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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    LEVITICUS 4

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      1  The sin offering of ignorance;
     3  for the priest;
    13  for the congregation;
    22  for the ruler;
    27  for any of the people;
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - through.
       * Le 5:15,17 Nu 15:22-29 De 19:4 1Sa 14:27 Ps 19:12 1Ti 1:13
       * Heb 5:2; 9:7
    - which ought.
       * :27 Ge 20:9 Jas 3:10
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - the priest.
       * Le 8:12; 21:10-12 Ex 29:7,21
    - a young bullock.
       * :14; 9:2; 16:6,11 Eze 43:19
    - for a sin.
       * Le 5:6 Ex 29:14; 30:10 Nu 8:8 Ezr 8:35 Ro 8:3 2Co 5:21 Heb 5:3
       * Heb 7:27,28
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - bring.
       * Le 1:3 Ex 29:10,11
    - lay his hand.  See on ch.
       * Le 1:4; 16:21 Isa 53:6 Da 9:26 1Pe 3:18
    
    VERSE 5
        * :16,17; 16:14,19 Nu 19:4 1Jo 1:7
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - dip.
       * :17,25,30,34; 8:15; 9:9; 16:14,19 Nu 19:4
    - seven times.
      The number seven is what is called a number of perfection
      among the Hebrews; and is often used to denote the
      completion, fulness, or perfection of a thing.
    
       * Le 14:16,18,27; 25:8; 26:18,24,28 Jos 6:4,8
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - the horns.
       * Le 8:15; 9:9; 16:18 Ex 30:1-10 Ps 118:27 Heb 9:21-15
    - all the blood.
       * :18,34; 5:9; 8:15 Eph 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - See on ver.
       * :19,26,31,35; 3:3-5,9-11,14-16; 7:3-5; 16:25 Isa 53:10 Joh 12:27
    
    VERSE 9
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - peace offering.
       * Le 23:19 Ps 32:1 1Ti 2:5,6
    
    VERSE 11
        * :21; 6:30; 8:14-17; 9:8-11; 16:27 Ex 29:14 Nu 19:5 Ps 103:12
       * Heb 13:11-13
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - without the camp.  Heb. to without the camp.
      This was intended, figuratively, to express the enormity of
      this sin, and the availableness of the atonement.  The
      sacrifice, as having the sin of the priest transferred from
      himself to it, by his confession and imposition of hands, was
      become unclean and abominable, and was carried, as it were,
      out of God's sight; and thus its own offensiveness was
      removed, with the sin of the person in whose behalf it was
      offered.
    
       * Le 13:46 Nu 5:3; 15:35; 19:3
    - the ashes.
       * Le 6:10,11
    - burn him.
       * Ex 29:14 Nu 19:5 Heb 13:11
    - where the ashes are poured out.  Heb. at the pouring out of
      the ashes.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - the whole congregation.
      This may refer to some oversight in acts of religious
      worship, or to some transgression of the letter of the law,
      which arose out of the peculiar circumstances in which they
      were found, as in the case mentioned in 1 Sa 32 14:32, et seq.
      The sacrifices and rites in this case were the same as in the
      preceding; only here the elders laid their hands on the head
      of the victim, in the name of all the congregation.
    
    - through ignorance.  See on ver.
       * :1,2; 5:2-5,17 Nu 15:24-29 Jos 7:11,24-26 1Ti 1:13 Heb 10:26-29
    - and are guilty.
       * Le 5:2-5,17; 6:4 Ezr 10:19 Ho 5:15 *marg:
       * 1Co 11:27
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - young bullock.  See on ver.
       * :3
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - the elders.
       * Ex 24:1,9 Nu 11:16,25 De 21:3-9
    - lay.  See on ver.
       * :4; 1:4; 16:21
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - See on ver.
       * :5-12 Heb 9:12-14
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - See ver.
       * :6,7
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - upon the.
       * :7
    - and shall pour out.
      The reason for pouring out the blood, which is so constantly
      and strictly required by the law, was in opposition to an
      idolatrous custom of the ancient Zabii, who "were accustomed
      to eat of the blood of their sacrifices, because they
      imagined this to be the food of their gods, with whom they
      thought they had such communion, by eating their meat, that
      they revealed to them future things."--Maimonides
    
