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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 18

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      1  David viewing the armies in their march gives them charge
        of Absalom.
     6  The Israelites are sorely smitten in the wood of Ephraim.
     9  Absalom, hanging in an oak is slain by Joab, and cast into
        a pit.
    18  Absalom's place.
    19  Ahimaaz and Cushi bring tidings to David.
    33  David mourns for Absalom.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - numbered.
       * Ex 17:9 Jos 8:10
    - captains of thousands.
       * 1Sa 8:12
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - a third part.
       * Jud 7:16,19; 9:43
    - the hand of Joab.
       * 2Sa 10:7-10
    - Ittai.
       * 2Sa 15:19-22
    - I will surely.
       * 2Sa 17:11 Ps 3:6; 27:1-3; 118:6-8
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Thou shalt.
       * 2Sa 21:17
    - if we flee.
       * 2Sa 17:2 1Ki 22:31 Zec 13:7
    - care for us.  Heb. set their heart on us.  but now.
      The particle {âttah,} Now, is doubtless a mistake for the pronoun 
      {attah,} Thou:  and so it appears to have been read by
      the LXX., Vulgate, and Chaldee, and by two of Kennicott's and
      De Rossi's MSS.
    
    - worth, etc.  Heb. as ten thousand of us.
       * La 4:20
    - succor.  Heb. be to succor.
       * 2Sa 10:11 Ex 17:10-12
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - by the gate.
       * :24 Isa 28:6
    - by hundreds.
      David's small company, by this time, was greatly recruited;
      but what its number was we cannot tell.  Josephus says it
      amounted only to 4,000 men.
    
       * :1 1Sa 29:2
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Deal gently.
       * 2Sa 16:11; 17:1-4,14 De 21:18-21 Ps 103:13 Lu 23:34
    - all the people.
       * :12
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - wood of Ephraim.
      The wood of Ephraim was evidently beyond Jordan, and
      apparently not far from Mahanaim; and it is supposed to be the
      place where the Ephraimites were slain by Jephthah.
    
       * Jos 17:15,18 Jud 12:4-6
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - the people.
       * 2Sa 2:17; 15:6; 19:41-43
    - a great.
       * Pr 11:21; 24:21
    - twenty thousand men.
       * 2Sa 2:26,31 2Ch 13:16,17; 28:6
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - in the wood.
      That is, probably, many more were slain in pursuit through the
      wood than in the battle, by falling into swamps, pits, etc.,
      and being entangled and cut down by David's men.  Such is the
      relation of Josephus; but the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic
      state, that they were devoured by wild beasts in the wood.
    
       * Ex 15:10 Jos 10:11 Jud 5:20,21 1Ki 20:30 Ps 3:7; 43:1
    - devoured more.  Heb. multiplied to devour.
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - his head.
      Riding furiously under the thick boughs of a great oak, which
      hung low and had never been cropped, either the twisted
      branches, or some low forked bough of the tree, caught him by
      the neck, or, as some think, by the loops into which his long
      hair had been pinned, which had been so much his pride, and
      was now justly made a halter for him.  He may have hung so low
      from the bough, in consequence of the length of his hair, that
      he could not use his hands to help himself, or so entangled
      that his hands were bound, so that the more he struggled the
      more he was embarrassed.  This set him up as a fair mark to
      the servants of David; and although David would have spared
      his rebellious son, if his orders had been executed, yet he
      could not turn the sword of Divine justice, in executing the
      just, righteous sentence of death on this traitorous son.
    
       * :14; 14:26; 17:23 Mt 27:5
    - taken up.
       * De 21:23; 27:16,20 Job 18:8-10; 31:3 Ps 63:9,10 Pr 20:20; 30:17
       * Jer 48:44 Mr 7:10 Ga 3:13
    
    VERSE 10
        * :10
    
    VERSE 11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - receive, etc.  Heb. weigh upon mine hand.  in our hearing.
       * :5
    - Beware, etc.  Heb. Beware, whosoever ye be, of the, etc.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - wrought.
       * 2Sa 1:15,16; 4:10-12
    - for there is no.
       * 2Sa 14:19,20 Heb 4:13
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - with thee.  Heb. before thee.  thrust them.
       * :5 Jud 4:21; 5:26,31 Ps 45:5 1Th 5:3
    - midst.  Heb. heart.
       * Mt 12:40
    
