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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EZRA 10

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      1  Ezra encouraged to reform the strange marriages.
     6  Ezra assembles the people.
     9  The people repent, and promise amendment.
    15  The care to perform it.
    18  The names of them which had married strange wives.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - when Ezra.
       * Da 9:3,4,20 Ac 10:30
    - when he had.
       * Le 26:40,41 Ps 32:5 Ho 14:2 1Jo 1:8-10
    - weeping.
       * Ps 136 119:136 Jer 9:1; 13:17 Zec 12:10 Lu 19:41 Ro 9:2
    - before the house.
       * 1Ki 8:30; 9:3 2Ch 20:9
    - a very great.
       * De 31:12 2Ch 20:13 Ne 10:28 Joe 2:16-18 Ac 21:5
    - very sore.  Heb. a great weeping.
       * Jud 2:4,5 Ne 8:9
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Shechaniah.
       * :26 Ne 3:29
    - Elam.
       * Ezr 2:7,31 Ne 7:12,34
    - We have trespassed.
      Shechaniah here speaks in the name of the people, not
      acknowledging himself culpable; for he is not in the following
      list.
    
    - Compare.
       * Jas 9 2:9 Ex 34:12 Ne 13:27
    - yet now there is hope.
       * Ex 34:6,7 Isa 55:6,7 Jer 3:12,13 1Jo 1:7-9
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - let us make.
      {Nichrath berith,} "let us cut a covenant:"  see on
    
       * De 29:12 Jos 9:6 2Ki 11:17 2Ch 29:10; 34:31,32 Ne 9:38
       * Ne 10:29-39
    - put away.  Heb. bring forth.  according to the counsel.
       * 2Ch 30:12
    - of those that.
       * Ezr 9:4 2Ch 34:21,27 Ps 119:59,120 Isa 66:2 Eze 9:4
    - at the commandment.
       * De 7:2,3 Jos 23:12,13
    - let it.
       * Ne 8:14; 13:1-3 Isa 8:20
      Shechaniah's counsel, which he was then so clear in, will not
      hold now:  such marriages, it is certain, are contrary to the
      will of God, and ought not to be made; but they are not null.
      Our rule under the gospel is {Quod fieri non debuit, factum
      valet,} "That which ought not to have been done must, when
      done, abide."  See
    
       * 1Co 7:12,13
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Arise.
       * Jos 7:10-26 1Ch 22:16,19 Ec 9:10
    - for this matter.
      By the decree of Artaxerxes, Ezra was authorised to do every
      thing that the law of God required.
    
       * Ezr 7:23-28 Mr 13:34
    - we also will.
       * Jos 1:16-18 1Ch 28:10,21
    - be of good.
       * Isa 35:3,4 Heb 10:24; 12:12,13
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - arose.
       * Pr 1:5; 9:9; 15:23; 25:11,12; 27:9
    - made.
       * :3 Ne 5:12; 10:29; 13:25 Mt 26:63
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - the chamber.
       * Ne 13:5
    - Johanan.
       * Ne 3:1,20; 12:10,22; 13:28
    - he did eat.
       * De 9:18 Job 23:12 Joh 4:31-34
    - he mourned.
       * Ezr 9:4 Isa 22:12 Da 9:3
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - they made.
       * Ezr 1:1 2Ch 30:5
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - And that whosoever.
       * Ezr 7:26 Jud 21:5 1Sa 11:7
    - forfeited.  Heb. devoted.
       * Le 27:28 Jos 6:19
    - himself separated.
       * Ne 13:3 Mt 18:17 Joh 9:22,34; 16:2 1Co 5:13
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the ninth month.
      That is, some time in December, which is the coldest and most
      rainy time of the year in Palestine.  Dr. Russel, in his
      account of the weather at Aleppo, which very much resembles
      that in Judea, says, that the natives reckon the severity of
      the winter, which they call {marbania,} to last but forty
      days, beginning from the 12th of December, and ending the 20th
      of January, and that this computation comes in fact very near
      the truth:  and that the air during this time is excessively
      piercing, even to those that are just come from a cold
      climate.
    
