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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 12

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      1  The beginning of the year is changed.
     3  The passover is instituted.
    11  The import of the rite of the passover.
    15  Unleavened bread, etc.
    29  The firstborn are slain.
    31  The Israelites are driven out of the land.
    37  They come to Succoth.
    41  The time of their sojourning.
    43  The ordinance of the passover.
    
    
    VERSE 1 
     - A.M. 2513.  B.C. 1491.  An.  Exod. Isr. 1.  Abib or Nisan.
    
    
    VERSE 2
       * Ex 13:4; 23:15; 34:18 Le 23:5 Nu 28:16 De 16:1 Es 3:7
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Speak ye.
       * Ex 4:30; 6:6; 14:15; 20:19 Le 1:2
    - in the tenth.
       * :6 Joh 12:1,12
    - take to.
       * Ge 4:4; 22:8 1Sa 7:9 Joh 1:29,36 1Co 5:7 Re 5:6-13; 7:9-14; 13:8
    - lamb.  or, kid.
      The word {seh} means the young of both sheep and goats, and
      may be indifferently rendered either lamb or kid.  It is
      evident from ver. 5 that the Hebrews might take either; but
      they generally preferred a lamb, from being of a more gentle
      nature.
    
       * Le 5:6 Nu 15:11 2Ch 35:7
    - an house.
      The Israelites were divided into twelve tribes, these tribes
      into families, the families into houses, and the houses into
      particular persons.
    
       * Nu 1:1-54 Jos 7:14
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - too little.
       * Jos 19:9
    - souls.  Heb. nephesh.
       * Ge 12:5
    - according to his eating.
       * Ex 16:16
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - be without.
       * Le 1:3,10; 22:19-24 De 17:1 Mal 1:7,8,14 Heb 7:26; 9:13,14
       * 1Pe 1:18,19
    - a male of the first year.  Heb. son of a year.
       * Le 23:12 1Sa 13:1 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - fourteenth.
       * Le 23:5 Nu 9:3; 28:16,18 De 16:1-6 2Ch 30:15 Eze 45:21
    - the whole.
       * 2Ch 30:15-18 Isa 53:6 Mt 27:20,25 Mr 15:1,8,11,25,33,34
       * Lu 23:1,18 Ac 2:23; 3:14; 4:27
    - in the evening.  Heb. between the two evenings.
      The Jews divided the day into morning and evening:  till the
      sun passed the meridian, all was morning or forenoon; after
      that, all was evening or afternoon.  Their first evening
      began just after twelve o'clock, and continued till sunset;
      their second evening began at sunset, and continued till
      night, i.e., during the whole time of twilight; between
      twelve o'clock, therefore, and the termination of twilight,
      the passover was to be offered.  See Parallel Passages.
    
       * Ex 16:12 Mt 27:46-50
    
    VERSE 7
        * :22,23 Eph 1:7 Heb 9:13,14,22; 10:14,29; 11:28 1Pe 1:2
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - eat the.
       * Mt 26:26 Joh 6:52-57
    - roast.
       * De 16:7 Ps 22:14 Isa 53:10
    - unleavened.
       * Ex 13:3,7; 34:25 Nu 9:11 De 16:3 Am 4:5 Mt 16:12 1Co 5:6-8
       * Ga 5:9
    - with bitter.
       * Ex 1:14 Nu 9:11 Zec 12:10 1Th 1:6
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - but roast with fire.
       * :8 De 16:7 La 1:13
    
