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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    JUDGES 3

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      1  The nations which were left to prove Israel.
     5  By communion with them they commit idolatry.
     8  Othniel delivered them from Chushan-rishathaim;
    12  Ehud from Eglon;
    31  and Shamgar from the Philistines.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2561.  B.C. 1443.  An. Ex. Is. 48.  the nations.
       * Jud 2:21,22 De 7:22
    - prove.
       * De 8:2,16 2Ch 32:31 Job 23:10 Pr 17:3 Jer 6:27; 17:9,10
       * Zec 13:9 Joh 2:24 1Pe 1:7; 4:12 Re 2:23
    - as had not.
       * Jud 2:10
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - might know.
       * Ge 2:17; 3:5,7 2Ch 12:8 Mt 10:34-39 Joh 16:33 1Co 9:26,27
       * Eph 6:11-18 1Ti 6:12 2Ti 2:3; 4:7
    - to teach.
      Their fathers fought by a divine power.  God taught their
      hands to war and their fingers to fight, that they might be
      the instruments of destruction to the wicked nations on whom
      the curse rested; but now that they had forfeited His favor,
      they must learn what it is to fight like other men.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - five lords.
       * Jud 10:7; 14:4 Jos 13:3 1Sa 4:1,2; 6:18; 13:5,19-23; 29:2
    - Canaanites.
       * Jud 4:2,23,24 Ge 10:15-19 Nu 13:29
    - Sidonians.
       * Jud 10:12; 18:7 Ge 49:13 Jos 11:8-13; 19:28
    - in mount.
       * Nu 34:8 De 1:7; 3:9 Jos 11:3; 13:5
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - to prove.  See on ver.
       * :1; 2:22 Ex 15:25 De 33:8 1Co 11:19 2Th 2:9-12
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - dwelt.
       * Jud 1:29-32 Ps 106:34-38
    - Canaanites.
       * Ge 10:15-18; 15:19-21 Ex 3:8,17 De 7:1 Jos 9:1 Ne 9:8
    
    VERSE 6
        * Ex 34:16 De 7:3,4 1Ki 11:1-5 Ezr 9:11,12 Ne 13:23-27 Eze 16:3
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - did evil.
       * :12; 2:11-13
    - the groves.
       * Jud 6:25 Ex 34:13 De 16:21 1Ki 16:33; 18:19 2Ki 23:6,14
       * 2Ch 15:16; 24:18; 33:3,19; 34:3,7
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - A.M. 2591.  B.C. 1413.  An. Ex. Is. 78.  was hot.
       * Jud 2:14,20 Ex 22:24 De 29:20 Ps 6:1; 85:3
    - he sold.
       * Jud 2:14; 4:9 De 32:30 1Sa 12:9 Isa 50:1 Ro 7:14
    - Chushan-rishathaim.
       * Hab 3:7
    - Mesopotamia.  Heb. Aram-naharaim.
      {Aram-naharayim,} "Syria of the two rivers," or Mesopotamia,
      "between the rivers," is a famous province situated between
      the Tigris and Euphrates.  It is called by Arabian
      geographers, {Maverannaher,} "the country beyond the river;"
      and is now called Diarbek.
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - A.M. 2599.  B.C. 1405.  An. Ex. Is. 86.  cried.
       * :15; 4:3; 6:7; 10:10 1Sa 12:10 Ne 9:27 Ps 22:5; 78:34; 106:41-44
       * Ps 107:13-19
    - raised up.  See on ch.
       * Jud 2:16
    - deliverer.  Heb. savior.  Othniel.  See on ch.
       * Jud 1:13
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the Spirit.
       * Jud 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6,19 Nu 11:17; 27:18 1Sa 10:6; 11:6; 16:13
       * 2Ch 15:1; 20:14 Ps 51:11 1Co 12:4-11 Heb 6:4
    - came.  Heb. was.  Mesopotamia.  Heb. Aram.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - the land.
       * :30; 5:31; 8:28 Jos 11:23 Es 9:22
    - Othniel.
       * :9 Jos 15:17 1Ch 4:13
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - A.M. 2662.  B.C. 1342.  An. Ex. Is. 148.  did evil.
       * Jud 2:19 Ho 6:4
    - and the Lord.
       * Ex 9:16 2Ki 5:1 Isa 10:15; 37:26; 45:1-4 Eze 38:16 Da 4:22
       * Da 5:18 Joh 19:11
    - the king.
       * 1Sa 12:9
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Ammon.
       * Jud 5:14 Ps 83:6
    - the city.
       * Jud 1:16 De 34:3 Ps 83:7
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - served.
       * Le 26:23-25 De 28:40,47,48
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - A.M. 2679.  B.C. 1325.  An. Ex. Is. 166.  cried unto.
       * :9 Ps 50:15; 78:34; 90:15 Jer 29:12,13; 33:3
    - a Benjamite.  or, the son of Jemini.  left-handed.  Heb. shut
      of his right hand.
    
