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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NEHEMIAH 13

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      1  Upon the reading of the law, separation is made from the
        mixed multitude.
     4  Nehemiah, at his return, causes the chambers to be
        cleansed.
    10  He reforms the offices in the house of God;
    15  the violation of the sabbath;
    23  and the marriages with the strange wives.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - that day.
      Some suppose that the events recorded in these verses took
      place several years after those related in the preceding
      chapter, while Nehemiah was absent at the Persian court; but
      the introductory language, on that day, seems rather to imply
      that they occurred immediately, or at least about that time.
    
    - they read.  Heb. there was read.
       * Ne 8:3-8; 9:3 De 31:11,12 2Ki 23:2 Isa 34:16 Lu 4:16-19; 10:26
       * Ac 13:15; 15:21
    - audience.  Heb. ears.  the Ammonite.
       * :23 De 23:3-5 Isa 15:1-14 16:14 Jer 48:1-47 Eze 25:1-11 Am 2:1-3
    - Moabite.
       * Ne 2:10,19; 4:3 Ps 83:7-9 Jer 49:1-6 Am 1:13-15
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - Because.
       * Mt 25:40
    - hired Balaam.
       * Nu 22:3-6 Jos 24:9,10
    - our God.
       * Nu 23:8-11,18; 24:5-10 De 23:5 Ps 109:28 Mic 6:5
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - when they.
       * Ps 19:7-11; 119:9,11 Pr 6:23 Ro 3:20
    - that they.
       * Ne 9:2; 10:28 Ezr 10:11 Jas 27 1:27
    - the mixed.
       * Ex 12:38 Nu 11:4
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Eliashib.
       * :7
       * Ne 12:10
    - having the oversight of.  Heb. being set over.
       * Ne 12:44
    - allied.
       * :28; 6:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - a great.
       * Ne 10:38; 12:44 2Ch 34:11
    - which was commanded to be given to the.  Heb. the commandment
      of the.
       * Nu 18:21-24
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - But.
       * Ex 32:1 2Ch 24:17,18 Mt 13:25
    - was.
      Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of
      Artaxerxes, and remained there till the thirty-second, being
      twelve years; then returned to Babylon; and probably, after
      about a year, got leave to revisit his brethren, and found
      matters as here stated.
    
    - the two.
       * Ne 2:1; 5:14
    - after certain days.  Heb. at the end of days.
       * Ne 2:5,6
    - obtained I.  or, I earnestly requested.
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - understood.
       * Ezr 9:1 1Co 1:11
    - in preparing.
       * :1,5 La 1:10 Mt 21:12,13 Ac 21:28,29
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - it grieved.
       * Ezr 9:3,4; 10:1 Ps 69:9
    - I cast.
       * Mr 11:15-17 Joh 2:13-17
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - they cleansed.
       * Ne 12:45 2Ch 29:5,15-19
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the portions.
       * Ne 10:37; 12:47 Mal 1:6-14; 3:8 1Ti 5:17,18
    - to his field.
       * Nu 35:2
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - contend.
       * :17,25; 5:6-13 Job 31:34 Pr 28:4
    - Why is the house.
       * Ne 10:39 1Sa 2:17 Mal 3:8-11
    - place.  Heb. standing.
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - brought.
       * Ne 10:37-39; 12:44 Le 27:30 Nu 18:20-26 De 14:22
    - treasuries.  or, storehouses.
       * Mal 3:10
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - I made.
       * Ne 12:44 2Ch 31:12-15
    - Shelemiah.
       * Ne 3:30
    - Pedaiah.
       * Ne 8:4
    - next to them.  Heb. at their hand.  Zaccur.
       * Ne 10:12
    - Mattaniah.
       * Ne 11:22; 12:35
    - counted.
       * Ne 7:2 2Ki 12:15; 22:7 Lu 12:42; 16:10-12 Ac 6:3 1Co 4:2 1Ti 1:12
       * 1Ti 3:10
    - their office.  Heb. it was upon them.  to distribute.
       * Ac 4:35; 6:1
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - Remember me.
       * :22,31; 5:19 Ps 122:6-9 Heb 6:10 Re 3:5
    - wipe not.
      If thou wert strict to mark what is done amiss, even my good
      deeds must be wiped out:  but, Lord, remember me in thy mercy,
      and let my upright conduct be acceptable to Thee!  By some,
      Nehemiah has been thought to deal too much with God on the
      principle of merit.  That he wished God to remember him for
      good is sufficiently evident, and who does not wish the same?
      But that he expected heaven for his good deeds does not
      appear; for it is perfectly clear that he expected nothing
      from God but through the greatness of his mercy.
    
