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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ESTHER 10

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      1  Ahasuerus' greatness.
     3  Mordecai's advancement.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - laid a tribute.
       * Es 1:1; 8:9 Lu 2:1
    - the isles.
       * Ge 10:5 Ps 72:10 Isa 24:15 Da 11:18
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - all the acts.
       * 1Ki 11:41; 22:39
    - advanced him.  Heb. made him great.
       * Es 8:15; 9:4 Ps 18:35 Da 2:48
    - in the book.
       * Es 2:23; 6:1 1Ki 14:19
    - Media.
      Media, which comprehended the modern Azerbijan and part of
      Irak, was a celebrated country of Asia, bounded on the north
      by the Caspian Sea and Armenia, west by Assyria, south by
      Susiana and Persia, and east by Hyrcania and Parthia,
      extending from 30° to 37° N. lat. and 45° to 53° E. long.
    
    - Persia.
      Persia Proper, now Fars, was but a small province, being
      bounded on the north by Media, west by Susiana, south by the
      Persian Gulf, and east by Caramania, extending from 27° to 33°
      N. lat. and 50° to 55° E. long.  But the Persian empire in its
      ancient state extended from the Hellespont to the Indus, above
      2,800 miles, and from Pontus to the shores of Arabia, above
      2,000 miles; comprehending a multitude of various nations.
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - next unto king.
       * Ge 41:44 1Sa 23:17 2Ch 28:7 Da 5:16,29
    - accepted.
       * Es 3:2 Ro 14:18
    - seeking.
       * Ne 2:10 Ps 122:6-9 Ro 9:2,3; 10:1
    
    
    
                     REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF ESTHER.
    
    This Book, which derives its name from the person whose history
    it chiefly relates, is termed in Hebrew, [megillâh <\\S#4039h\\>
    'Ectłr <\\S#635h\\>,] megillath Esther, "the volume of Esther."
    Concerning its author there are various opinions:  some
    attribute it to Ezra; some to Joachim, the son of Joshua the
    high priest; others to the men of the great synagogue; and
    others to Mordecai, which seems the most probable opinion.  The
    events here related probably refer to the time of Artaxerxes
    Longimanus, who, according to Prideaux, was the Ahasuerus of
    Esther, agreeably to Josephus, (Ant. 1 xi.  c.6,) the Septuagint
    version, and the apocryphal additions to this book.  The
    history, therefore, comes in between the sixth and seventh
    chapters of Ezra, commencing about A.M. 3540, and continuing
    through a period of twelve years:  it relates the royal feast of
    Ahasuerus; the disgrace of Vashti, (ch. i.;) the elevation of
    Esther to the Persian throne; the essential service rendered to
    the king by Mordecai, in detecting a plot against his life, (ch.
    ii.;) the promotion of Haman, and his purposed destruction of
    the Jews, (ch. iii.;) the consequent affliction of the Jews, and
    the measures pursued by them, (ch. iv.;) the defeat of Haman's
    plot, through the instrumentality of Esther, against Mordecai,
    (ch. v.-vii.;) and also the defeat of his general plot against
    the Jews, (ch. viii.; ix. 1-15;) the institution of the feast of
    Purim to commemorate this deliverance, (ch. ix.  16-32;) and the
    advancement of Mordecai, (ch. x.;) and though some Christians
    have hesitated to receive this book into the sacred canon, yet
    it has always been received by the Jews, not only as perfectly
    authentic, but also as one of the most excellent of their sacred
    books.  That it is a genuine and faithful description of a real
    fact, the observation of the feast of Purim, to the present day,
    is a sufficient evidence; since it is impossible, and in fact
    inconceivable, that a nation should institute, and afterwards
    continue to celebrate without interruption, through every
    generation of that people, in a long succession of ages, in
    whatever places they may have sojourned, this solemn annual
    festival, merely because one of their nation had written an
    agreeable fable or romance.  It has been remarked, as an
    objection to this book, that the name of God no where occurs in
    it:  His superintending providence, however, is frequently
    illustrated.  It is shewn, indeed, in every part of the work;
    disconcerting evil designs, and producing great events, by means
    seemingly inadequate.  It also presents an interesting
    description of mortified pride, and of malice baffled to the
    destruction of its possessors; and exhibits a very lively
    representation of the vexations and troubles, the anxieties,
    treachery, and dissimulation of a corrupt court.
    
    
    
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