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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 38

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      1  The altar of burnt offering.
     8  The laver of brass.
     9  The court, and its hangings.
    21  The sum of what the people offered, and the use to which it
        was applied.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the altar.
      This altar consisted of four boards of {shittim} (acacia)
      wood, covered with brass, and hollow in the middle; but it is
      supposed to have been filled up with earth when used, for it
      is expressly said (ch. 24 20:24) that the altar is to be of
      earth.  As it was five cubits long and five cubits broad, and
      three cubits high, if the cubit be reckoned at 21 inches, it
      must have been eight feet nine inches square, and about five
      feet three inches in height.
    
    - See on ch.
       * Ex 27:1-8; 40:6,29 2Ch 4:1 Eze 43:13-17 Ro 8:3,4; 12:1 Heb 3:1
       * Heb 9:14; 13:10 1Pe 2:5
    - foursquare; and three cubits the height thereof.
       * Eze 43:16 Joh 6:37 Heb 13:8 Re 21:16
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - he made.
       * Ex 27:2
    - brass.
       * Job 6:12
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - he made.
       * Ex 27:3
    - flesh-hooks.
       * 1Sa 2:13
    
    VERSE 4
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - the grate.
       * Ex 27:4
    
    VERSE 6
        * Ex 25:6 De 10:3
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - to bear it with.
       * Ac 9:15 1Co 1:24; 2:2
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the laver.  See on ch.
       * Ex 30:18-21; 40:7,30-32 1Ki 7:23-26,38 Ps 26:6 Zec 13:1 Joh 13:10
       * Tit 3:5,6 Heb 9:10 1Jo 3:7 Re 1:5
    - looking glasses.  or, brazen glasses.
      The word {maroth,} from {raah,} to see, denotes reflectors,
      or mirrors, of any kind.  That these could not have been
      looking glasses, as in our translation, is sufficiently
      evident, not only from the glass not being then in use, but
      also from the impossibility of making the brazen laver of
      such materials.  The first mirrors known among men, were the
      clear fountain and unruffled lake.  The first artificial ones
      were made of polished brass, afterwards of steel, and when
      luxury increased, of silver; but at a very early period, they
      were made of a mixed metal, particularly of tin and copper,
      the best of which, as Pliny informs us, were formerly
      manufactured at Brundusium.  When the Egyptians went to their
      temples, according to St. Cyril, they always carried their
      mirrors with them.  The Israelitish women probably did the
      same; and Dr. Shaw says, that looking-glasses are still part
      of the dress of Moorish women, who carry them constantly hung
      at their breasts.
    
    - assembling.  Heb. assembling by troops.
      It is supposed that these women kept watch during the night.
      Among the ancients, women were generally employed as
      door-keepers.  See 1 Sa 22 2:22.
    
       * Pr 8:34 Mt 26:69 Lu 2:37 Joh 18:16 1Ti 5:5
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - the court.  See on ch.
       * Ex 27:9-19; 40:8,33 1Ki 6:36 Ps 84:2,10; 89:7; 92:13; 100:4
    
    VERSE 10
        * :10
    
    VERSE 11
        * :11
    
    VERSE 12
        * :12
    
    VERSE 13
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - hangings.
       * Ex 27:14
    
    VERSE 15
        * :15
    
    VERSE 16
        * :16
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - needlework.
       * 2Ch 3:14
    
    VERSE 19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - the pins.
       * Ex 27:19 2Ch 3:9 Ezr 9:8 Ec 12:11 Isa 22:23; 33:20 Eph 2:21,22
       * Col 2:19
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - tabernacle of testimony.
       * Ex 25:16; 26:33; 40:3 Nu 1:50,53; 9:15; 10:11; 17:7,8; 18:2 2Ch 24:6
       * Ac 7:44 Re 11:19
    
      The word tabernacle is used in many different senses, and
      signifies,
      I.  A tent or pavilion,
       * Nu 24:5 Mt 17:4
    
      II.  A house or dwelling,
       * Job 11:4; 22:23
    
      III.  A kind of tent,  which is designated, to speak after
      the manner of the men, the palace of the Most High, the
      dwelling of the God of Israel,
       * Ex 26:1 Heb 9:2,3
    
