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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    JUDGES 15

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      1  Samson is denied his wife.
     3  He burns the Philistines' corn with foxes and firebrands.
     6  His wife and her father are burnt by the Philistines.
     7  Samson smites them hip and thigh.
     9  He is bound by the men of Judah, and delivered to the
        Philistines.
    14  He kills them with a jawbone.
    18  God makes the fountain En-hakkore for him in Lehi.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - a kid.
       * Ge 38:17 Lu 15:29
    - I will go.
       * Ge 6:4; 29:21
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - I verily.
       * Jud 14:16,20 Ac 26:9
    - I gave.
       * Jud 14:20 Ge 38:14
    - take her.  Heb. let her be thine.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - Now shall, etc.  or, Now shall I be blameless from the
      Philistines, though, etc.
       * Jud 14:15
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - caught three.
      Dr. Kennicott and others contend, that for {shlim,} "foxes,"
      we should read {sh"lim,} "handfuls," or sheaves of corn.
      But, 1.  The word {lachad,} rendered caught, never signifies
      simply to get or take but always to catch, seize, or take by
      assault or stratagem.  2.  Though the proposed alteration is
      sanctioned by seven MSS., yet all the versions are on the
      other side.  3.  Admitting this alteration, it will be
      difficult to prove that the word {sh"l} means either a sheaf
      or a handful of corn in the ear, and straw.  It occurs but
      thrice in Scriptures (1 Ki 10 20:10.  Is 12 40:12.  Eze 13:9):
      where it evidently means as much as can be contained in the
      hollow of the hand; but when handfuls of grain in the shock,
      or sheaves are intended, very different words are used.  See
      Ru 2.15, 16, etc.  4.  It is not hinted that Samson collected
      them alone, or in one day; he might have employed many hands
      and several days in the work.  5.  The word {shl} properly
      denotes the jackal, which travellers describe as an animal in
      size between the wolf and fox, gregarious, as many as 200
      having been seen together, and the most numerous of any in
      eastern countries; so that Samson might have caught many of
      them together in nets.
    
       * Ps 63:10 So 2:15 La 5:18
    - firebrands.  or, torches.
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - he let them go.
       * Ex 22:6 2Sa 14:30
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - and burnt.
       * Jud 12:1; 14:15 Pr 22:8 1Th 4:6
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Though.
       * Jud 14:4,19 Ro 12:19
    
    VERSE 8
        * Isa 25:10; 63:3,6
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Lehi.
       * :17,19
    
    VERSE 10
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - went.  Heb. went down.  the rock Etam.
      Probably near the town Etam, mentioned in 1 Ch 32 4:32.
    
    - Philistines.
       * Jud 13:1; 14:4 De 28:13,47,48 Ps 106:41
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - to bind thee.
       * Mt 27:2 Ac 7:25
    - fall.
       * Jud 8:21 1Ki 2:25,34
    
    VERSE 13
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - the Philistines.
       * Jud 5:30; 16:24 Ex 14:3,5 1Sa 4:5 Job 20:5 Mic 7:8
    - the Spirit.
       * Jud 3:10; 14:6,19 Zec 4:6
    - the cords.
       * Jud 16:9,12 1Sa 17:35 Ps 18:34; 118:11 Php 4:3
    - loosed.  Heb. were melted.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - new jaw-bone.  Heb. moist.  slew.
       * Jud 3:31; 4:21; 7:16 Le 26:8 Jos 23:10 1Sa 14:6,14; 17:49,50
       * 1Co 1:27,28
    - a thousand.
      Some would render the words {aileph ish,} "a chief;" but it is
      {alluph,} and not {aileph,} which signifies a chief; besides
      which, the Hebrew idiom would, even in that case, require it
      to be {ish alluph,} "a man, a chief," and not {alluph ish,} "a
      chief, a man."  Add to which, that every version renders it "a
      thousand men."
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - with the jaw-bone.
      There is here a fine paronomasia upon the word {chamor,} "an
      ass," which also signifies "a heap;" {bilchee hachamor, chamor
      chamorathayim,} "With the jaw-bone of an ass, a heap upon two
      heaps."
    
    - heaps upon heaps.  Heb. an heap, two heaps.
       * :16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - Ramath-lehi.  that is, the lifting up of the jaw-bone, or,
      the casting away of the jaw-bone.
       * :17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - he was sore.
       * Jud 8:4 Ps 22:14,15 Joh 19:28 2Co 4:8,9
    - Thou hast given.
       * Ps 3:7,8; 18:31-40
    - shall.
       * Ge 32:31 2Co 12:7,8
    - and fall.
       * Ge 12:12,13; 20:11 1Sa 27:1 2Co 1:8,9 Heb 11:32
    - the uncircumcised.
       * 1Sa 17:26,36 2Sa 1:20
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - the jaw.  or, Lehi.
      This reading is certainly preferable:  it was in the place
      called Lehi where a spring was supernaturally opened.
    
    - there came.
       * Isa 44:3
    - his spirit.
       * Ge 45:27 1Sa 30:12 Isa 40:26
    - En-hakkore.
      Samson gave this expressive name to the miraculously springing
      water, to be as a memorial of the goodness of God to him.
      En-hakkore, the well of him that cried, which kept him in
      remembrance both of his own distress which caused him to cry,
      and the favor of Jehovah to him in answer to his cry.  Many a
      spring of comfort God opens to his people, which may fitly be
      called by the name En-hakkore:  and this instance of Samson's
      relief should encourage us to trust in God, for when he
      pleases he can open rivers in high places.
    
       * Isa 41:17,18
      Samson at first gave the name of Ramath-lehi (the lifting up
      of the jaw-bone) which denoted him great and triumphant:  but
      now he gives it another name, En-hakkore, which denotes him
      wanting and dependent.
    
       * Ge 16:13, 14 22:14 19 28:19 30 30:30 Ex 17:15 Ps 34:6; 120:1
    
    VERSE 20
        * Jud 13:1,5; 16:31
      "He seems to have judged South-west Israel during twenty years
      of their servitude of the Philistines."
    
    
    
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