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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    LEVITICUS 27

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      1  He that makes a singular vow must be the Lord's.
     3  The estimation of the person;
     9  of a beast given by vow;
    14  of a house;
    16  of a field, and the redemption thereof.
    28  No devoted thing may be redeemed.
    30  The tithe may not be changed.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - When.
       * Ge 28:20-22 Nu 6:2; 21:2 De 23:21-23 Jud 11:30,31,39
       * 1Sa 1:11,28
    - a singular vow.
      A vow is a religious promise made to God, for the most part
      with prayer, and paid with thanksgiving.  Vows were either of
      abstinence (Nu 6:30), or the devoting of something to the
      Lord, as sacrifices (Le 7:16,) or the value of persons,
      beasts, houses, or lands, concerning which the law is here
      given.  A man might vow or devote himself, his children, his
      domestics, his cattle, his goods, etc.; and respecting the
      redemption of all these, rules are laid down in this chapter.
      But if, after consecrating these things, he refused to redeem
      them, they then became the Lord's property forever.  The
      persons continued all their lives devoted to the sanctuary,
      the goods were sold for the profit of the temple, or the
      priests; and the animals, if clean, were offered in
      sacrifice; and if not proper for sacrifice, were sold, and
      the proceeds devoted to sacred uses.  This is a general view
      of the different laws relative to vows, mentioned in this
      chapter.
    
       * Ec 5:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - And thy estimation.
       * :14; 5:15; 6:6 Nu 18:16 2Ki 12:4 *marg:
    - fifty shekels.
      i.e, At three shillings each, 7. 10s. sterling.
    
    - after the.
       * :25 Ex 30:13
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - thirty shekels.
      i.e., 4. 10s. sterling, A little more than one-half the
      value of a man; for this obvious reason, that a woman, if
      employed, would not be of so much use in the sanctuary as the
      man.
    
       * Zec 11:12,13 Mt 26:15; 27:9,10
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - twenty shekels.  i.e., 3. sterling.  ten shekels.  i.e., 1.
      10s. sterling
       * :5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - from.
       * Nu 3:40-43; 18:14-16
    - the male.
      The male five shekels, 15s., the female three shekels, 9s.
      Being both in infancy they were nearly of an equal value.
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - from.
       * Ps 90:10
    - fifteen.
      The old man and the old woman, being almost past labor, were
      nearly of an equal value; the former being estimated at 15
      shekels, and the latter at 10.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - poorer.
       * Le 5:7; 12:8; 14:21,22 Mr 14:7 Lu 21:1-4 2Co 8:12
    - according.
       * Jer 5:7
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - all...is holy.  i.e., separated and devoted; it cannot be
      redeemed like a human being, a house, or a field.  (Young).
       * :9
    
    VERSE 10
        * :15-33 Jas 8 1:8
    
    VERSE 11
        * De 23:18 Mal 1:14
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - as thou valuest it, who art the priest.  Heb. according to
      thy estimation, O priest, etc.
       * :14
    
    VERSE 13
        * :10,15,19; 5:16; 6:4,5; 22:14
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - sanctify.
       * :21; 25:29-31 Nu 18:14 Ps 101:2-7
    - as the priest.
       * :12
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - then he shall add.  See on ver.
       * :13
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - some part.
      Though the words "some part" are not expressed, yet it is
      generally allowed that they should be supplied here; as it
      was not lawful for a man to alienate in this manner his whole
      patrimony:  he might express his good will for the house of
      God but he must not impoverish his own family.
    
    - of a field.
       * Ac 4:34-37; 5:4
    - an homer.  or, the land of an homer, etc., i.e, as much land
      as required a homer of barley to sow it.
      The {homer} was very different from the {omer;} the latter
      held about three quarts, the former seventy-five gallons
      three pints.
    
       * Isa 5:10 Eze 45:11-14 Ho 3:2
    
    VERSE 17
        * :17
    
    VERSE 18
        * Le 25:15,16,27,51,52
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - See on ver.
       * :13
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - when.
       * Le 25:10,28,31
    - devoted.
      It is {cherem,} a thing so devoted to God, as never more to
      be capable of being redeemed.
    
