Verse 7. "For he hath delivered me " - Saul had now decamped; and was returned to save his territories; and David in the meanwhile escaped to En-gedi. God was most evidently the author of this deliverance.
"Mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies. " - It is not likely that this Psalm was written after the death of Saul; and therefore David could not say that he had seen his desire. But there is nothing in the text for his desire; and the words might be translated, My eye hath seen my enemies- they have been so near that I could plainly discover them. Thus almost all the Versions have understood the text. I have seen them, and yet they were not permitted to approach me. God has been my Deliverer.
ANALYSIS OF THE FIFTY-FOURTH PSALM
There are three parts in this Psalm: - I. David's prayer for help and salvation, ver. 1-3.
II. His confidence that he should have help, ver. 4, 5.
III. His gratitude and obedience, ver. 6, 7.
1. David's petition:
1. "Save me." 2. "Plead my cause." 3. "Hear my prayer." 4. "Give ear to my words." He is much in earnest; and yet does not desire his prayer to be heard unless his cause be just. If just, then let God plead it.
2. He produces two grounds upon which he petitions:
1. God's name.
2. God's strength. 1. He that calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved; I call: "Save me in thy name! " 2. Thou art a powerful God, able to do it: "Save me in thy strength." The greatness of his danger causes him to urge his prayer.
1. His enemies were strangers; from whom no favour could be expected.
2. They were violent oppressors-formidable, cruel tyrants, from whom he could expect no mercy.
3. They were such as could be satisfied with nothing less than his blood: "They rise to seek after my life." 4. They had no fear of God: "They have not set God before them." II. Notwithstanding they are all that I have already stated; and, humanly speaking, I have nothing but destruction to expect; yet I will not fear: because, 1. God is with me. 2. He is against them.
1. "God is my helper:" as he has promised, so he has done, and will do, to me.
2. "God is with them also who uphold my soul. Selah." Behold this! But he opposes them who oppose me; is an enemy to them who are mine enemies.
1. "He shall reward evil" to such: of this being assured, he proceeds to imprecate.
2. Destroy thou them: "Cut them off in thy truth." Thou hast promised that it shall be well with the righteous; and that snares, fire, and brimstone, shall be rained on the wicked. Let God be true: Fiat justitia; ruat coelum, pereat mundus. They must be cut off.
III. For such a mercy David promises not to be unthankful.
1. For this he would offer a princely sacrifice: "I will freely sacrifice." 2. He would praise the name of the Lord: "I will praise thy name." For this he gives two reasons: - 1. That which internally moved him: "For it is good." 2. That which was outwardly impulsive; his deliverance. 1. His deliverance was great and effectual: "Thou hast delivered me out of all my trouble." 2. His danger was so imminent that, humanly speaking, there was no escape. The enemy was within sight who was bent on his destruction; yet he was delivered; and they were confounded. On these accounts it was right that he should sing praise, and offer sacriflce. To the grateful God is bountiful.