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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 26

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      1  The sum of all Israel is taken in the plains of Moab.
    52  The law of dividing among them the inheritance of the land.
    57  The families and number of the Levites.
    63  None was left of them which were numbered at Sinai, but
        Caleb and Joshua.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * Nu 25:9
    
    
    VERSE 2
       The plague having swept away the last of that devoted
      generation, which provoked the Lord to "swear in his wrath
      that they should not enter" Canaan; he now, after an interval
      of 38 years, commands another census of the Israelites to be
      made, to preserve the distinction of families, and to regulate
      the tribes previous to their entry into the promised land, as
      well as to ascertain the proportion of land which should be
      allotted to each tribe.  For, though the whole was divided by
      lot, yet the portions were so disposed, that a numerous tribe
      did not draw where the lots assigned small inheritances, or
      the contrary.
    
    - See on ch.
       * Nu 1:2,3 Ex 30:12; 38:25,26
    
    VERSE 3
        * :63; 22:1; 31:12; 33:48; 35:1 De 4:46-49; 34:1,6,8
    
    VERSE 4
        * Nu 1:1 1Ch 21:1
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - the eldest.
       * Ge 29:32; 49:2,3 1Ch 5:1
    - thy children.
       * Ge 46:8,9 Ex 6:14 1Ch 5:3
    
    VERSE 6
        * :6
    
    VERSE 7
        * :1,21; 2:11 Ge 46:9
    
    VERSE 8
        * :8
    
    VERSE 9
        * Nu 1:16; 16:1,2-35 Ps 106:17 Jude 1:11
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - earth opened.
       * Nu 16:2,31-35,38; 27:3 Ex 16:35 Ps 106:17,18
    - together.
      The Samaritan text does not intimate that Korah was swallowed
      up, but that he was burnt, as appears to have been the fact;
      and the Psalmist also, (Ps 106:17,) only mentions Dathan and
      Abiram as having been swallowed up.  "And the earth swallowed
      them up, what time that company died; and the fire devoured
      Korah with the 250 men, who became a sign."
    
    - they became a sign.
       * Nu 16:38 1Sa 2:34 Jer 29:22 Eze 14:8 1Co 10:6-10 2Pe 2:6 Jude 1:7
    
    
    VERSE 11
       It seems to be intimated in ch. 27 16:27, 31-33, that the sons
      and the little ones of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, were
      swallowed up; but the text here expressly affirms, that the
      children of Korah "died not;" and their descendants were
      famous even in David's time.  On a close inspection, however,
      of ver. 27, we shall find, that the sons and the little ones
      of Dathan and Abiram alone are mentioned.
    
       * Nu 16:5 Ex 6:24 1Ch 6:22-28 Ps 42:1; 44:1; 45:1; 46:1; 47:1 *titles
       * Ps 48:1; 49:1; 50:1 *titles
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Nemuel.
       * Ge 46:10 Ex 6:15
    - Jemuel.  Jachin.
       * 1Ki 7:21 1Ch 4:24
    - Jarib.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Zerah.
       * Ge 46:10
    - Zohar.
    
    
    VERSE 14
       The immense decrease of this tribe, no less than 37,100,
      renders it highly probable, that, influenced by the bad
      example of Zimri, the Simeonites had been peculiarly criminal
      in the late wickedness, and that multitudes of them had died
      of the plague.  It is remarkable, that Moses, in De ch. 33,
      bestows no blessing upon this tribe.
    
       * Nu 1:22,23; 2:12,13
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Zephon.
       * Nu 2:14 Ge 46:16
    - Ziphion, Haggai, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, Areli.
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - or, Ezbon.
       * Ge 46:16
    
    VERSE 17
        * Ge 46:16
    - Arodi.
    
    VERSE 18
        * Nu 1:24,25; 2:14,15
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - Er and Onan.
       * Ge 38:1-10; 46:12 1Ch 2:3-8
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Shelah.
       * Ge 38:5,11,14,26-30 1Ch 4:21
    - Pharez.
       * Ge 38:27-29; 46:12 Ru 4:18-22 1Ch 2:3-8 Ne 11:4,6,24
    - Perez.
       * Mt 1:3 Lu 3:33
    - Phares.  Zerah.
       * Ge 38:30; 46:12
    - Zarah.
       * 1Ch 2:4 Ne 11:24
    
