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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 5

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      1  Pharaoh chides Moses and Aaron for their message.
     6  He increases the Israelites' task.
    15  He checks their complaints.
    19  They cry out upon Moses and Aaron.
    22  Moses complains to God.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - and told.
       * 1Ki 21:20 Ps 119:46 Eze 2:6 Jon 3:3,4 Mt 10:18,28 Ac 4:29
    - a feast.
       * Ex 10:9 Isa 25:6 1Co 5:8
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Who.
       * Ex 3:19 2Ki 18:35 2Ch 32:15,19 Job 21:15 Ps 10:4; 12:4; 14:1
    - I know not.
       * 1Sa 2:12 Joh 16:3 Ro 1:28 2Th 1:8
    - neither.
       * Ex 3:19 Jer 44:16,17
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - The God.
       * Ex 3:18
    - lest he.
       * De 28:21 2Ki 17:25 2Ch 30:8 Ezr 7:23 Eze 6:11 Zec 14:16-19
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - wherefore.
       * Jer 38:4 Am 7:10 Lu 23:2 Ac 16:20,21; 24:5
    - let.
      {Taphreeoo,} from {pard,} to loose, disengage; and which we
      render let, from the Anglo-Saxon {lettan,} to hinder.  Ye
      hinder the people from their work:  "Get you unto your
      burdens."  "Let religion alone and mind your work."  The
      language not only of tyranny, but of thoughtless irreligion.
    
    - burdens.
       * Ex 1:11
    
    VERSE 5
        * Ex 1:7-11 Pr 14:28
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - taskmasters.
      {Nogesim,} literally, exactors, oppressors.  These
      taskmasters were Egyptians, (ch. 11 1:11,) but the officers were
      Hebrews.  See ver. 14.
    
       * :10,13,15,19; 1:11 Pr 12:10
    - officers.
      {Shoterim,} from the Arabic {saytara,} to overlook,
      superintend, seems to denote, as {musaytar} in Arabic also
      does, overseers, superintendents.  They may have been
      somewhat like the chiefs of trades, who are found in every
      city in the East; where every trade has a head, who is
      entrusted with authority over them, and is in some measure
      answerable for them to Government.  Compare ch. 14 2:14.
    
       * Nu 11:16 De 1:15; 16:18 Jos 8:33; 24:1,4 2Ch 26:11
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - straw.
      The straw was mixed with clay, in order to make the bricks.
      This is expressly affirmed by Philo, (vit. Mos.) who was
      himself a native of Alexandria, in Egypt.  He says,
      describing the oppression of the Israelites, that some were
      obliged to work in clay, and others to gather straw for the
      formation of bricks, [                                  ,]
      because straw is the binding of the brick.  Philo's account
      is confirmed by Dr. Shaw, who says that "some of the Egyptian
      pyramids are made of brick, the composition whereof is only a
      mixture of clay, mud, and straw, slightly blended and kneaded
      together, and afterwards baked in the sun.  The straw, which
      keeps the bricks together, and still preserves its original
      color, seems to be a proof that these bricks were never
      burnt or made in kilns."  The same materials are now used for
      building in Egypt.  Mr. Baumgarten says, "The houses are for
      the most part of bricks that are only hardened by the heat of
      the sun, and mixed with straw to make them firm."
    
       * Ge 24:25 Jud 19:19
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - tale.
      Tale denotes number, from the Anglo-Saxon {t'llan,} to
      number, count, etc.
    
    - ye shall lay.
       * Ps 106:41
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Let there more work be laid upon the men.  Heb. Let the work
      be heavy upon the men.  vain words.
       * 2Ki 18:20 Job 16:3 Jer 43:2 Zec 1:6 Mal 3:14 Eph 5:6
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - taskmasters.
       * Ex 1:11 Pr 29:12
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - not ought.
       * :13,14
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - stubble.
       * Ex 15:7 Isa 5:24; 47:14 Joe 2:5 Na 1:10 Ob 1:18 1Co 3:12
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - daily tasks.  Heb. a matter of a day in his day.
       * :19; 16:4 *marg:
       * Le 23:37 1Ki 8:59 *marg:
       * 2Ki 25:30 1Ch 16:37 2Ch 8:14; 31:16 Ezr 3:4 *marg:
       * Ne 11:23 Jer 52:34 *marg:
    
    VERSE 14
        * :14
    
    VERSE 15
        * :15
    
    VERSE 16
        * :16
    
    VERSE 17
        * Mt 26:8 Joh 6:27 2Th 3:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - yet shall ye deliver.
       * Eze 18:18 Da 2:9-13
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - evil case.
       * De 32:36 Ec 4:1; 5:8
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - The Lord.
       * Ex 4:31; 6:9 Ge 16:5
    - our savor.
       * Ec 10:1 Joe 2:20 2Co 2:15,16
    - to be abhorred.  Heb. to stink.
       * Ge 34:30 1Sa 13:4; 27:12 2Sa 10:6 1Ch 19:6
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - returned.
       * Ex 17:4 1Sa 30:6 Ps 73:25 Jer 12:1
    - why is it.
       * Nu 11:14,15 1Ki 19:4,10 Jer 20:7 Hab 2:3
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - in thy name.
       * Ps 118:26 Jer 11:21 Joh 5:43
    - neither hast thou delivered.  Heb. delivering, thou hast not
      delivered.
       * Isa 26:17,18; 28:16 Heb 10:36,37
    
    
    
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