      This Hebrew phrase intimates that, either through disease or
      disuse, he made little or no use of the right hand, but of his
      left only, and so was the less fit for war, because he would
      most likely wield a dagger awkwardly:  yet God chose this
      left-handed man to be the minister of his retributive justice.
      It was God's right hand that gained Israel the victory,
      Ps 44:3; not the right hand of the instruments he employed.
    
       * Jud 20:16 1Ch 12:2
    - sent a present.
       * 1Sa 10:27 Pr 18:16; 19:6; 21:14 Isa 36:16
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - two edges.
       * Ps 149:6 Heb 4:12 Re 1:16; 2:12
    - upon.
       * :21 Ps 45:3 So 3:8
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - a very fat.
       * :29 *marg:
       * 1Sa 2:29 Job 15:27 Ps 73:7,19 Jer 5:28; 50:11 Eze 34:20
    
    VERSE 18
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - quarries.  or graven images.
       * Jos 4:20
    - a secret.
       * :20 2Ki 9:5,6 Ac 23:18,19
    - And all that.
       * Ge 45:1
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - a summer parlour.  Heb. a parlour of cooling.
      The {Éleeyah,} or upper chamber, seems to have been of the
      same description as the {olČah} of the Arabs, but properly
      ventilated, described by Dr. Shaw, who says, that to most of
      their houses there is a smaller one annexed, which sometimes
      rises one story higher than the house; at other times, it
      consists of one or two rooms only, and a terrace; while others
      that are built, as they frequently are, over the porch or
      gateway, have, if we except the ground floor, which they want,
      all the conveniences that belong to the house itself.  There
      is a door of communication from them into the gallery of the
      house; besides another, which opens immediately from a private
      staircase, down into the porch or street, without giving the
      least disturbance to the house.  In these back houses
      strangers are usually lodged and entertained; and to them
      likewise the men are wont to retire from the noise and hurry
      of their families, to be more at leisure for mediation or
      diversions.
    
       * Am 3:15
    - I have.
       * :19 2Sa 12:1-15; 24:12 Mic 6:9
    - he arose.
       * Ps 29:1 Jer 10:7
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - thrust it.
       * Nu 25:7,8 1Sa 15:33 Job 20:25 Zec 13:3 2Co 5:16
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - the dirt came out.  or, it came out at the fundament.
       * :22
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - covereth, etc.  or, doeth his easement.
       * 1Sa 24:3
    
    VERSE 25
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - the quarries.
       * :19
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - he blew.
       * Jud 5:14; 6:34 1Sa 13:3 2Sa 20:22 2Ki 9:13
    - mountain.
       * Jud 7:24; 17:1; 19:1 Jos 17:15,18
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - Follow.
       * Jud 4:10; 7:17
    - the Lord.
       * Jud 7:9,15 1Sa 17:47
    - the fords.
       * Jud 12:5 Jos 2:7
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - lusty.  Heb. fat.  See on ver.
       * :17 De 32:15 Job 15:27 Ps 17:10
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - And the land.
       * :11; 5:31
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Shamgar.
       * Jud 5:6,8
    - an ox goad.
      This implement, Mr. Maundrell informs us, in Palestine and
      Syria is of an extraordinary size.  He measured several, and
      "found them about eight feet long; and at the bigger end about
      six inches in circumference.  They were armed at the lesser
      end with a sharp prickle for driving the oxen; and at the
      other end with a small paddle of iron, strong and massive, for
      cleansing the plough from the clay.  In the hand of a powerful
      man such an instrument must be more dangerous and fatal than a
      sword."
    
       * Jud 15:15 1Sa 13:19-22; 17:47,50 1Co 1:17
    - also.
       * Jud 2:16
    - Israel.
      "So part is called Israel."
    
       * Jud 4:1,3-24; 10:7,17; 11:4-33 1Sa 4:1
      "It seems to concern only the country next to the
      Philistines."
    
    
    
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