    VERSE 21
        * :21
    
    VERSE 22
        * Nu 1:26,27; 2:3,4 Ge 49:8 1Ch 5:2 Ps 115:14 Heb 7:14
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the sons.
       * Nu 2:5 Ge 30:17,18; 46:13 1Ch 7:1
    - Pua.  or, Phuvah.
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Jashub.  or, Job.
       * Ge 46:13
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - threescore.
       * Nu 1:28,29; 2:5,6
    
    VERSE 26
        * Ge 30:19,20; 46:14
    
    VERSE 27
        * Nu 1:30,31; 2:7,8
    
    VERSE 28
        * Ge 41:51,52; 46:20; 48:5,13-20
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - Machir.
       * Nu 32:39,40; 36:1 Ge 48:14 De 3:15 Jos 17:1 Jud 5:14 1Ch 7:14-19
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - Jeezer.  called Abiezer.
       * Jos 17:2 Jud 6:11,24,34; 8:2
    
    VERSE 31
        * :31
    
    VERSE 32
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - Zelophehad.
       * Nu 27:1; 36:10-12
    
    VERSE 34
        * Nu 1:34,35; 2:20,21
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - Becher.
       * 1Ch 7:20,21
    - Bered.  Tahath.  Eladah.  Tahath.
    
    VERSE 36
        * :36
    
    VERSE 37
        * Nu 1:32,33; 2:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - sons of Benjamin.
       * 1Ch 7:6-12
    - Ahiram.
       * Ge 46:2
    - Ehi.
       * 1Ch 8:1
    - Aharah.
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - Shupham.
       * Ge 46:21
    - Muppim, and Huppim.
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - Ard and Naaman.
       * 1Ch 8:3
    - Addar.
    
    VERSE 41
        * Nu 1:36,37; 2:22,23 Ge 46:21
    
    
    VERSE 42 
     - Shuam.
       * Ge 46:23
    - Hushim.
    
    VERSE 43
        * Nu 1:38,39; 2:25,26
    
    
    VERSE 44 
     - the children of Asher.
       * Ge 46:17
    - Jimnah.  Ishuah.  Isui.
       * 1Ch 7:30
    - Imnah.  Isuah.  Ishuai.
    
    VERSE 45
    
    
    VERSE 46 
     - Sarah.
       * Ge 46:17
    - Serah.
    
    VERSE 47
        * Nu 1:40,41; 2:27,28
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - the sons of Naphtali.
       * Ge 46:24 1Ch 7:13
    
    
    VERSE 49 
     - Shillem.
       * 1Ch 7:13
    - Shallum.
    
    VERSE 50
        * Nu 1:42,43; 2:29,30
    
    
    VERSE 51
       The following comparative statement will show how much some of
      the tribes had increased, and others had diminished, since the
      enumeration in ch. 1:
    
                                    Now.         Before.
    
                   1.  Reuben      43,730        46,500
                   2.  Simeon      22,200        59,300
                   3.  Gad         40,500        45,650
                   4.  Judah       76,500        74,600
                   5.  Issachar    64,300        54,400
                   6.  Zebulun     60,500        57,400
                   7.  Manasseh    52,700        32,200
                   8.  Ephraim     32,500        40,500
                   9.  Benjamin    45,600        35,400
                  10.  Dan         64,400        62,700
                  11.  Asher       53,400        41,500
                  12.  Naphtali    45,400        53,400
                                  _______       _______
                    Total         601,730       603,550
                                  _______       _______
    
      Thus we find there was the following increase and decrease in
      the several tribes:
    
                  1.  Reuben            2,770 decrease
                  2.  Simeon            37,100 decrease
                  3.  Gad                5,150 decrease
                  4.  Judah              1,900 increase
                  5.  Issachar           9,900 increase
                  6.  Zebulun            3,100 increase
                  7.  Manasseh          20,500 increase
                  8.  Ephraim            8,000 decrease
                  9.  Benjamin          10,200 increase
                 10.  Dan                1,700 increase
                 11.  Asher             11,900 increase
                 12.  Naphtali           8,000 decrease
                                        _______________
    
                  Decrease in all . . . . . .   61,020
                  Increase in all . . . . . .   59,200
                                                ______
                  Decrease on the whole . . .    1,820
    
      It should be observed, that among these there was not one of
      the former census, except Joshua and Caleb.  (See ver. 64,
      65.) Thus, though there was such an amazing increase in seven
      tribes, yet so great was the decrease in the other five
      tribes, that the balance against the present census is 1,820,
      as appears above.  Nevertheless the amazing increase in
      some, and decrease in other tribes, the same sort of
      proportion is kept in their several divisions; so as to keep
      the division in the front the largest, and that in the rear
      the next.
    
