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    LEVITICUS 25

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      1  The sabbath of the seventh year.
     8  The jubilee in the fiftieth year.
    14  Of oppression.
    18  A blessing of obedience.
    23  The redemption of land.
    29  Of houses.
    35  Compassion to the poor.
    39  The usage of bondmen.
    47  The redemption of servants.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * Ex 19:1 Nu 1:1; 10:11,12 Ga 4:24,25
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - When ye.  See on ch.
       * Le 14:34 De 32:8,49; 34:4 Ps 24:1,2; 115:16 Isa 8:8 Jer 27:5
    - keep.  Heb. rest.
       * Le 23:32 *marg:
    - a sabbath.
       * Le 26:34,35 Ex 23:10 2Ch 36:21
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - six years.
       * Mt 21:33-41 Lu 13:6-9
    
    VERSE 4
        * :20-23; 26:34,35,43 Ex 23:10,11 2Ch 36:21
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - groweth.
       * 2Ki 19:29 Isa 37:30
    - thy vine undressed.  Heb. the separation.
    
    VERSE 6
        * Ex 23:11 Ac 2:44; 4:32,34,35
    
    VERSE 7
        * :7
    
    VERSE 8
        * Le 23:15 Ge 2:2
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - of the jubilee to sound.  Heb. loud of sound.
       * Nu 10:10 Ps 89:15 Ac 13:38,39 Ro 10:18; 15:19 2Co 5:19-21
       * 1Th 1:8
    - jubilee.
       * :10-12; 27:17,24 Nu 36:4
    - the day.
       * Le 16:20,30; 23:24,27
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - proclaim.
       * Ex 20:2 Ezr 1:3 Ps 146:7 Isa 49:9,24,25; 61:1-3; 63:4
       * Jer 34:8,13-17 Zec 9:11,12 Lu 1:74; 4:16-21 Joh 8:32-36
       * Ro 6:17,18 2Co 3:17 Ga 4:25-31; 5:1,13 1Pe 2:16 2Pe 2:19,20
    - every man.
       * :13,26-28,33,34; 27:17-24
    - ye shall return.
       * Nu 36:2-9
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - A jubilee.
      Respecting the literal meaning of the word [      ,] {yobel,}
      or {yovel,} critics are not agreed.  The most natural
      derivation of the word seems to be from [         ,] {hovil,}
      the {Hiphil} form of [           ,] {yaval,} to recall,
      restore, or bring back, because this year restored all slaves
      to their liberty, and brought back all alienated estates to
      their primitive owners.  Accordingly the LXX. render it here
      [     ,] a remission; and Josephus says it signifies [     ,]
      liberty.
    
       * Le 27:17
    - ye shall.
       * :5-7
    
    VERSE 12
        * :6,7
    
    VERSE 13
        * :10; 27:17-24 Nu 36:4
    
    VERSE 14
        * :17; 19:13 De 16:19,20 Jud 4:3 1Sa 12:3,4 2Ch 16:10 Ne 9:36,37
       * Job 20:19,20 Ps 10:18 Pr 14:31; 21:13; 22:16; 28:3,8,16 Ec 5:8
       * Isa 1:17; 3:12-15; 5:7; 33:15; 58:6 Jer 22:17 Eze 22:7,12,13
       * Am 5:11,12; 8:4-7 Mic 2:2,3; 6:10-12; 7:3 Lu 3:14 1Co 6:8
       * Jas 5:1-5
    
    VERSE 15
        * Le 27:18-23 Php 4:5
    
    VERSE 16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - shall not.
       * :14
    - fear.
       * :43; 19:14,32 Ge 20:11; 22:12; 39:9; 42:18 Ex 20:20 De 25:18
       * 1Sa 12:24 2Ch 19:7 Ne 5:9,15 Ps 19:9 Pr 1:7 Jer 22:16 Mal 3:5
       * Lu 12:5 Ac 9:31; 10:2,35 Ro 3:18; 11:20
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Wherefore.
       * Le 19:37 Ps 103:18
    - and ye.
       * Le 26:3-12 De 12:10; 28:1-14; 33:12,28 Ps 4:8 Pr 1:33 Jer 7:3-7
       * Jer 23:6; 25:5; 33:16 Eze 33:24-26,29; 34:25-28; 36:24-28
    
    VERSE 19
        * Le 26:5 Ps 67:6; 85:12 Isa 30:23; 65:21,22 Eze 34:25-28; 36:30
       * Joe 2:24,26
    
