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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    JOSHUA 24

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      1  Joshua assembles the tribes at Shechem.
     2  A brief history of God's benefits, from Terah.
    14  He renews the covenant between them and God.
    26  A stone the witness of the covenant.
    29  Joshua's age, death, and burial.
    32  Joseph's bones are buried.
    33  Eleazar dies.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Joshua.
      This must have been a different assembly from that mentioned
      in the preceding chapter, though probably held not long after
      the former.
    
    - Shechem.
      As it is immediately added, that "they presented themselves
      before God," which is supposed to mean at the tabernacle; some
      are of opinion that Joshua caused it to be conveyed from
      Shiloh to Shechem on this occasion, to give the greater
      solemnity to his last meeting with the people.  The Vatican
      and Alexandrian copies of the Septuagint, however, read
      [Selo,] both here and in verse 25; which many suppose to have
      been the original reading.  Dr. Shuckford supposes that the
      covenant was made at Shechem, and that the people went to
      Shiloh to confirm it.  But the most probable opinion seems to
      be that of Dr. Kennicott, that when all the tribes were
      assembled as Shechem, Joshua called the chiefs to him on that
      mount, which had before been consecrated by the law, and by
      the altar which he had erected.
    
       * Ge 12:6; 33:18,19; 35:4 Jud 9:1-3 1Ki 12:1
    - called.
       * Jos 23:2 Ex 18:25,26
    - presented.
       * 1Sa 10:19 Ac 10:33
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Your fathers.
       * Ge 11:26,31; 12:1; 31:53 De 26:5 Isa 51:2 Eze 16:3
    - served other gods.
      In the case of Abraham this was probably the case, till he was
      called to the knowledge of God, when above 70 years old.
    
       * :15 Ge 31:19,30,32,53; 35:4
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - I took.
       * Ge 12:1-4 Ne 9:7,8 Ac 7:2,3
    - gave.
       * Ge 21:2,3 Ps 127:3
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - unto Isaac.
       * Ge 25:24-26
    - unto Esau.
       * Ge 32:3; 36:8 De 2:5
    - Jacob.
       * Ge 46:1-7 Ps 105:23 Ac 7:15
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - sent.
       * Ex 3:10; 4:12,13 Ps 105:26
    - plagued.
       * Ex 7:1-51 12:51 Ps 78:43-51; 105:27-36; 135:8,9; 136:10
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - I brought.
       * Ex 12:37,51 Mic 6:4
    - Egyptians.
       * Ex 14:1-27 15:27 Ne 9:11 Ps 77:15-20; 78:13; 136:13-15
       * Isa 63:12,13 Ac 7:36 Heb 11:29
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - And when.
       * Ex 14:10
    - he put.
       * Ex 14:20
    - brought.
       * Ex 14:27,28
    - your eyes.
       * Ex 14:31 De 4:34; 29:2
    - ye dwelt.
       * Jos 5:6 Nu 14:33,34 Ne 9:12-21 Ps 95:9,10 Ac 13:17,18 Heb 3:17
    
    VERSE 8
        * Jos 13:10 Nu 21:21-35 De 2:32-37; 3:1-7 Ne 9:22 Ps 135:10,11
       * Ps 136:17-22
    
