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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 14

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      1  God instructs the Israelites in their journey.
     5  Pharaoh pursues after them.
    10  The Israelites murmur.
    13  Moses comforts them.
    15  God instructs Moses.
    19  The cloud removes behind the camp.
    21  The Israelites pass through the Red sea, which drowns the
        Egyptians.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the Lord spake.
       * Ex 12:1; 13:1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - that they.
       * :9; 13:17,18 Nu 33:7,8
    - Pi-hahiroth.
      {Pi-hachiroth,} "the mouth of Chiroth," as it is rendered by
      the LXX.  Dr. Shaw is of opinion, that Chiroth denotes the
      valley which extends from the wilderness of Etham to the Red
      Sea.  "This valley," he observes, "ends at the sea in a small
      bay made by the eastern extremities of the mountains (of
      Gewoubee and Attackah, between which the valley lies) which I
      have been describing, and is called Tiah-Beni-Israel, i.e.,
      the road of the Israelites, by a tradition that is still kept
      up by the Arabs, of their having passed through it; so it is
      also called Baideah, from the new and unheard of miracle that
      was wrought near it, by dividing the Red sea, and destroying
      therein Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."
    
    - Migdol.
      The word {Migdol} signifies a tower, and hence some have
      supposed that it was a fortress which served to defend the
      bay.  But the LXX. render it [          ,] Magdolus, which is
      mentioned by Herodotus, Hecat'us, and others, and is
      expressly said by Stephanus (de Urb.) to be [              ,]
      "a city of Egypt."  This Bochart conjectures to have been the
      same as Migdol.  See the Parallel Passages.
    
       * Jer 44:1; 46:14 Eze 29:10
    - Heb. Baal-zephon.
      This may have been the name of a town or city in which Baal
      was worshipped; and probably called {zephon,} from being
      situated on the north point of the Red sea, near the present
      Suez.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Pharaoh.
       * Ex 7:3,4 De 31:21 Ps 139:2,4 Eze 38:10,11,17 Ac 4:28
    - They are entangled.
       * Jud 16:2 1Sa 23:7,23 Ps 3:2; 71:11 Jer 20:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - harden.
       * :8,17; 4:21-31; 7:3,13,14 Ro 11:8
    - I will be.
       * :18; 9:16; 15:10,11,14-16; 18:11 Ne 9:10 Isa 2:11,12 Eze 20:9
       * Eze 28:22; 39:13 Da 4:30-37 Ro 9:17,22,23 Re 19:1-6
    - that the Egyptians.  See on ch.
       * Ex 7:5,17
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - and the heart.
       * Ex 12:33 Ps 105:25
    - Why have we.
       * Jer 34:10-17 Lu 11:24-26 2Pe 2:20-22
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - people.
       * :23 Nu 21:23 De 2:32; 3:1
    
    VERSE 7
        * :23; 15:4 Jos 17:16-18 Jud 4:3,15 Ps 20:7; 68:17 Isa 37:24
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the Lord.  See on ver.
       * :4
    - with an high hand.
       * Ex 6:1; 13:9,16,18 Nu 33:3 De 26:8; 32:27 Ps 86:13 Ac 13:17
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the Egyptians.
       * Ex 15:9 Jos 24:6
    - encamping.  See on ver.
       * :2
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - sore afraid.
       * Ps 53:5 Isa 7:2; 8:12,13; 51:12,13 Mt 8:26; 14:30,31 1Jo 4:18
    - cried out.
       * Jos 24:7 2Ch 18:31 Ne 9:9 Ps 34:17; 106:44; 107:6,13,19,28
       * Isa 26:16 Jer 22:23 Mt 8:25
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Because.
       * Ex 15:23,24; 16:2,3; 17:2,3 Nu 11:1; 14:1-4; 16:41 Ps 106:7,8
    - wherefore.
       * Ex 5:22 Ge 43:6 Nu 11:15
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Is not this.
       * Ex 5:21; 3:9
    - Let us alone.
       * Ho 4:17 Mr 1:24; 5:7,17,18
    - For it had.
       * Jon 4:3,8
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Fear ye not.
       * Nu 14:9 De 20:3 2Ki 6:16 2Ch 20:15,17 Ps 27:1,2; 46:1-3
       * Isa 26:3; 30:15; 35:4; 41:10-14 Mt 28:5
    - see the.
       * :30; 15:1-27 Ge 49:18 1Ch 11:14 Ps 3:8 Isa 43:11 Jer 3:23
       * La 3:26 Ho 13:4,9 Hab 3:8,13
    - for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to-day.  or, for whereas
      ye have seen the Egyptians to-day, etc.  ye shall see.
       * :30; 15:4,5,10,19,21 Ne 9:9
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - the Lord.
       * :25; 15:3 De 1:30; 3:22; 20:4 Jos 10:10,14,42; 23:3,10 Jud 5:20
       * 2Ch 20:17,29 Ne 4:20 Isa 31:4,5
    - hold.
       * Ps 50:3; 83:1 Isa 30:15
    