    VERSE 20
        * Nu 11:4,13 2Ki 6:15-17; 7:2 2Ch 25:9 Ps 78:19,20 Isa 1:2
       * Mt 6:25-34; 8:26 Lu 12:29 Php 4:6 Heb 13:5,6
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - I will.
      As it is here graciously promised, that the sixth year was to
      bring forth fruits for three years, not merely for two, it is
      evident that both the sabbatical year and the year of jubilee
      were distinctly provided for.  They were not to sow from the
      sixth to the eighth year, omitting two seed times; nor reap
      from the sixth to the ninth, omitting two harvests.  No
      legislator, unless conscious of being divinely commissioned,
      would have committed himself by enacting such a law as this;
      nor would any people have submitted to receive it, except in
      consequence of the fullest conviction that a divine authority
      had dictated it.  It therefore stands as a proof that Moses
      acted by the express direction of the Almighty, and that the
      people were fully persuaded of the reality of his divine
      mission by the miracles he wrought.
    
       * Ge 26:12; 41:47 Ex 16:29 De 28:3,8 Ps 133:3 Pr 10:22 2Co 9:10
    - three years.
       * :4,8-11
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - eighth.
       * 2Ki 19:29 Isa 37:30
    - old fruit.
       * Jos 5:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - The land.  See on ver.
       * :10 1Ki 21:3 Eze 48:14
    - for ever.  or, to be quite cut off.  Heb. for cutting off.
      for the land.
       * De 32:43 2Ch 7:20 Ps 24:1; 85:1 Isa 8:8 Ho 9:3 Joe 2:18; 3:2
    - for ye are.
       * Ge 47:9 1Ch 29:15 Ps 39:12; 119:19 Heb 11:9-13 1Pe 2:11
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - redemption.
       * :27,31,51-53 Ro 8:23 1Co 1:30 Eph 1:7,14; 4:30
    
    VERSE 25
        * Ru 2:20; 3:2,9,12; 4:4-6 Jer 32:7,8 2Co 8:9 Heb 2:13,14 Re 5:9
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - himself be able to redeem it.  Heb. his hand hath attained,
      and found sufficiency.
       * Le 5:7 *marg:
    
    VERSE 27
        * :50-53
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - and in the.
       * :13
    - he shall.  See on
       * Isa 35:9,10 Jer 32:15 1Co 15:52-54 1Th 4:13-18 1Pe 1:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 29
       A very proper difference is here made between houses in a
      city and houses in the country.  The former might be redeemed
      any time in the course of a year; but after that time could
      not be redeemed, or go out with the Jubilee:  the latter
      might be redeemed at any time; and if not redeemed must go
      out with the jubilee.  The reason in both cases is
      sufficiently evident; the house in the city might be built
      merely for the purposes of trade or traffic--the house in the
      country was builded on, or attached to, the inheritance which
      God had divided to the respective families.  It was therefore
      necessary that the same law should apply to the house as to
      the inheritance; which necessity did not exist with regard to
      the house in the city.  And, as the house in the city might
      be purchased for the purpose of trade, it would be very
      inconvenient for the purchaser, when his business was
      established, to be obliged to remove.
    
       * Ge 24:55
    
    VERSE 30
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - they may be redeemed.  Heb. redemption belongeth unto it.
       * Ps 49:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - the cities.
      As the Levites had no inheritance in Israel, but only cities
      to dwell in; and consequently the houses in these cities were
      all they could call their own, therefore they could not be
      ultimately alienated.
    
       * Nu 35:2-8 Jos 21:1-45
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - a man purchase of the Levites.  or, one of the Levites redeem
      them.  shall go.
       * :28
    - for the houses.
       * Nu 18:20-24 De 18:1,2
    
    VERSE 34
        * :23 Ac 4:36,37
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - thy brother.
       * :25 De 15:7,8 Pr 14:20,21; 17:5; 19:17 Mr 14:7 Joh 12:8 2Co 8:9
       * Jas 5 2:5,6
    - fallen in decay.  Heb. his hand faileth.  then.
       * Ps 37:26; 41:1; 112:5,9 Pr 14:31 Lu 6:35 Ac 11:29
       * Ro 12:13,18,20 2Co 9:1,12-15 Ga 2:10 1Jo 3:17
    - relieve.  Heb. strengthen.  a stranger.
       * Le 19:34 Ex 23:9 De 10:18,19 Mt 25:35 Heb 13:2
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - usury.
       * Ex 22:25 De 23:19,20 Ne 5:7-10 Ps 15:5 Pr 28:8 Eze 18:8,13,17
       * Eze 22:12
    - fear.
       * :17 Ne 5:9,15
    