    VERSE 9
        * Nu 22:5,6-21 De 23:4,5 Jud 11:25 Mic 6:5
    
    VERSE 10
        * Nu 22:11,12,18-20,35; 23:3-12,15-26; 24:5-10 Isa 54:17
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - And ye.
       * Jos 3:14-17; 4:10-12,23 Ps 114:3,5
    - the men.
       * Jos 6:1-27; 10:1-23 11:23 Ne 9:24,25 Ps 78:54,55; 105:44 Ac 7:45; 13:19
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - I sent.
       * Ex 23:28 De 7:20
    - not.
       * Ps 44:3-6
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - And I.
       * Jos 21:45
    - cities.
       * Jos 11:13 De 6:10-12; 8:7 Pr 13:22
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - fear.
       * De 10:12 1Sa 12:24 Job 1:1; 28:28 Ps 111:10; 130:4 Ho 3:5
       * Ac 9:31
    - serve.
       * :23 Ge 17:1; 20:5,6 De 18:13 2Ki 20:3 Ps 119:1,80 Lu 8:15
       * Joh 4:23,24 2Co 1:12 Eph 6:24 Php 1:10
    - put.
      From this exhortation of Joshua, we not only learn that the
      Israelites still retained some relics of idolatry, but to what
      gods they were attached.  1.  Those whom their fathers
      worshipped on the other side of the food, or the river
      Euphrates, i.e., the gods of the Chaldeans, fire, light, the
      sun, etc.  2.  Those of the Egyptians, Apis, Anubis, serpents,
      vegetables, etc.  3.  Those of the Amorites, Moabites,
      Canaanites, etc., Baal-peor, Astarte, etc.  How astonishing is
      it, that after all that God had done for them, and all the
      miracles they had seen, there should still be found among them
      both idols and idolaters!
    
       * :2,23 Ge 35:2 Ex 20:3,4 Le 17:7 Ezr 9:11 Eze 20:18 Am 5:25,26
    - in Egypt.
       * Eze 20:7,8; 23:3
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - choose.
       * Ru 1:15,16 1Ki 18:21 Eze 20:39 Joh 6:67
    - whether the gods.
       * :14
    - or the gods.
       * Ex 23:24,32,33; 34:15 De 13:7; 29:18 Jud 6:10
    - as for me.
       * Ge 18:19 Ps 101:2; 119:106,111,112 Joh 6:68 Ac 11:23
    
    VERSE 16
        * 1Sa 12:23 Ro 3:6; 6:2 Heb 10:38,39
    
    VERSE 17
        * :5-14 Ex 19:4 De 32:11,12 Isa 46:4; 63:7-14 Am 2:9,10
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - will we also.
       * Ex 10:2; 15:2 Ps 116:16 Mic 4:2 Zec 8:23 Lu 1:73-75
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Ye cannot.
       * :23 Ru 1:15 Mt 6:24 Lu 14:25-33
    - holy.
       * Le 10:3; 19:2 1Sa 6:20 Ps 99:5,9 Isa 5:16; 6:3-5; 30:11,15
       * Hab 1:13
    - a jealous.
       * Ex 20:5; 34:14 1Co 10:20-22
    - he will not.
       * Ex 23:21; 34:7 1Sa 3:14 2Ch 36:16 Isa 27:11
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - he will turn.
       * Jos 23:12-15 1Ch 28:9 2Ch 15:2 Ezr 8:22 Isa 1:28; 63:10; 65:11,12
       * Jer 17:13 Eze 18:24 Ac 7:42 Heb 10:26,27,38
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - Nay.
       * Ex 19:8; 20:19; 24:3,7 De 5:27,28; 26:17 Isa 44:5
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - Ye are witnesses.
      Ye have been sufficiently apprised of the difficulties in your
      way--of God's holiness, and the nature of his service--your
      own weakness, inconstancy, and insufficiency--your need of the
      Divine help, and the hope of assistance held out in the
      law--and the awful consequences of apostasy:  and now ye make
      your choice.  Remember then that ye are witnesses against
      yourselves; and your own conscience will be witness, judge,
      and executioner.
    
       * De 26:17 Job 15:6 Lu 19:22
    - ye have.
       * Ps 119:11,173 Lu 10:42
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - put away.
       * :14 Ge 35:2-4 Ex 20:23 Jud 10:15,16 1Sa 7:3,4 Ho 14:2,3,8
       * 1Co 10:19-21 2Co 6:16-18
    - incline.
       * Pr 2:2 Heb 12:28,29
    
