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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 CHRONICLES 25

    << 2 Chronicles 24 - 2 Chronicles 26 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE    



    
    
      1  Amaziah begins to reign well.
     3  He executes justice on the traitors.
     5  Having hired an army of Israelites against the Edomites, at
        the word of a prophet dismisses them.
    11  He overthrows the Edomites.
    13  The Israelites, discontented with their dismission, spoil
        as they return home.
    14  Amaziah, proud of his victory, serves the gods of Edom, and
        despises the admonitions of the prophet.
    17  He provokes Joash to his overthrow.
    25  His reign.
    27  He is slain by conspiracy.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - twenty and five.
       * 2Ki 14:1-3
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - but not.
       * :14; 24:2; 26:4 1Sa 16:7 2Ki 14:4 Ps 78:37 Isa 29:13 Ho 10:2
       * Ac 8:21 Jas 8 1:8; 4:8
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - A.M. 3166.  B.C. 838.  Now it came.
       * 2Ki 14:5-22
    - established to him.  Heb. confirmed upon him.  he slew.
       * 2Ch 24:25,26 Ge 9:5,6 Ex 21:14 Nu 35:31-33
      No doubt those wicked men, Jozachar and Jehozabad, who
      murdered his father, had considerable influence; and therefore
      he found it dangerous to bring them to justice, till he was
      assured of the loyalty of his other officers: when this was
      clear, he called them to an account, and justly put them to
      death for treason and murder; for, if even these conspirators
      against Joash intended to avenge upon him the death of
      Zechariah, they acted without a commission from that God "to
      whom vengeance belongeth."
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - as it is written.
       * De 24:16 2Ki 14:5,6 Jer 31:29,30 Eze 18:4,20
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - A.M. 3177.  B.C. 827.  captains over thousands.
       * Ex 18:25 1Sa 8:12 1Ch 13:1; 27:1
    - from twenty.
       * Nu 1:3
    - three.
       * 2Ch 11:1; 14:8; 17:14-18
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - might men of valour.
       * 2Ch 13:3; 17:13 Jud 6:12
    - an hundred talents of silver.
      Estimating the shekel at 2s. 6d., and the talent, being 3,000
      shekels, (see Ex 38:25, 26,) at 375., one hundred talents
      would amount to 37,500.; which, divided among 100,000 men,
      quotes only 7s. 6d.; hence we may suppose, that this was only
      an earnest of their pay, or that they expected to be enriched
      by the plunder of the Edomites.
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - a man of God.
       * 2Sa 12:1 1Ki 13:1 1Ti 6:11 2Ti 3:17
    - for the Lord.
       * 2Ch 13:12; 19:2 1Ki 12:28 Isa 28:1-3 Ho 5:13-15; 9:13
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - be strong.
       * 2Ch 18:14 Ec 11:9 Isa 8:9,10 Joe 3:9-14 Mt 26:45
    - God hath power.
       * 2Ch 14:11; 20:6 Jud 7:7 1Sa 14:6 Job 5:18; 9:13 Ps 20:7; 33:16-10
       * Ps 62:11 Ec 9:11
    - army.  Heb. band.
       * :13
    - The Lord.
       * 2Ch 1:12 De 8:18 Ps 24:1 Pr 10:22 Hag 2:8 Lu 18:29,30 Php 4:19
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - army.  Heb. band.
       * :10,13 2Ki 6:23
    - The Lord.
       * 2Ch 1:12 Ge 45:20 De 8:18 Ps 24:1 Pr 10:22 Hag 2:8 Lu 18:29,30
       * Eph 3:20 Php 3:8; 4:19
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Amaziah.
       * 1Ki 12:24
    - home.  Heb. to their place.  great anger.  Heb. heat of
      anger.
       * 2Sa 19:43 Pr 29:22
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - valley.
       * 2Sa 8:13 2Ki 14:7 Ps 60:1 *title
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - And other ten thousand.
      No intimation is given on what account, or on what
      provocation, this most cruel conduct towards the prisoners of
      war was adopted.  The enmity between Israel and Edom seems to
      have been reciprocal and deeply malignant.  The victorious
      king and his army considered every individual of Edom as a
      traitor and rebel; and so adjudged them to death, and acted on
      this judgment.  But their conduct was wholly inexcusable, and
      could only perpetuate rancour to future generations, and
      provoke the surviving Edomites to cruel retaliations, whenever
      they had it in their power.
    