       * Ezr 7:8,9 Es 2:16
    - trembling.
       * 1Sa 12:17,18 Jer 10:10,13
    - great rain.  Heb. showers.
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - taken.  Heb. caused to dwell.  or, brought back.  to
      increase.
       * Ezr 9:6 Nu 32:14 Jos 22:17,18 2Ch 28:13 Mt 23:32
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - make confession.
       * Le 26:40-42 Jos 7:19 Ps 32:5 Pr 28:13 Jer 3:13 1Jo 1:7-9
    - do his.
       * Isa 1:16-18; 56:4 Ro 12:2 Col 1:10 Heb 13:21
    - separate.
       * Ezr 9:1 Ne 13:3 2Co 6:17
    - and from the.
       * De 7:3,4 1Co 2:12-14
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - As thou hast said.
      They all resolved to do what Ezra had commanded; and they did
      put away their wives, even those by whom they had children,
      (ver. 44,) each of whom doubtless received a portion according
      to the circumstances of her husband, and was not turned away
      desolate.  Humanity must have dictated this, and no law of God
      is contrary to humanity.
    
    - so must we do.
       * :3,4 Ne 13:23 Ps 78:37,57
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - the people.
       * :18-44 Mt 7:13,14
    - we are many that have transgressed in this thing.  or, we
      have greatly offended in this thing.
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - our rulers.
       * De 17:9,18,19 2Ch 19:5-7
    - the fierce.
       * Nu 25:4 De 13:17 Jos 7:26 2Ch 29:10; 30:8 Ps 78:38 Isa 12:1
    - for this matter be turned from us.  or, be turned from us,
      till this matter be dispatched.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - were employed.  Heb. stood.  Meshullam.
       * Ne 3:6; 10:20; 12:33
    - Shabbethai.
       * Ne 11:16
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - to examine the matter.
       * De 13:14 Job 29:16 Joh 7:51
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - A.M. 3548.  B.C. 456.  the first day.
      The cases brought before the council were either so many, or
      so complicated, that, though they separated themselves from
      other employments, yet they were three whole months in
      examining into their affairs, and making the necessary
      separations required by the law.
    
       * :17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - the sons.
       * Ezr 9:1 Le 21:7,13-15 1Sa 2:22-24 Ne 13:28 Jer 23:11,14 Eze 44:22
       * Mal 2:8,9 1Ti 3:11
    - Jeshua.  See on ch.
       * Ezr 2:2; 3:2; 5:2 1Ch 6:14,15 Ne 12:10 Hag 1:1 Zec 3:1
    - Joshua.  Maaseiah.
       * Ne 8:4,7
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - gave their hands.
      They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the
      rest of the delinquents had done, and make and acknowledgment
      to God of their iniquity, by offering each a ram for a
      trespass offering.
    
       * 2Ki 10:15 1Ch 29:24 2Ch 30:8 *marg:
       * La 5:6 Ga 2:9
    - a ram.
       * Le 5:15,16; 6:4,6
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Immer.
       * Ezr 2:37 1Ch 24:14 Ne 7:40
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - Harim.
       * Ezr 2:39 1Ch 24:8 Ne 7:42
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - Pashur.
       * Ezr 2:38 1Ch 9:12 Ne 7:41
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - Jozabad.
       * Ezr 8:33 Ne 11:16
    - Kelita.
       * Ne 10:10
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - singers.
       * 2Ch 35:15
    - Elishib.  i.e., God brings back.
       * 1Ch 3:24
    - porters.
       * 1Ch 16:42 *marg:
       * 1Ch 23:5 2Ch 35:15
    - Shallum.  i.e., recompensed.
       * 2Ki 15:10
    - Telem.  i.e., oppression; covering them, casting them out.
      <\\S#2928h\\>.
       * :24 Jos 15:24 1Sa 15:4
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - Moreover of Israel.
      That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites; thus
      distinguished from the priests, Levites, and singers,
      mentioned in ver. 18, 23, 24.
    
    - sons of Parosh.
       * Ezr 2:3 Ne 7:8
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Elam.
       * :2; 2:7,31; 8:7 Ne 7:12,34
    - Jehiel.
       * :2
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Zattu.
       * Ezr 2:8 Ne 7:13
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - Bebai.
       * Ezr 2:11; 8:11 Ne 7:16
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Bani.
       * Ezr 2:10 Ne 7:15
    - Binnui.  Malluch.
       * Ne 10:4
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - Pahath-moab.
       * Ezr 2:6; 8:4 Ne 7:11
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Harim.
       * Ezr 2:32 Ne 7:35
    - Malchiah.
      This variation only exists in the translation, the original
      being uniformly Malchijah, or rather, Malkeeyah.
    
       * Ne 3:11
    - Malchijah.
    
