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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 26

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      1  The ten curtains of the tabernacle.
     7  The eleven curtains of goats' hair, and the covering of
        rams' and badgers' skins.
    15  The boards of the tabernacle, with their sockets and bars.
    31  The vail for the ark.
    36  The hanging for the door.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the tabernacle with ten curtains.
      The word {mishcan,} from {shachan,} to dwell, means simply a
      dwelling-place, or habitation.  "When God had brought the
      children of Israel out of Egypt," says the very learned Dr.
      Cudworth, "resolving to manifest himself in a peculiar manner
      present among them, he thought good to dwell amongst them in
      a visible and external manner; and therefore, while they were
      in the wilderness, and sojourned in tents, he would have a
      tent or tabernacle built, to sojourn with them also.--Now,
      the tabernacle being thus a house for God to dwell in
      visibly, to make up the notion of dwelling or habitation
      complete, there must be all things suitable to a house
      belonging to it.  Hence, in the holy place, there must be a
      table and a candlestick, because these were the ordinary
      furniture of a room.  The table must have its dishes, and
      spoons, and bowls, and covers, belonging to it, though they
      were never used; and always be furnished with bread upon it.
      The candlestick must have its lamps continually burning,
      etc."
    
       * Ex 25:8; 36:8-19; 40:2,17-19 1Ch 17:1; 21:29 Joh 1:14; 2:21 Heb 8:2
       * Heb 9:9,23,24 Re 21:3
    - fine twined linen.
       * :36; 25:4; 35:6,35 Re 19:8
    - cherubims.  See on ch.
       * Ex 25:18
    - cunning work.  Heb. the work of a cunning workman, or
      embroiderer.
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - curtain.
       * :7,8 Nu 4:25 2Sa 7:2 1Ch 17:1
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - coupled together.
       * :9; 36:10 Joh 17:21 1Co 12:4,12-27 Eph 2:21,22; 4:3-6,16
       * Col 2:2,19
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - loops of blue.
       * :5,10,11; 36:11,12,17
    
    VERSE 5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - taches of gold.
       * :11,33; 35:11; 36:13,18; 39:33
    - one tabernacle.
       * Eph 1:22,23; 4:16 1Pe 2:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - curtains.
       * Ex 35:26; 36:14-18 Nu 4:25 Ps 45:13 1Pe 3:4; 5:5
    - goats' hair.
      {Izzim,} goats, but used here elliptically for goats' hair.
      In different parts of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and
      Phrygia, the goats have long, fine, and beautiful hair; in
      some cases, almost as fine as silk, which is shorn at proper
      times, and manufactured into garments.
    
       * Ex 25:4; 35:6,23 Nu 31:20
    - a.
       * :14 Isa 4:5
    - eleven.
       * :1,9,12
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - length of one curtain.
       * :2,13
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - five curtains by themselves.
       * :3
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - fifty loops.
       * :4-6
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - tent.  or, covering.  See on ver.
       * :3,6
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - shall hang over.
       * :9
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - a cubit.
       * :2,8
    - of that which remaineth.  Heb. in the remainder or
      surplusage.
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - a covering.
       * Ex 36:19 Nu 4:5 Ps 27:5; 121:4,5 Isa 4:6; 25:4
    - rams' skins dyed red.
      {Oroth ailim meoddamim,} literally, the skins of red rams.
      It is a fact, attested by many respectable travellers, that
      in the Levant, sheep are often met with having red or violet
      colored fleeces.  Almost all ancient writers speak of the
      same thing.
    
       * Ex 25:5; 35:7,23; 39:34 Nu 4:10 Eze 16:10
    - badgers' skins.
      {Oroth techashim,} which nearly all the ancient versions have
      taken to be the name of a color, though they differ very
      much with regard to the particular color intended: the LXX.,
      Vulgate, and Coptic, have skins dyed of a violet color; the
      Syriac, azure; and the Arabic, black; and Bochart contends
      for the hysginus, a very deep blue.  It may, however, denote
      an animal; for Dr. Geddes remarks, had the sacred writer
      meant to express only a variety of color, he would hardly
      have repeated {Ēroth,} skins, after {meoddamim,} red, in ch.
      5 25:5.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - boards.
       * :18,22-29; 36:20-33; 40:17,18 Nu 4:31,32 Eph 2:20,21
    - of shittim.
       * Ex 25:5
    
    VERSE 16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - tenons.  Heb. hands.
       * :19; 36:22,24
    
    VERSE 18
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - forty sockets of silver.
       * :25,37; 27:10,12-18; 36:24-26; 38:27,30,31; 40:18 Nu 3:36
       * Nu 4:31,32 So 5:15
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - two sockets under one board.
       * :19
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - corners.  \\S#4742h\\.
       * Ex 36:28
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - be coupled.  Heb. twined.  and they shall be coupled together
      above.
       * Ex 36:29,30 Ps 133:1-3 1Co 1:10; 3:16 1Pe 2:5
    
