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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ACTS 27

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      1  Paul shipping towards Rome,
    10  foretells of the danger of the voyage,
    11  but is not believed.
    14  They are tossed to and fro with storm;
    41  and suffer shipwreck;
    44  yet all come safe to land.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - when.
       * Ac 19:21; 23:11; 25:12,25 Ge 50:20 Ps 33:11; 76:10 Pr 19:21 La 3:27
       * Da 4:35 Ro 15:22-29
    - Italy.
      Italy is a well-known country of Europe, bounded by the
      Adriatic or Venetian Gulf on the east, the Tyrrhene or Tuscan
      Sea on the west, and by the Alps on the north.
    
       * Ac 10:1; 18:2 Heb 13:24
    - a centurion.
       * :11,43; 10:22; 21:32; 22:26; 23:17; 24:23; 28:16 Mt 8:5-10; 27:54
       * Lu 7:2; 23:47
    - Augustus'.
       * Ac 25:25
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Adramyttium.
      Adramyttium, now Adramyti, was a maritime city of Mysia in
      Asia Minor, seated at the foot of Mount Ida, on a gulf of the
      same name, opposite the island of Lesbos.
    
    - we.
       * Ac 21:1 Lu 8:22
    - to sail.
       * Ac 20:15,16; 21:1-3
    - Aristarchus.
       * Ac 19:19; 20:4 Col 4:10 Phm 24 1:24
    - with us.
       * Ac 16:10-13,17; 20:5; 21:5; 28:2,10,12,16
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Sidon.
       * Ac 12:20 Ge 10:15; 49:13 Isa 23:2-4,12 Zec 9:2
    - Julius.
       * Ac 24:23; 27:1,3; 28:16
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Cyprus.
       * Ac 4:36; 11:19,20; 13:4; 15:39; 21:3,16
    - the winds.
       * Mt 14:24 Mr 6:48
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Cilicia.
       * Ac 6:9; 15:23,41; 21:39; 22:3 Ga 1:21
    - Pamphylia.
       * Ac 2:10; 13:13; 15:38
    - Myra.
      Myra was a city of Lycia, situated on a hill, twenty stadia
      from the sea.
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - the centurion.
       * :1
    - Alexandria.
      Alexandria, now Scanderoon, was a celebrated city and port of
      Egypt, built by Alexander the Great, situated on the
      Mediterranean and the lake Moeris, opposite the island of
      Pharos, and about twelve miles from the western branch of the
      Nile.
    
       * Ac 6:9; 18:24; 28:11
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Cnidus.
      Cnidus was a town and promontory of Caria in Asia Minor,
      opposite Crete, now Cape Krio.
    
    - we sailed.
       * :12,13,21; 2:11 Tit 1:5,12
    - under.
       * :4
    - Crete, or, Candy.
      Crete, now Candy, is a large island in the Mediterranean, 250
      miles in length, 50 in breadth, and 600 in circumference,
      lying at the entrance of the Aegean sea.
    
    - Salmone.
      Salmone, now Salamina, was a city and cape on the east of the
      island of Crete.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - The fair havens.
      The Fair Havens, still known by the same name, was a port on
      the south-eastern part of Crete, near Lasea, of which nothing
      now remains.
    
       * :8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the fast.
      'The fast was on the tenth day of the seventh month.'
    
       * Le 16:29; 23:27-29 Nu 29:7
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - I perceive.
       * :21-26,31,34 Ge 41:16-25,38,39 2Ki 6:9,10 Ps 25:14 Da 2:30
       * Am 3:7
    - damage, or, injury.
       * :20,41-44 1Pe 4:18
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - believed.
       * :21 Ex 9:20,21 2Ki 6:10 Pr 27:12 Eze 3:17,18; 33:4 Heb 11:7
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - the haven.
       * :8 Ps 107:30
    - Phenice.
      Phenice, was a sea-port on the western side of Crete; probably
      defended from the fury of the winds by a high and winding
      shore, forming a semicircle, and perhaps by some small island
      in front; leaving two openings, one towards the south-west,
      and the other towards the north-west.
    
