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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 15

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      1  The law of the meat offering, and the drink offering.
    14  The stranger is under the same law.
    17  The law of the first of the dough for an heave offering.
    22  The sacrifice for sins of ignorance.
    30  The punishment of presumption.
    32  He that violated the sabbath is stoned.
    37  The law of fringes.
    
    
    VERSE 1
      It is very probable, that the transactions recorded in this
      and the four following chapters took place during the time the
      Israelites abode in Kadesh (De 1:46.)
    
    
    VERSE 2
        * :18 Le 14:34; 23:10; 25:2 De 7:1,2; 12:1,9
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - will make.   * Ex 29:18,25,41 Le 1:2,3,9,13,17; 10:13
    - a burnt.
       * Le 1:1-17
    - a sacrifice.
       * Le 7:16; 22:18-23 De 12:11
    - performing.  Heb. separating.
       * Le 27:2
    - or in a free-will.
       * Le 22:21,23 De 12:6,17; 16:10
    - in your.
       * Nu 28:16-19,27; 29:1,2,8,13-40 Le 23:8,12,36 De 16:1-17
    - a sweet.
       * Ge 8:21 Ex 29:18 Mt 3:17 Eph 5:2 Php 4:18
    - the herd.
      Under the term {bakar,} are comprehended the ox, heifer, etc;
      and under {tzon,} are included sheep and goats.  The animals
      enjoined in the Levitical law are the very same which
      commanded Abraham to offer.  (Ge 15:9.)  Hence it is evident,
      that God delivered to the patriarchs an epitome of that law
      which was afterwards given in detail to Moses, the essence of
      which consisted in its sacrifices; and these sacrifices were
      of clean animals, the most perfect, useful, and healthy of all
      that are brought under the immediate government of man.  Gross
      feeding and ferocious animals were all excluded, as well as
      all birds of prey.
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - a meat.
       * Ex 29:40 Le 2:1; 6:14; 7:9,10; 23:13 Isa 66:20 Mal 1:11 Ro 15:16
       * Heb 13:16
    - the fourth.
       * Nu 28:5-8 Ex 29:40 Le 2:15; 14:10; 23:13 Jud 9:9 Eze 46:14
    
    VERSE 5
        * Nu 28:7,14 Jud 9:13 Ps 116:13 So 1:4 Zec 9:17 Mt 26:28,29
       * Php 2:17 2Ti 4:6
    
    VERSE 6
        * :4; 28:12-14
    
    VERSE 7
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - peace.  See on
       * Le 3:1; 7:11-18
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - with a.
       * Nu 28:12,14
    - a meat.
       * Nu 29:6 Le 6:14; 7:37; 14:10 1Ch 21:23 Ne 10:33 Eze 42:13
       * Eze 46:5,7,11,15 Joe 1:9; 2:14
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - See on ver.
       * :5; 6:15
    
    VERSE 11
        * :28
    
    VERSE 12
        * :12
    
    VERSE 13
        * :13
    
    VERSE 14
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - One.
       * :29; 9:14 Ex 12:49 Le 24:22 Ga 3:28 Eph 2:11-22 Col 3:11
    - an ordinance.
       * Nu 10:8; 18:8 Ex 12:14,24,43 1Sa 30:25
    
    VERSE 16
        * :16
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - See on ver.
       * :2 De 26:1-15
    
    
    VERSE 19
       The oblation before prescribed seems to have been a general
      acknowledgment from the people at large; but this was an
      oblation from every one that reaped a harvest:  who was
      required, previously to tasting it himself, to offer a portion
      of dough as a heave-offering to the Lord.  This is supposed to
      have been given to the priests in their several cities, and
      not carried to the tabernacle.
    
       * Jos 5:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - a cake.
       * Nu 18:12 Ex 23:19 De 26:2-10 Ne 10:37 Pr 3:9,10 Eze 44:30
       * Mt 6:33 Ro 11:16 1Co 15:20 Jas 1:18 Re 14:4
    - the heave-offering.
       * Le 2:14; 23:20,16,17
    
    VERSE 21
        * Nu 18:26 Ex 29:28
    
    
    VERSE 22
       This law concerning sins of ignorance, being entirely diverse
      from one before considered, occasions considerable difficulty.
      (Le ch. 4.)  Some explain that law as relating to sins of
      commission, this to sins of omission:  others explain the one
      of inadvertent violations of the moral law, and the other of
      the transgressions of the ceremonial law:  and some think that
      related to the whole nation, this to any one tribe; or that to
      the bulk of the nation, this to the rulers and elders.  The
      Jews say, that the former law referred to such national
      transgressions through heedlessness, as consisted with the
      maintenance of the prescribed worship in the main; but that
      this especially respected the case of the nation, when through
      inattention, and the example and authority of wicked rulers,
      they had turned aside and committed idolatry, or conducted
      their worship directly contrary to law; yet through a culpable
      ignorance, and not in presumption.  This was evidently the
      case under several of their kings; and the explanation seems
      well grounded.
    
