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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 39

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      1  The cloths of service and holy garments.
     2  The ephod.
     8  The breast-plate.
    22  The robe of the ephod.
    27  The coats, mitre, and girdle of fine linen.
    30  The plate of the holy crown.
    32  All is finished, reviewed, and approved by Moses.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the blue.
       * Ex 25:4; 26:1; 35:23
    - cloths.
       * Ex 31:10; 35:19
    - holy place.
       * Ps 93:5 Eze 43:12 Heb 9:12,25
    - the holy.
       * Ex 28:2-4; 31:10 Eze 42:14
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - See on ch.
       * Ex 25:7; 28:6-12 Le 8:7
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - cunning work.
       * Ex 26:1; 36:8
    
    VERSE 4
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - curious.  See on ch.
       * Ex 28:8; 29:5 Le 8:7 Isa 11:5 Re 1:13
    - as the Lord.
       * Mt 28:20 1Co 11:23
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - onyx stones.
      The meaning of the word {shoham} is not easily determined. It
      has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius,
      sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx.  It
      may signify both the onyx and sardonyx.  The latter stone is
      a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in
      strata, and at other times blended together, and is found
      striped with white and red strata, or layers.  It is
      generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in
      hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx,
      and onyx.  The onyx is of a darkish horny color, resembling
      the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name
      [(        ).]  It has often a plate of a blueish white or red
      in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there
      appears a plate of a reddish color, the jewellers call the
      stone a sardonyx.
    
    - See on ch.
       * Ex 25:7; 28:9; 35:9 Job 28:16 Eze 28:13
    - ouches.
      {Mishbetzoth,} strait places, sockets, to insert the stones
      in, from {shavatz,} to straiten, enclose.
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - a memorial.
       * Ex 28:12,29 Jos 4:7 Ne 2:20 Mr 14:9,22-25
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - See on ch.
       * Ex 25:7; 28:4,13-29 Le 8:8,9 Ps 89:28 Isa 59:17 Eph 6:14
    
    VERSE 9
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - the first row.  See on ch.
       * Ex 28:16,17,21 Re 21:19-21
    - sardius.  or, ruby.
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - a diamond.
       * Ex 28:18 Eze 28:13
      The word {yahalom} may mean the diamond, from {halam,} to
      beat, smite, because of its extreme hardness, by which it
      will beat to pieces the other stones.  It is a fine pellucid
      substance never debased with any admixture of other matter;
      susceptible of elegant tinges from metal-line particles;
      giving fire with steel; not fermenting with acid menstrua;
      scarcely calcinable by any degree of fire; and of one simple
      and permanent appearance in all lights.  It is the hardest
      and most valuable of all gems; when pure, perfectly clear and
      pellucid as the clearest water, and eminently distinguished
      from all other substances by its vivid splendor, and the
      brightness of its reflections.
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - a ligure.
      {Leshem,} the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a
      precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of
      yellow.  Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the
      carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.
    
    - an agate.
      {Shevo,} the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of
      different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper.
      horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly
      or in layers.  It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or
      greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as
      to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.
    
    - an amethyst.
      {Achlamah,} an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a
      strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails,
      affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching
      to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose color.
    
       * Ex 28:19 Re 21:20
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - a beryl.
      Tarshish, a pellucid gem, of a sea or blueish green color.
    
       * So 5:14
    - onyx.
       * :6
    - a jasper.
      {Yaspeh,} the jasper, a hard stone, of which there are not
      less than fifteen varieties of color, as green, red, yellow,
      brown, black, etc.
    
       * Ex 28:20 Eze 28:13 Re 4:3; 21:11,18,19
    
    VERSE 14
        * Re 21:12
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - chains at the ends.
       * Ex 28:14 2Ch 3:5 So 1:10 Joh 10:28; 17:12 1Pe 1:5 Jude 1:1
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - gold rings.
       * Ex 25:12
    
    VERSE 17
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - two wreathen.
       * Ex 28:14 So 1:10
    - ephod.
       * :2
    
    VERSE 19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - coupling.
       * Ex 26:3
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - as the Lord.
       * Mt 16:24 1Co 1:25,27
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - See on ch.
       * Ex 28:31-35
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - they made.
       * Ex 28:33
    - pomegranates.
       * Ga 5:22
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - bells.
       * Ex 28:33,34 Ps 89:15
    - the pomegranates.
       * So 4:13
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - pomegranate.
       * Ex 28:34 So 4:3,13; 6:7
    - hem.
       * De 22:12 Mt 9:20
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - coats.  See on ch.
       * Ex 28:39-42 Le 8:13 Isa 61:10 Eze 44:18 Ro 3:22; 13:14 Ga 3:27
       * Php 2:6-8 1Pe 1:13
    - fine.
      The word {Shesh} seems rather to mean cotton, than either
      fine linen or silk; called also {butz,} and by the Greeks,
      [         ,] and Romans, {byssus.}
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - a mitre.
       * Ex 28:4,39 Eze 44:18
    - linen.
       * Ex 28:42
    - breeches.
      {Michnasim,} from {kanas,} to wrap round.
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - a girdle.
      {Avnet,} a belt or girdle, of the same kind as the eastern
      sash, which confines the loose garments about the waist; and
      in which their long skirts are tucked up when at work or on a
      journey.
    
       * Ex 28:39
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the plate.  See on ch.
       * Ex 26:36; 28:36-39 1Co 1:30 2Co 5:21 Heb 1:3; 7:26
    - HOLINESS.
       * Ex 28:36 Zec 14:20 Tit 2:14 Re 5:10
    
    VERSE 31
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - all the.
       * :33,42; 25:1-18 31:18; 35:1-38 40:38 Le 8:1-9:24 Nu 3:25,26,31,36,37
       * Nu 4:4-32
    - according.
       * :42,43; 25:40; 40:32 De 12:32 1Sa 15:22 1Ch 28:19 Mt 28:20
       * Heb 3:2; 8:5
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - the tent.
       * Ex 25:1-38 30:38; 31:7-11; 35:11-19; 36:1-38 40:38
    
    VERSE 34
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - the mercy seat.
       * Ex 25:17 Heb 9:5,8
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - the shewbread.
       * Ex 25:30 1Ki 7:48
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - even with.
       * Ex 27:21 Mt 5:14-16 Php 2:15
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - sweet incense.  Heb. the incense of sweet spice.
       * Ex 25:6; 30:7; 31:11; 35:8; 37:29 2Ch 2:4
    
    VERSE 39
        * Ex 38:30 1Ki 8:64
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - court.
       * Ex 27:9; 35:17; 38:9; 40:7
    - cords.
       * Ex 35:18 Nu 3:26,37
    - pins.
       * Ex 27:19; 35:18; 38:20,21 Nu 3:37
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - cloths.
       * :1; 31:10
    - the holy.
       * Ex 28:2
    
    
    VERSE 42 
     - according.
       * :32; 23:21,22; 25:1-18 31:18 De 12:32 Mt 28:20 2Ti 2:15; 4:7
    - made.
       * Ex 35:10
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - did look.
       * Ex 40:25 Ge 1:31 Ps 104:31
    - blessed them.
       * Ge 14:19 Le 9:22,23 Nu 6:23-27 Jos 22:6 2Sa 6:18 1Ki 8:14
       * 1Ch 16:2 2Ch 6:3; 30:27 Ne 11:2 Ps 19:11
    
    
    
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