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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    2 SAMUEL 14

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      1  Joab, suborning a widow of Tekoah by a parable to incline
        the king's heart to fetch home Absalom, brings him to
        Jerusalem.
    25  Absalom's beauty, hair, and children.
    28  After two years, Absalom is brought into the king's
        presence by Joab.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 2977.  B. C. 1027.  An. Ex. Is. 464.  Joab.
       * 2Sa 2:18 1Ch 2:16
    - toward Absalom.
       * 2Sa 13:39; 18:33; 19:2,4 Pr 29:26
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - to Tekoah.
      Tekoah was a city of Judah, situated, according to Eusebius
      and Jerome, twelve miles south of Jerusalem.  Josephus says it
      was not far from the castle of Herodium; and Jerome (Prologue
      to Amos) says it stood on a hill six miles south from
      Bethlehem.  Dr. Poccocke places it at the same distance; and
      says there are still considerable ruins on the top of a hill,
      which is about half a mile long and a furlong broad.
    
       * 2Ch 11:6; 20:20 Ne 3:5,27 Jer 6:1 Am 1:1
    - Tekoa.  mourning.
       * 2Sa 11:26 Ru 3:3 Ps 104:15 Ec 9:8 Mt 6:17
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - put the words.
       * :19 Ex 4:15 Nu 23:5 De 18:18 Isa 51:16; 59:21 Jer 1:9
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - fell on her.
       * 2Sa 1:2 1Sa 20:41; 25:23
    - Help.  Heb. Save.
       * 2Ki 6:26-28 Job 29:12-14 Lu 18:3-5
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - I am indeed.
      It is very possible that the principal incidents mentioned
      here were real; and that Joab found out a person whose
      circumstances bore a near resemblance to that which he wished
      to represent.  She did not make the similitude too plain and
      visible, lest the king should see her intention before she had
      obtained a grant of pardon; and thus her circumstances, her
      mournful tale, her widow's dress, her aged person, (for
      Josephus says she was advanced in years,) and her impressive
      manner, all combined to make one united irresistible
      impression on the heart of the aged monarch.
    
       * 2Sa 12:1-3 Jud 9:8-15
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - and they two.
       * Ge 4:8 Ex 2:13 De 22:26,27
    - none to part.  Heb. no deliverer between.
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - the whole.
       * Ge 4:14 Nu 35:19 De 19:12
    - so they.
       * Ge 27:45 De 25:6
    - quench.
       * 2Sa 12:17
    - upon the earth.  Heb. upon the face of the earth.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - I will give.
       * 2Sa 12:5,6; 16:4 Job 29:16 Pr 18:13 Isa 11:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the iniquity.
       * Ge 27:13 1Sa 25:24 Mt 27:25
    - and the king.
       * 2Sa 3:28,29 Nu 35:33 De 21:1-9 1Ki 2:33
    
    VERSE 10
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - let the king.
       * Ge 14:22; 24:2,3; 31:50 1Sa 20:42
    - thou, etc.  Heb. the revenger of blood do not multiply to
      destroy.  the revengers.
       * Nu 35:19,27 De 19:4-10 Jos 20:3-6
    - As the Lord.
       * 1Sa 14:45; 28:10 Jer 4:2
    - not one hair.
       * 1Ki 1:52 Mt 10:30 Ac 27:34
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Let thine.
       * 1Sa 25:24
    - speak one word.
       * Ge 18:27,32; 44:18 Jer 12:1
    - Say on.
       * Ac 26:1
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - Wherefore.
       * 2Sa 12:7 1Ki 20:40-42 Lu 7:42-44
    - people.
       * 2Sa 7:8 Jud 20:2
    - in that the king.
       * 2Sa 13:37,38
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - we must.
       * 2Sa 11:25 Job 30:23; 34:15 Ps 90:3,10 Ec 3:19,20; 9:5 Heb 9:27
    - as water.
       * Job 14:7-12,14 Ps 22:14; 79:3
    - neither, etc.  or, because God hath not taken away his life,
      he hath also devised means, etc.  God.
       * De 10:17 Job 34:19 Mt 22:16 Ac 10:34 Ro 2:11 1Pe 1:17
    - he devise.
       * Ex 21:13 Le 26:40 Nu 35:15,25,28 Isa 50:1,2
    
