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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    JUDGES 19

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      1  A Levite goes to Beth-lehem to fetch home his concubine.
    16  An old man entertains him at Gibeah.
    22  The Gibeonites abuse his concubine to death.
    29  He divides her into twelve pieces, and sends them to the
        twelve tribes.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - when there.
       * Jud 17:6; 18:1; 21:25
    - mount.
       * Jud 17:1,8 Jos 24:30,33
    - a concubine.  Heb. a woman, a concubine, or, a wife, a
      concubine.
       * Ge 22:24; 25:6 2Sa 3:7; 5:13; 16:22; 19:5; 20:3 1Ki 11:3 2Ch 11:21
       * Es 2:14 So 6:8,9 Da 5:3 Mal 2:15
    - Beth-lehem-judah.
       * Jud 17:8 Ge 35:19 Mt 2:6
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - played.
       * Le 21:9 De 22:21 Eze 16:28
    - four whole months.  or, a year and four months.  Heb. days,
      four months.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - went.
       * Jud 15:1
    - speak.
       * Ge 50:21 Le 19:17; 20:10 Ho 2:14 Mt 1:19 Joh 8:4,5,11 Ga 6:1
    - friendly unto her.  Heb. to her heart.
       * Ge 34:3
    - to bring.
       * Jer 3:1
    - his servant.
       * Nu 22:22
    
    VERSE 4
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Comfort.  Heb. Srengthen.
       * :8 Ge 18:5 1Sa 14:27-29; 30:12 1Ki 13:7 Ps 104:15 Joh 4:34
       * Ac 9:19
    - with a morsel.
       * :22
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - let thine heart.
       * :9,21; 9:27; 16:25 Ru 3:7 1Sa 25:36 Es 1:10 Ps 104:15 Lu 12:19
       * 1Th 5:3 Re 11:10,13
    - until afternoon.  Heb. till the day declined.
      Merely that they might avoid the heat of the day, which would
      have been very inconvenient in travelling.
    
    VERSE 7
        * :7
    
    VERSE 8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the day.
       * Lu 24:29
    - draweth, etc.  Heb. is weak.  the day groweth to an end.  Heb.
      it is the pitching time of the day, Jer 6:4.
      That is, it was near the time in which travellers ordinarily
      pitched their tents, to take up their lodging for the night.
      In the latter part of the afternoon, eastern travellers begin
      to look out for a place for this purpose.  So Dr. Shaw
      observes, "Our constant practice was to rise at break of day,
      set forward with the sun, and travel to the middle of the
      afternoon; at which time we began to look out for encampments
      of Arabs; who, to prevent such parties as ours from living at
      free charges upon them, take care to pitch in woods, valleys,
      or places the least conspicuous."
    
    - to morrow.
       * Pr 27:1 Jas 13 4:13,14
    - home.  Heb. to thy tent.
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - over against.  Heb. to over against.  Jebus.
       * Jud 1:8 Jos 15:8,63; 18:28 2Sa 5:6
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - the Jebusites.
       * :10; 1:21 Ge 10:16 Jos 15:63 2Sa 5:6
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Gibeah.
      Gibeah, a city of Benjamin, and the birth-place of Saul, was
      situated near Rama and Gibeon, according to Josephus, thirty
      furlongs north from Jerusalem; or, according to Jerome, about
      two leagues.
    
       * :12
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Gibeah.
       * Jos 18:25,26,28 1Sa 10:26 Isa 10:29 Ho 5:8
    
    VERSE 14
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - no man.
      There was probably no inn, or house of public entertainment in
      this place; and therefore they could not have a lodging unless
      furnished by mere hospitality.  But these Benjamites seem to
      have added to their other vices, avarice and inhospitality,
      like the inhabitants of Akoura in mount Lebanon, mentioned by
      Burckhardt.
    
