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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 8

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      1  David subdues the Philistines and the Moabites.
     3  He smites Hadadezer, and the Syrians.
     9  Toi sends Joram with presents to bless him.
    11  The presents and the spoil David dedicates to God.
    14  He puts garrisons in Edom.
    16  David's officers.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2964.  B.C. 1040.  An. Ex. Is. 451.  And after.
       * 2Sa 7:9; 21:15-22
    - Metheg-ammah.  or, the bridle of Ammah.
       * 2Sa 2:24 1Ch 18:1-17
    - Gath.
      In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, "David took
      Gath and her towns;" and it is probable, that Gath and its
      districts were called Metheg-ammah in David's time; which,
      being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author
      of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - he smote.
       * Nu 24:17 Jud 3:29,30 1Sa 14:47 Ps 60:8; 83:6; 108:9
    - measured.
       * 2Sa 12:31
    - And so.
       * :6,12-14 2Ki 1:1; 3:4-27 1Ch 18:2
    - brought gifts.
       * 1Sa 10:27 2Ch 26:8 Ps 72:10,11 Isa 36:16
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Hadadezer.
       * 1Ch 18:3
    - Hadarezer.  Zobah.
       * 2Sa 10:6 1Sa 14:47 1Ki 11:23,24 Ps 60:1 *title
    - at the river.
       * Ge 15:18 Ex 23:31 De 11:24 1Ki 4:21 Ps 72:8
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - from him.  or, of his.  chariots.
      As 1 Ch 4 18:4 seven hundred.  In the parallel place in
      Chronicles it is "seven thousand horsemen, a far more probable
      number.  The letter [Zayin,] {zayin,} with a dot upon it
      stands for seven thousand, and the final letter N-wn,] {noon,}
      for seven hundred:  the great similarity of these letters
      might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other, and
      so produce an error in this place.
    
    - David houghed.
       * De 17:16 Jos 11:6,9 Ps 20:7; 33:16,17
    - reserved.
       * 1Ki 10:26
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - And when.
       * 1Ki 11:23-25 1Ch 18:5,6 Isa 7:8
    - came.
       * Job 9:13 Ps 83:4-8 Isa 8:9,10; 31:3
    - Zobah.
      From 2 Ch 3 8:3, we learn that Zobah was the district in which
      Tadmor or Palymyra was situated; and consequently lay between
      the land of Israel and the Euphrates.  The capital was
      probably the same as the Sabe mentioned by Ptolemy as a city
      of Arabia Deserta.
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - garrisons.
       * :14; 23:14 1Sa 13:3; 14:1,6,15 2Ch 17:2 Ps 18:34-46
    - became.
       * :2
    - the Lord.
       * :14; 7:9 1Ch 18:13 Ps 5:11,12; 121:7,8; 140:7; 144:1,2 Pr 21:31
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - shields.
       * 1Ki 10:16,17; 14:26,27 1Ch 18:7 2Ch 9:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Betah.
      Probably the same as Bathne in Syria, between Berooea and
      Hierapolis.
    
       * 1Ch 18:8
    - Tibhath, Chun.  Berothai.
      Berothai is probably the Barathena of Ptolemy, which he
      mentions, along with Sabe, as a city of Arabia Deserta, in the
      confines of the Palmyrenian district.
    
    - exceeding.
       * 1Ch 22:14,16; 29:7 2Ch 4:1-18
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Toi.
       * 1Ch 18:9
    - Tou.  Hamath.
       * Am 6:2
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Joram.
       * 1Ch 18:10
    - Hadoram.  salute him.  Heb. ask him of peace.
       * Ge 43:27 Isa 39:1
    - to bless him.
       * 1Sa 13:10 *marg:
       * 1Ki 1:47 Ps 129:8
    - had wars.  Heb. was a man of wars.  brought with him.  Heb.
      in his hand were.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Which.
       * 1Ki 7:51 1Ch 18:11; 22:14-16; 26:26-28; 29:2 Mic 4:13
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Syria.
       * 2Sa 10:11,14; 12:26-31 1Ch 18:11
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - gat him.
       * 2Sa 7:9 1Ch 18:12 Ps 60:1 *title
    - smiting.  Heb. his smiting.  the valley of salt.
       * 2Ki 14:7 2Ch 25:11
    - being.  or, slaying.
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - all they.
       * Ge 25:23; 27:29,37,40 Nu 24:18 1Ki 22:47 1Ch 18:13 Ps 60:8,9
       * Ps 108:9,10
    - the Lord.  See on ver.
       * :6 Ps 121:4-8
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - over all Israel.
       * 2Sa 3:12; 5:5
    - David executed.
       * 2Sa 23:3,4 1Ch 18:14 Ps 45:6,7; 72:2; 75:2; 78:71,72; 89:14; 101:1-8
       * Isa 9:7 Jer 22:15,16; 23:5,6 Am 5:15,24
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Joab.
       * 2Sa 19:13; 20:23 1Ch 11:6; 18:15-17
    - Jehoshaphat.
       * 1Ki 4:3
    - recorder.  or, remembrancer, or writer of chronicles.
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - Zadok.
       * 1Ch 6:8,53; 24:3,4
    - and Seraiah.
       * 1Ch 18:16
    - Shavsha.  scribe. or, secretary.
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Benaiah.
       * 1Ki 1:44; 2:34,35 1Ch 18:17
    - the Cherethites.
       * 2Sa 15:18; 20:7,23; 23:20-23 1Sa 30:14 Eze 25:16 Zep 2:5
    - chief rulers.  or, princes.
       * 2Sa 20:26
    
    
    
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