    VERSE 10
        * Ex 23:18; 29:34; 34:25 Le 7:15-17; 22:30 De 16:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - loins.
       * Mt 26:19,20 Lu 12:35 Eph 6:15 1Pe 1:13
    - shoes.
       * Lu 7:38; 15:22 Eph 6:15
    - it is the.
       * :27 Le 23:5 Nu 28:16 De 16:2-6 1Co 5:7
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - pass.
       * :23; 11:4,5 Am 5:17
    - will smite.  See on ver.
       * :29,30; 11:4-6
    - against.
       * Nu 33:4 1Sa 5:3; 6:5 1Ch 14:12 Isa 19:1 Jer 43:13 Zep 2:11
    - gods.  or, princes.
       * Ex 21:6; 22:28 Ps 82:1,6 Joh 10:34,35
    - I am the Lord.
       * Ex 6:2 Isa 43:11-15 Eze 12:16
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - the blood.
       * :23 Ge 17:11 Jos 2:12 Heb 11:28
    - and when.
       * 1Th 1:10 1Jo 1:7
    - to destroy you.  Heb. for a destruction.
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - memorial.
       * Ex 13:9 Nu 16:40 Jos 4:7 Ps 111:4; 135:13 Zec 6:14 Mt 26:13
       * Lu 22:19 1Co 11:23-26
    - a feast.
       * Ex 5:1 De 16:11 Ne 8:9-12
    - by an ordinance.
       * :17,24,43; 13:10 Le 23:4,5 Nu 10:8; 18:8 De 16:1 1Sa 30:25
       * 2Ki 23:21 Eze 46:14 1Co 5:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Seven.  See on ver.
       * :8; 13:6,7-10; 23:15; 34:18,25 Le 23:5-8 Nu 28:17 De 16:3,5,8
       * Mt 16:12 Lu 12:1 Ac 12:3
    - that soul.
       * :19,20; 31:14 Ge 17:14 Le 17:10,14 Nu 9:13 Mal 2:12 Ga 5:12
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - first day.
       * Le 23:2,3,7,8,21,24,25,27,35 Nu 28:18,25; 29:1,12
    - no manner.
       * Ex 16:5,23,29; 20:10; 35:2,3 Jer 17:21,22
    - man Heb.  soul.
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - in this selfsame.
       * Ex 7:5; 13:8 Nu 20:16
    - an ordinance.  See on ver.
       * :14
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - See on ver.
       * :1,15 Le 23:5,6 Nu 28:16
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Seven.
       * Ex 23:15; 34:18 De 16:3 1Co 5:7,8
    - even that.  See on ver.
       * :15 Nu 9:13
    - whether.
       * :43,48
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - first day.
       * Le 23:2,3,7,8,21,24,25,27,35 Nu 28:18,25; 29:1,12
    - no manner.
       * Ex 16:5,23,29; 20:10; 35:2,3 Jer 17:21,22 Ro 4:4,5
    - man.  Heb. nephesh, soul.
       * Ge 27:31
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - elders.
       * Ex 3:16; 17:5; 19:7 Nu 11:16
    - and take.
       * :3 Nu 9:2-5 Jos 5:10 2Ki 23:21 2Ch 30:15-17; 35:5,6 Ezr 6:20
       * Mt 26:17-19 Mr 14:12-16 Lu 22:7-13 1Co 10:4
    - lamb.  or, kid.
       * :3 *marg:
    - the passover.
      That is, the lamb which was called the {passover,} or passover
      lamb; the animal sacrificed obtaining the name of the
      institution.  St. Paul copies the expression in 1 Co 7 5:7.
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - a bunch.
       * Le 14:6,7 Nu 19:18 Ps 51:7 Heb 9:1,14,19; 11:28; 12:24 1Pe 1:2
    - hyssop.
      The word {aizov,} which has been variously rendered, most
      probably denotes Hyssop; whence are derived the Chaldee
      {aizova,} Syriac {zupha,} Arabic {zupha,} Ethiopic {azab,}
      and {hushopa,} Greek [          ,] Latin {hyssopus,} German
      {usop,} and our hyssop, a name retained, with little
      variation, in all the western languages.  It is a plant of
      the gymnospermia (naked seeded) order, belonging to the
      didynamia class.  It has bushy stalks, growing a foot and a
      half high; small spear-shaped, close-sitting, and opposite
      leaves, with several smaller ones rising from the same joint;
      and all the stalks and branches terminated by erect whorled
      spikes of flowers, of different colors in the varieties of
      the plant.  The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm,
      pungent taste.  Its detersive, cleansing, and medicinal
      qualities were probably the reason why it was so particularly
      recommended in Scripture.
    
    - strike.
       * :7
    - and none.
       * Mt 26:30
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - will pass through.  See on ver.
       * :12,13
    - and will not.
       * 2Sa 24:16 Isa 37:36 Eze 9:4,6 1Co 10:10 Heb 11:28; 12:24
       * Re 7:3; 9:4
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - See on ver.
       * :14 Ge 17:8-10
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - when.
       * De 4:5; 12:8,9; 16:5-9 Jos 5:10-12 Ps 105:44,45
    - according.
       * Ex 3:8,17
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - your children.
       * Ex 13:8,9,14,15,22 De 6:7; 11:19; 32:7 Jos 4:6,7,21-24 Ps 78:3-6
       * Ps 145:4 Isa 38:19 Eph 6:4
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - It is the sacrifice.  See on ver.
       * :11,23; 34:25 De 16:2,5 1Co 5:7
    - bowed.
       * Ex 4:31; 34:8 1Ch 29:20 2Ch 20:18; 29:30 Ne 8:6
    
    VERSE 28
        * Heb 11:28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - at midnight.  See on ver.
       * :12; 11:4; 13:15 Job 34:20 1Th 5:2,3
    - the Lord smote.
      The infliction of this judgment on the Egyptians was most
      equitable; because, after their nation had been preserved by
      one of the Israelitish family, they had, contrary to all
      right, and in defiance of original stipulation, enslaved the
      people to whom they had been so much indebted, had murdered
      their offspring, and made their bondage intolerable.  See
      Bryant, p. 160.
    
