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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    PROVERBS 31

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      1  Lemuel's lesson of chastity and temperance.
     6  The afflicted are to be comforted and defended.
    10  The praise and properties of a good wife.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the prophecy.
       * Pr 30:1
    - his.
       * Pr 1:8; 6:20 2Ti 1:5; 3:15
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - the son of my womb.
       * Isa 49:15
    - the son of my vows.
       * 1Sa 1:11,28
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - strength.
       * Pr 5:9-11; 7:26,27 Ho 4:11
    - to that.
       * De 17:17 Ne 13:26
    
    VERSE 4
        * Le 10:9,10 1Ki 20:12,16-20 Es 3:15 Ec 10:17 Isa 28:7,8
       * Da 5:2-4 Ho 4:11,12; 7:3-5 Hab 2:5 Mr 6:21-28
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - pervert.  Heb. alter.  any of the afflicted.  Heb. all the
      sons of affliction.
       * Hab 2:5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - strong.
       * Ps 104:15 1Ti 5:23
    - of heavy hearts.  Heb. bitter of soul.
       * 1Sa 1:10; 30:6 2Ki 4:27 *margins
    
    VERSE 7
        * Eph 5:18
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Open.
       * Pr 24:7,11,12 1Sa 19:4-7; 20:32; 22:14,15 Es 4:13-16 Job 29:9,17
       * Ps 82:3,4 Jer 26:16-19,24; 38:7-10 Joh 7:51
    - such, etc.  Heb. the sons of destruction.
       * Ps 79:11 *marg:
    
    VERSE 9
        * Pr 16:12; 20:8 Le 19:15 De 1:16; 16:18-20 2Sa 8:15 Ps 58:1,2
       * Ps 72:1,2 Job 29:12,15,16 Isa 1:17,23; 11:4; 32:1,2 Jer 5:28
       * Jer 22:3,15,16; 23:5 Da 4:27 Am 5:11,12 Zec 7:9; 9:9 Joh 7:24
       * Heb 1:9 Re 19:11
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Who.
      This is the commencement of an alphabetical poem, each verse
      beginning consecutively with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet;
      in which we are presented with an admirable picture of a good
      wife, according to the primitive manners of the East.
    
    - can.
       * Pr 12:4; 18:22; 19:14 Ru 3:11 Ec 7:28 So 6:8,9 Eph 5:25-33
    - her.
       * Pr 3:15; 8:11; 20:15
    
    VERSE 11
        * 2Ki 4:9,10,22,23 1Pe 3:1-7
    
    VERSE 12
        * 1Sa 25:18-22,26,27
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - worketh.
       * Ge 18:6-8; 24:13,14,18-20; 29:9,10 Ex 2:16 Ru 2:2,3,23
       * Isa 3:16-24; 32:9-11 Ac 9:39,40 1Th 4:11 2Th 3:10-12
       * 1Ti 5:10,14 Tit 2:5
    
    VERSE 14
        * :24 1Ki 9:26-28 2Ch 9:10 Eze 27:3-36
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - riseth.
       * Jos 3:1 2Ch 36:15 Ps 147 119:147,148 Ec 9:10 Mr 1:35 Ro 12:11
    - and giveth.
       * Mt 24:25 Lu 12:42
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - considereth.
       * Jos 15:18 So 8:12 Mt 13:44
    - buyeth.  Heb. taketh.
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - girdeth.
       * 1Ki 18:46 2Ki 4:29 Job 38:3 Lu 12:35 Eph 6:10,14 1Pe 1:13
    - strengtheneth.
       * Ge 49:24 Isa 44:12 Ho 7:15
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - perceiveth.  Heb. tasteth.  her candle.
       * Ge 31:40 Ps 127:2 Mt 25:3-10 1Th 2:9 2Th 3:7-9
    
    
    VERSE 19
       She takes the spindle in her right hand, by twisting which
      she twists the thread; while she holds the distaff, on which
      the wool or flax is rolled, in the guard of the left arm, and
      draws down the thread with the fingers of the left hand.
    
       * Ex 35:25,26
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - She stretcheth.  Heb. She spreadeth.
       * Pr 1:24 Ro 10:21
    - she reacheth.
       * Pr 19:17; 22:9 Job 31:16-20 Ps 41:1; 112:9 Ec 11:1,2 Mr 14:7
       * Ac 9:39-41; 20:34,35 Eph 4:28 Heb 13:16
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - afraid.
       * Pr 25:20
    - scarlet.  or, double garments.
       * Ge 45:22
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - coverings.
       * Pr 7:16
    - clothing.
       * Ge 41:42 *marg:
       * Es 5:1; 8:15 Ps 45:13,14 Eze 16:10-13 1Pe 3:3
    - silk.
      {Shesh,} rather fine linen, or cotton.  (See on Ex 39:27.)
      {Sadin,} rendered "fine linen," ver. 24, is probably the same
      as the Arabic {sidn,} and {sudl,} a veil, or an inner
      covering of fine muslin.
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - husband.
       * Pr 12:4
    - in the.
       * Pr 24:7 De 16:18; 21:19 Ru 4:1 Job 29:7
    