    VERSE 24
        * De 5:28,29
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - made.
       * Ex 15:25; 24:3,7,8 De 5:2,3; 29:1,10-15 2Ki 11:17 2Ch 15:12,15
       * 2Ch 23:16; 29:10; 34:29-32 Ne 9:38; 10:28,29
    - in Shechem.
       * :1,26
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Joshua.
       * Ex 24:4 De 31:24-26
    - took.
       * Jud 9:6
    - set it.
       * Jos 4:3-9,20-24 Ge 28:18-22
    - under.
       * Ge 35:4,8 Jud 9:6
       A curious coincidence of circumstances is related by Livy, the
      Roman historian:  he writes that "when three ambassadors were
      sent from Rome to complain of the perfidious conduct of the
      'qui, the General informed them, that they might deliver their
      message to an oak which shaded his tent."  On this one of the
      ambassadors turning away, said, "This venerable oak, and all
      the gods, shall know that you have violated the peace; they
      shall now hear our complaints; and may they also soon be
      witnesses, when we revenge with our arms the violation of
      divine and human rights."  It is worthy of remark that Joshua
      merely set up a pillar under an oak,--the one, perhaps, to
      protect the other; while the General directed the ambassadors
      to address the oak, perhaps with an idolatrous feeling that
      they were addressing one of the gods, who would aid his cause;
      while the Roman ambassadors caught the feeling, and really
      invoked the aid of the oak and the gods.
    
    
    VERSE 27
       * Jos 22:27,28,34 Ge 31:44-52 De 4:26; 30:19; 31:19,21,26 1Sa 7:12
    - it hath.
       * De 32:1 Isa 1:2 Hab 2:11 Lu 19:40
    - deny.
       * Job 31:23 Pr 30:9 Mt 10:33 2Ti 2:12,13 Tit 1:16 Re 3:8
    
    VERSE 28
        * Jud 2:6
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - after these.
       * De 34:5 Jud 2:8 Ps 115:17 2Ti 4:7,8 Re 14:13
    - an hundred.
       * Ge 50:22,26
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - Timnath-serah.
       * Jos 19:50 Jud 2:9
    - Gaash.
       * 2Sa 23:30
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - served.
       * De 31:29 Jud 2:7 2Ch 24:2,17,18 Ac 20:29 Php 2:12
    - overlived Joshua.  Heb. prolonged their days after Joshua.
      which had.
       * De 11:2,7; 31:13
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - bones.
       * Ge 50:25 Ex 13:19 Ac 7:16 Heb 11:22
    - buried.
       * Ge 33:19; 48:22
    - pieces of silver.  or, lambs.
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - Eleazar.
       * Jos 14:1 Ex 6:23,25 Nu 3:32; 20:26-28
    - died.
       * Job 30:23 Ps 49:10 Isa 57:1,2 Zec 1:5 Ac 13:36 Heb 7:24
       * Heb 9:26,27
    - Phinehas.
       * Jud 20:28
    
    
    
                     CONCLUDING REMARKS ON JOSHUA.
    
    The Book of Joshua is one of the most important documents in the
    Old Testament.  The rapid conquest of the Promised Land, and the
    actual settlement of the Israelites in it, afford a striking
    accomplishment of the Divine predictions to Abraham and the
    succeeding patriarchs; and at the same time bear the most
    unequivocal and ample testimony to the authenticity of this
    sacred book.  Several of the transactions related in it are
    confirmed in a very extraordinary manner, by the traditions
    current among heathen nations, and preserved by ancient profane
    historians of undoubted character.  Thus there are monuments
    still in existence, which prove that the Carthaginians were a
    colony of Syrians who escaped from Joshua; as also that the
    inhabitants of Leptis, in Africa, came originally from the
    Sidonians, who abandoned their country on account of the
    calamities with which it was overwhelmed.  Procopius relates
    that the Phoenicians fled before the Hebrews into Africa, and
    spread themselves abroad as far as the pillars of Hercules; and
    adds, "In Numidia, where now stands the city Tigisis (Tangiers),
    they have erected two columns, on which, in Phoenician
    characters, is the following inscription:--"We are the
    Phoenicians who fled from the face of Jesus (Joshua) the son of
    Naue" (Nun).
    
    
    
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