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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 8

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      1  Frogs are sent.
     8  Pharaoh sues to Moses, who by prayer removes them away.
    16  The dust is turned into lice, which the magicians could not
        do.
    20  The plague of flies.
    25  Pharaoh inclines to let the people go, but yet is hardened.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Go.
       * Jer 1:17-19; 15:19-21 Eze 2:6,7
    - Let my.  See on ch.
       * Ex 3:12,18; 5:1; 7:16
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - refuse.  See on ch.
       * Ex 7:14; 9:2
    - frogs.
      The Hebrew {tzephardłim} is evidently the same with the
      Arabic {zafda,} Chaldaic {oordeânaya,} and Syriac {oordeai,}
      all of which denote frogs, as almost all interpreters, both
      ancient and modern, agree to render it; Bochart conceives,
      from {tzifa,} a bank, and {radâ,} mud, because of delighting
      in muddy and marshy places.
    
       * Ps 78:45; 105:30 Re 16:13,14
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - kneading troughs.  or, dough.
       * Ex 12:34
    
    VERSE 4
        * Ps 107:40 Isa 19:11,22; 23:9 Da 4:37 Ac 12:22,23
    
    VERSE 5
        * Ex 7:19
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - and the frogs.
      Whether the frog among the Egyptians was an object of
      reverence or abhorrence is uncertain.  It might have been
      both at the same time, as many objects are known to have been
      among particular nations; for proof of which see the very
      learned Jacob Bryant, on the Plagues of Egypt, pp. 31-34.
    
       * Le 11:12 Ps 78:45; 105:30 Re 16:13
    
    VERSE 7
        * Ex 7:11,22 De 13:1-3 Mt 24:24 2Th 2:9-11 2Ti 3:8 Re 13:14
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Intreat.
       * Ex 5:2; 9:28; 10:17 Nu 21:7 1Sa 12:19 1Ki 13:6 Ac 8:24
    - and I will.
       * :25-28; 10:8-11,24-27; 12:31,32; 14:5 Ps 66:3 *marg:
       * Ps 78:34-36 Jer 34:8-16
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - Glory over me.  or, Have this honor over me.
       * Jud 7:2 1Ki 18:25 Isa 10:15
    - when.  or, against when.  to destroy.  Heb. to cut of.
       * :13
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - To-morrow.  or, against to-morrow.
       * Pr 27:1 Jas 4:14
    - there is none.
       * Ex 9:14,29; 15:11 De 32:31; 33:26 2Sa 7:22 1Ch 17:20 Ps 9:16
       * Ps 83:18; 86:8; 89:6-8 Isa 40:25; 46:9 Jer 10:6,7
    
    VERSE 11
        * :3,9
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - See on ver.
       * :8,30; 9:33; 10:18; 32:11 1Sa 12:23 Eze 36:37 Jas 16 5:16-18
    