    VERSE 37
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - which.
       * Ex 20:2
    - and to be.
       * Le 11:45; 22:32,33 Nu 15:41 Jer 31:1,33; 32:38 Heb 11:16
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - be sold.
       * Ex 21:2; 22:3 De 15:12 1Ki 9:22 2Ki 4:1 Ne 5:5 Jer 34:14
    - compel him to serve as.  Heb. serve thyself with him with
      the service of, etc.
       * :46 *marg:
       * Ex 1:14 Jer 25:14; 27:7; 30:8
    
    VERSE 40
        * Ex 21:2,3
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - then shall.
       * Ex 21:3 Joh 8:32 Ro 6:14 Tit 2:14
    - shall return.  See on ver.
       * :10,28
    
    
    VERSE 42 
     - my servants.
       * :55 Ro 6:22 1Co 7:21-23
    - as bondsmen.  Heb. with the sale of a bondman.
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - rule.
       * :46,53 Ex 1:13,14; 2:23; 3:7,9; 5:14 Isa 47:6; 58:3 Eph 6:9
       * Col 4:1
    - but shalt.  See on ver.
       * :17 Ex 1:17,21 De 25:18 Mal 3:5
    
    VERSE 44
        * Ex 12:44 Ps 2:8,9 Isa 14:1,2 Re 2:26,27
    
    VERSE 45
        * Isa 56:3-6
    
    
    VERSE 46 
     - And ye shall.
       * Isa 14:2
    - they shall be your bondmen for ever.  Heb. ye shall serve
      yourselves with them.  See on ver.
       * :39
    - ye shall not rule.
       * :43
    
    
    VERSE 47 
     - sojourner or stranger wax rich.  Heb. the hand of a stranger,
      etc.  obtain, etc.
       * :26 1Sa 2:7,8 Jas 5 2:5
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - See on ver.
       * :25,35 Ne 5:5,8 Ga 4:4,5 Heb 2:11-13
    
    
    VERSE 49 
     - or if he be.  See on ver.
       * :26
    
    
    VERSE 50 
     - reckon.
       * :27
    - price of his sale.
    
      This was a very equitable law, both to the sojourner to whom
      the man was sold, and to the Israelite who had been sold.
      The Israelite might redeem himself, or one of his kindred
      might redeem him; but this must not be done to the prejudice
      of his master.  They were therefore to reckon the years he
      must have served, from that time till the jubilee; and then
      taking the current wages of a servant, per year, at that
      time, multiply the remaining years by that sum, and the
      aggregate was to be given to his master for his redemption.
      The Jews hold that the kindred of such a person were bound,
      if in their power, to redeem him, lest he should be swallowed
      up among the heathen; and we find (Ne 5:8) that this was done
      by the Jews on their return from the Babylonish captivity.
    
    - according to the time.
       * :40,53 De 15:18 Job 7:1,2; 14:6 Isa 16:14; 21:16
    
    VERSE 51
    
    
    VERSE 52 
     - jubilee.
      The jubilee was a wonderful institution, and of great service
      to the religion, freedom, and independence of the Hebrews.
      It was calculated to prevent the rich from oppressing the
      poor, and reducing them to perpetual slavery; and to hinder
      their obtaining possession of all the lands by purchase,
      mortgage, or usurpation.  It was further intended, that debts
      should not be multiplied too much, lest the poor should be
      entirely ruined; that slaves should not always continue in
      servitude; that personal liberty, equality of property, and
      the regular order of families might, as much as possible, be
      preserved; and that the people might thus be strongly
      attached to their country, lands, and inheritances.
    
       * :9,52
    
    
    VERSE 53 
     - See on ver.
       * :43
    
    
    VERSE 54 
     - in these years.  or, by these means.  then.
       * :40,41 Ex 21:2,3 Isa 49:9,25; 52:3
    
    
    VERSE 55 
     - my servants.
       * :42 Ex 13:3; 20:2 Ps 116:16 Isa 43:3 Lu 1:74,75 Ro 6:14,17,18
       * Ro 6:22 1Co 7:22,23; 9:19,21 Ga 5:13
    
    
    
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