    VERSE 25
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - bars of shittim wood.
       * Ex 36:31-38 Nu 3:36; 4:31 Ro 15:1 1Co 9:19,20 Ga 6:1,2 Eph 4:16
       * Col 2:19
    
    VERSE 27
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - reach.  lit. flee.
       * 1Ch 12:15 Ne 13:28 Job 41:28 Pr 19:26
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - overlay the boards with gold.  See on ch.
       * Ex 25:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - rear up the tabernacle.
       * Ex 40:2,17,18 Nu 10:21 Jos 18:1 Heb 8:2
    - according to the fashion.
       * Ex 25:9,40; 27:8 Ac 7:44 Heb 8:5; 9:23
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - a vail of.
       * Ex 36:35; 40:3,21 Le 16:2,15 2Ch 3:14 Mt 27:51 Mr 15:38 Lu 23:45
       * Eph 2:14 Heb 9:3-8; 10:20,21
    - blue.
       * Ex 25:4; 35:6,25,35; 36:8
    - purple.
      {Argaman,} a very precious color, extracted from the
      purpura, or murex, a species of shell-fish; and supposed to
      be the same with the costly and much celebrated Tyrian
      purple.
    
    - scarlet.
      Tolaƒth; properly the worm whence the scarlet color was
      produced; which grew in a coccus, or excrescence, of a shrub
      of the ilex kind, like the cochineal worm in the Opuntia of
      America; which is arranged under the same genus as the Arabic
      {Kermez,} which also denotes this color.
    
    - cunning work.
       * :1; 28:15; 38:23 2Ch 2:7-13 Ps 137:5 So 7:1
    - cherubims shall it be made.  See on ch.
       * Ex 25:18
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - pillars of shittim.
       * :37; 36:38 Es 1:6
    - their hooks shall be of gold.
      The Hebrew {waveyhem,} which we translate their hooks, is
      rendered by the LXX. [         ,] and by the Vulgate,
      {capiata,} capitals.  Hence Calmet contends, 1.  That if
      Moses does not mean the capitals of the pillars by this word,
      he mentions them nowhere else; and it would seem strange,
      that while he describes them with so much exactness, that he
      should not mention the capitals; or that pillars every way so
      correctly formed, should have been destitute of this
      necessary ornament.  2.  As Moses was commanded to make the
      {wavim} of the pillars, and their fillets, of silver, (ch.
      10 27:10, 11,) and the {wavim} of the pillars of the vail of
      gold, (ch. 36 36:36,) and that 1,775 shekels were employed in
      making them, overlaying their chapiters, {rasheyhem,} their
      heads, and filleting them, (ch. 28 38:28,) it is more reasonable
      to suppose that all this is spoken of the capitals of
      pillars, than of any kind of hooks, especially as hooks are
      mentioned under the word taches or clasps.  But as the root
      {wavah} seems to signify to connect, (for [   ,] in Arabic,
      is to marry a wife,) and as the letter [   ,] {wav,} if it
      has not its name from its hook-like form, is yet used as a
      connective particle, it would rather appear to denote hooks,
      which connected the curtains or vails to the pillars.  The
      LXX. also render it [     ,] handles, and [      ,] rings or
      clasps.
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - the taches.
       * Ex 27:10; 36:36
    - within the vail.
       * Ge 9:4,5
    - the ark of the testimony.
       * Ex 25:16; 40:21
    - the holy place.
       * Le 16:2 1Ki 8:6,10 2Ch 5:7-10 Heb 9:2,3
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - put the mercy seat.  See on ch.
       * Ex 25:21; 40:20 Heb 9:5
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - the table.  See on ch.
       * Ex 40:22 Heb 9:2,8,9
    - the candlestick.  See on ch.
       * Ex 25:31-37; 40:24
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - hanging.
      This may be termed the first vail, as it occupied the door or
      entrance to the tabernacle; the vail that separated the Holy
      of Holies is called the second vail, Heb 9:3.  Mr. Morier,
      (Second Journey Through Persia, p. 251,) describing the tent
      of a chief of the Eelauts, says, "It was composed of a wooden
      frame of circular laths, which were fixed on the ground, and
      then covered over with large felts, that were fastened down
      by a cord, ornamented by tassels of various colors.  A
      curtain, curiously worked by the women, with coarse
      needle-work of various colors, was suspended over the door.
      In the king of Persia's tents, magnificent {perdahs,} or
      hangings of needle-work, are suspended, as well as on the
      doors of the great mosques in Turkey; and these circumstances
      combined, will, perhaps, illustrate Ex 26:36."
    
       * Ex 36:37; 40:28 Joh 10:9; 14:6
    - the tent.
       * Ex 35:11; 39:33; 40:29 Nu 3:25; 9:15 2Sa 7:6 Ps 78:60
    - of blue.  See on ver.
       * :31
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - overlay them with gold.
       * Ex 36:38
    
    
    
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