    VERSE 24
        * :13,19 1Ki 10:28 Eze 27:16 Lu 16:19
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - Strength.
       * Job 29:14; 40:10 Ps 132:9,16 Isa 61:10 Ro 13:14 Eph 4:24
       * 1Ti 2:10 1Pe 5:5,6
    - and she.
       * Ps 97:11,12 Isa 65:13,14 Mt 25:20,21
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - openeth.
       * :8,9 Jud 13:23 1Sa 25:24-31 2Sa 20:16-22 2Ki 22:15-20 Es 4:4
       * Es 5:8; 7:3-6; 8:3-6 Lu 1:38,42-56 Ac 18:26 Eph 4:29 Col 4:5
    - in her.
       * Pr 12:18; 16:24; 25:15 Ge 24:18-20 So 2:14; 4:11 Mal 2:6 Ac 6:15
       * 1Pe 3:1,4,5,8,9
    
    VERSE 27
        * Pr 14:1 1Th 4:11 2Th 3:6 1Ti 5:10 Tit 2:4
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - children.
       * :1 1Ki 2:19 Ps 116:16 2Ti 1:5; 3:15-17
    - her husband.
       * So 7:1-9 Isa 62:4,5 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - done virtuously.  or, gotten riches.  thou.
       * So 6:8,9 Eph 5:27
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - Favor.
       * Pr 6:25; 11:22 2Sa 14:25 Es 1:11,12 Eze 16:15 Jas 11 1:11 1Pe 1:24
    - a woman.
       * Pr 1:7; 8:13 Ex 1:17-21 Ps 147:11 Lu 1:6,46-50 1Pe 3:4,5
    - she.
       * Ec 7:18; 12:13 Ro 2:29 1Co 4:5 1Pe 1:7; 3:4
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - of the.
       * :16; 11:30 Ps 128:2 Mt 7:16,20 Ro 6:21,22 Php 4:17
    - and let.
       * Mr 14:7-9 Ac 9:39 Ro 16:1-4,6,12 1Ti 5:25 Heb 6:10 Re 14:13
    
    
    
              CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF PROVERBS.
    
    The wisdom of all ages, from the highest antiquity, has chosen
    to compress and communicate its lessons in short, compendious
    sentences, and in poetic language, which were readily conceived
    and easily retained, and circulated in society as useful
    principles, to be unfolded as occasion required.  Indeed, such
    short maxims, comprehending much instruction in a few words,
    and carrying their own evidence with them, are admirably
    adapted to direct the conduct, without overburdening the
    memory, or perplexing the mind with abstract reasonings; and
    hence there are, in all countries and in all languages, old
    proverbs, or common sayings, which have great authority and
    influence on the opinions and actions of mankind.  Such maxims,
    however, want their proper basis, the sanction of a Divine
    Original; and being generally the mere result of worldly
    prudence, are often calculated to impose on the judgment, and
    to mislead those who are directed by them.  But the proverbs in
    this book not only are far more ancient than any others extant
    in the world, and infinitely surpass all the ethical sayings of
    the ancient sages; but have also received a Divine imprimatur,
    and are infallible rules to direct our conduct in every
    circumstance of human life.  They are so justly founded on the
    principles of human nature, and so adapted to the permanent
    interests of man, that they agree with the manners of every
    age; and are adapted to every period, condition, or rank in
    life, however varied in its complexion or diversified by
    circumstance.  Kings and subjects, rich and poor, wise and
    foolish, old and young, fathers and mothers, husbands and
    wives, sons and daughters, masters and servants, may here learn
    their respective duties, and read lessons of instruction for
    the regulation of their conduct in their various circumstances;
    while the most powerful motives, derived from honor, interest,
    love, fear, natural affection, and piety, are exhibited to
    inspire an ardent love of wisdom and virtue, and the greatest
    detestation of ignorance and vice.  These maxims are laid down
    so clearly, copiously, impressively, and in such variety, that
    every man who wishes to be instructed may take what he chooses,
    and, among multitudes, those which he likes best.  "He is
    wise," say St. Basil, "not only who hath arrived at a complete
    habit of wisdom, but who hath made some progress towards it;
    nay, who doth as yet but love it, or desire it, and listen to
    it.  Such as these, by reading this book, shall be made wiser;
    for they shall be instructed in much divine, and in no less
    human learning....  It bridles the injurious tongue, corrects
    the wanton eye, and ties the unjust hand in chains.  It
    persecutes sloth, chastises all absurd desires, teaches
    prudence, raises man's courage, amd represents temperance and
    chastity after such a fashion that one cannot but have them in
    veneration."
    
    
    
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