       * :22
    - good deeds.  Heb. kindnesses.  house.
       * 1Ch 29:3 2Ch 24:16; 31:20,21 Ezr 7:20,24,27 Ps 122:6-9
    - offices.  or, observations.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - treading wine.
       * Ex 20:8-11; 34:21; 35:2 Isa 58:13 Eze 20:13
    - burdens.
       * Ne 10:31 Nu 15:32-36 Jer 17:21,22,24,27
    - I testified.
       * :21; 9:29 De 8:19 2Ch 24:19 Ps 50:7 Jer 42:19 Mic 6:3 Ac 2:40
       * Ac 20:21 Ga 5:3 Eph 4:17 1Th 4:6 Re 22:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - men of Tyre.
       * Ex 23:12 De 5:14
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - I contended.
       * :11,25; 5:7 Ps 82:1,2 Pr 28:4 Isa 1:10 Jer 5:5; 13:18; 22:2-23
       * Mic 3:1,9
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Did not your.
       * Ezr 9:13-15 Jer 17:21-23,27; 44:9,22 Eze 23:8,26 Zec 1:4-6
    - ye bring more.
       * Le 26:18,28 Nu 32:14 Jos 22:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - began to be.
       * Le 23:22
    - I commanded.
       * Ne 7:3 Ex 31:14-17 Jer 17:19-22
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - I testified.  See on ver.
       * :15
    - about the wall.  Heb. before the wall.  I will lay.
       * Ezr 7:26 Ro 13:3,4 1Pe 2:14
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - I commanded.
       * Ne 7:64,65; 12:30 2Ki 23:4 1Ch 15:12-14 2Ch 29:4,5,24,27,30
       * Isa 49:23
    - cleanse.
       * Ne 12:10
    - sanctify.
       * De 5:12
    - Remember.
       * :14,31; 5:19 Ps 132:1-5 Isa 38:3 2Co 1:12 2Ti 4:7,8
    - spare me.
       * Ps 25:6,7; 51:1; 130:3,4,7; 143:1,2
    - greatness.  or, multitude.
       * Ps 5:7 Isa 55:7
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - married.  Heb. made to dwell with them.
       * Ne 10:30 Ezr 9:2,11,12; 10:10,44 2Co 6:14
    - Ashdod.
       * 1Sa 5:1
    - Ammon.  See on ver.
       * :1-3
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - could not speak.  Heb. they discerned not to speak.  each
      people.  Heb. people and people.
       * Zep 3:9
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - I contended.
       * :11,17 Pr 28:4
    - cursed.  or, reviled.
       * Ne 5:13 De 27:14-26 Ps 15:4 Lu 11:45,46
    - smote.
       * De 25:2,3 Ezr 7:26
    - plucked.
       * Isa 50:6
    - made them.
       * Ne 10:29,30 De 6:13 2Ch 15:12-15 Ezr 10:5
    - Ye shall not.
       * Ex 34:16 De 7:3
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Did not Solomon.
       * 1Ki 11:1-8 Ec 7:26
    - yet among.
       * 2Sa 12:24,25 1Ki 3:13 2Ch 1:12; 9:22
    - who was beloved.
       * 2Sa 12:24
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Shall we then.
       * 1Sa 30:24
    - to transgress.
       * Ezr 10:2
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - And one.
      Josephus relates, that this young man was named Manasseh; and
      that at his request, Sanballat and the Samaritans built their
      temple upon mount Gerizim, in opposition to that at Jerusalem,
      at which he officiated, in some measure, according to the
      Mosaic ritual.
    
