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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ESTHER 4

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      1  The great mourning of Mordecai and the Jews.
     4  Esther, understanding it, sends to Mordecai, who shews the
        cause, and advises her to undertake the suit.
    10  She excusing herself, is threatened by Mordecai.
    15  She appointing a fast, undertakes the suit.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - all that.
       * Es 3:8-13
    - rent.
       * 2Sa 1:11 Job 1:20 Jon 3:4-9 Ac 14:14
    - with ashes.
       * :3 Jos 7:6 2Sa 13:19 Job 2:8; 42:6 Isa 58:5 Eze 27:30 Da 9:3
       * Jon 3:6 Mt 11:21
    - and cried.
      Mordecai gave every demonstration of the most poignant grief.
      Nor did he hide this from the city; and the Greek says that he
      uttered these words aloud:  [Airetai ethnos maden adikakos,]
      "A people is going to be destroyed who have done no evil."
    
       * Ge 27:34 Isa 15:4; 22:4 Eze 21:6; 27:31 Mic 1:8 Zep 1:14
       * Re 18:17-19
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - She.
       * Ge 32:28 Ne 1:11 Ps 116:1 Pr 21:1 Ac 7:10; 10:4
    - golden sceptre
       * Es 4:11; 8:4
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - in every province.
       * Es 1:1; 3:12
    - great mourning.
      It cannot reasonably be doubted, that the mournings, fastings,
      and weepings of the Jews were attended by constant prayers and
      supplications; though all mention of them, and of the glorious
      God whom they worshipped, seems to have been studiously
      avoided.
    
       * 1Sa 4:13,14; 11:4 Isa 22:4,12; 37:1-3
    - weeping.
       * Mt 13:42; 22:13; 25:30
    - many lay in sackcloth and ashes.  Heb. sackcloth and ashes
      were laid under many.
       * Isa 58:5 Da 9:3
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - chamberlains.  Heb. eunuchs.
       * Es 1:12 1Sa 8:15 *marg:
       * 2Ki 9:32 Isa 56:3 Ac 8:27
    - but he received it not.
       * Ge 37:35 Ps 77:2 Jer 31:15
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - appointed to attend upon her.  Heb. set before her.
       * Es 1:10,12
    - to know.
       * Ro 12:15 1Co 12:26 Php 2:4 Heb 4:15
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - the king said.
       * :3; 7:2; 9:12
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - all that had.
       * Es 3:2-15
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the copy.
       * Es 3:14,15
    - to charge.
       * Es 2:20 1Ti 6:13,17
    - to make supplication.
       * Job 9:15 Pr 16:14,15 Ec 10:4 Ac 12:20
    - request.
       * Es 7:3,4; 8:6 Ne 2:3-5 Pr 21:1
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - joyful.
       * Job 20:5 Am 6:12,13 Lu 6:25 Joh 16:20 Jas 9 4:9
    - he stood up.
       * Es 3:2 Ps 15:4 Mt 10:28
    - he was full.
       * Es 3:5 1Ki 21:4 Job 31:31 Ps 27:3 Da 3:13,16-19 Mt 2:16 Ac 7:54
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - refrained.
       * Ge 43:30,31; 45:1 2Sa 13:22,23 Ps 55:21 Ec 7:9
    - called for his friends.  Heb. caused his friends to come.
      Zeresh.  i.e., golden; star of adoration; a stranger in want;
      misery.  <\\S#2238h\\>.
       * :10,14; 6:13
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - shall come.
      Herodotus informs us, that ever since the reign of Deioces,
      king of Media, for the security of the king's person, it was
      enacted that no one should be admitted into his presence; but
      that if any one had business with him, he should transact it
      through the medium of his ministers.
    
    - the inner court.
       * Es 5:1
    - one law.
       * Da 2:9
    - the king shall.
       * Es 5:2; 8:4
    - the golden sceptre.
      That the kings of Persia carried a golden sceptre, we have the
      following proof in Xenophon:  [Oti ou tode to xrusoun skaptron
      to man basileian diasozon estin, all oi postoi philoi skaptron
      basileusin alathestaton kai asphalestaton.]  "It is not (said
      Cyrus to his son Cambyses) the golden sceptre that saves the
      kingdom; but faithful friends are the truest and best sceptre
      of the kingdom."
    
    - but I.
       * Es 1:19; 2:14 1Pe 3:7
    
    VERSE 12
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Think not.
       * Pr 24:10-12 Mt 16:24,25 Joh 12:25 Php 2:30 Heb 12:3
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - then shall.
       * Ge 22:14 Nu 23:22-24 De 32:26,27,36 1Sa 12:22 Isa 54:17
       * Jer 30:11; 33:24-26; 46:28 Am 9:8,9 Mt 16:18; 24:22
    - enlargement.  Heb. respiration.
       * Ezr 9:9 Job 9:18
    - but thou.
       * Es 2:7,15 Jud 14:15-18; 15:6
    - whether.
       * Ge 45:4-8 Isa 45:1-5; 49:23 Ac 7:20-25
    - for such a time.
       * 1Sa 17:29 2Ki 19:3 Ne 6:11
      The fact related in this verse was unquestionably the reason
      why Esther was raised to regal honors, by the overruling
      providence of God:  she was therefore bound in gratitude to do
      this service for God, else she would not have answered the end
      of her elevation:  and she need not fear the miscarriage of
      the enterprise, for if God designed her for it, he would
      surely bear her through and give success.  It appeared by the
      event that Mordecai spoke prophetically, when he modestly
      conjectured that Esther came to the kingdom that she might be
      the instrument of the Jews' deliverance.  Mordecai thoroughly
      believed that it was a cause which one way or other would
      certainly be carried, and which, therefore, she might safely
      venture upon.  Instruments might fail, but God's covenant
      cannot.  There is a wise design in all the providences of God,
      which is unknown to us till it is accomplished; but it will
      prove in the issue that all is intended for and center in the
      good of those who trust in Him.
    
    VERSE 15
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - present.  Heb. found.  fast.
       * 2Ch 20:3 Isa 22:12 Joe 1:14,15; 2:12-17 Jon 3:4-9
    - eat nor drink.
       * Es 5:1 Mt 12:40 Ac 9:9; 27:33
    - I also.
       * Ge 18:19 Jos 24:15 Ac 10:7
    - if I perish.
      If I lose my life in the attempt to save my people, I shall
      lose it cheerfully.  I see it is my duty to make the attempt;
      and, come what will, I am resolved to do it.
    
       * Ge 43:14 1Sa 19:5 2Sa 10:12 Lu 9:24 Ac 20:24; 21:13 Ro 16:4
       * Php 2:30
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - went.  Heb. passed.
       * :17
    
    
    
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