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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 12

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      1  Nathan's parable of the ewe lamb causes David to be his own
        judge.
     7  David, reproved by Nathan, confesses his sin, and is
        pardoned.
    15  David mourns and prays for the child while it lives.
    24  Solomon is born, and named Jedidiah.
    26  David takes Rabbah, and tortures the people thereof.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2970.  B.C. 1034.  An. Ex. Is. 457.  the Lord.
       * 2Sa 7:1-5; 24:11-13 1Ki 13:1; 18:1 2Ki 1:3
    - unto David.
       * 2Sa 11:10-17,25; 14:14 Isa 57:17,18
    - he came.
       * Ps 51:1 *title
    - There were.
      There is nothing in this parable which requires illustration.
      Its bent is evident; and it was wisely constructed, by not
      having too near a resemblance, to make David unwittingly pass
      sentence on himself.  The parable was in David's hand what his
      own letter was in the hands of the brave Uriah.  Nathan at
      length closed in with him in the application of it.  In
      beginning with a parable he shewed his prudence, and great
      need there is of prudence in giving reproof; but now he speaks
      as an ambassador from God.  He reminds David of the great
      things God had designed and done for him, and then charges him
      with a high contempt of the Divine authority, and threatens an
      entail of judgments upon his family for this sin.  Those who
      despise the word and law of God, despise God himself, and will
      assuredly suffer for such contempt.
    
       * 2Sa 14:5-11 Jud 9:7-15 1Ki 20:35-41 Isa 5:1-7 Mt 21:33-45
       * Lu 15:11-32; 16:19-31
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - exceeding.
       * :8; 3:2-5; 5:13-16; 15:16 Job 1:3
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - one little.
       * 2Sa 11:3 Pr 5:18,19
    - meat.  Heb. morsel.  lay in his.
       * De 13:6 Mic 7:5
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - a traveller.
       * Ge 18:2-7 Jas 1:14
    - took the.
       * 2Sa 11:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - David's.
       * Ge 38:24 1Sa 25:21,22 Lu 6:41,42; 9:55 Ro 2:1
    - As the Lord.
       * 1Sa 14:39
    - shall surely die.  or, is worthy to die.  Heb. is a son of
      death.
       * 1Sa 20:31; 26:16 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - restore.
       * Ex 22:1 Pr 6:31 Lu 19:8
    - because.
       * Jas 13 2:13
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Thou art.
       * 1Sa 13:13 1Ki 18:18; 21:19,20 Mt 14:14
    - I anointed.
       * 2Sa 7:8 1Sa 15:17; 16:13
    - I delivered.
       * 2Sa 22:1,49 1Sa 18:11,21; 19:10-15; 23:7,14,26-28 Ps 18:1 *title
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - thy master's wives.
       * :11 1Ki 2:22
    - gave thee.
       * 2Sa 2:4; 5:5 1Sa 15:19
    - I would.
       * 2Sa 7:19 Ps 84:11; 86:15 Ro 8:32
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - despised.
       * :10; 11:4,14-17 Ge 9:5,6 Ex 20:13,14 Nu 15:30,31 1Sa 15:19,23
       * Isa 5:24 Am 2:4 Heb 10:28,29
    - to do evil.
       * 2Ch 33:6 Ps 51:4; 90:8; 139:1,2 Jer 18:10
    - thou hast.
       * 2Sa 11:15-27
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the sword.
       * 2Sa 13:28,29; 18:14,15,33 1Ki 2:23-25 Am 7:9 Mt 26:52
    - because.
       * Nu 11:20 1Sa 2:30 Mal 1:6,7 Mt 6:24 Ro 2:4 1Th 4:8
    - hast taken.
       * Ge 20:3 Pr 6:32,33
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - I will raise.
       * 2Sa 13:1-14,28,29; 15:6,10
    - I will take.
      That is, in the course of my providence I will permit this to
      be done.  Such phrases in Scripture do not mean that God
      either does or can do evil himself; but only that he permits
      such evil to be done as he foresaw would be done, and which,
      had he pleased, he might have prevented.
    
