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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EZEKIEL 48

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      1  The portions of the twelve tribes;
     8  of the sanctuary;
    15  of the city and suburbs;
    21  and of the prince.
    23  The portions of the twelve tribes.
    30  The dimensions and gates of the city.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the names.
       * Ex 1:1-5 Nu 1:5-15; 13:4-15 Re 7:4-8
    - From.
       * Eze 47:15-17 Nu 34:7-9
    - a portion.  Heb. one portion.  Dan.
       * Ge 30:3-6 Jos 19:40-47 Jud 18:26-29 2Sa 24:2 1Ki 12:28,29
       * Mt 20:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Asher.
       * Ge 30:12,13 Jos 19:24-31
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Naphtali.
       * Ge 30:7,8 Jos 19:32-39
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - by the border.
      In this division of the Holy Land, a portion is laid out for
      each of the twelve tribes directly across the country, from
      east to west; and deducting the square of 25,000 reeds, or
      nearly fifty miles on each side, between Judah and Benjamin,
      for the priests, Levites, city, and temple, with the
      inheritance of the prince to the east and west, (see on ch.
      1 45:1,) from 280 miles, the length of the country from north
      to south, there will remain for each tribe a portion of less
      than twenty miles in width, and 150 in length.  This division
      of the land entirely differs from that which was made in the
      days of Joshua, in which the tribes were not only differently
      placed, but confused and inter-mixed; while here distinct
      lots are assigned to each of the twelve tribes, in a regular
      mathematical form.  Literally such a division never took
      place:  it seems to denote the equality of privileges which
      subsists among all the tribes of Believers, of whatever
      nation, and whatever their previous character may have been.
    
    - Manasseh.
       * Ge 30:22-24; 41:51; 48:5,14-20 Jos 13:29-31; 17:1-11
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Ephraim.
       * Jos 16:1-10; 17:8-10,14-18
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - Reuben.
       * Ge 29:32; 49:3,4 Jos 13:15-21
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Judah.
       * Ge 29:35 Jos 15:1-63; 19:9
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the offering.
       * Eze 45:1-6
    - the sanctuary.
       * :35 Isa 12:6; 33:20-22 Zec 2:11,12 2Co 6:16 Eph 2:20-22 Col 2:9
       * Re 21:3,22; 22:3
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the oblation
       * :8,10,21 Eze 44:30
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - for the priests.
       * Eze 44:28; 45:4 Nu 35:1-9 Jos 21:1-45 Mt 10:10 1Co 9:13,14
    - and the sanctuary.
       * :8
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - It shall be for the priests that are sanctified.  or, The
      sanctified portion shall be for the priests.  the sons
       * Eze 40:46; 43:19; 44:15,16
    - charge.  or, ward, or ordinance.
       * Mt 24:45,45,46 2Ti 4:7,8 1Pe 5:4 Re 2:10
    - as the Levites.
       * Eze 44:10
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - a thing.
       * Eze 45:4 Le 27:21
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - five and twenty thousand in.
       * Eze 45:3 De 12:19 Lu 10:7
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - they shall.
       * Ex 22:29 Le 27:10,28,33
    - for.
       * :12 Le 23:20; 27:9,32 Mal 3:8-10
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - a profane.
       * Eze 22:26; 42:20; 44:23; 45:6
    - for the city.
      The holy oblation of 25,000 square reeds, or near fifty
      square miles, was divided into three parts from north to
      south (see on ch. 1 45:1):  a portion on the north of 10,000
      reeds in width, and 25,000 in length, for the priests, in the
      midst of which was the sanctuary or temple, surrounded by a
      wall 500 reeds square, (ver. 9, 10; see on ch. 15 42:15;) next
      to this another portion of the same dimensions for the
      Levites, (ver. 13, 14;) and on the south another portion of
      the same length, but only 5,000 reeds in breadth, for the
      city (ver. 15.)  The city was situated in the midst of this
      portion, being 4,500 reeds, or about nine miles square, (see
      on ver. 30,) having a suburb of 250 reeds, or about half a
      mile, on each side, (ver. 17,) leaving 10,000 reeds or nearly
      ten miles, on the east side, and the same on the west side,
      for the profit of those who serve the city out of all the
      tribes, (ver. 18, 19.)  On the east and west sides of this
      square of 25,000 reeds, is the portion of the prince; each of
      which, estimating the breadth of the land at 150 miles, would
      form a square of fifty miles.  Thus the whole plan of the
      division of the country, laying out of the city, temple, and
      all its appendages, is perfectly regular and uniform; and
      would therefore convey to the minds of the Jews the most
      complete idea they were capable of conceiving of the most
      perfect church, commonwealth, city, temple, and conveniences,
      on the largest and grandest scale for the Divine worship; and
      it doubtless ultimately points out the land of Immanuel, the
      city of the New Jerusalem, and his temple, the Christian
      church, the house of the living God.
    