       * :18 Ge 18:2-8; 19:2,3 Mt 25:35,43 Heb 13:2
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - his work.
       * Ge 3:19 Ps 104:23; 128:2 Pr 13:11; 14:23; 24:27 Ec 1:13; 5:12
       * Eph 4:28 1Th 4:11,12 2Th 3:10
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - whither.
       * Ge 16:8; 32:17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - I am now.
      The LXX. read, [                              :]  "I am going
      to my own house;" which is probably the true reading, as we
      find (ver. 29) that he really went home; yet he might have
      gone previously to Shiloh, or to "the house of the Lord,"
      because that was also in mount Ephraim.
    
    - the house.
       * Jud 18:31; 20:18 Jos 18:1 1Sa 1:3,7
    - receiveth.  Heb. gathereth.
       * :5 Ps 26:9 Joh 15:6
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - straw and provender.
      In those countries principally devoted to pasturage, they made
      little or no hay:  but as they raised corn, they took great
      care of their straw for cattle, which by their mode of
      threshing was chopped very small.  See note on Ge 24:32.
    
    - bread.
       * Ge 3:19
    - and.
       * Ge 18:27
    - wine.
       * Ge 27:28
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Peace be.
       * Jud 6:23 Ge 43:23,24 1Sa 25:6 1Ch 12:18 Lu 10:5,6 Joh 14:27
       * 1Co 1:3
    - let all thy wants.
      Here was genuine hospitality:  "Keep your bread and wine for
      yourselves, and your straw and provender for your asses; you
      may need them before you finish your journey:  I will supply
      all your wants for this night; only do not lodge in the
      street."
    
       * Ro 12:13 Ga 6:6 Heb 13:2 Jas 15 2:15,16 1Pe 4:9 1Jo 3:18
    - lodge not.
       * Ge 19:2,3; 24:31-33
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - So he brought.
       * Ge 24:32; 43:24
    - they washed.
       * Ge 18:4 1Sa 25:41 2Sa 11:8 Lu 7:44 Joh 13:4,5,14,15 1Ti 5:10
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - they were.
       * :6,7; 16:25
    - the men.
       * Jud 20:5 Ge 19:4 Ho 9:9; 10:9
    - sons of Belial.
       * De 13:13 1Sa 1:16; 2:12; 10:27; 25:25 2Sa 23:6,7 2Co 6:15
    - Bring forth.
       * Ge 19:5 Ro 1:26,27 1Co 6:9 Jude 1:7
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the man.
       * Ge 19:6,7
    - do not this folly.
       * Jud 20:6 Ge 34:7 Jos 7:15 2Sa 13:12
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Behold.
      The rites of hospitality are regarded as sacred and inviolable
      in the East:  and a man who has admitted a stranger under his
      roof, is bound to protect him even at the expense of his life.
      On these high notions only, the influence of which an Asiatic
      mind alone can appreciate, can the present transaction be
      either excused or palliated.
    
    - them.
       * Ge 19:8 Ro 3:8
    - humble ye.
       * Ge 34:2 *marg:
       * De 21:14
    - so vile a thing.  Heb. the matter of this folly.
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - knew her.
       * Ge 4:1
    - and abused.
       * Jer 5:7,8 Ho 7:4-7; 9:9; 10:9 Eph 4:19
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - her lord was.
       * :3,27 Ge 18:12 1Pe 3:6
    
    VERSE 27
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - But none.
       * Jud 20:5 1Ki 18:29
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - divided her.
      It is probable, that with the pieces he sent to each tribe a
      circumstantial account of the barbarity of the men of Gibeah;
      and that they considered each of the pieces as expressing an
      execration.  That a similar custom prevailed in ancient times
      is evident from 1 Sa 7 11:7.  It had an inhuman appearance, thus
      to mangle the corpse of this unhappy woman; but it was
      intended to excite a keener resentment against so horrible a
      crime, which called for a punishment proportionally severe.
    
       * Jud 20:6,7 Ro 10:2
    - with her bones.
       * De 21:22,23
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - consider.
       * Jud 20:7 Pr 11:14; 13:10; 15:22; 20:18; 24:6
    
    
    
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