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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    LEVITICUS 20

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      1  Of him that gives of his seed to Moloch.
     4  Of him that favors such an one.
     6  Of going to wizards.
     7  Of sanctification.
     9  Of him that curses his parents.
    10  Of adultery.
    11  Of incest.
    13  Of sodomy.
    15  Of bestiality.
    18  Of uncleanness.
    22  Obedience is required with holiness.
    27  Wizards must be put to death.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Whosoever.
       * Le 17:8,13,15
    - giveth.
       * Le 18:21 De 12:31; 18:10 2Ki 17:17; 23:10 2Ch 28:3; 33:6 Ps 106:38
       * Isa 57:5,6 Jer 7:31; 32:35 Eze 16:20,21; 20:26,31; 23:37,39
       * Ac 7:43
    - Moloch.  Molech.
      The Rabbins describe this idol as made of brass sitting upon
      a throne of the same metal, in the form of a man, with the
      head of a calf, adorned with a royal crown, and his arms
      extended as if to embrace any one.  When they offered any
      children to him, they heated the statue by a great fire
      kindled within, and the victim was put into his arms, and
      thus consumed.  Others relate, that the idol, which was
      hollow, was divided into seven compartments within; in one of
      which they put flour, in the second turtles, in the third a
      ewe, in the fourth a ram, in the fifth a calf, in the sixth
      an ox, and the seventh a child; which  were all burnt
      together by heating the statue inside.  The account which
      Diodorus (l. xx.) gives of the statue of Saturn, to which the
      Carthaginians, descendants of the Canaanites, sacrificed
      their children, is very similar.  For they had a brazen
      stature of Saturn, stretching out his hands towards the
      ground, in such a manner that the children placed within them
      tumbled down into a pit full of fire.  To this account Milton
      alludes, in Paradise Lost, B. 1. 392.
    
    - the people.
       * :27; 24:14,23 Nu 15:35,36 De 13:10,11; 17:5-7; 21:21 Ac 7:58,59
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - I will set.
       * Le 17:10 1Pe 3:12
    - to defile.
       * Nu 19:20 Eze 5:11; 23:38,39
    - profane.
       * Le 18:21 Eze 20:39 2Co 6:16
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - hide.
       * Ac 17:30
    - and kill.
       * De 13:8; 17:2-5 Jos 7:12 1Sa 3:13,14 1Ki 20:42 Re 2:14
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - I will.
       * Le 17:10
    - against his.
       * Ex 20:5 Jer 32:28-35,39
    - whoring.
       * Le 17:7 Ps 106:39 Jer 3:2 Ho 2:5,13
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - familiar.
       * :27; 19:26,31 De 18:10-14 Isa 8:19
    - go.
       * Ex 34:15,16 Nu 15:39 Ps 73:27 Eze 6:9 Ho 4:12
    - cut him.
       * 1Ch 10:13,14
      In the days of Moses, superstition was almost the {sensus
      communis} of the human race, which then made severe
      punishment necessary:  by means of the Christian dispensation
      such errors are now exploded, the cultivation of philosophy
      and natural history having harmonised and contributed their
      feebler share of light, so that we no longer have to deplore
      mischiefs occasioned by the silly curiosity attempting to
      unfold future events.
    
    VERSE 7
        * Le 11:44; 19:2 Eph 1:4 Phm 12 2:12,13 Col 3:12 1Th 4:3,7 Heb 12:14
       * 1Pe 1:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - And ye.  See on ch.
       * Le 18:4,5; 19:37 Mt 5:19; 7:24; 12:50 Joh 13:17 Jas 1:22 Re 22:14
    - sanctify.
       * Le 21:8 Ex 31:13 Eze 20:12; 37:28 1Co 1:30 1Th 5:23 2Th 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - curseth.
      The term {yekallel} signifies not only to curse, but to speak
      contemptuously, disrespectfully, or to make light of a
      person:  so that all speeches which have a tendency to lessen
      our parents in the eyes of others, or to render their
      judgment, piety, etc., suspected or contemptible, is here
      included; though the act of cursing, or of treating the
      parent with injurious or opprobrious language, is what is
      particularly intended.  He who conscientiously keeps the
      fifth commandment, can be in no danger of the judgment here
      denounced.
    