    - Crete.
       * :7
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - the south.
       * Job 37:17 Ps 78:26 So 4:16 Lu 12:55
    - loosing.
       * :21
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - not.
       * Ex 14:21-27 Jon 1:3-5
    - arose, or beat.  a stormuous.
       * Ps 107:25-27 Eze 27:26 Mt 8:24 Mr 4:37
    - Euroclydon.
      Probably, as Dr. Shaw supposes, one of those stormuous winds
      called levanters, which blow in all directions, from N.E.
      round by E. to S.E.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - we.
       * :27 Jas 4 3:4
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Clauda.
      Clauda, called Cauda and Gaudos by Mela and Pliny, and Claudos
      by Ptolemy, and now Gozo, according to Dr. Shaw, is a small
      island, situated at the south-western extremity of the island
      of Crete.
    
       * :16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - fearing.
       * :29,41
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - being.
       * Ps 107:27
    - the next.
       * :19,38 Jon 1:5 Mt 16:26 Lu 16:8 Php 3:7,8 Heb 12:1
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - we.
       * Job 2:4 Jon 1:5 Mr 8:35-37 Lu 9:24,25
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - neither.
       * Ex 10:21-23 Ps 105:28 Mt 24:29
    - and no.
       * Ps 107:25-27 Jon 1:4,11-14 Mt 8:24,25 2Co 11:25
    - all.
       * Isa 57:10 Jer 2:25 Eze 37:11 Eph 2:12 1Th 4:13
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - after.
       * :33-35 Ps 107:5,6
    - ye should.
       * :9,10 Ge 42:22
    - not.
       * :13
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - I exhort.
       * :25,36; 23:11 1Sa 30:6 Ezr 10:2 Job 22:29,30 Ps 112:7 Isa 43:1,2
       * 2Co 1:4-6; 4:8,9
    - for.
       * :31,34,44 Job 2:4
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - there.
       * Ac 5:19; 12:8-11,23; 23:11 Da 6:22 Heb 1:14 Re 22:16
    - whose.
       * Ex 19:5 De 32:9 Ps 135:4 So 2:16; 6:3 Isa 44:5 Jer 31:33; 32:38
       * Eze 36:38 Zec 13:9 Mal 3:17 Joh 17:9,10 1Co 6:20 Tit 2:14
       * 1Pe 2:9,10
    - and.
       * Ac 16:17 Ps 116:16; 143:12 Isa 44:21 Da 3:17,26,28; 6:16,20
       * Joh 12:26 Ro 1:1,9; 6:22 2Ti 1:3; 2:24 Tit 1:1
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Fear not.
       * Ac 18:9,10 Ge 15:1; 46:3 1Ki 17:13 2Ki 6:16 Isa 41:10-14; 43:1-5
       * Mt 10:28 Re 1:17
    - thou.
       * Ac 9:15; 19:21; 23:11; 25:11 Mt 10:18 Joh 11:9 2Ti 4:16,17 Re 11:5-7
    - lo.
       * :37 Ge 12:2; 18:23-32; 19:21,22,29; 30:27; 39:5,23 Isa 58:11,12
       * Mic 5:7 Jas 16 5:16
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - I believe.
       * :11,21 Nu 23:19 2Ch 20:20 Lu 1:45 Ro 4:20,21 2Ti 1:12
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - a certain.
       * Ac 28:1
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - the fourteenth.
       * :18-20
    - Adria.
      Adria strictly speaking, was the name of the Adriatic gulf,
      now the Gulf of Venice, an arm of the Mediterranean, about 400
      miles long and 140 broad, stretching along the eastern shores
      of Italy on one side, and Dalmatia, Sclavonia, and Macedonia
      on the other.  But the term Adria was extended far beyond the
      limits of this gulf, and appears to have been given to an
      indeterminate extent of sea, as we say, generally, the
      Levant.  It is observable, that the sacred historian does not
      say 'in the Adriatic gulf,' but 'in Adria,' (that is, the
      Adriatic sea, [Adrias <99>] being understood;) which, says
      Hesychius, was the same as the Ionian sea; and Strabo says
      that the Ionian gulf 'is a part of that now called the
      Adriatic.'  But not only the Ionian, but even the Sicilian
      sea, and part of that which washes Crete, were called the
      Adriatic.  Thus the scholiast on Dionysius Periegetis says,
      'they call this Sicilian sea Adria.'  And Ptolemy says that
      Sicily was bounded on the east by the Adriatic, [hupo <5259>
      Adrias <99>,] and that Crete was bounded on the west by the
      Adriatic sea, [hupo <5259> tou <5120> Adriatikos pelagos
      <3989>.]
    
