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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 13

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      1  Amnon loving Tamar, by Jonadab's counsel feigning himself
        sick, ravishes her.
    15  He hates her, and shamefully turns her away.
    19  Absalom entertains her, and conceals his purpose.
    23  At a sheep-shearing among all the king's sons, he kills
        Amnon.
    31  David grieving at the news, is comforted by Jonadab.
    37  Absalom flies to Talmai at Geshur.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2972.  B.C. 1032.  A. Ex. Is. 459.  Absalom.
       * 2Sa 3:2,3 1Ch 3:2
    - a fair sister.
       * 2Sa 11:2 Ge 6:2; 39:6,7 Pr 6:25; 31:30
    - Tamar.
       * 2Sa 14:27 1Ch 3:9
    - loved her.
       * :15 Ge 29:18,20; 34:3 1Ki 11:1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - vexed.
       * 1Ki 21:4 So 5:8 2Co 7:10
    - Amnon, etc.  Heb. it was marvellous, or hidden, in the eyes
      of Amnon.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - a friend.
       * Ge 38:1,20 Jud 14:20 Es 5:10,14; 6:13 Pr 19:6
    - Shimeah.
       * :32 1Sa 16:9
    - Shimeah.  subtil man.
       * 2Sa 14:2,19,20 Ge 3:1 Jer 4:22 1Co 3:19 Jas 15 3:15
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - Why art.
       * 1Ki 21:7 Es 5:13,14 Lu 12:32
    - lean.  Heb. thin.  from day to day.  Heb. morning by morning.
      I love.
       * Isa 3:9 Jer 8:12 Mic 7:3
    - my brother.
       * Le 18:9; 20:17
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Lay thee.
       * 2Sa 16:21-23; 17:1-4 Ps 50:18,19 Pr 19:27 Mr 6:24,25 Ac 23:15
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - make me.
       * Ge 18:6 Mt 13:33
    
    VERSE 7
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - she took.
      Dr. Russell says, "The Eastern ladies often wash their own
      hands, prepare cakes, pastry, etc. in their apartments; and
      some few particular dishes are cooked by themselves, but not
      in their apartments:  on such occasions, they go to some room
      near the kitchen."
    
    - flour.  or, paste.  and made cakes.
      Rather, as Mr. Parkhurst renders, "and tossed it
      (wattelabbaiv) in his sight, and dressed the tossed cakes
      (halleveevoth)."  This will receive illustration from the
      account which Mr. Jackson gives of the Arabian manner of
      kneading and baking.  "They have a small place built with
      clay, between two and three feet high, having a hole at the
      bottom for the convenience of drawing out the ashes, something
      similar to that of a brick-kiln.  The oven is usually about
      fifteen inches wide at top, and gradually grows wider to the
      bottom.  It is heated with wood; and when sufficiently hot,
      and perfectly clear from smoke, having nothing but clear
      embers at bottom, which continue to reflect great heat, they
      prepare the dough in a large bowl, and mould the cakes to the
      desired size on a board or stone placed near the oven.  After
      they have kneaded the cake to a proper consistency, they pat
      it a little, then toss it about with great dexterity in one
      hand till it is as thin as they choose to make it.  They then
      wet one side of it with water, at the same time wetting the
      hand and arm with which they put it into the oven."
    
       * :8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - And Ammon.
       * Ge 45:1 Jud 3:19 Joh 3:20
    
    VERSE 10
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Come lie.
       * Ge 39:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - force me.  Heb. humble me.
       * Ge 34:2 De 22:29
    - no such thing ought.  Heb. it ought not so.
       * Le 18:9,11; 20:17
    - folly.
       * Ge 34:7 Jud 19:23; 20:6 Pr 5:22,23; 7:7
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Now therefore.
       * Ge 19:8 Jud 19:24
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - forced her.
       * 2Sa 12:11 De 22:25-27 Jud 20:5 Es 7:8
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - hated her.
       * Eze 23:17
    - exceedingly.  Heb. with great hatred greatly.
    
    VERSE 16
        * :16
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - a garment.
       * Ge 37:3,32 Jud 5:30 Ps 45:13,14
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - put ashes.
       * 2Sa 1:2 Jos 7:6 Job 2:12; 42:6
    - laid her.
       * Jer 2:37
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Amnon.  Heb. Aminon.  but hold.
       * Pr 26:24 Ro 12:19
    - regard not.  Heb. set not thine heart on.  desolate.  Heb.
      and desolate.
       * Ge 34:2; 46:15
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - he was very wroth.
      The Septuagint and Vulgate add, [                            ]
      et noluit contristare spiritum Amnon filii sui, quoniam
      diligebat eum, quia primogenitus erat ei:  "But he would not
      grieve the soul of Amnon his son, for he loved him because he
      was his first-born."  The same addition is found in Josephus;
      and it is probable that it once formed a part of the Hebrew
      text.
    
