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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ESTHER 9

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      1  The Jews slay their enemies, with the ten sons of Haman.
    12  Ahasuerus, at the request of Esther, grants another day of
        slaughter, and Haman's sons to be hanged.
    20  The two days of Purim are made festival.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - A.M. 3552.  B.C. 452.  in the twelfth.
       * Es 3:7,13; 8:12
    - hoped.
       * Ac 12:11
    - though it was turned.
       * De 32:36 2Sa 22:41 Ps 30:11 Isa 14:1,2; 60:14-16 Re 11:18
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - gathered.
       * :10,16; 8:11
    - as sought.
       * De 2:30 Jos 11:20 Ps 71:13,24 Isa 8:9
    - the fear.
       * Es 8:17 Ge 35:5 Ex 23:27 Jos 2:9
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - the rulers.
       * Es 3:12; 8:9 Ezr 8:36 Da 3:2; 6:1,2
    - officers of the king.  Heb. those which did the business that
      belonged to the king.  the fear.
       * Es 3:2-6; 8:5
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - was great.
       * Ps 18:43
    - his fame.
       * Jos 6:27 1Sa 2:30 1Ch 14:17 Zep 3:19 Mt 4:24
    - waxed.
       * 2Sa 3:1 1Ch 11:9 Ps 1:3 Pr 4:18 Isa 9:7
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - smote.
       * Ps 18:34-40,47,48; 20:7,8; 149:6-9 2Th 1:6
    - the stroke.
       * Jer 18:21
    - what they would.  Heb. according to their will.
      The Chaldee paraphrast says that none appeared against the
      Jews but Amalekites only, who were infatuated, and had their
      hearts hardened, as Pharaoh's against Israel, to take up arms
      to their own destruction.  Some had such an inveterate,
      implacable malice against the Jews, that Haman's fall and
      Mordecai's advancement, instead of convincing, seemed only to
      exasperate them the more.  How have the most dreadful scourges
      ravaged a country, and yet the inhabitants are unmindful of
      the Almighty Disposer of events, and that the cause of his
      righteous displeasure is their continual provocation!  Forty
      years long was he grieved with one generation, who learned not
      his ways, although daily fed and clothed by a miracle.
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - Shushan.  See on ch.
       * Es 3:15
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Parshandatha.  i.e., given forth to light; revelation of
      corporeal; of noble birth; he repeatedly broke the decree.
      <\\S#6577h\\>.
    - Dalphon.  i.e., a dropping; strenuous dripping.  <\\S#1813h\\>.
    - Aspatha.  i.e., given by the horse; the enticed gathered.
      <\\S#630h\\>.
       * :7
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Poratha.  i.e., ornament; fruitful; favored; frustration.
      <\\S#6334h\\>.
    - Adalia.  i.e., fire-god; strong hearted; I shall be drawn up
      of Jah.  <\\S#118h\\>.
    - Aridatha.  i.e., strong; the lion of the decree; great (noble)
      birth.  <\\S#743h\\>.
       * :8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Parmashta.  i.e., strong fisted; superior; spoiled is the
      banquet.  <\\S#6534h\\>.
    - Arisai.  i.e., lion-like; lion of my banners.  <\\S#747h\\>.
    - Aridai.  i.e., strong; the lion is enough; great; brilliant.
      <\\S#742h\\>.
    - Vajezatha.  i.e., pure; white; he sprinkled there; olive
      trees; sincere.  <\\S#2055h\\>.
       * :9
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - ten sons.
       * Es 5:11 Ex 20:5 Job 18:18,19; 27:13-15 Ps 21:10; 109:12,13
    - enemy.
       * Es 3:1; 7:4,6 Ex 17:16
    - but on the spoil.
      It does not appear that the Jews slew any person who did not
      rise up to destroy them:  they stood for their lives; and gave
      full proof that they sought their own personal safety, and not
      the property of their enemies:  though the decree in their
      favor gave them authority to take the property of all their
      adversaries.
    