    - the shipmen.
       * :30 1Ki 9:27 Jon 1:6 Re 18:17
    
    VERSE 28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - fallen.
       * :17,41
    - anchors.
       * :30,40 Heb 6:19
    - and wished.
       * De 28:67 Ps 130:6
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the boat.
       * :16,32
    - foreship.
       * :41
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - said.
       * :11,21,42,43
    - Except.
       * :22-24 Ps 91:11,12 Jer 29:11-13 Eze 36:36,37 Lu 1:34,35; 4:9-12
       * Joh 6:37 2Th 2:13,14
    
    VERSE 32
        * Lu 16:8 Php 3:7-9
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - while.
       * :29
    - This.
       * :27
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - for this.
       * Mt 15:32 Mr 8:2,3 Php 2:5 1Ti 5:23
    - for there.
       * 1Ki 1:52 Mt 10:30 Lu 12:7; 21:18
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - and gave.
       * Ac 2:46,47 1Sa 9:13 Mt 15:36 Mr 8:6 Lu 24:30 Joh 6:11,23 Ro 14:6
       * 1Co 10:30,31 1Ti 4:3,4
    - in.
       * Ps 119:46 Ro 1:16 2Ti 1:8,12 1Pe 4:16
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - they all.
       * Ps 27:14 2Co 1:4-6
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - two.
       * :24
    - souls.
       * Ac 2:41; 7:14 Ro 13:1 1Pe 3:20
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - they lightened.
       * :18,19 Job 2:4 Jon 1:5 Mt 6:25; 16:26 Heb 12:1
    - The wheat.
      The Romans imported corn from Egypt, by way of Alexandria, to
      which this ship belonged; for a curious account of which see
      Bryant's treatise on the Euroclydon.
    
    VERSE 39
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - taken up, etc.  or, cut the anchors, they left them in the
      sea, etc.  ver.
       * :29,30
    - the rudder bands.
      Or, 'the bands of the rudders;' for large vessels in ancient
      times had two or more rudders, which were fastened to the ship
      by means of bands, or chains, by which they were hoisted out
      of the water when incapable of being used.  These bands being
      loosed, the rudders would fall into their proper places, and
      serve to steer the vessel into the creek, which they had in
      view, and hoisted.
    
       * Isa 33:23
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - they ran.
       * :17,26-29 2Co 11:25
    - broken.
       * 1Ki 22:48 2Ch 20:37 Eze 27:26,34 2Co 11:25,26
    
    VERSE 42
        * Ps 74:20 Pr 12:10 Ec 9:3 Mr 15:15-20 Lu 23:40,41
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - willing.
       * :3,11,31; 23:10,24 Pr 16:7 2Co 11:25
    
    
    VERSE 44 
     - that.
       * :22,24 Ps 107:28-30 Am 9:9 Joh 6:39,40 2Co 1:8-10 1Pe 4:18
    - land.
      Melita, now Malta, the island on which Paul and his companions
      were cast, is situate in the Mediterranean sea, about fifty
      miles from the coast of Sicily, towards Africa; and is one
      immense rock of soft white free-stone, twenty miles long,
      twelve in its greatest breadth, and sixty in circumference.
      Some, however, with the learned Jacob Bryant, are of opinion
      that this island was Melita in the Adriatic gulf, near
      Illyricum; but it may be sufficient to observe, that the
      course of the Alexandrian ship, first to Syracuse and then to
      Rhegium, proves that it was the present Malta, as the proper
      course from the Illyrian Melita would have been first to
      Rhegium, before it reached Syracuse, to which indeed it need
      not have gone at all.
    
    
    
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