    VERSE 19
        * :8-10,26,31,35; 5:6; 6:7; 12:8; 14:18 Nu 15:25 Ps 22:14 Heb 1:3
       * Heb 9:14
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - with the.
       * :3
    - an atonement.
       * :26; 1:4; 5:6; 6:7; 12:8; 14:18 Ex 32:30 Nu 15:25 Da 9:24 Ro 5:11
       * Ga 3:13 Heb 1:3; 2:17; 9:14; 10:10-12 1Jo 1:7; 2:2 Re 1:5
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - as he.
       * :11,12
    - a sin offering.
       * Le 16:15,21 2Ch 29:21-24 Ezr 8:35 Mt 20:28 2Co 5:21 1Ti 2:5,6
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - a ruler hath sinned.
      Under the term {nasi,} that is, one preferred or elevated
      above others, from {nasa,} to exalt, it is probable that any
      person is meant who held any kind of political dignity among
      the people; and it evidently means the head of a tribe as in
      Nu 1:4, 16; 2 7:2.  But the Rabbins generally understand it of
      the prince of the great sanhedrin, who, when they were under
      the regal form of government, was the king.  A kid of the
      goats was the sacrifice in this case; and the rites were
      nearly the same as in the preceding, only the fat was burnt
      as that of the peace offering.  (ver. 26.)
    
       * Ex 18:21 Nu 16:2 2Sa 21:1-3; 24:10-17
    - and done.  See on ver.
       * :2,13
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - if his sin.
       * :14; 5:4 2Ki 22:10-13
    - a kid.
       * Le 9:3; 23:19 Nu 7:16,22,28,34; 15:24; 28:15,30; 29:5,11,16,19
       * Ro 8:3
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - And he.
       * :4-35 Isa 53:6
    - in the place.
       * Le 1:5,11; 3:2,8,13; 4:4,15,29,33; 6:25; 7:2; 16:15 Ex 29:38
    - it is a sin.  See on ver.
       * :3,21,31,35
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - put.
       * :7,18,30,34; 8:10,15; 9:9; 16:18 Isa 40:21 Ro 3:24-26; 8:3,4; 10:4
       * Heb 2:10; 9:22
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - the fat.
       * :8-10,35
    - See on ch.
       * Le 3:5; 6:20-30
    - an atonement.  See on ver.
       * :20 Nu 15:28
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - any one.  Heb. any soul.
       * :2 Nu 15:27
    - common people.  Heb. people of the land .
      {Am ha„retz;} that is, any individual who was not a priest,
      king, or ruler among the people; an ordinary person.  Any of
      these having transgressed, was obliged to bring a lamb or
      kid, the ceremonies being nearly the same as in the preceding
      cases.
    
    - See on ver.
       * :2,13 Ex 12:49 Nu 5:6; 15:16,29
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - a kid.
       * :23,32; 5:6 Ge 3:15 Isa 7:14 Jer 31:22 Ro 8:3 Ga 4:4,5
    - a female.
       * :23 Ga 3:28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - See on ver.
       * :4,15,24,33 Heb 10:4-14
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - upon the horns.
       * :25,34 Isa 42:21 Ro 8:3,4; 10:4 Heb 2:10
    - pour out.
      There may have been some place at the bottom of the altar to
      receive and carry off the blood.
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - all the fat.
       * :8-10,19,26,35; 3:3-5,9-11,14-16
    - a sweet.
       * Le 1:9,13,17; 3:3,5; 8:21 Ex 29:18 Ezr 6:10 Job 42:8 Ps 40:6,7
       * Ps 51:16,17; 69:30,31 Isa 42:21; 53:10 Mt 3:17 Eph 5:2 Heb 1:3
       * Heb 9:12,14,15; 10:12,14 1Pe 2:4,5 1Jo 1:7; 4:9,10 Re 5:9
    - and the priest.
       * :26,35
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - a lamb.
       * :28; 3:6,7; 5:6 Ex 12:3,5 Isa 53:7 Lu 1:35 Joh 1:29,36 Heb 7:26
       * 1Pe 1:18-20; 2:22,24; 3:18 Re 5:6,8,9
    - without blemish.
       * :28 Eph 5:27 Heb 9:14 1Pe 2:22; 3:18
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - See on ver.
       * :4,29-31
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - the horns of the altar.
       * :25,30 Isa 42:21 Joh 17:19 Ro 8:1,3; 10:4 2Co 5:21 Heb 2:10
       * Heb 10:29 1Pe 1:18-20; 2:24; 3:18
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - And he.  See on ver.
       * :31
    - according.
       * Le 1:1-1 6:19
    - and the priest shall make.
       * :20,26,30,31; 1:4; 5:6,10,13; 6:7; 9:7; 12:8; 14:18,53; 16:1-34
       * Nu 15:25 Ro 3:24-26; 4:25; 5:6-11,15-21; 8:1,3,4; 10:4 2Co 5:21
       * Eph 1:6,7; 5:2 Col 1:14 Heb 1:3; 4:14; 7:26; 9:14 1Pe 1:18,19
       * 1Pe 2:22,24; 3:18 1Jo 1:7; 2:2; 4:9,10 Re 1:5,6
    
    
    
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