       * Le 4:2,13,14,22,27; 5:13,15-17 Ps 19:12 Lu 12:48
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - if ought.  See on
       * Le 4:13
    - without.  Heb. from the eyes.  one young bullock.  See on
       * Le 4:14-21
    - with his.
       * :8-10
    - manner.  or, ordinance.  one kid.
       * Nu 28:15 Le 4:23 2Ch 29:21-24 Ezr 6:17; 8:35
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - the priest.  See on
       * Le 4:20,26 Ro 3:25 1Jo 2:2
    - forgiven them.
       * Lu 23:34 Ac 13:39
    
    VERSE 26
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - See on
       * Le 4:27,28 Ac 3:17; 17:30 1Ti 1:13
    
    VERSE 28
        * Le 4:35
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - one law.  See on ver.
       * :15; 9:14 Le 16:29; 17:15 Ro 3:29,30
    - sinneth.  Heb. doeth.
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - doeth ought.
       * Nu 9:13; 14:44 Ge 17:14 Ex 21:14 Le 20:3,6,10 De 1:43; 17:12
       * De 29:19,20 Ps 19:13 Mt 12:32 Heb 10:26,29 2Pe 2:10
    - presumptuously.  Heb. with an high hand.
      That is, bold, daring, deliberate acts of transgression
      against the fullest evidence, and in despite of the Divine
      authority.  Such conduct "reproacheth the Lord," as if his
      commands were needless, unreasonable, and inimical to the
      happiness of man; his favor were not desirable, or his wrath
      not to be feared:  in short, as if it were more advantageous
      to rebel against him than to serve him.  Such acts admitted of
      no atonement:  the person was condemned to bear his own
      iniquity, and to be cut off.
    
    - reproacheth.
       * Ps 69:9; 74:18,22; 79:12; 89:51 Pr 14:31 Isa 37:23,24
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - despised.
       * Le 26:15,43 2Sa 12:9 Ps 126 119:126 Pr 13:13 Isa 30:12 1Th 4:8
       * Heb 10:28,29
    - his iniquity.
       * Le 5:1 Ps 38:4 Isa 53:6 Eze 18:20 1Pe 2:24 2Pe 2:21
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - they found a man.
      This example seems to have been evidently introduced to
      illustrate the foregoing law.  The man despised the word of
      the Lord, presumptuously broke his commandment, and on this
      ground was punished with death.
    
       * Ex 16:23,27,28; 20:8-10; 35:2,3
    
    VERSE 33
        * Joh 8:3-20
    
    VERSE 34
        * Le 24:12
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - The man.
       * Ex 31:14,15
    - stone him.  See on
       * Le 24:14,23 1Ki 21:13 Ac 7:58 Heb 13:11,12
    
    VERSE 36
        * Jos 7:25
    
    VERSE 37
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - fringes in the borders.
      The word {tzitzith} properly denotes an ornament resembling a
      flower.  From ver. 39, we learn that these were emblematical
      of the commands of God.  That there is any analogy between a
      fringe and a precept, it would be bold to assert; but when a
      thing is appointed to represent another, no matter how
      different, that first object becomes the legitimate
      representative or sign of the other.
    
       * De 22:12 Mt 9:20; 23:5 Lu 8:44
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - remember.
       * Ex 13:9 De 6:6-9; 11:18-21,28-32 Pr 3:1
    - ye seek not.
       * De 29:19 Job 31:7 Pr 28:26 Ec 11:9 Jer 9:14 Eze 6:9
    - go a whoring.
       * Ex 34:15,16 Ps 73:27; 106:39 Ho 2:2 Jas 4 4:4
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - be holy.
       * Le 11:44,45; 19:2 Ro 12:1 Eph 1:4 Col 1:2 1Th 4:7 1Pe 1:15,16
    
    VERSE 41
        * Le 22:33; 25:38 Ps 105:45 Jer 31:31-33; 32:37-41 Eze 36:25-27
       * Heb 11:16 1Pe 2:9,10
    
    
    
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