       * Ex 21:17 De 27:16 Pr 20:20; 30:11,17 Mt 15:4 Mr 7:10
    - his blood.
       * :11-13,16,27 Jos 2:19 Jud 9:24 2Sa 1:16 1Ki 2:32 Mt 27:25
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the adulterer.
       * De 22:22-24 2Sa 12:13 Eze 23:45-47 Joh 8:4,5
    
    VERSE 11
        * Le 18:8 De 27:20,23 Am 2:7 1Co 5:1
    - their.  See on ver.
       * :9
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - lie.
       * Le 18:15 Ge 38:16,18 De 27:23
    - confusion.
       * Le 18:23
    
    VERSE 13
        * Le 18:22 Ge 19:5 De 23:17 Jud 19:22 Ro 1:26,27 1Co 6:9 1Ti 1:10
       * Jude 1:7
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - a wife.
       * Le 18:17 De 27:23 Am 2:7
    - burnt.
       * Le 21:9 Jos 7:15,25
    
    VERSE 15
        * Le 18:23 Ex 22:19 De 27:21
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - And if a woman.
      We are assured by Herodotus (in Euterp.) that the
      abominations here referred to existed among the Egyptians,
      and even formed part of their superstitious religious system,
      and we have reason to believe that they were not uncommon
      among the Canaanites.  (See ch. 24 18:24, 25).  Need we wonder
      then, that God should have made laws of this nature, and
      appointed the punishment of death for these crimes?  This one
      observation will account for many of those strange
      prohibitions which we find in the Mosaic law.
    
    - and the beast.
       * Ex 19:13; 21:28,32 Heb 12:20
    
    VERSE 17
        * Le 18:9 Ge 20:12 De 27:22 2Sa 13:12 Eze 22:11
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - having.
       * Le 15:24; 18:19 Eze 18:6; 22:10
    - discovered.  Heb. made naked.
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - mother's.
       * Le 18:12,13-30 Ex 6:20
    - uncovereth.
       * Le 18:6
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - uncle's wife.
       * Le 18:14
    - childless.
       * Job 18:19 Ps 109:13 Jer 22:30 Lu 1:7,25; 23:29
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - his brother's.
       * Le 18:16 Mt 14:3,4
    - an unclean thing.  Heb. a separation.
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - statues.
       * Le 18:4,5,26; 19:37 Ps 19:8-11; 105:45; 119:80,145,171 Eze 36:27
    - judgments.
       * Ex 21:1 De 4:45; 5:1 Ps 119:20,106,160,164,175 Isa 26:8,9
    - spue you.
       * Le 18:25-28; 26:33 De 28:25,26
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - in the manners.
       * Le 18:3,24,30 De 12:30,31 Jer 10:1,2
    - therefore.
       * Le 18:27 De 9:5 Ps 78:59 Zec 11:8
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - But I.  See on
       * Ex 3:8,17; 6:8
    - a land.
      Milk and honey were the chief dainties of the ancients as
      they are now among the Arabs, particularly the Bedouins.
      Hence not only the Hebrews, but also the Greeks and Romans,
      painted the highest pleasantness and fertility by an
      abundance of milk and honey.  The image used in the text, and
      frequently by ancient authors on similar subjects, is a
      metaphor, derived from a breast, producing copious streams of
      milk.
    
    - which.
       * :26 Ex 19:5,6; 33:16 Nu 23:9 De 7:6; 14:2 1Ki 8:53 Joh 15:19
       * 2Co 6:17 1Pe 2:9
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - put difference.
       * Le 11:1-47 De 14:3-21 Ac 10:11-15,28 Eph 5:7-11
    - abominable.
       * Le 11:43
    - creepeth.  or, moveth.
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - the Lord.
       * :7; 19:2 Ps 99:5,9 Isa 6:3; 30:11 1Pe 1:15,16 Re 3:7; 4:8
    - severed.
       * :24 De 7:6; 14:2; 26:18,19 Tit 2:14
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - a familiar.
       * :6; 19:31 Ex 22:18 De 18:10-12 1Sa 28:7-9
    - their blood.  See on ver.
       * :9
    
    
    
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