      IV.  Christ's human nature, of which the Jewish tabernacle
      was a type, wherein God dwells really, substantially, and
      personally,
       * Heb 8:2; 9:11
    
      V.  The true church militant,
       * Ps 15:1
    
      VI.  Our natural body, in which the soul lodges as in a
      tabernacle,
       * 2Co 5:1 2Pe 1:13
    
      VII.  The token of God's gracious presence,
       * Re 21:3
    
    - by the hand.
       * Nu 4:28-33 Ezr 8:26-30
    - Ithamar.
       * Ex 6:23 1Ch 6:3
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - Bezaleel.
       * Ex 31:1-5; 35:30-35; 36:1-3
      The supernatural qualifications of Bezaleel and Aholiab
      proved their divine appointment; yet they had an express
      nomination to their work:  they were also miraculously
      qualified to instruct their assistants, as well as to
      superintend them.  Christ alone builds the Temple of the
      Lord, and bears the glory; but ministers and private
      Christians, under his direction and by his grace, may be
      fellow-workers together with him.  They who, in mean
      employments, are diligent and humbly contented, are equally
      acceptable with those who are engaged in more splendid
      services.  The women who spun the goats' hair were
      wise-hearted, as well as the persons who presided over the
      work of the tabernacle, or as Aaron, who burnt incense there,
      because they did it heartily unto the Lord.  Our wisdom and
      duty consist in giving God the glory and use of our talents,
      be they more or less; neither abusing nor burying them, but
      occupying with them until our Lord shall come; being
      satisfied that it is better to be a door-keeper in his
      service, than the most mighty and renowned of the
      ungodly.--Scott.
    
    - all that the Lord.
       * Ps 119:6 Jer 1:7 Mt 28:20
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - Aholiab.
       * Ex 35:34
    - a cunning.
       * Ex 35:34
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - All the gold.
      If we follow the estimation of the learned Dean Prideaux, the
      value of the twenty-nine talents, and 730 shekels of gold,
      will be 198,347. 12s. 6d.  The value of the silver
      contributed by 603,550 Israelites, at half a shekel, or 1s.
      6d. per man, will amount to 45,266. 5s.  The value of the 70
      talents, 2,400 shekels of brass, will be 513. 17s.  The gold
      weighed 4,245 pounds; the silver, 14,603 pounds; and the
      brass, 10,277 pounds, troy weight.  The total value of all
      the gold, silver, and brass, will consequently amount to
      244,127. 14s. 6d.; and the total weight of these three
      metals will amount to 29,124 pounds troy, which reduced to
      avoirdupois weight, is equal to fourteen tons, 226
      pounds!--It may, perhaps, seem difficult to imagine how the
      Israelites should be possessed of so much wealth in the
      desert; but it should be remembered, that their ancestors
      were opulent men before they came into Egypt; that they were
      further enriched by the spoils of the Egyptians and
      Amalekites; and that it is probable, they traded with the
      neighboring nations who bordered on the wilderness.  There
      appear to be three reasons why so much riches should have
      been employed in the construction of the tabernacle, etc.  1.
      To impress the people's minds with the glory and dignity of
      the Divine Majesty, and the importance of his service.  2.
      To take out of their hands the occasion of covetousness.  3.
      To prevent pride and vain glory, by leading them to give up
      to the divine service even the ornaments of their persons.
    
       * 1Ch 22:14-16; 29:2-7 Hag 2:8
    - offering.
       * Ex 25:2; 29:24; 35:22
    - the shekel.
       * Ex 30:13,14,24 Le 5:15; 27:3,25 Nu 3:47; 18:16
    
    VERSE 25
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - bekah.
       * Ex 30:13,15,16
    - every man.  Heb. a poll.
       * Nu 1:46
    - six hundred.
       * Ex 12:37 Nu 1:46
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - and the sockets.
       * Ex 26:19,21,25,32
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - and filleted them.
       * Ex 27:17
    
    VERSE 29
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the sockets.
       * Ex 26:37; 27:10,17
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - And the sockets.
       * Ex 27:10-12
    - and the sockets.
       * Ex 27:16,17
    - the pins.
       * Ex 27:19; 35:18
    
    
    
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