    VERSE 32
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - Hashum.
       * Ezr 2:19 Ne 7:22
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - Bani.
       * :29
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - Benaiah.  i.e., built up of Jah.
       * 1Ch 15:24
    - Bedeiah.  i.e., servant of Jehovah; separated of the Lord; in
      the strength, defense, or covering of the Lord; isolated of
      Jah.  <\\S#912h\\>.
    - Chelluh.  i.e., completion of Jah; completed; consumed of the
      Lord; determine ye him.  <\\S#3622h\\>.
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - Vaniah.  i.e., oppression; Jah is praised; torpid; weak; and
      we were oppressed.  <\\S#2057h\\>.
    - Meremoth.  i.e., heights.
       * Ezr 8:33
    - Eliashib.  i.e., God brings back.
       * 1Ch 3:24
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - Mattaniah.
       * :30
    - Mattenai.
       * :33
    - Jaasau.  i.e., made of Jah; whom Jehovah has made; made of the
      Lord; they will make of him; they will perform.
      <\\S#3299h\\>.
    
    VERSE 38
        * :38
    
    VERSE 39
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - Machnadebai.  or, Mabnadebai, according to some copies.
      i.e., a bond; what is like the liberality of the Lord; he
      brought low my willing ones.  <\\S#4367h\\>.
    - Shashai.  i.e., whitish, or sixth; habitation of the Lord; my
      linens.  <\\S#8343h\\>.
    - Sharai.  i.e., beginning; liberated of the Lord; my settings
      free; my observers.  <\\S#8298h\>\.
       * :40
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - Azareel.  i.e., help of God.
       * 1Ch 12:6
    - Shelemiah.  i.e., peace of Jah.
       * 1Ch 26:14
    - Shemariah.  i.e., kept of Jah.
       * 1Ch 12:5
    
    VERSE 42
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - Nebo.
       * Ezr 2:29 Ne 7:33
    
    
    VERSE 44 
     - strange wives.
       * Pr 2:16; 5:3,20
    - and some of them.
      This observation was probably intended to shew that only a few
      of them had children, and also how rigorously the law was put
      in execution.  According to a passage in Justin Martyr's
      Dialogue with Trypho, a Jew, Ezra offered a passover lamb on
      this occasion, and addressed the people thus:  "And Ezra said
      to the people, This pass-over is our Savior and our Refuge;
      and if ye will be persuaded of it, and let it enter into your
      hearts, that we are to humble to Him in a sign, and afterwards
      shall believe in Him, this place shall not be destroyed for
      ever, saith the Lord of hosts; but, if ye will not believe in
      Him, nor hearken to his preaching, ye shall be a
      laughing-stock to the Gentiles."  This was probably a marginal
      note added by some early Christian.
    
    
    
                CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF EZRA.
    
      This book details the events of a very interesting period of
      the Sacred History, when, according to the decree of
      Providence, the Jewish people were to be delivered from their
      captivity, at the expiration of seventy years, and restored to
      the land of their fathers.  This book informs us how the
      Divine goodness accomplished this most gracious design, and
      the movers and agents He employed on the occasion.  Ezra was
      undoubtedly the chief agent under God in effecting this
      arduous work; and his zeal, piety, knowledge, and discretion,
      appear here in a most conspicuous2
      point of view, and claim our
      utmost admiration.  Descended from Seraiah, in a direct line
      from Aaron, he seems to have united all the requisites of a
      profound statesmen with the functions of the sacerdotal
      character.  He appears to have made the Sacred Scriptures,
      during the captivity, his peculiar study; and, perhaps
      assisted by Nehemiah and the great synagogue, he corrected the
      errors which had crept into the Sacred Writings, through the
      negligence or mistake of transcribers; he collected all the
      books of which the Sacred Scriptures then consisted, disposed
      them in their proper order, and settled the canon of
      Scriptures for his time; he occasionally added, under the
      dictation of the Holy Spirit, whatever appeared necessary for
      the purpose of illustrating, completing, or connecting them;
      he substituted the modern for the ancient names of some
      places, which had now become obsolete; and transcribed the
      whole of the Scriptures into the Chaldee character.  He is
      said to have lived to the age of 120 years, and, according to
      Josephus, was buried in Jerusalem; but the Jews believe he
      died in Persia, in a second journey to Artaxerxes, where his
      tomb is shown in the city of Zamusa.  Though not styled a
      prophet, he wrote under the Divine Spirit; and the canonical
      authority of his book has never been disputed.  It is written
      with all the spirit and fidelity that could be displayed by a
      writer of contemporary times; and those parts which chiefly
      consist of letters, decrees, etc., are written in Chaldee,
      because it seemed more suitable to the fidelity of a sacred
      historian to give these official documents, as they may be
      termed, in the original language, especially as the people,
      recently returned from the captivity, were familiar, and
      perhaps more conversant with the Chaldee, than with the
      Hebrew.
    
    
    
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