       * :28,29 De 13:17 Jos 6:17 Ezr 10:8 Eze 44:29 *marg:
    - priest's.
       * Nu 18:14 Eze 44:29
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - his possession.
       * Le 25:10,25
    
    VERSE 23
        * :12,18
    
    VERSE 24
        * :20; 25:28
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - And all.
       * :3
    - to the shekel.
      A standard shekel; the standard being kept in the sanctuary,
      to try and regulate all the weights in the land by.
    
    - twenty.
       * Ex 30:13 Nu 3:47; 18:16 Eze 45:12
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - the firstling.  Heb. first born, etc.
      As these firstlings were the Lord's before, it would have
      been a solemn mockery to pretend to make them a matter of a
      singular vow; for they were already appointed, if clean, to
      be sacrificed.
    
    - which.
       * Ex 13:2,12,13; 22:30 Nu 18:17 De 15:19
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - and shall add.
      This was probably intended to prevent rash vows and covetous
      redemptions.  The priest alone was to value the thing; and to
      whatever his valuation was, a fifth part must be added by him
      who wished to redeem it.
    
       * :11-13
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - no devoted.
      This is the {cherem,} the absolute, irredeemable grant to
      God.
    
       * :21 Ex 22:20 Nu 21:2,3 De 7:1,2; 13:15,16; 20:16,17; 25:19
       * Jos 6:17-19,26; 7:1,11-13,25 Jud 11:30,31; 21:5,11,18
       * 1Sa 14:24-28,38-45; 15:3,18,32,33 Mt 25:41 Ac 23:12-14 Ro 9:3
       * 1Co 16:22 Ga 3:10,13
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - None.
       * Nu 21:2,3 1Sa 15:18-23
    - which shall be devoted.
      That is, either that every person devoted to the service of
      God shall not be redeemed, but die in that devoted state, or,
      that such as were devoted to death by appointment and law of
      God, as the Canaanites were, shall be put to death.
    
    VERSE 30
        * Ge 14:20; 28:22 Nu 18:21-24 De 12:5,6; 14:22,23 2Ch 31:5,6,12
       * Ne 10:37,38; 12:44; 13:5,12 Mal 3:8-10 Mt 23:23 Lu 11:42; 18:12
       * Heb 7:5-9
    
    VERSE 31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - passeth under the rod.
      The Rabbins say, that when a man gave the tithe of his sheep
      or calves, he shut them in one fold, in which was a narrow
      door, to let out but one at a time.  He then stood by the
      door, with a rod dipped in vermilion in his hand, and as they
      passed he counted them with the rod; and when the tenth came
      he touched it, by which it was distinguished as the tithe
      calf, sheep, etc.
    
       * Jer 33:13 Eze 20:37 Mic 7:14
    
    VERSE 33
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - commandments.
       * Le 26:46 De 4:45 Joh 1:17
    - in mount.
       * Nu 1:1 Ga 4:24,25 Heb 12:18-25
    
    
    
                           CONCLUDING REMARKS.
    
    Thus terminates this most interesting and important book; a
    book containing a code of sacrificial, ceremonial, civil, and
    judicial laws, which, for the purity of their morality, the
    wisdom, justice, and beneficence of their enactments, and the
    simplicity, dignity, and impressive nature of their rites, are
    perfectly unrivalled, and altogether worthy of their Divine
    Author.  All the rites and ceremonies of the Mosaic law are at
    once dignified and expressive.  They point out the holiness of
    their Author, the sinfulness of man, the necessity of an
    atonement, and the state of moral excellence to which the grace
    and mercy of the Creator have destined to raise the human soul.
    They include, as well as point out, the gospel of the Son of
    God; from which they receive their consummation and perfection.
    The sacrifices and oblations were significant of the atonement
    of Christ; the requisite qualities of these sacrifices were
    emblematical of his immaculate character; and the prescribed
    mode in the form of these offerings, and the mystical rites
    ordained, were allusive institutions, calculated to enlighten
    the apprehensions of the Jews, and to prepare them for the
    reception of the Gospel.  The institution of the high
    priesthood typified Jesus, the Great High Priest, called and
    prepared of God, who hath an unchangeable priesthood, and is
    able to save to the uttermost all that come unto God by him.
    
    
    
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