    - cast them.
       * 2Sa 12:31 1Ch 20:3
    - broken in pieces.
       * 2Ch 20:10; 21:8-10
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - soldiers of the army.  Heb. sons of the band.
       * :9
    - fell upon the cities.
      These Israelites seem to have returned home, when discharged
      by Amaziah, whose powerful army deterred them from attempting
      revenge at that time; but when he was engaged in war with the
      Edomites, they marched from Samaria, and plundered all the
      cities till they came to Beth-horon, where they slew 3,000 of
      the inhabitants.
    
    - Samaria.
       * 1Ki 16:24,29
    - Beth-horon.
       * 2Ch 8:5 1Ki 9:17
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - he brought.
       * 2Ch 28:23 Isa 44:19
    - his gods.
       * Ex 20:3-5 De 7:5,25 2Sa 5:21
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - a prophet.
       * :7; 16:7-9; 19:2; 20:37 2Sa 12:1-6
    - Why hast thou sought.
       * 2Ch 24:20 Jud 2:2 Jer 2:5
    - the gods.
       * Ps 96:5
    - which could.
       * :11,12 Ps 115:4-8 Isa 44:9,10; 46:1,2 Jer 10:7 1Co 8:4; 10:20
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Art thou made.
       * 2Ch 16:10; 18:25; 24:21 Am 7:10-13 Mt 21:23
    - forbear.
       * Pr 9:7,8 Isa 30:10,11 Jer 29:26 2Ti 4:3 Re 11:10
    - determined.  Heb. counselled.
       * 2Ch 18:20,21 Ex 9:16 De 2:30 1Sa 2:25 Isa 46:10 Ac 4:28 Ro 9:22
       * Eph 1:11
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - A.M. 3178.  B.C. 826.  Amaziah.
       * :13 2Ki 14:8-14
    - let us see.
       * 2Sa 2:14 Pr 20:3
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - thistle.  or, furze-bush, or thorn.
       * Jud 9:8-15 1Ki 4:33
    - a wild beast.  Heb. a beast of the field.
       * Ps 80:13
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - heart.
       * 2Ch 26:16; 32:25 De 8:14 Pr 13:10; 16:18; 28:25 Da 5:20-23 Hab 2:4
       * Jas 4:6 1Pe 5:5
    - to boast.
       * Jer 9:23 1Co 1:29
    - why shouldest.
       * 2Ch 35:21 Pr 18:6; 20:3; 26:17 Lu 14:31
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - it came of God.
       * :16; 22:7 1Ki 12:15 Ps 81:11,12 Ac 28:25-27 2Th 2:9-11
       * 1Pe 2:8
    - sought.
       * :14
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - they saw one another.
      That is, "they fought against each other."  To face an enemy,
      or to face one another, is still a common expression.  The
      reason of this war was evidently the injury the army of Joash
      had done to the unoffending inhabitants of Judah.  The ravages
      committed by them were totally unprovoked, base, and cowardly:
      they fell upon women, old men, and children, and butchered
      them in cold blood, when all the effective men were gone with
      their king against the Edomites.  The quarrel of Amaziah were
      certainly just, yet he was put to the rout:  he fell, and
      Judah with him, as Joash had said; and the reason was, because
      "it came of God, that he might deliver them into the hands of
      their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom."
      This was the reason why the Israelites triumphed.
    
       * :17
    - Beth-shemesh.
       * Jos 21:16 1Sa 6:9,19,20
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - put to the worse.  Heb. smitten.
       * 2Ch 28:5,6
    - fled.
       * 1Sa 4:10 1Ki 22:36
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - took Amaziah.
       * 2Ch 33:11; 36:6,10 Pr 16:18; 29:23 Da 4:37 Ob 1:3 Lu 14:11
    - Jehoahaz.
       * 2Ch 21:17; 22:1
    - Ahaziah.
       * 2Ch 22:6
    - Azariah.  gate of Ephraim.
       * Ne 8:16; 12:39
    - corner gate.  Heb. the gate of it that looketh.
       * 2Ch 26:9 Jer 31:38
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - all the gold.
       * 2Ch 12:9 2Ki 14:14
    - the hostages also.
      It is probable that these hostages were given in order that
      Amaziah might regain his liberty.
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - A.M. 3179-3194.  B.C. 825-810.  Joash.
       * 2Ki 14:17-22
    - Jehoash.
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - rest of the acts.
       * 2Ch 20:34 2Ki 14:15
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - A.M. 3194.  B.C. 810.  after the time.
       * 2Ch 15:2
    - following.  Heb. after.  made.  Heb. conspired.
       * 2Ch 24:25 2Ki 14:19
    - Lachish.
       * Jos 10:31
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - the city of Judah.  that is, the city of David, as it is.
       * 2Ki 14:20
    
    
    
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