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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    ESTHER 8

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      1  Mordecai is advanced.
     3  Esther makes suit to reverse Haman's letters.
     7  Ahasuerus grants to the Jews to defend themselves.
    15  Mordecai's honor, and the Jews' joy.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - give the house.
       * Job 27:16,17 Ps 39:6; 49:6-13 Pr 13:22; 28:8 Ec 2:18,19
       * Lu 12:20
    - came before.
       * Es 1:14; 2:7,15
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - his ring.
       * Es 3:10 Ge 41:42 Isa 22:19-22 Lu 15:22
    - Esther set.
       * 2Sa 9:7-10 Ps 37:34 Ec 2:18,19-26; 5:13,14 Da 2:48
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - fell.
       * 1Sa 25:24 2Ki 4:27
    - besought him with tears.  Heb. she wept and besought him.
       * Isa 38:2 Ho 12:4 Heb 5:7
    - mischief.
       * Es 3:8-15; 7:4
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - held out.
       * Es 4:11; 5:2
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - and, if I.
       * Es 7:3 Ex 33:13,16 1Sa 20:29
    - I be pleasing.
       * Es 2:4,17
    - letters.  Heb. device.
       * Es 3:12,13
    - which he wrote.  or, who wrote.
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - For how.
       * Ge 44:34 Jer 4:19; 9:1 Lu 19:41,42 Ro 9:2,3; 10:1
    - endure to see.  Heb. be able that I may see.  the evil.
       * Es 7:4 Ne 2:3
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Behold.
       * :1 Pr 13:22
    - him they have hanged.
       * Es 7:10 Ga 3:13
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - in the king's name.
       * Es 3:12 1Ki 21:8
    - may no man reverse.
      No, not the king himself; and this was the reason that the
      king was forced not to reverse, but to give a contradictory
      decree; that if the Jews, pursuant to the first decree, were
      assaulted, they might legitimately, by virtue of the second,
      defend themselves, slay their enemies, and even take the
      spoil.
    
       * :5; 1:19 Da 6:8,12-15 2Ti 2:19 Heb 6:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the king's.
       * Es 3:12
    - and to the lieutenants.
       * Es 1:1,22; 3:12,13 Da 6:1
    - India.
      The Hebrew word {Hoddo,} in Syriac, {Hendoo,} and in Arabic,
      {Hind,} is rendered India by all the versions.  India, or
      Hindostan, is a large country of the south of Asia, extending
      from north to south about 2,400 miles, and from east to west
      1,800, between 8 and 35 N. lat. and 68 and 92 E. long.;
      being bounded on the west by the Indus, east by the Birman
      empire and Thibet, north by the Indian Caucasus, and south by
      the Indian Ocean.  It is probable, however, that all the
      country east of the Indus was anciently called India.
    
    - and according.
       * Es 1:22; 3:12 2Ki 18:26 Da 4:1 1Co 14:9-11
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - in the king.
       * 1Ki 21:8 Ec 8:4 Da 4:1
    - by posts.
       * Es 3:13 2Ch 30:6 Job 9:25 Jer 51:21
    - mules.
      {Rechesh,} in Syriac, {rechesha,} probably denotes a swift
      horse.
    
    - camels.
      {Achashteranim,} from the Persian {akhash,} large, and
      {aster,} a mule, probably, as Bochart supposes, denotes a
      large mule.
    
    - young dromedaries.
      {Beney harammachim,} "the sons of mares," as the word
      {ramakat} denotes in Arabic; probably an expletive of the
      preceeding word.
    
       * Isa 60:6; 66:20 Jer 2:23
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - to gather.
       * Es 9:2-16
    - to destroy.
       * Ps 37:14,15; 68:3; 137:8; 146:6-9 Eze 39:10
    - and to take the spoil.
       * Es 3:13; 9:10,15,16 Isa 10:6
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - one day.
       * Es 9:1 Ex 15:9,10 Jud 1:6,7
    - upon the thirteenth.
       * Es 3:13-15
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - published.  Heb. revealed.  avenge themselves.
       * Jud 16:28 Ps 37:14,15; 68:23; 92:10,11; 149:6-9 Lu 18:7 Re 6:10
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - being hastened.
       * 1Sa 21:8 Ec 9:10
    - Shushan.
       * Es 1:2; 2:3; 3:15 Ne 1:1 Da 8:2
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - royal apparel.
       * Es 5:1; 6:8,11 Ge 41:42 Mt 6:29; 11:8 Lu 16:19
    - blue.  or, violet.
       * Es 1:6
    - and with a great crown.
      Mordecai was now made the chief minister, or vizier, instead
      of Haman; and was accordingly invested with the "royal
      apparel," in conformity to the custom of the East.  So we are
      informed, in the History of the Revolt of Ali Bey, that on the
      election of a new {sheikh bellet,} or chief of the country, in
      Egypt, the {pasha} who approves of him invests him with a robe
      of valuable fur.  Perhaps the crown was one of the insignia of
      the office of vizier.  Concerning the blue, fine linen, and
      purple, see the Notes on Ex 25:4; 27 39:27.
    
    - the city.
      Haman was too proud to be popular:  few mourned his fall.
    
       * Es 3:15 Pr 29:2
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Jews.
       * Es 4:1-3,16 Ps 30:5-11
    - had light.
      That is, prosperity and hope.  The dark cloud which had so
      long hung over them was dispelled; and again the sunshine of
      prosperity beamed upon them.
    
       * Es 9:17 Ps 18:28; 97:11 Pr 4:18,19; 11:10 Isa 30:29,30; 35:10
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - a feast.
       * Es 9:17,19,22 1Sa 25:8 Ne 8:10
    - many of the people.
       * Ps 18:43 Zec 8:20-23
    - for the fear.
       * Es 9:2 Ge 35:5 Ex 15:16 De 2:25; 11:25
    
    
    
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