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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 13

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      1  Saul's select band.
     3  He calls the Hebrews to Gilgal against the Philistines,
        whose garrison Jonathan had smitten.
     5  The Philistines' great host.
     6  The distress of the Israelites.
     8  Saul, weary of staying for Samuel, sacrifices.
    11  Samuel reproves him.
    17  The three spoiling bands of the Philistines.
    19  The policy of the Philistines, to suffer no smith in
        Israel.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2911.  B.C. 1093.  An. Ex. Is. 398.
    - reigned one year.  Heb. the son of one year in his reigning.
      This verse is variously interpreted; but probably it only
      means, according to the Hebrew idiom, that, during the first
      year nothing remarkable occurred; but after two years, (or in
      the second year of his reign,) the subsequent events took
      place.
    
       * Ex 12:5 Mic 6:6 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - chose.
       * 1Sa 8:11; 14:52
    - Michmash.
      Michmash was situated east of Bethaven, or Bethel; and
      Eusebius says it was in his time a considerable place, about
      nine miles from Jerusalem, towards Rama.
    
       * :5,23; 14:5,31 Isa 10:28
    - in Gibeah.
       * 1Sa 10:26; 15:34 Jos 18:28 Jud 19:12 2Sa 21:6 Isa 10:29
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - the garrison.
       * 1Sa 10:5; 14:1-6 2Sa 23:14
    - Geba.  or, the hill.
       * Jos 18:24
    - Gaba.
       * Jos 21:17 Isa 10:29 Zec 14:10
    - blew.
       * Jud 3:27; 6:34 2Sa 2:28; 20:1
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - was had in abomination.  Heb. did stink.
       * Ge 34:30; 46:34 Ex 5:21 Zec 11:8
    - to Gilgal.
       * 1Sa 10:8; 11:14,15 Jos 5:9
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - thirty thousand chariots.
      The Philistines had no doubt collected troops in this
      emergency, from all the surrounding nation; but the number of
      chariots is immensely large beyond any example, and wholly
      disproportioned to the number of their cavalry.  It is
      probable, therefore, that for {sheloshim aileph,} "thirty
      thousand," we should read {shelosh aileph,} "three thousand,"
      with the Syriac and Arabic.
    
    - as the sand.
       * Ge 22:17 Jos 11:4 Jud 7:12 2Ch 1:9 Isa 48:19 Jer 15:8 Ro 9:27
    - Beth-aven.
       * 1Sa 14:23 Jos 7:2; 18:12 Ho 4:15; 5:8; 10:5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - in a strait.
       * Ex 14:10-12 Jos 8:20 Jud 10:9; 20:41 2Sa 24:14 Php 1:23
    - in caves.
       * 1Sa 14:11; 23:19; 24:3 Jud 6:2 Isa 42:22 Heb 11:38
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - the Hebrews.
       * Le 26:17,36,37 De 28:25
    - Gad.
       * Nu 32:1-5,33-42 De 3:12 Jos 13:24-31
    - followed him trembling.  Heb. trembled after him.
       * De 20:8 Jud 7:3 Ho 11:10,11
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - tarried.
       * 1Sa 10:8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - he offered.
       * :12,13; 14:18; 15:21,22 De 12:6 1Ki 3:4 Ps 37:7 Pr 15:8
       * Pr 20:22; 21:3,27 Isa 66:3
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - Saul.
       * 1Sa 15:13
    - salute him.  Heb. bless him.
       * 1Sa 15:13 Ru 2:4 Ps 129:8
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - What hast.
       * Ge 3:13; 4:10 Jos 7:19 2Sa 3:24 2Ki 5:25
    - Michmash.
       * :2,5,16,23; 14:5 Isa 10:28
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - said I.
       * 1Ki 12:26,27
    - made supplication unto.  Heb. intreated the face of, etc.  I
      forced.
       * 1Sa 21:7 Ps 66:3 Am 8:5 2Co 9:7
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Thou hast done.
       * 2Sa 12:7-9 1Ki 18:18; 21:20 2Ch 16:9; 19:2; 25:15,16 Job 34:18
       * Pr 19:3 Mt 14:3,4
    - hast not kept.
       * 1Sa 15:11,22,28 Ps 50:8-15
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - But now.
       * 1Sa 2:30; 15:28
    - the Lord.
       * 1Sa 16:1,12 2Sa 7:15,16 Ps 78:70; 89:19,20-37 Ac 13:22
    - captain over.
       * 1Sa 9:16 2Sa 5:2 2Ki 20:5 Heb 2:10
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Samuel.
      The LXX. have, "Samuel arose and went away from Gilgal, and
      the remainder of the people went up along with the men of war
      after Samuel from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin."  This is
      probably the true reading; for it does not appear that Samuel
      went to Gibeah, which was Saul's usual residence; and the
      Hebrew copyist, as Dr. Wall observes, seems to have missed a
      line, and added to the sentence concerning Samuel, that which
      ended the sentence concerning Saul.  One MS. instead of
      Samuel, in the beginning of the sentence, reads Saul.
    
    - present.  Heb. found.  about six.
       * :2,6,7; 14:2
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Gibeah.  Heb. Gebah.  See on ver.
       * :3
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - in three companies.
       * 1Sa 11:11
    - Ophrah.
       * Jos 18:23
    - Shual.
       * Jos 19:3
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Beth-horon.
       * Jos 10:11; 16:3,5; 18:13,14 1Ch 6:68 2Ch 8:5
    - Zeboim.
       * Ge 14:2 Ne 11:34 Ho 11:8
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - there was no.
      It is probable that the Philistines in the former wars had
      carried away all the smiths from Israel.
    
       * Jud 5:8 2Ki 24:14 Isa 54:16 Jer 24:1
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - a file.  Heb. a file with mouths.  sharpen.  Heb. set.
       * :21
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - there was neither.
       * 1Sa 17:47,50 Jud 5:8 Zec 4:6 1Co 1:27-29 2Co 4:7
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - garrison.  or, standing camp.
       * :3; 14:4
    - passage.
       * :2,5; 14:1,4,5 Isa 10:28
    
    
    
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