Verse 17. "And the settle" - The ledge on which the priests walked round the altar, see ver. 14. By these settles or ledges the altar was narrowed towards the top. "The ascent shall look toward the east;" this ascent was an inclined plane. But these settles, or more properly ledges, as Bp.
Newcome translates, may be thus computed. The altar itself was ten feet high and twenty broad; the same as that of Solomon, 2 Chron. iv. 1.
Cubits For the base, ver. 13, is in height. 1 From the surface of the base to the first ledge, ver. 1 From the lower ledge to the upper, ver. 14. 4 From the upper ledge to the ariel or hearth, ver. 15, 4 In all 10 And as to the breadth, the upper ledge, ver. 17, was 14 Add a cubit on each side for the higher ledge, ver. 14, latter pa 2 Add a cubit on each side for the lower ledge, ver. 14, former p 2 Add a cubit on each side for the base, ver. 13, 2 In all 20 The altar of burnt-offerings, described Exod. xxvii. 1; xxxviii. 1, was smaller than this, because it was to be removed from place to place with the tabernacle.
This was designed for a permanent temple. See Bp. Newcome on this chapter.
Verse 19. "The priests-that be of the seed of Zadok" - It was this Zadok that was put in the place of Abiathar, by Solomon, 1 Kings ii. 35, in whose family the priesthood had continued ever since.
Verse 25. "Seven days shalt thou prepare" - These are, in general, ordinances of the LAW; and may be seen by consulting the parallel passages. All these directions are given that they might follow them, when they should be put in possession of their own land. For in several cases the prophet enters into particulars, as if he had supposed that the book of the law had perished.