and as it is probable that Shiloh was
      destroyed, it is said (ver. 17) that there, i.e., at Ramah,
      "he built an altar to the Lord."
    
    - in circuit.  Heb. and he circuited.
       * Jud 5:10; 10:4; 12:14 Ps 75:2; 82:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - his return.
       * 1Sa 1:1,19; 8:4; 19:18-23
    - he built.
       * 1Sa 11:15 Ge 12:7,8; 33:20; 35:7 Jud 21:5 1Ki 18:30-36
    
    
    
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