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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EZRA 8

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      1  The companions of Ezra, who returned from Babylon.
    15  He sends to Iddo for ministers for the temple.
    21  He keeps a fast.
    24  He commits the treasures to the custody of the priests.
    31  From Ahava they come to Jerusalem.
    33  The treasure is weighed in the temple.
    36  The commission is delivered.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the chief.
       * Ezr 1:5 1Ch 9:34; 24:31; 26:32 2Ch 26:12 Ne 7:70,71
    - genealogy.
       * Ezr 2:62 1Ch 4:33; 9:1
    - them that went up.
       * Ezr 7:7,13
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Phinehas.
       * 1Ch 6:3,4-15; 24:1-6
    - David.
       * 1Ch 3:1,22
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Pharosh.
      This variation is attributable to the translators; the
      original being uniformly Par"sh.
    
       * Ezr 2:3 Ne 7:8; 10:14
    - Parosh.
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Pahath-moab.
       * Ezr 2:6 Ne 7:11; 10:14
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Shechaniah.
       * :3
    - Jahaziel.  i.e., seen of God.
       * 1Ch 24:23
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - Adin.
       * Ezr 2:15 Ne 7:20; 10:16
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Elam.
       * Ezr 2:7,31 Ne 7:12,34
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Shephatiah.
       * Ezr 2:4 Ne 7:9; 11:4
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Joab.
       * Ezr 2:6 Ne 7:11
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Shelomith.  i.e., peaceful.
       * Le 24:11
    - Josiphiah.  i.e., added to by Jah; Jah will increase.
      <\\S#3131h\\>.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Bebai.
       * Ezr 2:11; 10:28 Ne 7:16
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Azgad.
       * Ezr 2:12 Ne 7:17
    - the son of Hakkatan.  or, the youngest son.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Adonikam.
       * Ezr 2:13 Ne 7:18
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - Bigvai.
       * Ezr 2:14 Ne 7:19
    - Zabbud.  or, Zaccur, as some read.
       * Ne 10:12
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - the river that runneth.
      Ahava is supposed to be the river Adiava, which, with the
      Diava, is said by Ammianus to have given name to Adiabene, a
      province of Assyria, through which they flowed into the
      Tigris.  These rivers were also called respectively, Anzabas
      and Zabas, the Caprus and Lycus of Ptolemy; the former of
      which he places, at its source, in long. 79, lat. 39, and
      at its junction with the Tigris, in long. 79, lat. 36 6';
      and the latter, at its source, in long 78, lat. 39; and
      where it falls into the Tigris, in long. 79, lat. 36.  They
      are now called the Great and Little Zab, or the Zabein, i.e.,
      the two Zabs, which, says Ibn Haukal, "are considerable
      streams, each about half as large as the Dejleh (or Tigris).
      They rise among the mountains of Azerbaijan:  of these, the
      larger is that which runs towards Haditheh.  These streams
      form part of the Tigris, and water the district of Semerah."
    
       * Ps 137:1 Eze 1:1; 3:15 Ac 16:13
    - Ahava.
       * :21,31
    - abode.  Heb. pitched.  and found.
       * :2; 7:7,24
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Shemaiah.
       * :13; 10:21
    - Nathan.
       * Ezr 10:39
    - Zechariah.
       * :11
    - chief men.
       * :1
    - men of understanding.
       * :18 1Ki 3:11 1Ch 12:32; 26:14 2Ch 2:12 Pr 2:6; 20:5; 28:2 Da 2:21
       * 2Ti 2:7 1Jo 5:20
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - Casiphia.
      Casiphia is supposed to denote the Caspian mountains, between
      Media and Hyrcania, near the Caspian Sea.  It is evident, from
      a comparison of ch. 9 7:9 with ver. 31, that Casiphia could not
      be far from Ahava.
    
