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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 30

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      1  The altar of incense.
    11  The ransom of souls.
    17  The brazen laver.
    22  The holy anointing oil.
    34  The composition of the incense.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - The Samaritan inserts the first ten verses of this chapter
      after ver. 32 of chap. 26.
    
    - an altar.
       * :7,8,10; 37:25-28; 40:5 Le 4:7,18 1Ki 6:20 2Ch 26:16 Re 8:3
    - to burn incense.
      Where so many sacrifices were offered, it was essentially
      necessary to have some pleasing perfume to counteract the
      disagreeable smells that must have arisen from the slaughter
      of so many animals, the burning of so much flesh, the
      sprinkling of the blood.  No blood was ever sprinkled on this
      altar, except once a year, on the grand day of expiation.  It
      was called also the golden altar (Nu 4:11); and the incense
      was as constantly burnt on it every day, as the morning and
      evening sacrifice of a lamb was burnt on the brazen altar.
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - the horns.  See on ch.
       * Ex 27:2
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - overlay it.
       * Ex 25:11,24
    - top.  Heb. roof.  sides.  Heb. walls.
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - rings.
       * Ex 25:12,14,27; 26:29; 27:4,7
    - two corners.  Heb. ribs.
    
    VERSE 5
        * Ex 25:13,27
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - vail.
       * Ex 26:31-35; 40:3,5,26 Mt 27:51 Heb 9:3,4
    - before the mercy seat that is over the testimony.
      The words [                        ] {liphney haccapporeth
      asher âl haaiduth,} "before the mercy-seat that is over the
      testimony," are thought to be a repetition of the preceding
      clause, [                           ] {liphney happarocheth
      asher âl aron haaiduth,} "before the vail that is by the ark
      of the testimony; the word [         ,] {happarocheth,} "the
      vail," being corrupted, by transposing the letters into
      [            ,] {hacapporeth,} "the mercy-seat," and the word
      [         ,] {aron,} "ark," omitted.  This repetition, as Dr.
      Kennicott observes, places the altar of incense before the
      mercy-seat, and consequently in the Holy of Holies!  Now this
      could not be, as the altar of incense was attended every day,
      and the Holy of Holies entered only once in the year.  The
      five words which appear to be a repetition are wanting in
      twenty-six of Kennicott's and Rossi's MSS. and in the
      Samaritan Text.
    
       * Ex 25:21,22 Le 16:13 1Ch 28:11 Heb 4:16; 9:5
    - I will.
       * :36; 29:42,43 Nu 17:4
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - sweet incense.  Heb. incense of spices.
       * :34-38
    - dresseth.
       * Ex 27:20,21 1Sa 2:28; 3:3 1Ch 23:13 Lu 1:9 Ac 6:4
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - lighteth.  or, setteth up.  Heb. causeth to ascend.  at even.
      Heb. between the two evens.
       * Ex 12:6 *marg:
    - a perpetual.
       * Ro 8:34 1Th 5:17 Heb 7:25; 9:24
    
    VERSE 9
        * Le 10:1
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Aaron.
       * Ex 29:36,37 Le 16:18,29,30; 23:27 Heb 1:3; 9:7,22,23,25
    - sin offering.
       * Le 16:5,6
    
    VERSE 11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - takest.
       * Ex 38:25,26 Nu 1:2-5; 26:2-4 2Sa 24:1
    - their number.  Heb. them that are to be numbered.  a ransom.
       * Nu 31:50 2Ch 24:6 Job 33:24; 36:18 Ps 49:7 Mt 20:28 Mr 10:45
       * 1Ti 2:6 1Pe 1:18,19
    - no plague.
       * 2Sa 24:2-15 1Ch 21:12,14; 27:24
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - a shekel is.
       * Le 27:25 Nu 3:47 Eze 45:12
    - an half shekel.
       * Ex 38:26 Mt 27:24 *Gr:
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - from twenty.
       * Nu 1:3,18,20; 14:29; 26:2; 32:11
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - rich.
       * Job 34:19 Pr 22:2 Eph 6:9 Col 3:25
    - give more.  Heb. multiply.  give less than.  Heb. diminish.
      an atonement.
       * :12 Le 17:11 Nu 31:50 2Sa 21:3
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - appoint.
       * Ex 38:25-31 Ne 10:32,33
    - a memorial.  See on ch.
       * Ex 12:14 Nu 16:40 Lu 22:19
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - a laver.
       * Ex 31:9; 38:8 Le 8:11 1Ki 7:23,38 2Ch 4:2,6,14,15 Zec 13:1
       * Tit 3:5 *Gr:
       * 1Jo 1:7
    - put it.
       * Ex 40:7,30-32
    
