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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    JOSHUA 4

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         1-8  Twelve men are appointed to take twelve stones for memorial
              out of Jordan
           9  Twelve other stones are set up in the midst of Jordan
       10-13  The people pass over
          14  God magnifies Joshua
       15-19  The priests commanded to come out of Jordan
       20-24  The twelve stones are pitched in Gilgal
    
    
    VERSE 1 
    -    were clean passed
       * Jos 3:17 De 27:2
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     -    twelve men
       * Jos 3:12 Nu 1:4-15; 13:2; 34:18 De 1:23 1Ki 18:31 Mt 10:15
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     -    the priest's feet
       * Jos 3:13
    -    twelve stones
       * Jos 24:27 Ge 28:22 De 27:1-26 1Sa 7:12 Ps 103:2; 11:4 Lu 19:40
    -    leave them
       * Jos 4:18,19,20
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     -    prepared
       * Jos 4:2 Mr 3:14-19
    
    
    VERSE 5
    
    
    VERSE 6
      -    a sign
       * Jos 22:27 Ex 12:14; 13:9; 31:13 Nu 16:38 Isa 55:13 Eze 20:12
    -    when your
       * Jos 4:21 Ex 12:26; 13:14 De 6:20,21; 11:19 Ps 44:1; 71:18; 78:3-8
       * Isa 38:19 Ac 2:39
    -    in time to come [heb] to-morrow
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     -    the waters
       * Jos 3:13-16
    -    memorial
       * Jos 4:6 Ex 12:14; 28:12; 30:16 Nu 16:40 Ps 111:4 Isa 66:3 1Co 11:24
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     -    did so as Joshua
       * Jos 4:2-5; 1:16-18
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     -    set up twelve
       * Ex 24:12; 28:21 1Ki 18:31 Ps 111:2-4
    -    and they are there
         These words might be written by Joshua at the close of his life, or
         perhaps be added by some later prophet.  It seems from this verse,
         that there were two sets of stones erected as a memorial of this
         great event: twelve at Gilga (ver. 20) and twelve in the bed of
         the Jordan; which last might have been placed on a base of strong
         stone work, so high as always to be visible, and serve to mark the
         very spot when the priests stood with the ark.  Drs. Kennicott and
         Shuckford, however, would read here with the Syriac, mittoch,
         'from the midst,' instead of bethoch, 'in the midst;' and render,
         `And Joshua took up the twelve stones (taken) from the midst of
         Jordan,' etc.  But this reading is unsupported by and MS. yet
         collated; and it appears wholly unnecessary
       * Ge 26:33 De 34:6 Jud 1:26 1Sa 30:25 2Sa 4:3 2Ch 5:9 Mt 27:8; 28:15
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     -    stood in the midst
       * Jos 3:13,16,17 Isa 28:16
    -    Moses
       * Nu 27:21-23 De 31:9
    -    hasted
       * Ex 12:39 Ps 119:60 Pr 27:1 Ec 9:10 2Co 6:2 Heb 3:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     -    that the ark
       * Jos 4:18; 3:8,17
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     -    the children
       * Jos 1:14 Nu 32:20-32
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     -    prepared for war. or, ready armed
       * Eph 6:11
    -    to the plains
       * Jos 5:10 2Ki 25:5 Jer 39:5; 52:8
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     -    magnified
       * Jos 1:16-18; 3:7 1Co 10:2
    -    they feared him
       * Ex 14:31 1Sa 12:18 1Ki 3:28 2Ch 30:12 Pr 24:21 Ro 13:4
         * Jos 3:3-6 Ex 25:16-22 Re 11:19
    
    
    VERSE 15
    
    
    VERSE 16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     -    Come ye up
       * Ge 8:16-18 Da 3:26 Ac 16:23,35-39
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     -    the soles
       * Jos 3:13,15
    -    lifted up [heb] plucked up
    -    that the waters
         As soon as the priests and the ark were come up out of Jordan, the
         waters of the river, which had stood on a heap, flowed down
         according to their natural and usual course, and again soon filled
         the channel.  This make it abundantly evident, that the miraculous
         change which had been given to the river was not from any secret
         natural cause, but solely by the power of God, and for the sake of
         his chosen people; for when Israel's host had passed through, and
         the token of his presence was removed, immediately the waters went
         forward again: so that if it be asked, `What aileth thee, O
         Jordan, that thou wast driven back?' it must be answered, it was
         in obedience to the God of Israel, and in kindness to the Israel
         of God.
       * Ex 14:26-28
    -    and flowed [heb] went
       * Jos 3:15 1Ch 12:15 Isa 8:8
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     -    first month
       * Ex 12:2,3
    -    Gilgal
         That is, the place afterwards called Gilgal; for it is so called
         here by anticipation.  It was about ten furlongs east from
         Jericho, and fifty west from the Jordan.  See Josephus and Calmet.
       * Jos 5:9; 10:6,43; 15:7 1Sa 11:14,15; 15:33 Am 4:4; 5:5 Mic 6:5
    
    VERSE 20
        * Jos 4:3,8
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     -    When your
       * Jos 4:6 Ps 105:2-5; 145:4-7
    -    in time to come [hb] to-morrow
    
    VERSE 22
        * Jos 3:17 Ex 14:29; 15:19 Ps 66:5,6 Isa 11:15,16; 44:27; 51:10 Re 16:12
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     -    as the Lord
         The parents must take that occasion to tell their children of the
         drying up of the Red Sea forty years before: `As the Lord your God
         did to the Read Sea.'  It greatly magnifies later mercies to
         compare them with those before enjoyed; for, by making the
         comparison, it appears that God is the same yesterday, to-day, and
         forever.  Later blessings should also bring to remembrance former
         mercies, and revive thankfulness for them.
    -    which he dried
       * Ex 14:21 Ne 9:11 Ps 77:16-19; 78:13 Isa 43:16; 63:12-14
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     -    all the people
       * Ex 9:16 De 28:10 1Sa 17:46 1Ki 8:42,43 2Ki 5:15; 19:19 Ps 106:8
       * Da 3:26-29; 4:34,35; 6:26,27
    -    that it is
       * Ex 15:16 1Ch 29:12 Ps 89:13
    -    he might
       * Ex 14:31; 20:20 De 6:2 Ps 76:6-8; 89:7 Jer 10:6,7; 32:40
    -    for ever [heb] all days
    
    
    
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