       * Nu 3:13; 8:17; 33:4 Ps 78:51; 105:36; 135:8; 136:10 Heb 11:28
       * Heb 12:23
    - the first-born of Pharaoh.
       * Ex 4:23; 11:5
    - dungeon.  Heb. house of the pit.
       * Isa 24:22; 51:14 Jer 38:6,13 Zec 9:11
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - and there was a great cry.
      No people were more remarkable and frantic in their mournings
      than the Egyptians.  When a relative died, every one left the
      house, and the women, with their hair loose, and their bosoms
      bare, ran wild about the street.  The men also, with their
      apparel equally disordered, kept them company; all shrieking,
      howling, and beating themselves.  What a scene of horror and
      distress must now have presented itself, when there was not a
      family in Egypt where there was not one dead!
    
    - See on ch.
       * Ex 11:6 Pr 21:13 Am 5:17 Mt 25:6 Jas 13 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - called.
       * Ex 10:29
    - Rise up.
       * Ex 3:19,20; 6:1; 11:1,8 Ps 105:38
    - the children.  See on ch.
       * Ex 10:9
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - your flocks.  See on ch.
       * Ex 10:26
    - bless me.
       * Ex 8:28; 9:28 Ge 27:34,38
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - urgent.
       * Ex 11:1 Ps 105:38
    - We be all.
       * Ge 20:3 Nu 17:12,13
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - kneading troughs.  or, dough.
       * Ex 8:3
      Probably like the kneading-troughs of the Arabs;
      comparatively small wooden bowls, which also serve them for
      dishes.  Their being bound up in their clothes may mean no
      more than their being wrapped up in their {hykes,} or long,
      loose, garments.  See Shaw's Travels, p. 224, 4to. edit.
    
    VERSE 35
        * Ex 3:21,22; 11:2,3 Ge 15:14 Ps 105:37
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - the Lord.
       * Ex 3:21; 11:3 Ge 39:21 Pr 16:7 Da 1:9 Ac 2:47; 7:10
    - they spoiled.
       * Ex 3:22 Ge 15:14 Ps 105:37
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - the children.
       * Nu 33:3,5
    - Rameses.
       * Ex 1:11 Ge 47:11
    - six hundred.
       * Ex 38:26 Ge 12:2; 15:5; 46:3 Nu 1:46; 11:21
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - And a mixed multitude.  Heb. a great mixture.
       * Nu 11:4 Zec 8:23
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - thrust.
       * :33; 6:1; 11:1
    
    
    VERSE 40
       The Samaritan Pentateuch reads, "Now the sojourning of the
      children of Israel, and of their fathers in the land of
      Canaan and in the land of Egypt, was 430 years."  The
      Alexandrine copy of the LXX. has the same reading; and the
      same statement is made by the apostle Paul, in Ga 3:17, who
      reckons from the promise made to Abraham to the giving of the
      law.  That these three witnesses have the truth, the
      chronology itself proves; for it is evident that the
      descendants of Israel did not dwell 430 years in Egypt; while
      it is equally evident, that the period from Abraham's entry
      into Canaan to the Exodus, is exactly that number.  Thus,
      from Abraham's entrance into the promised land to the birth
      of Isaac, was 25 years; Isaac was 60 at the birth of Jacob;
      Jacob was 130 at his going into Egypt; where he and his
      children continued 215 years more; making in the whole 430
      years.  See Kennicott's Dissertation on the Hebrew Text.
    
    - sojourning.
       * Ac 13:17 Heb 11:9
    - four hundred.
       * Ge 12:1-3; 15:13 Ac 7:6 Ga 3:16,17
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - selfsame.
       * Ps 102:13 Da 9:24 Hab 2:3 Joh 7:8 Ac 1:7
    - hosts.
       * :51; 7:4 Jos 5:14
    
    
    VERSE 42 
     - a night to be much observed.  Heb. a night of observations.
      observed.
       * :14 De 16:1-6
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - There shall.
       * :48 Le 22:10 Nu 9:14 Eph 2:12
    
    
    VERSE 44 
     - circumcised.
       * Ge 17:12,13,23
    
    VERSE 45
        * Le 22:10 Eph 2:12
    
    
    VERSE 46 
     - one house.
       * 1Co 12:12 Eph 2:19-22
    - neither.
       * Nu 9:12 Joh 19:33,36
    
    
    VERSE 47 
     - All the.
       * :3,6 Nu 9:13
    - keep it.  Heb. do it.
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - a stranger.
       * :43 Nu 9:14; 15:15,16
    - let all.
       * Ge 17:12 Eze 44:9; 47:22
    - shall be.
       * Ga 3:28 Col 3:11
    
    VERSE 49
        * Le 24:22 Nu 9:14; 15:15,16,29 Ga 3:28 Col 3:11
    
    
    VERSE 50 
     - as the Lord.
       * De 4:1,2; 12:32 Mt 7:24,25; 28:20 Joh 2:5; 13:17; 15:14 Re 22:15
    - by their armies.
       * :41; 6:26; 7:4
    
    
    VERSE 51 
     - selfsame.
       * :41
    - by their armies.
       * :41; 6:26; 7:4; 13:18
    
    
    
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