    VERSE 19
        * Ex 40:31,32 Ps 26:6 Isa 52:11 Joh 13:8-10 1Co 6:9-11 Tit 3:5
       * Heb 9:10; 10:22 Re 1:5,6
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - die not.
       * Ex 12:15 Le 10:1-3; 16:1,2 1Sa 6:19 1Ch 13:10 Ps 89:7 Ac 5:5,10
       * Heb 12:28,29
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - a statute.
       * Ex 28:43
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - thee principal.
       * Ex 37:29 Ps 45:8 Pr 7:17 So 1:3,13; 4:14 Jer 6:20 Eze 27:19,22
    - pure myrrh.
      Myrrh is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger
      branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia, growing in
      Arabia, Egypt, and Abyssinia.  Its taste is extremely bitter;
      but its smell, though strong, is agreeable; and it entered
      into the composition of the most costly ointments among the
      ancients.  The epithet {deror,} rendered pure, properly
      denotes fluid, from the Arabic {darra,} to flow; by which is
      meant the finest and most excellent kind, called {stacte,}
      which issues of itself from the bark without incision.
    
    - cinnamon.
      {Kinnamon bosem,} odoriferous or spicy cinnamon, is the bark
      of the canella, a small tree of the size of a willow growing
      in the island of Ceylon.
    
    - sweet calamus.
      {Kenaih bosem,} {calamus aromaticus,} or odoriferous cane, is
      a reed growing in Egypt, Syria, and India, about two feet in
      height, bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round,
      containing in its cavity a soft white pith.  It is said to
      scent the air while growing; and when cut down, dried, and
      powdered, makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes.
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - cassia.
       * Ps 45:8
    - the shekel.
       * Nu 3:47 Eze 45:12
    - hin.
       * Ex 29:40 Le 19:36 Nu 15:5
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - apothecary.  or, perfumer.
       * 1Ch 9:30
    - an holy.
       * Ex 37:29 Nu 35:25 Ps 89:20; 133:2 Heb 1:9
    
    VERSE 26
        * Ex 40:9-15 Le 8:10-12 Nu 7:1,10 Isa 61:1 Ac 10:38 2Co 1:21,22
       * 1Jo 2:20,27
    
    VERSE 27
        * :27
    
    VERSE 28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - whatever.
       * Ex 29:37 Le 6:18 Mt 23:17,19
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - anoint.
       * Ex 29:7-37; 40:15 Le 8:12,30 Nu 3:3
    - consecrate.  See on ch.
       * Ex 28:3; 29:9,35
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - an holy.
       * Ex 37:29 Le 8:12; 21:10 Ps 89:20
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - man's.
       * Le 21:10 Mt 7:6
    - it is.
       * :25,37,38
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - compoundeth.
       * :38 Lu 12:1,2 Heb 10:26-29
    - a stranger.
       * Ex 29:33
    - cut off.
       * Ex 12:15,19 Ge 17:14 Le 7:20,21; 17:4,9; 19:8; 23:29 Nu 9:13
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - unto thee.
       * :23; 25:6; 37:29
    - stacte.  Heb. nataph.
      The Jews and others suppose it to be what was afterwards
      called the balm of Jericho, or Gilead.
    
    - onycha.
      The word {shechaileth} is generally allowed to denote onycha,
      (nail-fish, from its form,) as it is rendered by the LXX. and
      Vulgate.  It is the shell of the purpura, and of the whole
      class of murex; and serves as the basis of the principal
      perfumes in India.
    
    - galbanum.
      {Chelbenah,} (probably from {chalay,} milk or gum, and
      {lavan,} white,) is the gummy, resinous juice of an
      umbelliferous plant, the {bubon gumniferum} of Linn'us,
      growing in Syria, Persia, and Africa.  It rises with a
      ligneous stalk from eight to ten feet, and is garnished with
      leaves at every joint.  The top of the stalk is terminated by
      an umbel of yellow flowers which are succeeded by oblong
      channelled seeds, which have a thin membrane or wing on their
      border.  When any part of the plant is broken, there issues
      out a little thin juice, of a cream color, of a fat, tough
      substance, like gum ammoniac, composed of many small, shining
      grains, of a strong, piercing smell and a sharp, warm taste.
    
    - frankincense.
       * Le 2:1,15; 5:11; 24:7 1Ch 9:29,30 Ne 13:5 So 3:6 Mt 2:11
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - perfume.
       * Pr 27:9 So 1:3; 3:6 Joh 12:3
    - after the.
       * :25
    - tempered.  Heb. salted.
       * Le 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - the testimony.  See on ch.
       * Ex 16:34
    - where I will.
       * :6; 25:22; 29:42,43 Le 16:2
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - ye shall.
       * :32,33
    - it shall.
       * Ex 29:37 Le 2:3
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - be cut off.  See on ver.
       * :33
    
    
    
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