    VERSE 13
        * De 34:10-12
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - and the.
       * :24; 7:21 Isa 34:2 Eze 39:11 Joe 2:20
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - saw.
       * Ex 14:5 Ec 8:11 Isa 26:10 Jer 34:7-11 Ho 6:4
    - he hardened.  See on ch.
       * Ex 4:21; 7:4,13,14 Pr 29:1 Zec 7:11,12 Heb 3:8,15 Re 16:9
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Stretch.
       * :5,17
    - lice.
      The word {kinnim} is rendered by the LXX. [              ,]
      or [          ,] and by the Vulgate {sciniphes,} Gnats; and
      Mr. Harmer supposes he has found out the true meaning in the
      word {tarrentes,} a species of worm.  Bochart, however, seems
      to have proved that lice, and not gnats, are meant; because,
      1.  they sprang from the dust, and not from the waters;  2.
      they were on both man and beast, which cannot be said of
      gnats;  3.  their name is derived from {koon,} to make firm,
      fix, establish, which cannot agree with gnats, flies, etc.,
      which are ever changing place, and almost constantly on the
      wing; 4.  the term {kinnah} is used by the Talmudists to
      express the louse.  This insect must have been a very
      dreadful and afflicting plague to the Egyptians, and
      especially to the priests, who were obliged to shave all
      their hair off, and to wear a single linen tunic, to prevent
      vermin harboring about them.
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - lice in man.
       * Ps 105:31 Isa 23:9 Ac 12:23
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - the magicians.
       * Ex 7:11
    - they could.
       * Ex 9:11 Ge 41:8 Isa 19:12; 47:12,13 Da 2:10,11; 4:7; 5:8 Lu 10:18
       * 2Ti 3:8,9
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - This is.
       * 1Sa 6:3,9 Ps 8:3 Da 2:10,11,19 Mt 12:28 Lu 11:20 Joh 11:47
       * Ac 4:16
    - and Pharaoh's.  See on ver.
       * :15
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - lo.
       * Ex 7:15
    - Let my.
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - swarms.  or, a mixture of noisome beasts, etc.
      The word {arov} is rendered [             ,] the dog-fly, by
      the LXX. (who are followed by the learned Bochart,) which
      must have been particularly hateful to the Egyptians, because
      they held dogs in the highest veneration, under which form
      they worshipped Anubis.
    
       * Ps 78:45; 105:31 Isa 7:18
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - sever.
       * Ex 9:4,6,26; 10:23; 11:6,7; 12:13 Mal 3:18
    - know.  See on ver.
       * :10; 7:17 Eze 30:19
    - midst.
       * Ps 74:12; 110:2
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - a division.  Heb. a redemption.
       * Ex 33:16 Le 20:24 Nu 23:9 De 33:28 Ps 111:9; 130:7 Isa 50:2
    - to-morrow.  or, by to-morrow.
       * :10
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - there.
       * :21 Ps 78:45; 105:31
    - the land.
      How intolerable a plague of flies can prove, is evident from
      the fact that whole districts have been laid waste by them.
      The inhabitants have been forced to quit their cities, not
      being able to stand against the flies and gnats with which
      they were pestered.  Hence different people had deities whose
      office it was to defend them against flies.  Among these may
      be reckoned Baalzebub, the fly-god of Ekron; Hercules,
      {muscarum abactor,} Hercules the expeller of flies; and hence
      Jupiter had the titles of [                                ,]
      because he was supposed to expel flies, and especially clear
      his temples of these insects.  See Bryant.
    
    - See on ver.
       * :14
    - corrupted.  or destroyed.
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - See on ver.
       * :8; 9:27; 10:16; 12:31 Re 3:9
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - It is not.
       * Ex 3:18 2Co 6:14-17
    - we shall.
       * Ge 43:32; 46:34 De 7:25,26; 12:30,31 Ezr 9:1 Isa 44:19
    - the abomination.  i.e.,
      The animals which they worshipped; for an account of which,
      see note on ch. 3 9:3.
    
       * 1Ki 11:5-7 2Ki 23:13
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - three days'.
       * Ex 3:18; 5:1
    - as he shall.
       * Ex 3:12; 10:26; 34:11 Le 10:1 Mt 28:20
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - I will.
       * Ho 10:2
    - intreat.  See on ver.
       * :8,29; 9:28; 10:17 1Ki 13:6 Ezr 6:10 Ec 6:10 Ac 8:24
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - to-morrow.
       * :10
    - deal.
       * :8,15 Ps 66:3 *marg:
       * Ps 78:34-37 Jer 42:20,21 Ac 5:3,4 Ga 6:7
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - entreated.
       * :12; 9:33 Jas 16 5:16
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - according.
       * Ps 65:2
    - removed.
       * 1Ki 13:6
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - See on ver.
       * :15; 4:21; 7:13,14 Isa 63:17 Ac 28:26,27 Ro 2:5 Jas 13 1:13,14
    
    
    
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