    - Joiada.
       * Ne 12:10,22
    - Eliashib.
       * Ne 3:1
    - son in law.
       * :4,5; 6:17-19
    - Sanballat.
       * Ne 2:19
    - I chased.
       * :25 Ps 101:8 Pr 20:8,26 Ro 13:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Remember.
       * Ne 6:14 Ps 59:5-13 2Ti 4:14
    - because they have defiled.  Heb. for the defilings of.
       * Le 21:1-7
    - the covenant.
       * Nu 16:9,10; 25:12,13 1Sa 2:30 Mal 2:4-8,10-12
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - cleansed.
       * Ne 10:30
    - appointed.
       * Ne 12:1-26 1Ch 23:1-32 26:32
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - the wood.
       * Ne 10:34
    - Remember.
       * :14,22 Ps 25:7; 26:8,9; 106:4 Lu 23:42
    
    
    
               CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAH.
    
    Of Nehemiah, the author and principal actor in the events
    recorded in this book, the Jews speak as one of the greatest men
    of their nation.  His concern for his country entitles him to
    the character of the first patriot that ever lived.  Descended,
    according to some, of the family of Aaron, or according to
    others, of the tribe of Judah and allied to the royal family of
    David, in the course of Divine Providence, he was a captive in
    Babylon:  but there his excellences were so apparent, that he
    was chosen by the Persian king to fill an office the most
    respectable and the most confidential in the whole court.  Here
    he lived in ease and affluence:  he lacked no good thing; and
    here he might have continued to live, in the same affluence, and
    in the same confidence; but he could enjoy neither, so long as
    he knew his people distressed, the sepulchres of his fathers
    trodden under foot, the altars of his God overturned, and his
    worship either totally neglected or corrupted.  He sought the
    peace of Jerusalem; prayed for it; and was willing to sacrifice
    wealth, ease, safety, and even life itself, if he might be the
    instrument of restoring the desolations of Israel.  And God, who
    saw the desire of his heart, and knew the excellences with which
    he had endowed him, granted his request, and gave him the high
    honor of restoring the desolated city of his ancestors, and the
    pure worship of their God.  The opposition of Sanballat and the
    Samaritans, and the firmness and zeal with which he repelled
    their insults and ineffectual efforts cannot be read without the
    liveliest emotions; and will afford to the latest times, a noble
    and animating example of distinguished patriotism, united with
    the sincerest devotion to the interests of religion.  The virtue
    and piety of this great and good man, appear with equal lustre
    in the numerous and important reformations he effected.  He
    relieved the people from their hardships and oppressions, by
    abolishing the harsh and usurious practices of the nobles and
    rulers; gave up his own revenue, as governor of the province,
    for the benefit of the people; and, as a further means of
    conciliating their affections, exhibited an example of the most
    princely hospitality.  As the best security for good morals, and
    the better observance of the laws of God, he re-established the
    offices of public worship, and prevented the profanation of the
    sabbath, which had arrived at a shameful excess; he furnished
    the returned captives with authentic registers, and enabled
    them, in the best manner possible, after so long and calamitous
    an interval, to trace the genealogies, and claim the inheritance
    of their respective families; and further, he accomplished the
    separation of the Jewish people from the mixed multitude, with
    which they had been incorporated, and annulled the numerous
    marriages which they had made with heathens and idolaters of
    every description.  For disinterestedness, philanthropy,
    patriotism, prudence, courage, zeal, humanity, and every virtue
    that constitutes a great mind, and proves a soul in deep
    communion with God, Nehemiah will ever stand conspicuous among
    the greatest men of the Jewish nation; and an exemplar worthy of
    being copied by the first patriots in every nation under heaven.
    
    
    
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