       * Nu 1:46; 2:32 Ne 9:23 Job 12:9,10,14,20-23 Ps 77:20
    
    VERSE 52
        * :52
    
    VERSE 53
        * Ge 12:2,7 Jos 11:23; 14:1 Ps 49:14; 105:44 Eze 47:22 Da 7:27
       * Mt 5:5 Re 5:10; 21:27
    
    
    VERSE 54 
     - many.
       * Nu 32:3,5; 33:54 Jos 17:14
    - give the more.  Heb. multiply his.  give the less.  Heb.
      diminish his.
    
    
    VERSE 55 
     - by lot.
       * :56; 33:54; 34:13 Jos 11:23; 14:2; 17:14; 18:6,10,11; 19:1,10
       * Jos 19:17,24,32,40 Pr 16:33; 18:18 Ac 1:26 Col 1:12 Re 7:4-8
    
    
    VERSE 56
       This division by lot seems to have respect only to the
      quarter, or situation, which each tribe was to possess, and
      not to the quantity or extent of land, which was to be
      proportioned to the numbers of each tribe, according to the
      register now formed.  Thus, for instance, it was determined by
      lot which of the twelve tribes was to inherit in the south,
      which in the north, etc.:  then, in that quarter where the lot
      fell, a larger or smaller portion of land was assigned them,
      according to the goodness of the soil, and in proportion as
      they were more or less numerous.  Thus the decreasing of any
      tribe in the wilderness, proved the decrease of their future
      political importance and affluence in all succeeding ages.
      This equal division of property was, under God, the great
      fortification and strength of the Hebrew commonwealth.  According to
      the most exact calculations, Canaan contained 14,976,000
      acres; which, divided among 600,000 men, will allow of more
      than 21 acres and a half to each, with a remainder of
      1,976,000 acres for the princes of tribes, Levitical cities,
      etc.:  so that there was an ample provision to enable each
      person, with all the advantages of that fertile country and
      fine climate, to live, if not in affluent, yet in very
      comfortable circumstances.  Canaan lies between lat. 31 and
      33 30' N., and long. 35 and 37 E.; its length, from the
      city of Dan to Beersheba, is about 200 miles; and its breadth,
      from the shores of the Mediterranean to the eastern borders,
      about 90.  The Canaanites, the descendants of Canaan, son of
      Ham, and the original inhabitants of the land, were divided
      into seven principal nations,--the Amorites, Hittites,
      Jebusites, Girgashites, Canaanites, Perizzites, and Hivites,
      and formed themselves into almost as many kingdoms as they had
      cities.  After their defeat by the Israelites, such as escaped
      the sword became tributary; but in process of time, having
      seduced them to their idolatries, they recovered many of the
      strongest places in the country; and even formed themselves
      into a mighty kingdom in Galilee.  They were, however, again
      defeated by Barak, but were not finally subdued till the reign
      of David and Solomon; the latter of whom employed 153,600 in
      the most servile parts of the work of building the temple,
      palace, etc.
    
       * Ro 11:7 1Co 12:4
    
    
    VERSE 57 
     - these are.
       * Nu 35:2,3 Ge 46:11 Ex 6:16-19 1Ch 6:1,16-30
    - of Gershon.  See on ch.
       * Nu 3:1-4 4:49
    
    VERSE 58
        * Nu 3:17-21; 16:1
    
    VERSE 59
        * Ex 2:1,2; 6:20 Le 18:12
    
    VERSE 60
        * Nu 3:2,8
    
    VERSE 61
        * Nu 3:4 Le 10:1,2 1Ch 24:1,2
    
    
    VERSE 62 
     - those that.
       * Nu 1:49; 3:39; 4:27,48; 18:20-24; 35:2-8 De 10:9; 14:27-29; 18:1,2
       * Jos 13:14,33; 14:3
    - they were not.  See on ch.
       * Nu 1:49
    - because.
       * Nu 18:20-24; 35:2-8 De 10:9; 14:27-29; 18:1,2 Jos 13:14,33; 14:3
    
    
    VERSE 63 
     - See on ver.
       * :3
    
    VERSE 64
        * Nu 1:1-3 2:34 De 2:14,15; 4:3,4 1Co 10:5
    
    
    VERSE 65 
     - They shall.
       * Nu 14:23,24,28-30,35,38 Ex 12:37 De 2:14,15; 32:49,50 Ps 90:3-7
       * Ro 11:22 1Co 10:5,6 Heb 3:17,18 Jude 1:5
    - save Caleb.  See on ch.
       * Nu 14:30,38
    
    
    
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