       * 1Ti 3:15
    
    VERSE 16
        * :16
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - that serve.
       * Jos 9:27 Ezr 2:43-58 Ne 7:46-62
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - shall serve.
       * Eze 45:6 1Ki 4:7-23 Ne 11:1-36
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - four-square.
       * Heb 12:17 Re 21:16
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - the residue.
       * :22; 34:23,24; 37:24; 45:7,8 Ho 1:11
    - and westward.
       * :8-10
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - Benjamin.
       * :1-7 Ge 35:16-19 Jos 18:21-28
    - a portion.  Heb. one portion.
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Simeon.
       * Ge 29:33; 49:5-7 Jos 19:1-9
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - Issachar.
       * Ge 30:14-18 Jos 19:17-23
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Zebulun.
       * Ge 30:19,20 Jos 19:10-16
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Gad.
       * Ge 30:10,11 Jos 13:24-28
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - from Tamar.
       * Eze 47:19 2Ch 20:2
    - strife in Kadesh.  Heb. Meribah-kadesh.
       * Nu 20:1,13 Ps 106:32
    - the river.
       * Ge 15:18 Nu 34:5 Jos 13:3 Isa 27:12
    - the great sea.
       * Eze 47:15,19,20
    
    VERSE 29
        * Eze 47:13-22 Nu 34:2,13 Jos 13:1-45 21:45
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the goings.
       * :16,32-35 Re 21:16
    - four.
      It is certainly most obvious to interpret these measures, not
      of cubits, but of the measuring reed which the prophet's
      conductor had in his hand; according to which, the city would
      be about thirty-six miles in circumference, and nine miles on
      each side of the square; which was nearly nine times larger
      than the greatest extent to which Jerusalem ever attained,
      (See on ver. 15; ch. 16 42:16.)  The large dimensions of the
      city and land were perhaps intended to intimate the extensive
      and glorious propagation of the gospel in the times
      predicted; and the land was not called Canaan, nor the city
      Jerusalem, probably because they were figurative of spiritual
      blessings to the church and to Israel.
    
    
    VERSE 31
        * Isa 26:1,2; 54:12; 60:11 Re 21:12,13,21,25
    
    VERSE 32
        * :32
    
    VERSE 33
        * :33
    
    VERSE 34
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - and the name.
       * Ge 22:14 Jer 33:16 Zec 14:21
    - The Lord.  Heb. JEHOVAH shammah.
       * Ex 15:26; 17:15 Jud 6:24 Ps 46:5; 48:3,14; 68:18; 77:13; 132:14
       * Isa 12:6; 14:32; 24:23 Jer 3:17 Joe 3:21 Zec 2:10 Re 21:3; 22:3
    
    
    
               CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF EZEKIEL.
    
    The character of Ezekiel, as a Writer and Poet, is thus
    admirably drawn by the masterly hand of Bishop Lowth:  "Ezekiel
    is much inferior to Jeremiah in elegance; in sublimity he is
    not even excelled by Isaiah; but his sublimity is of a totally
    different kind.  He is deep, vehement, tragical; his sentiments
    are elevated, animated, full of fire and indignation; his
    imagery is crowded, magnificent, terrific; his language is
    grand, solemn, austere, rough, and at times unpolished; he
    abounds in repetitions, not for the sake of grace or elegance,
    but from vehemence and indignation.  Whatever subject he treats
    of, that he sedulously puruses; from that he rarely departs,
    but cleaves, as it were, to it; whence the connection is in
    general evident and well preserved.  In other respects he may
    perhaps be exceeded by the other prophets; but, for that
    species of composition to which he seems adapted by natural
    gifts, the forcible, impetuous, grave, and grand, not one of
    the sacred writers is superior to him.  His diction is
    sufficiently perspicuous; all his obscurity arises from the
    nature of his subjects.  Visions (as for instance, among
    others, those of Hosea, Amos, and Zechariah,) are necessarily
    dark and confused.  The greater part of Ezekiel, particularly
    towards the middle of the book, is poetical, whether we regard
    the matter of the language."  Abp. Newcombe judiciously
    observes, The Prophet is not to be considered merely as a poet,
    or as a framer of those august and astonishing visions, and of
    those admirable poetical representations, which he committed to
    writing; but as an instrument in the hands of God, who
    vouchsafed to reveal himself, through a long succession of
    ages, not only in divers parts constituting a magnificant and
    uniform whole, but also in different manners, as by voice, by
    dreams, by inspiration, and by plain or enigmatical vision.
    "Ezekiel is a great poet, full of originality; and, in my
    opinion, whoever censures him as if he were only an imitator of
    the old prophets, can never have felt his power.  He must not,
    in general, be compared with Isaiah, and the rest of the old
    prophets.  Those are great, Ezekiel is also great; those in
    their manner of poetry, Ezekiel in his."  To justify this
    character the learned prelate descends to particulars, and
    gives apposite examples, not only of the clear, flowing, and
    nervous, but also of the sublime; and concludes his
    observations on his style, by stating it to be his deliberate
    opinion, that if his "style is the old age of Hebrew language
    and composition, (as has been alleged,) it is a firm and
    vigorous one, and should induce us to trace its youth and
    manhood with the most assiduous attention."  As a Prophet,
    Ezekiel must ever be allowed to occupy a very high rank; and
    few of the prophets have left a more valuable treasure to the
    church of God than he has.  It is true, he is in several places
    obscure; but this resulted either from the nature of his
    subjects, or the events predicted being still unfulfilled; and,
    when time has rolled away the mist of futurity, successive
    generations will then perceive with what heavenly wisdom this
    much neglected prophet has spoken.  There is, however, a great
    proportion of his work which is free from every obscurity, and
    highly edifying.  He has so accurately and minutely foretold
    the fate and condition of various nations and cities, that
    nothing can be more interesting than to trace the exact
    accomplishment of these prophecies in the accounts furnished by
    historians and travellers; while, under the elegant type of a
    new temple to be erected, a new worship to be introduced, and a
    new Jerusalem to be built, with new land to be allotted to the
    twelve tribes, may be discovered the vast extent and glory of
    the New Testament Church.
    
    
    
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