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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    RUTH 3

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      1  By Naomi's instruction.
     5  Ruth lies at Boaz's feet.
     8  Boaz acknowledges the right of a kinsman.
    14  He sends her away with six measures of barley.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - shall I not.
       * Ru 1:9 1Co 7:36 1Ti 5:8,14
    - may be.
       * Ge 40:14 De 4:40 Ps 128:2 Jer 22:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - is not Boaz.
       * Ru 2:20-23 De 25:5,6 Heb 2:11-14
    - with whose.
       * Ru 2:8,23
    - he winnoweth.
      It is probable that the winnowing of grain was effected by
      taking up a portion of the corn in a sieve, and letting it
      down slowly in the wind; thus the grain would, by its own
      weight, fall in one place, while the chaff, etc., would be
      carried a distance by the wind.  It is said here that this was
      done at night; probably what was threshed out in the day was
      winnowed in the evening, when the sea breeze set in, which was
      common in Palestine.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - anoint thee.
       * 2Sa 14:2 Ps 104:15 Ec 9:8 Mt 6:17
    - put thy.
       * Es 5:1 1Ti 2:9,10
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - uncover his feet.  or, lift up the clothes that are on his
      feet.
       * 1Th 5:22
    
    VERSE 5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - and did.
       * Ex 20:12 Pr 1:8 Joh 2:5; 15:14
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - his heart.
       * Ge 43:34 Jud 16:25; 19:6,9,22 2Sa 13:28 Es 1:10 Ps 104:15
       * Ec 2:24; 3:12,13; 8:15; 9:7; 10:19 1Co 10:31 Eph 5:18
    - went to lie.
      Such was the simplicity of those early times, that the most
      wealthy persons looked after their own affairs, both at home
      and in the field.  These threshing-floors were covered at top
      to keep off the rain, but lay open on all sides, that the wind
      might come in freely, for winnowing the corn; which being
      done, it is probable they were shut up at night, with doors
      fitted to them, that if any one lay there he might be kept
      warm, and the corn be secured from robbers.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - afraid.
       * Ge 27:33 *marg:
    - turned.  or, took hold on.
       * Jud 16:29 Job 6:18
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Ruth.
       * Ru 2:10-13 1Sa 25:41 Lu 14:11
    - spread therefore.
      Hebrew "spread thy wing;" the emblem of protection; and a
      metaphor taken from the young of fowls, which run under the
      wings of their mother from birds of prey.  Even to the present
      day, when a Jew marries a woman, he throws the skirts of his
      {talith} over her, to signify that he has taken her under his
      protection.
    
       * Eze 16:8
    - a near kinsman.  or, one that has right to redeem.
       * :12; 2:20
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Blessed.
       * Ru 2:4,20 1Co 13:4,5
    - at the beginning.
       * Ru 1:8
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - city.  Heb. gate.
       * Pr 12:4; 31:10,29-31
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - there is.
       * Ru 4:1 Mt 7:12 1Th 4:6
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - if he will.
       * Ru 2:20; 4:5 De 25:5-9 Mt 22:24-27
    - the Lord liveth.
       * Jud 8:19 Jer 4:2 2Co 1:23 Heb 6:16
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - Let it not.
       * Ec 7:1 Ro 12:17; 14:16 1Co 10:32 2Co 8:21 1Th 5:22 1Pe 2:12
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - vail.  or sheet, or apron.
      The word {mitpachath} has been variously rendered.  The LXX.
      translate it [        ,] an apron, and Vulgate, {pallium,} a
      cloak.  By the circumstances of the story, it must have been
      of a considerable size; and accordingly Dr. Shaw thinks it was
      no other than the {hyke,} the finer sort of which, such as are
      still worn by ladies and persons of distinction among the
      Arabs, he takes to answer to the [              ,] or robe, of
      the ancient Greeks.
    
    - he measured.
       * Isa 32:8 Ga 6:10
    - six measures.
      The quantity of this barley is uncertain.  The Targum renders
      it, {shith sein,} "six {seahs."}  A {seah} contained about two
      gallons and a half, six of which must have been a very heavy
      load for a woman, and so the Targumist thought, for he adds,
      "And she received strength from the Lord to carry it."
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Who art thou.
      Or, as the Vulgate renders, {Quid egisti filia?}  "What hast
      thou done, my daughter?"
    
       * :16
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Sit still.
       * Ps 37:3-5 Isa 28:16; 30:7
    
    
    
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