    VERSE 15
        * Ex 17:4 Jos 7:10 Ezr 10:4,5 Ne 9:9
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - lift.
       * :21,26; 4:2,17,20; 7:9,19
    - the sea.
      This sea was what is called in Scripture {yam suph,} "the sea
      of weeds;" so called, according to Mr. Bruce, from the vast
      quantity of coral which grows in it.  In the LXX. it is
      called [                  ,] and by the Latins {Rubrum mare,}
      and we from them the Red Sea; so called it is supposed, from
      {Edom} (red) or Esau, whose territories extend to its coasts.
      It separates Arabia from Egypt and Ethiopia, and is computed
      to be 150 leagues in length from Suez to the straits of
      Babelmandel.  The upper part is divided into two gulfs, that
      to the East called the Elanitic, from the city Elana at the
      northern extremity, and that to the west, the Heroopolitic,
      from the city of Heroopolis.  The former is called by the
      Arabians Bahr el Akaba, the sea of Akaba; and the latter Bahr
      el Kolzum, the sea of destruction, or Clysm'; which was that
      which the Israelites passed.
    
    - and the.  See on ver.
       * :21,22
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - I, behold.
       * Ge 6:17; 9:9 Le 26:28 De 32:39 Isa 48:15; 51:12 Jer 23:39
       * Eze 5:8; 6:3; 34:11,20 Ho 5:14
    - I will.  See on ver.
       * :8; 4:23; 7:3,13,14
    - and I will.
       * :18
    - See on ver.
       * :4
    
    VERSE 18
        * :4; 7:5,17
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - the angel.
       * :24; 13:21; 23:20,21; 32:34 Nu 20:16 Isa 63:9
    - and the pillar.  See on ch.
       * Ex 13:21,22
    
    VERSE 20
        * Ps 18:11 Pr 4:18,19 Isa 8:14 2Co 2:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - stretched.
       * :16
    - the Lord.
       * Ex 15:8 Jos 3:13-16; 4:23 Ne 9:11 Job 26:12 Ps 66:6; 74:13
       * Ps 78:13; 106:7-10; 114:3-5; 136:13 Isa 51:10,15; 63:12
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - the children.
       * :29; 15:19 Nu 33:8 Ps 66:6; 78:13 Isa 63:13 1Co 10:1 Heb 11:29
    - and the waters.
      This verse demonstrates that this event was wholly
      miraculous, and cannot be ascribed, as some have supposed, to
      an extraordinary ebb, which happened just then to be produced
      by a strong east wind:  for this would not have caused the
      waters, contrary to every law of fluids, to stand as a wall
      on the right hand and the left.
    
    - a wall.
       * Ex 15:8 Hab 3:8-10 Zec 2:5
    
    VERSE 23
        * :17; 15:9,19 1Ki 22:20 Ec 9:3 Isa 14:24-27
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - that in the.
       * 1Sa 11:11
    - looked unto.
       * Job 40:12 Ps 18:13,14; 77:16-19; 104:32
    - through.
       * :19,20
    - and troubled.
       * :25 Job 22:13; 23:15,16; 34:20,29 Ps 48:5
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - took off.
       * Jud 4:15 Ps 46:9; 76:6 Jer 51:21
    - that they drave them heavily.  or, and made them to go
      heavily.  Let us flee.
       * Job 11:20; 20:24; 27:22 Ps 68:12 Am 1:14; 5:19; 9:1
    - for the Lord.  See on ver.
       * :14 De 3:22 1Sa 4:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Stretch out.
       * :16; 7:19; 8:5 Mt 8:27
    - the waters.
       * Ex 1:22 Jud 1:6,7 Mt 7:2 Jas 13 2:13 Re 16:6
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - and the sea.
       * :21,22; 15:1-21 Jos 4:18
    - Lord.
       * Jud 5:20,21
    - overthrew.  Heb. shook off.
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - the waters.
       * Ex 15:10 De 11:4 Ne 9:11 Ps 78:53 Hab 3:8-10,13 Heb 11:29
    - remained.
       * :13 2Ch 20:24 Ps 106:9-11; 136:15
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - walked.
       * :22 Job 38:8-11 Ps 66:6,7; 77:19,20; 78:52,53 Isa 43:2
       * Isa 51:10,13; 63:12,13
    - a wall.
       * Jos 3:16
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the Lord.
       * :13 1Sa 14:23 2Ch 32:22 Ps 106:8,10 Isa 63:9 Jude 1:5
    - saw.
       * Ps 58:10; 59:10; 91:8; 92:9-11
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - work.  Heb. hand.  feared.
       * 1Sa 12:18 Ps 120 119:120
    - believed.
       * Ex 4:31; 19:9 2Ch 20:20 Ps 106:12,13 Lu 8:13 Joh 2:11,23-25
       * Joh 8:30-32; 11:45 Ac 8:13
    
    
    
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