    - I told them.  Heb. I put words in their mouth.
       * Ex 4:15 De 18:18 2Sa 14:3,19 Jer 1:9; 15:19
    - the Nethinims.
       * Ezr 2:43,58; 7:7
    - ministers.
       * Nu 8:22-26; 18:6 1Ch 23:3-6,26-32 Tit 1:5
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - by the good hand.
       * :22; 7:28 Ne 2:8 Pr 3:6
    - a man of understanding.  See on ver.
       * :16 Pr 24:3 Jer 3:15 Da 1:20 1Co 14:20
    - Mahli.
       * Nu 3:20 1Ch 6:19
    - Sherebiah.
       * :24 Ne 8:7; 9:4,5; 10:12; 12:24
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Hashabiah.
       * Ne 3:17; 10:11
    - Merari.
       * 1Ch 6:1,16,19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Nethinims.
       * :17; 2:43; 7:7 1Ch 9:2
    - all of them.
       * Php 4:3
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - I proclaimed.
       * Jud 20:26 1Sa 7:6 2Ch 20:3 Joe 1:14; 2:12-18 Jon 3:5
    - afflict ourselves.
       * Le 16:29,31; 23:29 Isa 58:3,5 Jer 31:8,9; 50:4,5
    - to seek.
       * Ps 5:8; 107:2-8; 143:8-10 Pr 3:6 Isa 30:21; 35:8; 42:16; 49:10
       * Jer 10:23
    - for our little ones.
       * Nu 14:3,31 Ps 8:2 Mr 10:13-16 Ac 2:39
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - I was ashamed.
       * 1Co 9:15 2Co 7:14
    - The hand.
       * Ezr 7:6,9,28 1Ch 28:9 2Ch 16:9 Ps 33:18,19; 34:15,22 Isa 3:10,11
       * La 3:25 Ro 8:28 1Pe 3:12
    - his power and his wrath.
       * Jos 23:16 2Ch 15:2 Ps 21:8,9; 34:16; 90:11 Zep 1:2-6 Heb 10:38
       * 1Pe 3:12
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - we fasted.
       * Ne 9:1 Es 4:16 Da 9:3 Lu 2:37 Ac 10:30
    - besought.
       * Jer 29:12,13; 33:3; 50:4,5
    - and he was intreated.
       * :31 De 4:29 1Ch 5:20 2Ch 33:12,13 Ps 66:18-20 Isa 19:22
       * Jer 29:12,13 Mt 7:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Sherebiah.
       * :18,19
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - weighed.
       * :33; 1:8 2Co 8:20,21 Php 4:8
    - the silver.
       * Ezr 7:15,16
    
    VERSE 26
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - fine copper.  Heb. yellow, or shining brass.
      The Syriac renders, {nechosho korinthyo tovo,} "good
      Corinthian brass;" so called from the brass found after the
      burning of Corinth by Lucius Mummius, which was, as is
      generally supposed, brass, copper, silver, and gold, melted
      together.  Sir J. Chardin, however, in a MS. note, cited by
      Harmer, mentioned a factitious metal used in the East, and
      highly esteemed there, which might probably be of an origin as
      ancient as Ezra.  He says, "I have heard some Dutch gentlemen
      speak of a metal in the island of Sumatra, and among the
      Macassars, much more esteemed than gold, which royal
      personages alone are privileged to wear.  It is a mixture, if
      I remember right, of gold and steel, or copper and steel."  He
      afterwards added, "calmbac is the name of this metal, which is
      composed of gold and copper."
    
    - precious.  Heb. desirable.
       * La 4:2
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - Ye are holy.
       * Le 21:6-8 De 33:8 Isa 52:11
    - the vessels.
       * Ezr 1:7-11 Le 22:2,3 Nu 4:4-15,19,20; 7:13,84-88 1Ki 7:48-51
       * 1Ch 23:28 2Ch 24:14
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Watch ye.
       * 1Ch 26:20-26 Mr 13:34,35 Ac 20:31 2Ti 4:5
    - until ye weigh them before.
       * :33,34
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the house of our God.
       * :22 1Ch 29:2,3 Ps 122:9 Isa 60:13
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - the river of Ahava.
       * :15,21
    - the hand.
       * :22; 7:9,28 Job 5:19-24 Ps 91:9-14 Isa 41:10-14 Ac 25:3; 26:22
    - and he delivered.
      Ezra and his company had now entered upon a journey of several
      hundred miles through the desert, which they were nearly four
      months in completing, encumbered with families and
      possessions, and carrying large treasures with them, which
      would invite the attempts of the Arabian hordes, and others,
      that infested that neighborhood; yet, having declared to the
      king, "that the hand of God was upon all them for good that
      seek him, and that his power and wrath were against all them
      that forsook him," (ver. 22,) he determined to travel without
      a guard, except that of the Almighty, being ashamed to ask any
      other, after his former avowed confidence in Him!  Having,
      therefore, humbled themselves before the Lord, and besought
      his guidance and protection, he was intreated by them, their
      enemies were restrained or disabled, and they arrived
      unmolested at Jerusalem.
    
    VERSE 32
        * Ezr 7:8,9 Ne 2:11
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - weighed.
       * :26,30 1Ch 28:14-18 2Co 8:20,21
    - Meremoth.
       * Ne 10:5
    - Uriah.
       * Ne 3:4
    - Urijah.  Jozabad.
       * Ne 8:7
    - Binnui.
       * Ne 10:9
    
    VERSE 34
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - offered burnt.
       * Le 1:1-7:38 2Ch 29:31,32 Ps 66:10-15; 116:12-19 Lu 1:74,75
    - twelve bullocks.
       * Ezr 6:17 Nu 7:27
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - the king's commissions.
       * Ezr 7:21-24
    - lieutenants.
       * Ezr 4:7-23; 5:6-17
    - they furthered.
       * Ezr 6:13 Isa 56:6,7 Ac 18:27 Re 12:16
    
    
    
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