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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 2

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      1  David, by God's direction, with his company goes up to
        Hebron, where he is made king of Judah.
     5  He commends them of Jabesh-gilead for their kindness to
        Saul.
     8  Abner makes Ishbosheth king of Israel.
    12  A mortal skirmish between twelve of Abner's and twelve of
        Joab's men.
    18  Asahel is slain.
    25  At Abner's motion, Joab sounds a retreat.
    32  Asahel's burial.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - enquired.
       * 2Sa 5:19,23 Nu 27:21 Jud 1:1 1Sa 23:2,4,9-12; 30:7,8 Ps 25:4,5
       * Ps 27:4; 143:8 Pr 3:5,6 Eze 36:37
    - Hebron.
       * :11; 5:1-3; 15:7 Ge 32:2 Nu 13:22 Jos 14:14,15 1Sa 30:31
       * 1Ki 2:11 1Ch 29:7
    
    VERSE 2
        * 1Sa 25:42,43; 30:5 Lu 22:28,29
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - his men.
       * 1Sa 22:2; 27:2,3; 30:1,9,10 1Ch 12:1-7
    - the cities.
       * Jos 21:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - the men of Judah.
       * :11; 19:11,42 Ge 49:8-10
    - anointed.
       * :7; 5:3,5,17 1Sa 16:13 1Ch 11:3
    - the men of Jabesh-gilead.
       * 1Sa 31:11-13
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - David.
      This was a generous and noble act, highly indicative of the
      grandeur of David's mind.  He respected Saul, though he had
      been greatly injured by him, as the anointed king of Israel,
      and once his legitimate sovereign; and he loved Jonathan as
      his most intimate friend.
    
    - Blessed.
       * Ru 1:8; 2:20; 3:10 1Sa 23:21; 24:19; 25:32,33 Ps 115:15
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - the Lord.
       * 2Sa 15:20 Ps 57:3 Pr 14:22 Mt 5:7 2Ti 1:16-18
    - I also.
       * 2Sa 9:3,7; 10:2 Mt 5:44; 10:16 Phm 18 1:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - let your.
       * 2Sa 10:12 Ge 15:1 1Sa 4:9; 31:7,12 1Co 16:13 Eph 6:10
    - valiant.  Heb. the sons of valour.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Abner.
       * 1Sa 14:50; 17:55; 26:14
    - Saul's host.  Heb. the host which was Saul's.  Ish-bosheth.
       * 2Sa 3:7,8; 4:5,6 1Ch 8:33; 9:39
    - Esh-baal.  Mahanaim.
       * 2Sa 17:26,27 Ge 32:2
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Gilead.
       * Nu 32:1-42 Jos 13:8-11 Ps 108:8
    - Ashurites.
      The LXX. read [                ,] {Thasiri;} and the Vulgate
      {Gessuri,} "Geshurites;" but it is probable that for {ashuri,}
      "Ashurites," we should read {ashairi,} "Asherites," or those
      of the tribe of Asher.
    
       * Ge 30:13 Nu 1:40
    - over Jezreel.
       * Jos 19:18
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - two years.
      Houbigant proposes to read {shesh shanah,} "six years" instead
      of {shetayim shanim,} "two years," of the text, which he
      contends is a solecism; for, in pure Hebrew, the words should
      be {shetayim shanah;} and this is the reading of twenty MSS.;
      but two is acknowledged by all the versions and MSS. yet
      collated.
    
       * :10
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - time.  Heb. number of days.
       * 2Sa 5:4,5 1Ki 2:11 1Ch 3:4; 29:27
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - A.M. 2951.  B.C. 1053.  An. Ex. Is. 438.  Mahanaim.
       * 2Sa 17:14 Ge 32:2
    - Gibeon.
       * Jos 9:3; 10:2,4,12; 18:25
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Joab.
       * :18; 8:16; 20:23 1Ki 1:7; 2:28-35 1Ch 2:16
    - together.  Heb. them together.  pool.
       * Jer 41:12
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - play before.
       * :17,26,27 Pr 10:23; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8; 26:18,19
    
    VERSE 15
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - by the head.
      Probably by the beard or hair of the head.  Plutarch, in his
      Apophthegms, informs us, that all things being ready for a
      battle, Alexander's captains asked him whether he had any
      thing else to command them.  "Nothing," said he, "but that the
      Macedonians shave their beards."  Parmenio wondering what he
      meant, "Dost thou not know," said he, "that in fight, there is
      no better hold than the beard?"
    
    - Helkath-hazzurim.  that is, the field of strong men.
       * :16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - Abner.
       * 2Sa 3:1
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - three.
       * 1Ch 2:15,16; 11:26
    - was as light.
       * 2Sa 1:23 1Ch 12:8 Ps 147:10,11 Ec 9:11 Am 2:14
    - foot.  Heb. his feet.  a wild roe.  Heb. one of the roes that
      is in the field.
       * Ps 18:33 So 2:17; 8:14 Hab 3:19
    - The word {tzevee,} rather denotes the gazelle or antelope.
      (See note on De 15:22.)
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - turned.
       * :21 Jos 1:7; 23:6 2Ki 22:2 Pr 4:27
    - following Abner.  Heb. after Abner.
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - and take thee.
      It seems that Asahel wished to get the armor of Abner as a
      trophy.
    
    - armor.  or, spoil.
       * Jud 14:19
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - wherefore.
       * 2Ki 14:10-12 Pr 29:1 Ec 6:10
    - how then.
       * 2Sa 3:27
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the fifth rib.
       * 2Sa 3:27; 4:6; 5:6; 20:10
    - stood still.
       * 2Sa 20:12,13
    
    VERSE 24
        * :24
    
    VERSE 25
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Shall.
       * :14 Ac 7:26
    - sword.
       * 2Sa 11:25 Isa 1:20 Jer 2:30; 12:12; 46:10,14 Ho 11:6
    - it will be.
       * :16 Pr 17:14
    - how long.
       * Job 18:2; 19:2 Ps 4:2 Jer 4:21
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - As God.
      This was spoken in allusion to the proposal of Abner, (ver.
      14,) which led to the slaughter of twelve young men of each
      party, and thus provoked the battle.  It is probable, that
      Joab had orders simply to act on the defensive, and would not
      have attacked the Israelites that day unless compelled;
      therefore the blame lay upon Abner and Israel.
    
       * 1Sa 25:26 Job 27:2
    - unless.
       * :14 Pr 15:1; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8 Isa 47:7 Lu 14:31,32
    - in the morning.  Heb. from the morning.  gone up.  or, gone
      away.
    
    VERSE 28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Bithron.
      Bithron or Bether is probably the same as {Betarus,} which is
      placed in the Antonine Itinerary between Caesarea of Palestine
      and Diospolis or Lydda, 18 miles from the former, and 22 from
      the latter.  The Jerusalem Itinerary mentions a place called
      Bethar, 16 miles from Caesarea, and 20 from Diospolis, which is
      probably the same.  The Talmudists say that it was four miles
      distant from the sea.
    
       * So 2:17
    - Bether.  Mahanaim.
       * :12
    
    VERSE 30
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - three hundred.
      The slain of Israel, though greatly exceeding those of Judah,
      were not great.  This might be owing to the directions given
      by David, to be as lenient as possible; but the death of
      Asahel seems to have stopped the pursuers, and greatly
      favored the escape of the vanquished.
    
       * 2Sa 3:1 1Ki 20:11
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - buried.
       * 1Sa 17:58 1Ch 2:13-16 2Ch 16:14; 21:1
    - went.
       * 2Sa 5:1 Pr 22:29
    
    
    
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