    VERSE 15
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - blew the trumpet.
       * 2Sa 2:28; 20:22 Nu 10:2-10 1Co 14:8
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - laid.
      This was the ancient method of burying, whether heroes or
      traitors; the heap of stones being designed to perpetuate the
      memory of the event, whether good or bad.  The Arabs in
      general make use of no other monument than a heap of stones
      over a grave.  Thus, in an Arabic poem, it is related, that
      Hatim the father, and Adi the grandfather of Kais, having been
      murdered, at a time before Kais was capable of reflection, his
      mother kept it a profound secret; and in order to guard him
      against having any suspicion, she collected a parcel of stone
      on two hillocks in the neighborhood, and told her son that
      the one was the grave of his father, and the other of his
      grandfather.  The ancient cairns in Ireland and Scotland, and
      the tumuli in England, are of this kind.
    
       * Jos 7:26; 8:29; 10:27 Pr 10:7 Jer 22:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - reared up.
       * 1Sa 15:12
    - the king's.
       * Ge 14:17
    - I have no son.
       * 2Sa 14:27 Job 18:16,17 Ps 109:13 Jer 22:30
    - he called.
       * Ge 11:4 1Sa 15:12 Ps 49:11 Da 4:30
    - Absalom's place.
      Josephus says there was in his time, about two furlongs from
      Jerusalem, a marble pillar called Absalom's hand, as it is in
      the Hebrew, (See note on 1 Sa 12 15:12;) and there is one shown
      to the present day, in the valley of Jehoshaphat, which, though 
      comparatively a modern structure, probably occupies the
      site of the original one set up by Absalom.
    
       * Ge 11:9 Ac 1:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Ahimaaz.
       * :23,27-29; 15:36; 17:17
    - avenged him.  Heb. judged him from the hand, etc.
       * Ps 7:6,8,9; 9:4,16; 10:14,18 Ro 12:19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - bear tidings.  Heb. be a man of tidings.
       * 2Sa 17:16-21
    - because.
       * :5,27,29,33
    
    VERSE 21
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - howsoever.  Heb. be what may.  ready.  or, convenient.
       * Ro 1:28 Eph 5:4
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - overran Cushi.
       * Joh 20:4
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - between.
       * :4 1Sa 4:13
    - the watchman.
       * 2Ki 9:17-20 Isa 21:6-9,11,12 Eze 33:2-7
    
    VERSE 25
        * :25
    
    VERSE 26
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Methinketh.  Heb. I see.
       * 2Ki 9:20
    - He is a good.
       * 1Ki 1:42 Pr 25:13,25 Isa 52:7 Ro 10:15
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - All is well.  or, Peace be to thee.  Heb. Peace.  he fell
      down upon his face.
      This act was not only in reverence to the king, but in humble
      adoration of God, whose name he praises for this victory.  The
      more our hearts are fixed and enlarged, in thanksgiving to God
      for our mercies, the better disposed we shall be to bear with
      patience the afflictions mixed with them.
    
       * 2Sa 1:2; 14:4
    - Blessed.
       * 2Sa 22:27 Ge 14:20; 24:27 2Ch 20:26 Ps 115:1; 124:6; 144:1,2
       * Re 19:1-3
    - delivered up.  Heb. shut up.
       * 1Sa 24:18; 26:8 Ps 31:8
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Is the young man Absalom safe?  Heb. is there peace to, etc.
      I saw a great.
       * :19,20,22
    
    VERSE 30
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Tidings.  Heb. Tidings is brought.  the Lord.
       * :19,28; 22:48,49 De 32:35,36 Ps 58:10; 94:1-4; 124:2,3 Lu 18:7,8
      Cushi was the man Joab ordered to carry the tidings to David.
      He was an Ethiopian, as his name signifies, and some think he
      was so by birth--a black, who waited on Joab, probably one of
      the ten who had helped to dispatch Absalom; though it was
      dangerous for one of those to bring the news to David, lest
      his fate should be the same with theirs that reported the
      death of Saul and Ishbosheth to him.
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - The enemies.
      Thus Cushi obliquely and slowly informs David of the death of
      his son Absalom.
    
       * Jud 5:31 Ps 68:1,2 Da 4:19
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - O my son.
       * 2Sa 19:4
    - would God.
       * 2Sa 12:10-23 Ps 103:13 Pr 10:1; 17:25 Jas 17 5:17
    
    
    
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