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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ISAIAH 36

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      1  Sennacherib invades Judah.
     2  Rabshakeh, sent by Sennacherib, by blasphemous persuasions
        solicits the people to revolt.
    22  His words are told to Hezekiah.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - it came.
       * 2Ki 18:13,17 2Ch 32:1
    - that Sennacherib.
       * Isa 1:7,8; 7:17; 8:7,8; 10:28-32; 33:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - A.M. 3294.  B.C. 710.  sent.
       * 2Ki 18:17-37 2Ch 32:9-23
    - the conduit.
       * Isa 7:3; 22:9-11
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Eliakim.
       * Isa 22:15-20
    - Shebna.
       * 2Sa 8:16,17; 20:24,25
    - scribe.  or, secretary.
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Thus saith.
       * Isa 10:8-14; 37:11-15 Pr 16:18 Eze 31:3-18 Da 4:30 Ac 12:22,23
       * Jude 1:16
    - Assyria.
      Assyria proper, now Kourdistan, was bounded by Armenia on the
      north, Media and Persia on the east, Babylonia on the south,
      and the Tigris, which divides it from Mesopotamia, on the
      west, between 33 and 38 N. lat. and 42 and 46 E. long.
      But the Assyrian empire, the bounds of which were different at
      different times, in its most flourishing state, according to
      the descriptions of the Greek and Roman writers, comprehended
      all the countries and nations between the Mediterranean on the
      west, and the Indus on the east, and between the deserts of
      Scythia on the north, and the Indian ocean on the south.
    
    - What.
       * 2Ki 18:5,19-37; 19:10 2Ch 32:7-10,14-16 Ps 42:3,10; 71:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - vain words.  Heb. a word of lips.  I have counsel and
      strength for war.  or, but counsel and strength are for the
      war.
       * Pr 21:30,31; 24:5,6
    - that.
       * 2Ki 18:7; 24:1 Ne 2:19,20 Jer 52:3 Eze 17:15
    
    VERSE 6
        * Isa 20:5,6; 30:1-7; 31:3 2Ki 17:4; 18:21 Jer 37:5-8 Eze 29:6,7
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - We trust.
       * 2Ki 18:5,22 1Ch 5:20 2Ch 16:7-9; 32:7,8 Ps 22:4,5; 42:5,10,11
    - is it not.
       * De 12:2-6,13,14 2Ki 18:4 2Ch 30:14; 31:1; 32:12 1Co 2:15
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - pledges.  or, hostages.
       * 2Ki 14:14
    - and I.
       * Isa 10:13,14 1Sa 17:40-43 1Ki 20:10,18 2Ki 18:23 Ne 4:2-5
       * Ps 20:7,8; 123:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the least.
       * Isa 10:8 2Ki 18:24
    - and put.
       * :6; 30:16,17 De 17:16 Pr 21:31 Jer 2:36
    
    VERSE 10
        * Isa 10:5-7; 37:28 1Ki 13:18 2Ki 18:25 2Ch 35:21 Am 3:6
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - in the Syrian.
       * 2Ki 18:26,27 Ezr 4:7 Da 2:4
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - that they may.
       * Isa 9:20 Le 26:29 De 28:53-57 2Ki 6:25-29; 18:27 Jer 19:9
       * La 4:9,10 Eze 4:16
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - cried.
       * 1Sa 17:8-11 2Ki 18:28-32 2Ch 32:18 Ps 17:10-13; 73:8,9; 82:6,7
    - Hear.
       * :4; 8:7; 10:8-13 Eze 31:3-10 Da 4:37
    
    VERSE 14
        * Isa 37:10-13 2Ki 19:10-13,22 2Ch 32:11,13-19 Da 3:15-17; 6:20
       * Da 7:25 2Th 2:4 Re 13:5,6
    
    VERSE 15
        * :7; 37:23,24 Ps 4:2; 22:7,8; 71:9-11 Mt 27:43
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Make an agreement with me by a present.  or, Seek my favor
      by a present.  Heb. Make with me a blessing.
       * Ge 32:20; 33:11 1Sa 25:27 2Sa 8:6 2Ki 5:15; 18:31 2Co 9:5 *marg:
    - come out.
       * 1Sa 11:3 2Ki 24:12-16
    - eat ye.
       * 1Ki 4:20,25 Mic 4:4 Zec 3:10
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - I come.
       * 2Ki 17:6-23; 18:9-12; 24:11 Pr 12:10
    - a land of corn.
       * Ex 3:8 De 8:7-9; 11:12 Job 20:17
      The other copy in 2 Ki 32 18:32, adds here, "a land of oil olive,
      and of honey; that ye may live, and not die:  and hearken not
      unto Hezekiah when he seduceth you."
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - lest.
       * :7,10,15; 37:10 Ps 12:4; 92:5-7
    - Hath.
       * Isa 37:12,13,17,18 2Ki 18:33-35; 19:12,13,17,18 2Ch 32:13-17
       * Ps 115:2-8; 135:5,6,15-18 Jer 10:3-5,10-12 Da 3:15 Hab 2:19,20
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Hamath.
       * Nu 34:8 2Sa 8:9
    - Arphad.
      The variation of Arphad and Arpad exists only in the
      translation; the original being uniformly [               .]
    
       * Isa 10:9 Jer 49:23
    - Arpad.
    - Sepharvaim.
      Calmet is of opinion that Sepharvaim was the capital of the
      Saspires, who, according to Herodotus, were the only people
      that inhabited between the Colchians and Medes; and probably
      the Sarapases, whom Strabo places in Armenia.  Hiller
      considers the name as denoting Sephar of the Parvaim, i.e.,
      Mount Sephar adjacent to the regions of Arabia called Parvaim.
      But it is more probable, as Wells and others suppose, that
      Sepharvaim is the [                ,] Sipphara, of Ptolemy,
      the [               ,] the city of the Sippareni, mentioned by
      Abydenus, and probably the Hipparenum of Pliny, a city of
      Mesopotamia, situated upon the Euphrates, near where it is
      divided into two arms, by one of which, it is probable, it was
      divided into two parts.
    
       * 2Ki 17:24
    - and have.
       * Isa 10:10,11 2Ki 17:5-7; 18:10-12
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - that the Lord.
       * Isa 37:18,19,23-29; 45:16,17 Ex 5:2 2Ki 19:22-37 2Ch 32:15,19
       * Job 15:25,26; 40:9-12 Ps 50:21; 73:9 Da 3:15
    
    VERSE 21
        * 2Ki 18:26,37 Ps 38:13-15; 39:1 Pr 9:7; 26:4 Am 5:13 Mt 7:6
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - Eliakim.
       * :3,11
    - with their.
       * Isa 33:7; 37:1,2 2Ki 5:7 Ezr 9:3 Mt 26:65
      The history of the invasion of Sennacherib, observes Bp.
      Lowth, and the miraculous destruction of his army, which makes
      the subject of so many of Isaiah's prophecies, is very
      properly inserted here, as affording the best light to many
      parts of these prophecies; and as almost necessary to
      introduce the prophecy in the 37th chapter, being the answer
      of God to Hezekiah's prayer, which could not be properly
      understood without it.  Sennacherib succeeded his father
      Shalmaneser on the throne of Assyria, A.M. 3290, B.C. 714, and
      reigned only about eight years.
    
    
    
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