    VERSE 15
        * :15
    
    VERSE 16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - comfortable.  Heb. for rest.  as an angel.
      This is very much like the hyperbolical language which is
      addressed by the Hindoos to an European when they desire to
      obtain something from him:  "Saheb," say they, "can do every
      thing.  No one can prevent the execution of Saheb's commands.
      Saheb is God."  Though the expression may be imputed to the
      hyperbolical genius of these countries, yet there was,
      perhaps, more of real persuasion than we are apt to suppose.
      Sir John Chardin states, that having found fault with the king
      of Persia's valuation of a rich trinket, the grand master told
      him that if a Persian had dared to have done such a thing, it
      would have been as much as his life was worth.  "Know," said
      he, "that the kings of Persia have a general and full
      knowledge of matters, as sure as it is extensive; and that,
      equally in the greatest and smallest things, there is nothing
      more just and sure than what they pronounce."
    
       * :20; 19:27 1Sa 29:9 Pr 27:21; 29:5
    - to discern.  Heb. to hear.
       * 1Ki 3:9,28 Job 6:30 1Co 2:14,15 *marg:
       * Heb 5:14
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - Hide not.
       * 1Sa 3:17,18 Jer 38:14,25
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - of Joab.
       * 2Sa 3:27,29,34; 11:14,15 1Ki 2:5,6
    - As thy soul.
       * 2Sa 11:11 1Sa 1:26; 17:55; 20:3; 25:26 2Ki 2:2
    - turn.
       * Nu 20:17 De 5:32; 28:14 Jos 1:7 Pr 4:27
    - he put.  See on ver.
       * :3 Ex 4:15 Lu 21:15
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - fetch.
       * 2Sa 5:23
    - according.
       * :17; 19:27 Job 32:21,22 Pr 26:28; 29:5
    - to know.
       * Ge 3:5 Job 38:16-41 1Co 8:1,2
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - I have done.
       * :11 1Sa 14:39 Mr 6:26
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - thanked.  Heb. blessed.
       * 2Sa 19:39 Ne 11:2 Job 29:11; 31:20 Pr 31:28
    - I have found.
       * Ge 6:8 Ex 33:16,17 Ru 2:2 1Sa 20:3
    - his.  or, thy.
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - Geshur.
       * 2Sa 3:3; 13:37
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - let him not.
       * :28; 3:13 Ge 43:3 Ex 10:28 Re 22:4
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - But in all Israel, etc.  Heb. And as Absalom there was not a
      beautiful man in all Israel to praise greatly.
       * 1Sa 9:2; 16:7 Pr 31:30 Mt 23:27
    - from the sole.
       * De 28:35 Job 2:7 Isa 1:6 Eph 5:27
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - when he polled.
       * 2Sa 18:9 Isa 3:24 1Co 11:14
    - two hundred shekels.
      If the shekel be allowed to mean the common shekel, the amount
      will be utterly incredible; for Josephus says that "two
      hundred shekels make five {minae:}" and the {mina,} he says,
      "weighs two pounds and a half;" which calculation makes
      Absalom's hair weigh twelve pounds and a half!  But it is
      probable that the king's shekel was that which Epiphanius and
      Hesychius say was the fourth part of an ounce, half a
      {stater,} or two drachms:  the whole amount, therefore, of the
      200 shekels is about 50 ounces, which make 4 lb. 2 oz. troy
      weight, or 3 lb. 2 oz. avoirdupois.  This need not be
      accounted incredible, especially as abundance of oil and
      ointment was used by the ancients in dressing their heads.
      Josephus informs us, that the Jews also put gold dust in their
      hair.
    
       * Ge 23:16 Le 19:36 Eze 45:9-14
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - born.
       * 2Sa 18:18 Job 18:16-19 Isa 14:22 Jer 22:30
    - Tamar.
       * 2Sa 13:1
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - A.M. 2977-2979.  B.C. 1027-1025.  An. Ex. Is. 464-466.  and
      saw not.
       * :24
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - but he would.
       * :30,31 Es 1:12 Mt 22:3
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - near mine.  Heb. near my place.  go and set.
       * 2Sa 13:28,29 Jud 15:4,5
    - And Absalom's.
       * 1Ki 21:9-14 2Ki 9:33; 10:6,7
    
    VERSE 31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - it had been.
       * Ex 14:12; 16:3; 17:3
    - if there.
       * Ge 3:12 1Sa 15:13 Ps 36:2 Pr 28:13 Jer 2:22,23; 8:12 Mt 25:44
       * Ro 3:19
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - A.M. 2979.  B.C. 1025.  An. Ex. Is. 466.  kissed Absalom.
       * Ge 27:26; 33:4; 45:15 Lu 15:20
    
    
    
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