       * 2Sa 3:28,29; 12:5,10 Ge 34:7 1Sa 2:22-25,29 Ps 101:8
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - spake.
       * Le 19:17,18 Pr 25:9 Mt 18:15
    - neither good.
       * Ge 24:50; 31:24,29
    - hated.
       * Le 19:17,18 Pr 10:18; 26:24; 27:4-6 Ec 7:9 Eph 4:26,31 1Jo 3:15
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - A.M. 2974.  B.C. 1030.  An. Ex. Is 461.  sheep-shearers.
       * Ge 38:12,13 1Sa 25:2,4,36 2Ki 3:4 2Ch 26:10
    - invited.
       * 1Ki 1:9,19,25
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - let the king.
       * 2Sa 11:8-15 Ps 12:2; 55:21 Jer 41:6,7
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - pressed.
       * Ge 19:2,3 Jud 19:7-10 Lu 14:23; 24:29 Ac 16:15
    - blessed.
       * 2Sa 14:22 *marg:
       * Ru 2:4
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - let my brother.
      He urged this with the more plausibility because Amnon was the
      first-born, and presumptive heir to the crown; and he had
      dissembled his resentment so long and so well that he was not
      suspected.
    
       * 2Sa 3:27; 11:13-15; 20:9 Ps 55:21
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - Absalom.
       * Pr 26:24-26
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - commanded.
       * 2Sa 11:15 Ex 1:16,17 1Sa 22:17,18 Ac 5:29
    - heart is merry.
       * 2Sa 11:13 Ge 9:21; 19:32-35 Jud 19:6,9,22 Ru 3:7 1Sa 25:36-38
       * 1Ki 20:16 Es 1:10 Ps 104:15 Ec 9:7; 10:19 Da 5:2-6,30 Na 1:10
       * Lu 21:34
    - fear not.
       * Nu 22:16,17 1Sa 28:10,13
    - have not I.  or, Will you not, since I have, etc.
       * Jos 1:9
    - valiant.  Heb. sons of valour.
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - servants.
       * 1Sa 22:18,19 1Ki 21:11-13 2Ki 1:9-12 Pr 29:12 Mic 7:3
    - gat him up.  Heb. rode.  mule.
       * 2Sa 18:9 Ge 36:24 Le 19:19 1Ki 1:33
    
    VERSE 30
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - arose.
       * 2Sa 12:16 Ge 37:29,34 Jos 7:6 Job 1:20
    - all his servants.
       * 2Sa 1:11; 3:31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - Jonadab.
       * :3-5
    - Shimeah.
       * 1Sa 16:9
    - Shammah.  David's brother.
      This was a very bad man:  he had given his cousin Amnon the
      most detestable advice; and here speaks coolly of a most
      bloody tragedy of which he had been the cause.
    
    - appointment.  Heb. mouth.  determined.  or, settled.
       * Ge 27:41 Ps 7:14 Pr 24:11,12
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - let not my lord.
       * 2Sa 19:19
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - Absalom fled.
       * :38 Ge 4:8-14 Pr 28:17 Am 5:19
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - as they servant said.  Heb. according to the word of thy
      servant.
       * :35
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - very sore.  Heb. with a great weeping greatly.
       * :15 *marg:
       * 2Sa 12:21; 18:33
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - Absalom fled.
      As Absalom had committed wilful murder, he could not avail
      himself of a city of refuge; but went to Talmai, king of
      Geshur, his maternal grandfather.
    
    - Talmai.
       * 2Sa 3:3 1Ch 3:2
    - Ammihud.  or, Ammihur.
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - A.M. 2974-2977.  B.C. 1030-1027.  An. Ex. Is. 461-464.
      Geshur.
      This was not the Geshur lying between Philistia and Egypt,
      (Jos 13:13.  1 Sa 8 27:8,) but another in Syria; probably the
      same as that beyond Jordan, whose inhabitants are joined with
      those of Maachathi, De 3:14.  Jos 12:5.
    
       * 2Sa 14:23,32; 15:8
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - the soul of.
       * Ge 31:30 De 28:32 Php 2:26
    - longed.  or, was consumed.
       * Ps 84:2; 119:20
    - comforted.
       * 2Sa 12:23 Ge 24:67; 37:35; 38:12
    
    
    
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