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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 16

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      1  Samuel sent by God, under pretence of a sacrifice, comes to
        Beth-lehem.
     6  His human judgment is reproved.
    11  He anoints David.
    15  Saul sends for David to quiet his evil spirit.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2941.  B.C. 1063. An. Ex. Is. 428.  How long.
       * 1Sa 15:11,35 Jer 7:16; 11:14
    - seeing.
       * :15,23; 13:13,14; 15:23,26 Jer 6:30; 14:11,12; 15:1 1Jo 5:16
    - horn with oil.
       * 1Sa 9:16; 10:1 2Ki 9:1,3,6
    - Jesse.
       * 1Sa 13:14 Ge 49:8-10 Ru 4:18-22 1Ch 2:10-15 Ps 78:68-71; 89:19,20
       * Isa 11:1,10; 55:4 Ac 13:21,22 Ro 15:12
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - How can I go.
       * Ex 3:11 1Ki 18:9-14 Mt 10:16 Lu 1:34
    - Take an heifer.
      For the prudent management of the affair, and to avoid
      suspicion, Samuel was directed to go to Bethlehem to
      sacrifice, as he probably did from time to time in many
      different places; and the answer which he was instructed to
      return was strictly true though he did not tell the principal
      design of his coming; for though no man in any circumstances
      should tell a lie, yet, in all circumstances, he is not bound
      to tell the whole truth, though he must tell nothing but the
      truth, and so tell that truth that the hearer shall not
      believe a lie by it.
    
    - with thee.  Heb. in thine hand.
       * 1Sa 9:12
    - I am come.
       * 1Sa 9:12; 20:29 Jer 38:26,27
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - call Jesse.
       * 1Sa 9:12,13 2Sa 15:11 Mt 22:1-4
    - and I will shew.
       * Ex 4:15 Ac 9:6
    - anoint.
       * :12,13; 9:16 De 17:14
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - trembled.
       * 1Sa 21:1 2Sa 6:9 1Ki 17:18 Ho 6:5; 11:10 Lu 5:8; 8:37
    - coming.  Heb. meeting.  Comest.
       * 1Ki 2:13 2Ki 9:22 1Ch 12:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - sanctify yourselves.
       * Ex 19:10,14,15 Le 20:7,8 Nu 11:8 Jos 3:5; 7:13 2Ch 30:17-20
       * Job 1:5 Ps 26:2-6 Joe 2:16 1Co 11:28
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - Eliab.
       * 1Sa 17:13,22 1Ch 2:13; 27:18
    - Elihu.  Surely.
       * Jud 8:18 1Ki 12:26
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Look not.
       * 1Sa 9:2; 10:23,24 2Sa 14:25 Ps 147:10,11 Pr 31:30
    - seeth not.
       * Job 10:4 Isa 55:8,9 Lu 16:15 1Pe 2:4; 3:4
    - looketh.
       * Joh 7:24 2Co 10:7,10
    - outward appearance.  Heb. eyes.  on the heart.
       * 1Ki 8:39 1Ch 28:9 2Ch 16:9 Ps 7:9; 139:2 Pr 15:11; 16:2
       * Jer 11:20; 17:10; 20:12 Ac 1:24 Heb 4:13 Re 2:23
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Abinadab.
       * 1Sa 17:13 1Ch 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Shammah.
       * 1Sa 17:13 2Sa 13:3
    - Shimeah.
       * 1Ch 2:13
    - Shimma.
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - seven.
       * 1Ch 2:13-15
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - There remaineth.
       * 1Sa 17:12-15,28 2Sa 7:8 1Ch 17:7 Ps 78:70,71
    - down.  Heb. round.
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - ruddy.
       * 1Sa 17:42 So 5:10 La 4:7 Ac 7:20 Heb 11:23
    - of a beautiful countenance.  Heb. fair of eyes.
       * :7
    - And the Lord.
       * 1Sa 9:17
    - anoint him.
       * Ps 2:2,6; 89:19,20 Ac 4:27
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - anointed.
       * 1Sa 10:1 2Ki 9:6
    - the Spirit.
       * :18; 10:6,9,10 Nu 11:17; 27:18 Jud 3:10; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6
       * Isa 11:1-3 Joh 3:34 Heb 1:9
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - the Spirit.
       * 1Sa 11:6; 18:12; 28:15 Jud 16:29 Ps 51:11 Ho 9:12
    - evil spirit.
      The evil spirit was either sent immediately from the Lord, or
      permitted to come; but whether this was a diabolic possession,
      or a mere mental malady, is not agreed:  it seems to have
      partaken of both.  That Saul had fallen into a deep
      low-spirited, there is little doubt; and that an evil spirit
      might work more effectually on such a state of mind, there can
      be little question.  His malady appears to have been of a
      mixed kind, natural and diabolical:  there is too much of
      apparent nature in it to permit us to believe it was all
      spiritual; and there is too much of apparently supernatural
      influence, to suffer us to believe it was all natural.
    
       * 1Sa 18:10; 19:9,10 Jud 9:23 1Ki 22:22 Ac 19:15,16
    - troubled.  or, terrified.
    
    VERSE 15
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - before thee.
       * :21,22 Ge 41:46 1Ki 10:8
    - play.
       * :23; 10:5 2Ki 3:15
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - a mighty.
       * 1Sa 17:32-36 2Sa 17:8,10
    - and prudent.
       * 2Sa 14:20
    - matters.  or, speech.  a comely.
       * :12
    - the Lord.
       * 1Sa 3:19; 10:7; 18:12-14 Ge 39:2,23 Mt 1:23; 28:20
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - with the sheep.
       * :11; 17:15,33,34 Ex 3:1-10 1Ki 19:19 Ps 78:70-72; 113:8
       * Am 1:1; 7:14,15 Mt 4:18-22
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - an ass laden.
      {Chamor lechem,} literally, "an ass of bread," rendered by the
      LXX. [                         ,] a {gomor} of bread; meaning,
      probably, not an animal, but a vessel containing a certain
      measure of bread.
    
       * 1Sa 10:27; 17:18; 25:18 Ge 43:11 2Sa 16:1,2 Pr 18:16
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - stood before him.
       * Ge 41:46 De 1:38; 10:8 1Ki 10:8 Pr 22:29
    - loved him.
       * Ps 62:9; 118:9; 146:3
    
    VERSE 22
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the evil spirit.  See on ver.
       * :14,16
    - Saul.
       * 1Sa 18:10,11 Mt 12:43-45 Lu 11:24-26
    
    
    
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