       * 2Sa 16:21,22 De 28:30 Eze 14:9; 20:25,26 Ho 4:13,14
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - secretly.
       * 2Sa 11:4,8,13,15 Ec 12:14 Lu 12:1,2 1Co 4:5
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - David.
       * 1Sa 15:20,24 1Ki 13:4; 21:20; 22:8 2Ki 1:9 2Ch 16:10; 24:20-22
       * 2Ch 25:16 Mt 14:3-5,10
    - I have sinned.
       * 2Sa 24:10 1Sa 15:24,25,30 Job 7:20; 33:27 Ps 32:3-5; 51:4 Pr 25:12
       * Pr 28:13 Lu 15:21 Ac 2:37 1Jo 1:8-10
    - The Lord.
       * Job 7:21 Ps 32:1,2; 130:3,4 Isa 6:5-7; 38:17; 43:24; 44:22
       * La 3:32 Mic 7:18,19 Zec 3:4 Heb 9:26 1Jo 1:7,9; 2:1 Re 1:5
    - thou.
       * Le 20:10 Nu 35:31-33 Ps 51:16 Ac 13:38,39 Ro 8:33,34
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - by this deed.
       * Ne 5:9 Ps 74:10 Isa 52:5 Eze 36:20-23 Mt 18:7 Ro 2:24
    - the child.
       * Ps 89:31-33; 94:12 Pr 3:11,12 Am 3:2 1Co 11:32 Heb 12:6
       * Re 3:19
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - struck the child.
       * De 32:39 1Sa 25:38; 26:10 2Ki 15:5 2Ch 13:20 Ps 104:29
       * Ac 12:23
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - besought.
       * :22 Ps 50:15 Isa 26:16 Joe 2:12-14 Jon 3:9
    - fasted.  Heb. fasted a fast.
       * Es 4:16 Ps 69:10 Isa 22:12 Ac 9:9
    - lay all night.
       * 2Sa 13:31 Job 20:12-14
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - the elders.
       * 2Sa 3:35 1Sa 28:23
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - seventh day.  vex.  Heb. do hurt to.
       * :18 Nu 20:15
    
    VERSE 19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - arose.
       * Job 1:20; 2:10 Ps 39:9 La 3:39-41
    - anointed.
       * Ru 3:3 Ec 9:8
    - the house.
       * 2Sa 6:17; 7:18 Job 1:20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - What thing.
       * 1Co 2:15
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - I fasted.
       * Isa 38:1-3,5 Joe 1:14; 2:14 Am 5:15 Jon 1:6; 3:9,10 Jas 9 4:9,10
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - I shall go.
       * Ge 37:35 Job 30:23 Lu 23:43
    - he shall not.
       * Job 7:8-10
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - A.M. 2971.  B.C. 1033.  An. Ex. Is. 458.  she bare.
       * 2Sa 7:12 1Ch 3:5; 22:9,10; 28:5,6; 29:1 Mt 1:6
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - Nathan.
       * :1-14; 7:4 1Ki 1:11,23
    - Jedidiah.  that is, Beloved of the Lord.
       * Ne 13:26 Mt 3:17; 17:5
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Joab.
       * 2Sa 11:25 1Ch 20:1
    - Rabbah.
      Rabbah, or Rabbath-Ammon, also called Philadelphia, from
      Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was situated east of
      Jordan, and, according to Eusebius, ten miles east from Jazer.
      It is sometimes mentioned as belonging to Arabia, sometimes to
      Coelo-Syria; and was one of the cities of the Decapolis east
      of Jordan.  Josephus extends the region of Perea as far as
      Philadelphia.  It is now, says Burckhardt, called Amman,
      distant about 19 miles to the S.E. by E. of Szalt, and lies
      along the banks of a river called Moiet Amman, which has its
      source in a pond, at a few hundred paces from the
      south-western end of the town, and empties itself in the
      Zerka, or Jabbok, about four hours to the northward.  This
      river runs in a valley bordered on both sides by barren hills
      of flint, which advance on the south side close to the edge of
      the stream.  The edifices which still remain, though in a
      decaying state, from being built of a calcareous stone of
      moderate hardness, sufficiently attest the former greatness
      and splendor of this metropolis of the children of Ammon.
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Rabbah.
       * 2Sa 11:1 De 3:11 Eze 21:20
    - the city of waters.
      Probably that part of the city situated near the pond, from
      which the rest received their water.
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - it be called after my name.  Heb. my name be called upon it.
       * Joh 7:18
    
    VERSE 29
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - took.
       * 1Ch 20:2
    - the weight.
      If this talent was only seven pounds, as Whiston says, David
      might have carried it on his head with little difficulty; but
      this weight, according to common computation, would amount to
      nearly 114 pounds!  Some, therefore, think, that {mishkelah}
      should be taken for its value, not weight; which renders it
      perfectly plain, as the worth of the crown will be about
      5,074. 15s. 7d. sterling.  The ancients mention several such
      large crowns, made more for sight than use.  Athenaeus
      describes a crown of gold that was 24 feet in circumference;
      and mentions others that were two, some four, and others five
      feet deep.  Pliny takes notice of some that were no less than
      eight pounds weight.  Besides the crown usually worn, it was
      customary for kings, in some nations, to have such large ones
      as described, either hung or supported over the throne, where
      they sat at their coronation or other solemn occasions.
    
    - in great abundance.  Heb. very great.
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - and put them.
      Rather, as the particle [  ] frequently signifies, "And he put
      them to saws, and to harrows, and to axes," etc., as we say,
      to put a person to the plough, to the anvil, to the last, etc.
    
    - See on
       * 1Ch 20:3
    - Also.
       * 2Sa 8:2 Ps 21:8,9 Am 1:3
    
    
    
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