       * :15,16
       * Es 8:11 Ge 14:23 Ro 12:17 Php 4:8
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - was brought.  Heb. came.
       * :11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - what is thy petition.
       * Es 5:6; 7:2
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - If it please the king.
      Esther had probably been informed by Mordecai, that there were
      still many enemies of the Jews who sought their destruction,
      who had escaped the preceding day; and therefore begged that
      the second day might be added to the former permission; and
      that the sons of Haman, who had already been slain, might be
      suspended on gibbets, as a terror to those who sought the
      destruction of the Jews.
    
    - according unto.
       * Es 8:11
    - let Haman's ten sons be hanged.  Heb. let men hang Haman's
      ten sons.
       * De 21:23 2Sa 21:6,9 Ga 3:13
    
    VERSE 14
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - gathered themselves.
       * :2,13; 8:11 Ps 118:7-12
    - but on the prey.
       * :10,16 1Th 5:22 Heb 13:5
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - gathered themselves.
       * :2
       * Es 8:11
    - stood.
       * Es 8:11 Le 26:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - of the same.  Heb. in it.
       * :1,18,21; 3:12; 8:9
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - on the thirteenth.
       * :1,11,13,15
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - gladness.
       * :22; 8:17 De 16:11,14 Ne 8:10-12 Ps 118:11-16 Lu 11:41 Re 11:10
    - sending portions.
      The eastern princes and people not only invite their friends
      to feasts, but it is their custom to send a portion of the
      banquet to those that cannot well attend, especially their
      relations, and those in a state of mourning.  Thus, when the
      Grand Emir found that it incommoded M. D'Arvieux to eat with
      him, he desired him to take his own time for eating, and sent
      him from his kitchen what he liked best.
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Mordecai.
      That is, as the words imply, the history contained in this
      book; and not merely the letters afterwards mentioned, as some
      understand it.
    
    - wrote these.
       * Ex 17:14 De 31:19-22 1Ch 16:12 Ps 124:1-3; 145:4-12
       * 2Co 1:10,11
    - in all the provinces.
       * Es 1:1,22; 3:12; 8:9
    
    VERSE 21
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - the days.
       * Es 3:12,13 Ex 13:3-8 Ps 103:2 Isa 12:1,2; 14:3
    - from sorrow.
       * Ps 30:11 Mt 5:4 Joh 16:20-22
    - sending portions.
       * :19 Ne 8:10-12 Lu 11:41 Ac 2:44-46 Ga 2:10
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - the enemy.
       * :10; 3:5-13
    - Pur.
      The word {pur} seems to be derived either from the Persian
      {bahr} and {bar,} a part, portion, lot, or {pari,} any thing
      which happens fortuitously or fortunately; whence the annual
      festival in commemoration of the wonderful deliverance of the
      Jews from their enemies was called Purim, or in Arabic and
      Persian, {Fuhr,} or {Lots;} which has been observed by them,
      in all places of their dispersion, from that day to the
      present time, without any interruption.
    
       * Es 3:7
    - consume.  Heb. crush.
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - when Esther came.  Heb. when she came.
       * :13,14; 7:5-10; 8:1-14
    - return.
       * Ps 7:16; 109:17,18; 140:9; 141:10 Mt 21:44
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - they called.
       * Nu 16:40 Eze 39:11
    - Pur.  that is, Lot.  letter.
       * :20
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - and upon their seed.
       * De 5:3; 29:14,15 Jos 9:15 1Sa 30:25 2Sa 21:1,2
    - all such.
       * Es 8:17 Isa 56:3,6 Zec 2:11; 8:23
    - fail.  Heb. pass.
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - remembered.
       * Ex 12:17 Ps 78:5-7; 103:2
    - fail.  Heb. pass.  the memorial.
       * Ex 13:8,9 Jos 4:7 Zec 6:14
    - perish from their seed.  Heb. be ended from their seed.
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - the daughter of Abihail.
       * Es 3:15
    - authority.  Heb. strength.  confirm.
       * :20; 8:10
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the hundred.
       * Es 1:1; 8:9
    - words of peace.
       * Isa 39:8 Zec 8:19
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - themselves.  Heb. their souls.  and for their seed.
       * :27
    - the fastings.
       * Es 4:3,16 Jon 3:2-9
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - decree.  or, saying.
       * Es 1:15; 2:20 2Ch 34:27
    - was written.
       * Ex 17:14
    
    
    
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